• Title, Summary, Keyword: absorbency

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Studies on the Cellular Metabolism in Microorganisms as Influenced by Gamma-irradiation.(II) - On the Respiration Rate and Dehydrogenase Actibity in Yeast Cells Irradiated by $\gamma$-ray. (미생물의 세포생리에 미치는 전이방사선의 영향에 관한 연구 (제 2보) - 효모균의 산소호흡기및 탈수소효소능에 대한 $\gamma$-ray 의 영향)

  • 김종협
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 1967
  • Kim, Jong Hyup, (Div. of Biology, Atomic Energy Research Institute.) Studies on the Cellular Metabolism in Microorganisms as influenced by Gamma-irradiation(II). On respiration rate and dehydrogenase activity of yeast cells irradiated by gamma ray from cobalt-60. 1. Oxygen uptake rate of the gamma irraiated yeast cells had been measured with Warburg's manometer, and the $O_{2}$-uptake was compared with those of normal cells. The rate of endogetious respiration increases in its $O_2$-uptake at 150, 000 rentgen dose, and at higher rentoen doses it was decreased. Exogenous respiration begin to decrease in its O_2$-uptake at 5, 000r. doses of irradiation, further decrease with increasing of doses unproportionally. 2. It appears that plasma-membrane and nuclear membrane of yeast cells have changed and denatured by gamma-irradiation, as exogenous respiration of glucose had been decreased at a dose of 200, 000r's irradiation. 3. The activity of glucose, alcoholic, lactic, succinic and glutamic deliydrogenase (G.D.H., A.D.H., L.D.H., S.D.11., and GL.D.H.) in the gamma irradaited cells had been assayed by T.T.C.(Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride) method and spectrophotometry, the obtained results were compared with those of normal cells. 4. At a dose of and 10, 000 rentgens' irradiation of gamma ray, the activty of each debydrogenase (G.D.H., A.D.H., L.D.H., ) shows a sharp and highest peak in optical absorbalicy, but each abtivity of S.D.H and Gl.D.H shows its' maximum peak at a dose of 30, 000r. 5. The curve of each dehydrogenase activity was found to be rhythmical according to dose-rate of gamma irradiation. 6. Comparing with activity of debydrogenase each other, the maximum peak in optical absorbency can be arranged according to order as follows; glucose > alcoholoic > lactic > glutamic > succinic, this order is identical to the order of breakdown utility in respiration of normal yeast cells. 7. The activity of dehydrogenase experimented exhibit a resistance against gamma irradiation at lethal dose of cells, and the activity of dehydrogenase are found to be much resistant than those of respiratory system. We may assume that the membrane substrate of mitochondria or cytoplasm had been destructed by gamma-irradiation much more than that of dehydronase system.

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Investigation of wearing behaviors and consumer's needs for summer golf wear (하절용 골프웨어의 착용실태 및 소비자 요구도)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hwa;Lee, Sun-Young;Lee, Jung-Soon
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.177-186
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    • 2007
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate consumer's needs for golf wear and to suggest a direction of product development and planning, based on the analysis of golfer's needs. The subjects used for the research were 150 male and female golfers who were in golf practice fields. The data were analyzed by frequency analysis, factor analysis, ANOVA, t-test and Duncan test. In summary, the results of this study were as followers; Dimensions of consumer's needs for golf wear were extracted from factor analysis as following properties; fashion/design property, textile property, hygiene property, body-shaped property. The most important consumer's need for golf wear was "wearing comfort" and second one was "moisture absorbency" Respondents evaluated that wearing comfort, stretchability, tactile, size of golf wear were very important but price, pilling, shrinkage or color-fading after laundry of golf wear were relatively less important. The evaluation of consumer's needs for golf wear according to demographic information had significant difference. The female golfers were found to consider that fiber characteristics, easy-to-laundry, wrinkle resistance, stretchability, sewing quality were relatively more important, when compared with the male golfers. Also, There were significant differences on the evaluation of consumer's needs for golf wear on fiber characteristics, stretchability, brand name between age groups.

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UV Absorbent-added Polymerization and its Application as Ophthalmological Material (자외선 흡수제를 첨가한 고분자 중합 및 안 의료용 소재로의 적용)

  • Sung, A-Young;Kim, Tae-Hun;Ye, Ki-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.98-103
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    • 2011
  • This study was done for the preparation of macromolecular material with UV-blocking features by adding the benzophenone group that is commonly used as a UV-absorbent and $TiO_2$ which is known to be a very stable material in chemical and physical aspects. Also, we compared the level of UV absorbency of the polymer produced from polymerization with previous materials and measured basic properties such as water content, refractive index and optical transmittance of produced contact lenses. The results of the measurement showed that the refractive index and water content of the contact lens with added UV-absorbent was 1.430~1.440 and 35.0~45.0% respectively, which was similar to that of previous contact lenses. Also, for optical transmittances of each wave length, contact lenses without the UV-absorbent was 89%, 88% and 89% respectively for UV-A, UV-B and visible light, indicating that the UV transmittance is very high though contrary with cases of contact lenses with added 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-benzophenone and 2,4-dihydroxy-benzophenone which showed transmittances of 0% and 6% respectively for UV-A and UV-B showing a UV-blocking effect. Meanwhile, contact lenses with added $TiO_2$ showed transmittance of 6% and 51% respectively for UV-A and UV-B also showing a UV-blocking effect. The visible transmittance was 77~89% showing that it satisfies the visible transmittance required for ophthalmological materials.

A Study on Detection of Residual Solvent, Ethoxyquin and Color Stability in Oleoresin Paprika Extracts (파프리카 추출물의 색소안정성과 Ethoxyquin 및 잔류용매 검출)

  • Lee, Seon-Ok;Kyung, Suk-Hun;Park, Kil-Dong;Kang, Hee-Gon;Park, Joo-Sung;Lee, See-Kyung
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2002
  • Effects of ethoxyquin on the color stability of oleoresin paprika extracts and amount of residual ethoxyquin, a color stabilizer, in commercial extracts were determined. The oleoresin paprika extracts dissolved in ethanol gave the highest maximum photo-absorbency at 444-458 nm, with the color index of United States product 2-6 times higher than that produced in India. The residual solvents in oleoresin paprika extracts were mainly acetone and methanol, although some other extracts also contained small amounts of hexane. HPLC analysis was determined as a proper analytical method for residual ethoxyquin assay in the oleoresin paprika extracts, particularly when hexane was used as a solvent. The residual ethoxyquins were detected in the extracts produced in US and Spain which had relatively high color indices.

Oil Absorptive Properties of Polypropylene Knit Fabric Treated with Oleophilic Acrylic Resin (친유성 아크릴 수지로 처리된 폴리프로필렌 편직물의 유흡착 성질)

  • Jeong, Hwa-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.528-535
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    • 2016
  • Two types of oleophilic acrylic prepolymers were prepared by the solution copolymerization of either ethyl acrylate (EA) or lauryl acrylate (LA) with hydroxy ethyl acrylate (HEA). For the formation of oil-absorbent materials, a mixed solution of the prepolymer and hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as a cross-linker in toluene was applied to polypropylene knit velvet fabric through the conventional pad-dry-cure procedure. The gel fraction of the crosslinked resin, EA-HEA-HDI, increased with increasing feed ratio of HEA to total acrylate or HDI concentration. The oil absorbancy and retention ratio of the prepared materials were compared according to the add-on ratio of resin to fabric, and were assessed with n-decane, toluene, soybean oil, lubricant and bunker C oil as test oils. The optimal oil absorbancy of the materials were observed at around 6% of the add-on ratio for all these oils except for soybean oil. On the other hand, the oil retention ratio increased as the add-on ratio increased. Futhermore, heavier and more viscous oil generally showed higher oil retention ratios. In addition, the oil absorbancy of the materials treated with LA-HEA-HDI resin was higher than that treated with EA-HEA-HDI resin, which showed that the acrylic resins are more absorptive with increasing length of their side alkyl chain.

Studies for Component Analysis and Antioxidative Evaluation in Acorn Powders (도토리 가루의 성분분석과 항산화능 평가)

  • Shim, Tae-Heum;Jin, Ying-Shan;Sa, Jae-Hoon;Shin, In-Cheol;Heo, Seong-Il;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.800-803
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    • 2004
  • Chemical components and physiological activities of acorn powders were investigated to develop functional food. Proximate components were 87.29% crude fiber, 1.18% crude fat, 0.84% crude protein, and 0.12% crude ash. Potassium was most predominant mineral, followed by phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, and sodium. Contents of unsaturated fatty acids, such as oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids, were higher than those of saturated fatty acids. Water and 75% ethanol extracts of acorn powders showed higher absorbency at 285 nm. Water and 75% ethanol extracts exhibited antioxidative activity with $IC_{50}$ of 19.0 and $21.4\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively, indicating they are the major biological component in acorn powders. Results suggest water extract of acorn can be used as new material for natural antioxidant and functional food.

Study on Hair Characteristics Analysis and Performance Evaluation of Traditional Brushes (전통 붓의 섬유 특성 분석 및 성능 평가 연구)

  • Park, Sang Hyeon;Chung, Yong Jae
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.195-209
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the characteristics of various raw hairs used for traditional Korean brushes were examined; further, the characteristics and deterioration patterns of Korean, Chinese, and Japanese brushes were compared, with a quantitative evaluation to assess the brush performance. The tensile strength was generally found to be higher with a greater fiber thickness. Among the hairs examined, the back and flank hair of goat was more damaged than that in other parts, and the tensile strength was low. Higher elasticity of the brush made with hair of high cysteine content was measured. Owing to deterioration by use of the brushes, artificial drying brushes had a higher yellowness index and lower tensile strength than natural drying brushes. Further, it was confirmed that brushes with good absorbency exhibited good consistency, but not good elasticity. Thus, the performance of the brush can be influenced by the kind of material used and the brush usage pattern. In addition, it is possible to identify the material science characteristics of brushes which have been produced only by experience; therefore, the results of this study could provide basic data for manufacturing brushes employed in conservation treatment, in the future.