• Title/Summary/Keyword: Wetland conversion

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Toward Coastal Conflicts Resolution based on Several Case Studies of Wetland Conversion Disputes in Korea (한국의 습지 훼손 분쟁 사례 연구에 기반한 연안 이해상충 해결)

  • Yi, Gi-Chul;Choi, Yongbok
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2001
  • 연안습지의 손실은 국내 연안을 둘러싼 이해상충의 주요 요인이다. 본 연구에서는 이해상충과 관련된 국내 연안관리 및 습지손실과 관련된 상황, 이해상충의 배경 및 특성, 한국의 대규모 습지 훼손사례로 볼 수 있는 시화호, 순천만, 금강하구, 강원도 석호지역에 대한 이해상충의 실태와 조정사례를 근거로 이해상충해결을 위한 조정방법과 절차를 정리하였다.

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An Analysis of Disputants' Environmental Conflict Frames Relating to Ohio Wetland Conversion Disputes (소택지 토지이용 변경에 관련된 분쟁론자의 환경 프레임 분석에 관 하여)

  • 이기철
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 1994
  • This study attempted to characterize conflict frames of environmental disputes by examining twelve actual wetland permitting cases in Ohio. The participants consisted of such interested parties as applicants, technical, legal or environmental consultants to applicants, U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, U.S.Environmental Protection Agency, U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service, Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Ohio Department of Natural Resoures, local agencies, the environmental community, and citizens who have been involved of the permitting process. The purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence of how different perceptual frames existed in the wetland conversion disputes, and to understand different environmental conflict frames that influenced disputants' perception relating to dispute resolution. The vehicles used to collect the necessary data were three survey instruments : Open-ended questionnaires, Likert-type questionnaires, and ranking questionnaires. Forty-three subjects were contacted for open fact-to-fact interviews, 53 subject for Kikert-type mail survey and 54 subjects for ranking instrument mail survey. Analyses of survey results revealed that six different types of frames were clearly identified from all the parties involved in Ohio wetland conversion disputes. It revealed that disputants had statistically significantly different levels of perception to the frames based on the participants' role (i.e. regulator, applicant, commentor), the number of involved parties in the process, processing time and the issuance of a permit. The findings also revealed that information sharing among disputants played a significant role in the process of froming and reframing. The alternative idea, building cooperation through negotiation, was proposed to provide new insight into the resolution of the dispute.

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A Comparative Analysis of the Functional Values for Wastewater Treatment and Atmospheric Regulation in Coastal Wetland and Rice Paddy Ecosystems (갯벌과 간척농지의 수질 및 대기조절가치의 비교분석)

  • Pyo, Hee-Dong
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.95-126
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    • 2001
  • Functional values for wastewater treatment and atmospheric regulation in coastal wetland and rice paddy ecosystems are quantified, and an illustration is given on how to integrate biophysical parameters into a valuation framework. This is one of most controversial issues in economic analysis for wetland preservation versus wetland conversion to agricultural use. This paper includes theoretical considerations for estimating functional values of environmental ecosystems, and the integration of biophysical data and replacement cost method employed. Specific physical and geographical characteristics and data on ecosystem functions and services in coastal wetlands and rice paddies are addressed for evaluating their values in economic terms. In particular this paper indicates double counting problems and overestimation in the previous studies, and demonstrates how to avoid them and to maintain the consistency of valuation process involving a least-cost method, thus enables an accurate integration of the coastal wetland ecology and wetland economics. As a result which is far away from the previous studies, the total economic present value of wastewater assimilation by coastal wetland is estimated at 7,484,640 won/ha, and the net present value of positive effect for atmospheric regulation, negative effects for air pollution and water pollution by rice paddy is estimated at -37,934 won/ha, assuming that resources are infinitely long-lived and the annual value and the rate of discount (10%) is constant every year. In conclusion, for further reliability and validity of functional values for natural resources it is very noteworthy that a general equilibrium framework that could directly incorporate the interdependence between ecosystem functions and services would be preferred to the partial equilibrium framework.

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