• Title/Summary/Keyword: anti-inflammatory

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The Review on the Study related to Anti-inflammatory Mechanism of Bee Venom Therapy (봉독요법(蜂毒療法)의 항염증(抗炎症) 기전(機轉) 연구(硏究)에 관(關)한 고찰(考察))

  • Choi, Jung-Sik;Park, Jang-Woo;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.141-160
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    • 2006
  • The obtained results are summarized as follows 1. New findings are reporting year by year as for the study related to Anti-inflammatory mechanism of Bee Venom therapy. 2. The Anti-inflammatory effect of Bee Venom therapy is achieved through counterirritation, stimulations to adrenal cortex, immuno-regulation, antioxidation, removal of free radicals, modulation of AGP gene induction. 3. The chief components of Bee Venom related to Anti-inflammatory effect are Melittin, MCD peptide, Apamin, Adolapin etc. 4. Melittin binds to secretory phospholipase A2 and inhibits its enzymatic activity. 5. Melittin blocks neutophil O2-production. 6. MCD peptide(Peptide 401) stimulates the mast cell secrets histamine, Anti-inflammatory effect caused by this is 'conterirritation'. 7. Melittin & Apamin have an anti-inflammatory effect by inducing cortisone secretion. 8. MCD peptide & Apamin increase immunologic fuction by stimulating hypophysis & adrenal cortex and have an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandin from arachidonic acid. 9. Adolapin have an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting COX. 10. Bee Venom have an anti-inflammatory effect by suppressing AGP($\alpha$-acid glycoprotein). 11. Bee Venom have an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting NO, iNOS, PLA2, COX-2, TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1, NF-${\kappa}B$, MAP kinase.

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The Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Oxidant Activity of Ethanol Extract from Red Rose Petals

  • Kim, Hyun-Kyoung
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2020
  • Red rose petals are usually disposed but they are an abundant source of phenolics and traditionally used as food supplement and as herbal medicine. Of the Various phenolics, they are known to have anticancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of red rose ethanolic extracts (GRP) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 cells. The results demonstrated that pretreatment of GRP (500㎍/mL) significantly reduced NO production by suppressing iNOS protein expression in LPS-stimulated cells. Anti-inflammatory effects by red rose petals were observed in the following. Red rose petals inhibited the translocation of NF-κB from the cytosol to the nucleus via the suppression of IκB-α phosphorylation and also inhibited LPS-stimulated NF-κB transcriptional activity. These findings suggest that red rose petals exert anti-inflammatory actions and help to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the potential therapeutic values of red rose petals. Therefore, red rose petals could be regarded as a potential source of natural anti-inflammatory agents.

Anti-Inflammatory Action of the Fractions of Platycodi radix (길경(Platycodi radix) 분획물의 항염증 활성)

  • Kim, Sung-Yeun;Lee, Eun-Bang;Jeong, Eun-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.618-624
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    • 2009
  • The extract of Platycodi radix has long been used as an anti-inflammatory traditional medicine in Korea for the treatment of bronchitis, asthma and acute respiratory disease. In this study, the anti-inflammatory actions of the methanol extract of Platycodi radix administered via oral administration were evaluated. The results revealed that the extracts exhibited potent anti-inflammatory action. Of the hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol and water fractions, the butanol fraction had the most potent anti-inflammatory action. Additioinally the sapogenin obtained through acid hydrolysis of the butanol fraction did not show anti-inflammatory action. These findings confirm the value of Platycodi radix as a traditional Korean medicine.

Synthesis and Anti-inflammatory Activity of Fructigenine A Derivatives

  • Chang, Jun-Hwan;Moon, Hong-sik
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-61
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    • 2004
  • Several derivatives were synthesized from fructigenine A, which was isolated from Penicillium fructigenum. The anti-inflammatory properties of fructigenine A was evaluated in vivo with a 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced mouse ear edema model and a carrageenan-induced rat paw edema model. Results showed that the anti-inflammatory activity was significantly higher with fructigenine derivatives than with indomethacin, which was used as a standard. We concluded that fructigenine derivatives could exert an anti-inflammatory effect.

Synthesis and Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Activities of 2,4-Di-n-butyl-3,5-diarylimino-1,2,4-thiadiazolidines

  • Pandeya, S.N.;Naik, P.R.;Singh, S.;Singh, P.N.
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.78-80
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    • 1991
  • Ten 1,2,4-thiadiazolidines were synthesized and screened for their anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. Butyl isothiocyanate was used as a starting material. Several compounds showed significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. The unsubstituted and o-methyl, p-acetoxy and o-chloro substituted compounds were found to be more potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents than the other compounds.

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Evaluation of Anti-inflammatory activity of Fissistigma poilanei and Rubus laxus Focke

  • Lee, Soo Jung;Suh, Mee-Hyun;Kim, June-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.75-75
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    • 2019
  • The aim of the study was to determine the anti-inflammatory activities of the plants with origin of China. The Fissistigma poilanei, which is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae and Rubus laxus Focke, which is a species of plant in the family Rosaceae from China were tested for anti-inflammatory activities. Samples were prepared using 95% ethanol using nitric oxide (NO) assay for assessing the anti-inflammatory activity. NO assay experiment showed that extracts of the Fissistigma poilanei give 28.3% increases in anti-inflammatory activity and extracts of Rubus laxus Focke give 57.1% decreases in anti-inflammatory activity, compared to control. To determine the cell toxicity, MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay was used. MTT assay experiment showed that Fissistigma poilanei and Rubus laxus Focke might have less toxicity of 60.5% and 62.3%, respectively, compared to control. Taken together, these experiments showed that Fissistigma poilanei extracts might have significantly higher anti-inflammatory activities and relatively lower toxicity, compared to control. This implies that this study might give a tool to develop a new potential anti-inflammatory therapeutic candidate.

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Study for Related Mechanism of Anti-Inflammatory Effect Induced by Neddle electrode electrical stimulation in Mouse Air Pouch Model. (Mouse Air Pouch Model에서 침전극 저주파치료로 유도된 소염 작용에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Jin-Woo;Hwang, Hyun-Sook;Lim, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2002
  • In oriental medicine, manual-acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA) have been widely utilized to cure several inflammatory diseases such as arthritis. We designed this experiment to find neurochemical mechanism related to electroacupuncture induced anti-inflammatory effect on mouse air pouch model. EA with both low frequency (1 Hz) and high frequency (120 Hz) was treated after induction of inflammation in air pouch using injection of zymosan. To verify the role of opioid system in electroacupuncture-induced anti-inflammatory effect, naloxone (10 mg/kg) was pretreated. In addition, idazoxan (5 mg/kg) was pre-treated to evaluate the possible effect of endogenous adrenergic system in autonomic system on EA induced anti-inflammatory effect. As results of this study, naloxone pretreatment did not change the anti-inflammatory effect evoked by high frequency EA, while low frequency EA(1 Hz) induced anti-inflammatory effect was dramatically suppressed by naloxone pretreatment. These data indicated that endogenous opioid system might be extensively involve in anti-inflammatory effect evoked by not high frequency, but low frequency EA. However, idazoxan pretreatment did not produce any modulatory effect on both low and high frequency EA induced anti-inflammatory effect, suggesting that EA induced anti-inflammatory effect was not mediated by endogenous adrenergic system. In conclusion, these data strongly suggested that EA induced anti-inflammatory effect is mediated by endogenous opioid system, not endogenous adrenergic system.

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Studies on the Anti-inflammatory Activity of Ginseng Total Saponin, Protopanaxadiol and Protopanaxatriol (인삼 Total Saponin, Protopanaxadiol 및 Protopanaxatriol의 소염작용에 관한 연구)

  • 조태순;이선미;정국현;이범구;이석용;박종대
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to elucidate the anti-inflammatory action of ginseng total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol, the anti-inflammatory activity of three compounds was investigated under various acute and chronic inflammatory models. The blood vessel permeability was slightly inhibited by total saponin and protopanaxatriol treatments. Granuloma formation induced by 2% carrageenan was inhibited by total saponin and protopanaxatriol. The cotton-pellet granuloma formation was significantly inhibited by intraperitoneal injection of total saponin. Total saponin and protopanaxadiol inhibited leukocyte emigration and protein exudation in CMC-induced pouch but protopanaxauiol increased leukocyte emigration. The swelling of rat hind paw induced by 1% carrageenan was significantly inhibited by total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol both single and 2 weeks treatments. Total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol decreased the anti-inflammatory activity in adrenalectomized rat. Our results suggest that total saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol have potent anti-inflammatory activity, this may be mediated in part through stimulation of adrenal glands.

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In Vivo Studies on Anti-inflammatory Activity of Nephrite (급성염증 동물모델에서 연옥분과 연옥수의 염증억제 효과)

  • Han Dong-Oh;Choi Bo-Hee;Lee Hye-Jung;Shim Insop;Kang Sung-Keel;Hahm Dae-Hyun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.977-981
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    • 2005
  • Most inflammatory disorders are usually treated using anti-inflammatory drugs including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (SAID). In a prolonged use, however, they may frequently produce adverse side-effects. Thus, it is necessarily required to develop a new anti-inflammatory drug with little side-effects. Nephrite has been widely used by traditional oriental medicine to cure the various chronic diseases. In order to verify the anti-inflammatory activity of nephrite, the TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-acetate) or the croton oil-induced edema was developed in the mouse ears and the nephrite powder suspension or the nephrite water was directly applied to the ear edema. It was found that nephrite could significantly reduce the ear swelling implying its strong potential as an active anti-inflammatory agent when comparing to indomethacin, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.

Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paeoniflorigenone Isolated from Paeoniae Radix (Paeoniflorigenone 작약성분의 항염효과)

  • Kim, Ha-Yan;Han, Yong-Moon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.20-25
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    • 2012
  • In Northeast Asia, Paeoniae Radix has been used in treatments of inflammation-causing diseases such as arthritis for many centuries. Paeoniflorin, one of the principle bioactive monoterpene glucosides from the paeony root, is reported to be mostly responsible for the effectiveness of the treatments. However, the anti-inflammatory effect of a monoterpene, paeoniflorigenone (PFG) which partially has the moiety of paeoniflorin minus a glucose structure is unknown. Thus, the aim of this work was to investigate anti-inflammatory activity of PFG. For the investigation, PFG activity on the NO (nitric oxide) production from LPS-stimulated macrophages, and the anti-inflammatory effect was tested in the animal model of septic arthritis caused by Candida albicans, a major etiological agent for septic arthritis. For induction of the arthritis, mice were administered with an emulsion of C. albicans cell wall (CACW) mixed with Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) via footpad-injection (Day 0); PFG at a dose of 0.5 or 1 mg/mouse (25 or 50 mg/kg of body-weight) was given to the animals on Day 3, 6, and 9; footpads were scored for arthritis. Moreover, the PFG effect on proliferation of T-lymphocyte that causes aggravation of arthritis was additionally tested. Data resulting from those tests showed that PFG inhibited the NO production from the stimulated macrophage in a dose dependent manner (P<0.05), indicating that PFG is an anti-inflammatory. To confirm the in-vitro results, anti-inflammatory activity of PFG was determined against C. albicans-caused septic arthritis. Data showed that PFG-treatment reduced footpad-swelling which indicates that PFG has anti-arthritic effect (P<0.05), which is therapeutic. The anti-arthritic effect appeared to be mediated by PFG suppression of T-cell proliferation. Ultimately, PFG, a monoterpene component, has anti-inflammatory activity analogous to paeoniflorin. The anti-inflammatory activity treats the septic arthritis due to a pathogenic fungus C. albicans.