• Title/Summary/Keyword: Women

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The Comparison between Korean and American Women's Garments Terminologies from 1910s to 1930s through the Women's Magazines (1910-1930년대 여성잡지를 통해 본 한국과 미국의 여성복식 명칭의 비교)

  • Kim, Eun-Jung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.366-377
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    • 2014
  • This paper is a comparative research study between Korean and American women's garments from the 1910s to 1930s. It focuses on the articles and advertisements of Korean women's magazines and American women's magazines. The Korean women's magazines investigated are 신여자[Siyeoja], 신가정[Singajung], 부인[Buin], 신여성[Sinyeosung], and 여성[Yeosung]. The American woman's magazine investigated is Ladies' Home Journal. This paper explores the differences and similarities between the garments that appear in these magazines. There is little evidence about women's clothing in Korean women's magazines while the American women's magazine includes a lot of information about women's dress and life. Korean women usually wore Korean traditional costumes with traditional terms like Chima and Jeogori but they wore western shoes, stockings, shawls, umbrellas, and some clothing with western materials such as lace, velvet, and rayon with borrowed words. These western accessories and some clothing materials like lace and rayon were the same fashion in America. So, Korean women wore traditional and western clothing together while American women wore clothing influenced by Paris fashion. American women wore various pieces of clothing like suits, frocks, coats and sportswear with undergarments. There were also lots of advertisements about women's under garments and sportswear which was different from Korean women's clothing during the period.

A Comparative Study on Birth Outcomes between Korean Women and Immigrant Women (한국여성과 결혼이주여성의 출산결과 비교)

  • Kim, Moon-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.407-414
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare birth outcomes between Korean women and immigrant women. Methods: Medical records were reviewed retrospectively from 201 immigrant women and 201 Korean women who delivered babies at K women's hospital in U city from January 2006 to December 2009. Maternal outcomes related factors included nationality, age, obstetric history, delivery type, indications of cesarean section, and complications of pregnancy and delivery. Principal neonatal outcomes were birth weight, Apgar scores, and complications of newborns. Results: Immigrant women were younger and had fewer pregnancies, abortions, and surviving children than Korean women. The rate of primary cesarean section and its indication in immigrant women were not significantly different from Korean women. However, immigrant women's newborn were more likely to have low birth weight and meconium staining. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate less equity of immigrant women in women's health care, although immigrant women's babies had lower Apgar score and more meconium staining. Nurses should help immigrant women cope with labor process effectively to prevent adverse health outcomes for their newborns.

Comparison research of HRV between Postpartum Women and Normal Women (산후 여성의 심박변이도 특성 연구)

  • Kang, Mun-Su;Park, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Lak-Hyung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 2006
  • Objective : This research was designed to study the characteristics of heart rate variability in postpartum women compared with normal women. Method : HRV data of postpartum women were gathered from 255 women who was hospitalized for oriental postpartum treatments(Age : 25-35). HRV data of comparison group were gathered from 327 women who visited hospital to check up their health(Age : 25-35). The SPSS 12.0 for windows was used to analyze the date and the independent samples t-test was used to verify the result. Result : 1. Mean-RR and SDNN of postpartum women group significantly decreased compared with that of normal women group. But, Heart Rate of postpartum women group significantly increased compared with that of normal women group. 2. HRV-Index, RMSSD and SDSD of postpartum women group significantly decreased compared with that of normal women group. pNN50 of postpartum women group significantly increased compared with that of normal women group. 3. Ln(TP), Ln(VLF), Ln(LF) and Ln(HF) of postpartum women group significantly increased compared with that of normal women group. 4. There were no significant differences in Normal LF, Normal HF and LF/DF Ratio between postpartum women group and normal women group. Conclusion : The result suggest that the function of heart of postpartum women group significantly decreased compared with that of normal women group. Futhermore although the ANS maintained the balance in the range of normality, the sympathetic nervous system frequently revitalized which caused increasing the heart of pulsation.

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Correlation of Anthropometric Data, Nutrient Intakes and Serum Lipids in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women (폐경 전·후 여성들의 체위, 영양소 섭취 상태 및 혈중 지질과의 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Yun-Hee;Song, Tae-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.476-484
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the anthropometric data, nutrient intakes and serum profiles in premenopausal and postmenopausal women living in Gyeonggi-do Province, Republic of Korea. The subjects were 49 premenopausal women and 63 postmenopausal women who are not taking any hormone or cardiovascular drugs. Anthropometric measurements were taken by a trained practitioner and the data for dietary intakes were obtained by a 24-hour recall method. Serum samples were collected and analyzed for the total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG) and lipoprotein fractions. The mean age of the premenopausal women was $45.17{\pm}3.28$ years and that of the postmenopausal women was 2$62.5{\pm}4.14$ years. The height and weight were $157.86{\pm}$4.35 cm, $58.75{\pm}6.01$ kg in premenopausal women and $156.42{\pm}3.62$ cm, $57.63{\pm}5.38$ kg in postmenopausal women, respectively. WHR (waist hip ratio) in postmenopausal women was significantly higher than that of premenopausal women (p<0.05). There were no differences between the pre-and postmenopausal women in the intakes of energy, protein, fat, Ca, Fe, vitamin A, vitamin $B_1$, vitamin $B_2$, niacin, vitamin C and vitamin E. However carbohydrate and Na intakes in postmenopausal women were significantly higher than those of premenopausal women. In postmenopausal women, Ca intake was below and Na intake was extremely high considering KDRIs (Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans). Serum triglyceride in postmenopausal women was positively correlated with age, BMI (body mass index) and WHR. Serum total cholesterol and triglyceride in postmenopausal women showed significantly negative correlations with fiber intake. These results suggest that it is necessary to help postmenopausal women maintain a healthy body weight. Postmenopausal women needs to increase Ca (calcium) intakes and diet quality by decreasing the intakes of Na (sodium). In addition, an adequate intakes of fiber is recommended for postmenopausal women to prevent cardiovascular disease.

A study on the recognition about osteoporosis and Traditional Korean Medicine(TKM) treatment for osteoporosis. (한방병원 내원 여성의 골다공증과 한방 치료에 대한 인식 조사)

  • Jung, Min-Yung;Park, Hae-Mo;Sohn, Young-Joo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.236-250
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : A study on the recognition about osteoporosis and TKM treatment for osteoporosis of women who visited Sangji Oriental Medical Hospital. Methods : We studied the recognition and realities of TKM treatment for osteoporosis with questionnaire from 14th september, 2005 to 14th October, 2005 in Sang-ji Oriental medical clinic. A questionnaire was given to 184 women and 171 women answered. Results : 1) In 171 women, 169(98.8%) women have heard about osteoporosis, 1(0.6%) woman hasn't heard about it, and 1(0.6%) woman doesn't know. 2) In 171 women, 85(49.7%) women checked up for osteoporosis. 31(36.1%) women of them were diagonosed as osteoporosis, 50(58.1%) women of them were not diagonosed as osteoporosis, and 5(5.8%) women of them didn't know.3) In 31 women, 18 women is taking none medical care, 5 women calcium supplement, 4 women HRT, and 4 women both therapy. 4) In 171 women, 74(43.3%) women know about TKM treatment for osteoporosis, 96(56.1%) women don't know. 5) In 171 women, 140(81.9%) women have intention of TKM treatment for osteoporosis, 17(9.9%) women don't have, and 14(8.2%) women don't know. Conclusion : The guide that treats osteoporosis with T]U is needed on purpose to make intention of TKM treatment for osteoporosis to real demand. If the guide be informed to oriental doctors, It can expand the range of oriental gynecology.

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Evaluation of Anthropometric Characteristics, Bone Density, Food Intake Frequency, Nutrient Intakes, and Diet Quality of Pre- and Postmenopausal Women - Based on 2008~2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey - (폐경 전후 여성의 신체계측, 골밀도, 식품섭취빈도, 영양소섭취 및 식사의 질 평가 - 국민건강영양조사 2008~2011에 기초하여 -)

  • Choi, Soon Nam;Jho, Kwang Hyun;Chung, Nam Yong
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.500-511
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the anthropometric data, bone density, serum profiles, nutrient intakes and diet quality of premenopausal and postmenopausal women. For the study, we obtained data for analysis from the combined 2008~2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The height and weight were 157.8 cm and 58.7 kg in premenopausal women and 155.5 cm and 58.3 kg in postmenopausal women, respectively. The obesity rate was 27.49% in premenopausal women and 34.98% in postmenopausal women (p<0.001). Total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, GOT, GPT and alkaline phosphatase in postmenopausal women were significantly higher than those in premenopausal women (p<0.001). The prevalence of osteoporosis was 0.0~0.89% in premenopausal women and 0.48~13.22% in postmenopausal women (p<0.001). In postmenopausal women, rates of hypertension, stroke, myocardial infarction, depression, and diabetes were significantly higher than those in premenopausal women. Water, fat. ash, sodium, retinol, thiamin, riboflavin and niacin intakes in premenopausal women were significantly higher than those in postmenopausal women. Water, fiber, Ca, and, K intakes were below KDRIs (Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans) in both groups. The mean adequacy ratio (MAR) of premenopausal women was higher than that of postmenopausal women (p<0.001). The index of nutritional quality (INQ) in premenopausal women was also higher than that of postmenopausal women except iron and vitamin C. Therefore dietary guidelines and an education program should be developed for desirable improvement of health, bone density, nutrient status and dietary quality of postmenopausal women.

Adiponectin Level in Non-Pregnant Women, Pregnant Women without Diabetes and Pregnant Women with Diabetes

  • Jo, Yoon-Kyung;Im, Jee-Aee
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.233-238
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    • 2008
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication during pregnancy and one of the main causes of adverse fetal-maternal outcomes. However, the pathogenesis of GDM has not been clearly stated. Adiponectin, an adipose tissue-derived plasma protein, is involved in regulation of insulin resistance and glucose hemostasis, and thus is a key modulator of insulin action and glucose metabolism. In this study, we investigated to compare serum adiponectin levels in pregnant women with diabetes, pregnant women who are without diabetes, and non-pregnant women, and to evaluate relationship between serum adiponectin. levels and metabolic parameters. Forty-one pregnant women with diabetes, fifty-nine pregnant women without diabetes and forty non-pregnancy women were recruited. Adiponectin levels were significantly lower in pregnant women with diabetes when compared to non-pregnant women and pregnant women without diabetes. Pregnant women without diabetes at second trimester had lower adiponectin levels compared to non-pregnant women. Adiponectin was negatively correlated with BMI, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, and triglyceride. In conclusion, this study confirmed that the decreased level of adiponectin precedes the onset of abnormal glucose level during pregnancy and also normal pregnant women had lower adiponectin levels compared to non-pregnant women. This knowledge may help to identify strategies for lowering the occurrence of GDM in women who are at high risk of developing the disorder.

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Study on the Influence of Gi-Gong Gymnastics in the Live Blood Condition of Women's Shoulder Measurement (기공체조가 여성 견비통 환자의 생혈액 형태에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Kim Gyeong Cheol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1516-1519
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    • 2004
  • I studied on the influence of Gi-Gong gymnastics in the live blood condition of women's shoulder measurement. The results are as follows: In the Erythrocyte Aggregation(4 women), the three women were not observed at all and one woman was observed a little, In the Rouleau(3 women), three women were not observed at all. In the Target Cells(3 women), the two women were not observed at all and one woman was observed a little. In the Ovalocytes (3 women), the one woman was not observed at all and two women were observed a little. And in the Poikilocytes (1 woman), one woman was observed a little, In the Cholesterol Crystals(3 women), the two women were observed a little and one woman was observed as things stand, In the Atherosclerotic Plaque(2 women), the two women were not observed at all. In the Chylous(3 women), the two women were observed a little and one woman was observed as things stand.

The Development of Website-based Food and Nutrition for Women (여성건강을 위한 식품영양관련 웹사이트 개발)

  • Jung, Ah-Ram;Joo, Na-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.359-366
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    • 2008
  • This study has two section, one is design and development of website, the other is evaluation of website quality. The website was designed to have three web contents, Nutrition education for women's health, Food information for women, and Menus for women's health. In nutrition education for women's health, women were divided by healthy women, pregnant and nursing women, and patients. In Food information for women, I offer food information for the purpose of inducing women to have food intake for healthy lives. In Menus for women's health, 299 menus were selected by preference evaluation and menu evaluation. The website was developed through this study. The main menu consists of 3 web contents of nutrition education for women's health, food information for women, menus for women's health and this site also contain Q & A. In the quality valuation process by a group of experts, all respondents highly esteemed the quality of the website used inthis study reward grading in higher than 3 points (in general).