• Title/Summary/Keyword: anti-photoaging

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Anti-photoaging Effects of Fermented Soybean (Bio-Peptone®) (대두 발효물(Bio-Peptone®)의 광노화 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Eun Ju;Shim, Myeong Kuk;Jeong, A Ram;Kim, Ae Jung
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2019
  • Soybean (Glycine max), as one of the foods with high plant proteins, contains a large amount of bioactive compounds and known to be effective in cardiovascular disease and obesity as well as in improving skin condition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-photoaging effects of soybean fermented with Lactobacillus Rhamnosus ($Bio-Peptone^{(R)}$) by assessment of cytotoxicity against UVB, collagen synthesis after UVB-irradiation, tyrosinase activity, and melanin synthesis. Results showed that $Bio-Peptone^{(R)}$ protected skin fibroblasts against UVB-induced cytotoxicity and increased type I collagen synthesis. Furthermore, $Bio-Peptone^{(R)}$ significantly inhibited tyrosinase activity and reduced melanin contents. This study suggests that $Bio-Peptone^{(R)}$ has protective effects against UVB-induced skin damage. Thus, it is concluded that $Bio-Peptone^{(R)}$ is able to prevent skin damage against UVB and thus acts as anti-photoaging materials by protecting skin forming wrinkles and skin pigments.

Lactobacillus sakei Lipoteichoic Acid Inhibits MMP-1 Induced by UVA in Normal Dermal Fibroblasts of Human

  • You, Ga-Eun;Jung, Bong-Jun;Kim, Hye-Rim;Kim, Han-Geun;Kim, Tae-Rahk;Chung, Dae-Kyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.1357-1364
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    • 2013
  • Human skin is continuously exposed to ultraviolet (UV)-induced photoaging. UVA increases the activity of MMP-1 in dermal fibroblasts through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), p38, signaling. The irradiation of keratinocytes by UVA results in the secretion of the inflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), and the stimulation of MMP-1 in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a component of the cell wall of gram-positive Lactobacillus spp. of bacteria. LTA is well known as an anti-inflammation molecule. LTA of the bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum has an anti-photoaging effect, but the potential anti-photoaging effect of the other bacteria has not been examined to date. The current study showed that L. sakei LTA (sLTA) has an immune modulating effect in human monocyte cells. Our object was whether inhibitory effects of sLTA on MMP-1 are caused from reducing the MAPK signal in NHDFs. It inhibits MMP-1 and MAPK signaling induced by UVA in NHDFs. We also confirmed effects of sLTA suppressing TNF-${\alpha}$ inducing MMP-1 in NHDFs.

Effects of Persimmon leaf on the Photoaging Skin Improvement(1) (감잎의 광노화 피부 개선에 미치는 효과(1))

  • Lee, Chang Hyun;Kim, Nam Seok;Choi, Dong Seong;Oh, Mi Jin;Ma, Sang Yong;Kim, Myoung Soon;Ryu, Seung Jeong;Kwon, Jin;Shin, Hyun Jong;Oh, Chan Ho
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.771-781
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to investigate the anti-photoaging effects of Persimmon leaf tea(PLT) in hairless mice(SKH-1) exposed to UVB irradiation. The animals were divided into non-treated group (normal, N) and UV-radiated groups. UV-radiated groups were divided into only UV-radiated group(control, C) and UV-radiated and PLT treated experimental groups[first extraction treated group(PLT-I), second extraction treated group(PLT-II), and third extraction treated group(PLT-III)]. Three PLT treated experimental groups of mice were treated with both oral administration(300 mg/Kg B.W./day) and topical application (100 ul of 2% conc./mouse/day) for 4 weeks. Anti-photoaging effects of Persimmon leaf were evaluated by anti oxidative reaction, stereomicroscopic and microscopic observations. The expression of photoaging skin related factors including mast cell tryptase, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was examined by immunohistochemical staining. Treatment of PLT-I, -II, -III prevented the wrinkle formation as well as epidermal hyperplasia, inflammatory cells, disruption of collagen in photoaged skin induced by UVB radiation. It also reduced the PCNA and VEGF expression in the UVB irradiated dorsal skin. Furthermore, it significantly decreased the number of mast cells in the UVB irradiated dermis(p<0.05 and p<0.01). On the effects of oxidative stress and antioxidant function on the treatment with water extract from Persimmon leaf tea(PLT), the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) was significantly increased in PLT-III group(p<0.05), and catalase(CAT) was significantly increased in PLT-I and PLT-III groups(p<0.05), and PLT-II group(p<0.001). These extracts showed relatively antioxidant activity and protective effect on UVB-induced oxidative stress in hairless mice(SKH-1). Our results suggest that Persimmon leaf tea may serve as an useful radical scavenging antioxidant and anti-photoaging skin agents in the UVB irradiated skin.

Protective Effects of Standardized Siegesbeckia glabrescens Extract and Its Active Compound Kirenol against UVB-Induced Photoaging through Inhibition of MAPK/NF-κB Pathways

  • Kim, Jongwook;Kim, Mi-Bo;Yun, Jun Gon;Hwang, Jae-Kwan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.242-250
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    • 2017
  • Anti-photoaging effects of standardized Siegesbeckia glabrescens extract (SGE) and its major active compound kirenol were investigated using Hs68 human dermal fibroblasts and hairless mice, respectively. UVB-irradiated hairless mice that received oral SGE (600 mg/kg/day) showed reduced wrinkle formation and skinfold thickness compared with the UVB-irradiated control. Furthermore, SGE treatment increased the mRNA levels of collagen synthesis genes (COL1A1, COL3A1, COL4A1, and COL7A1) and activated antioxidant enzyme (catalase), while suppressing matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2, -3, -9, and -13) expression. In Hs68 fibroblasts, kirenol also significantly suppressed MMP expression while increasing the expression of COL1A1, COL3A1, and COL7A1. Collectively, our data demonstrate that both SGE and kirenol attenuated UVB-induced photoaging in hairless mice and fibroblasts through inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor kappa B pathways, suggesting that SGE has potential to serve as a natural anti-photoaging nutraceutical.

Ellagic acid plays a protective role against UV-B-induced oxidative stress by up-regulating antioxidant components in human dermal fibroblasts

  • Baek, Beomyeol;Lee, Su Hee;Kim, Kyunghoon;Lim, Hye-Won;Lim, Chang-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.269-277
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    • 2016
  • Ellagic acid (EA), an antioxidant polyphenolic constituent of plant origin, has been reported to possess diverse pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and immunomodulatory activities. This work aimed to clarify the skin anti-photoaging properties of EA in human dermal fibroblasts. The skin anti-photoaging activity was evaluated by analyzing the reactive oxygen species (ROS), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), total glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity levels as well as cell viability in dermal fibroblasts under UV-B irradiation. When fibroblasts were exposed to EA prior to UV-B irradiation, EA suppressed UV-B-induced ROS and proMMP-2 elevation. However, EA restored total GSH and SOD activity levels diminished in fibroblasts under UV-B irradiation. EA had an up-regulating activity on the UV-B-reduced Nrf2 levels in fibroblasts. EA, at the concentrations used, was unable to interfere with cell viabilities in both non-irradiated and irradiated fibroblasts. In human dermal fibroblasts, EA plays a defensive role against UV-B-induced oxidative stress possibly through an Nrf2-dependent pathway, indicating that this compound has potential skin antiphotoaging properties.

Fermented Acanthopanax koreanum Root Extract Reduces UVB- and H2O2-Induced Senescence in Human Skin Fibroblast Cells

  • Park, Min-Ja;Bae, Young-Seuk
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.1224-1233
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    • 2016
  • The present study assessed the effects of an aqueous extract of Acanthopanax koreanum root (AE) and of AE following fermentation by lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus plantarum and Bifidobacterium bifidum) (AEF) on human skin fibroblast HS68 cells exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation and oxidative stress. AEF effectively antagonized the senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining and upregulation of p53 and p21Cip1/WAF1 induced by UVB or H2O2 treatment in HS68 cells. It also exhibited excellent antioxidant activities in radical scavenging assays and reduced the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species induced by UVB or H2O2 treatment. The antioxidant and antisenescent activities of AEF were greater than those of nonfermented A. koreanum extract. AEF significantly repressed the UVB- or H2O2-induced activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and -3, overexpression of MMP-1, and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation. This repression of NF-κB activation and MMP-1 overexpression was attenuated by a mitogen-activated protein kinase activator, suggesting that this AEF activity was dependent on this signaling pathway. Taken together, these data indicated that AEF-mediated antioxidant and anti-photoaging activities may produce anti-wrinkle effects on human skin.

Inhibitory Effects of Ethanol Extracts from Nuruk on Oxidative Stress, Melanogenesis, and Photo-Aging

  • Lee, Sang-Jin;Cho, Sung-Won;Kwon, Yi-Young;Kwon, Hee-Suk;Shin, Woo-Chang
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2012
  • Nuruk contributes to the unique characteristics of Korean alcoholic beverages. In this study, the effects of nuruk extracts (NE) on anti-oxidant characters, melanogenesis, and anti-photoaging activity were investigated. NEs were obtained from the 70% ethanol extracts of six types of nuruk, which have been used in brewing of fermented alcohol beverages in Korea. First, various antioxidant characteristics were identified in terms of 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiozoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) expression, and inhibition of xanthine oxidase activity. NE#4 exhibited potent ABTS radical scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$ = 19.51 ${\mu}g$/mL). Compared with NE#4, relatively lower levels of activity were observed for NE#3 and NE#6, with $IC_{50}$ values of 90.99 and 76.88 ${\mu}g$/mL, respectively. According to results of western blot analysis for determination of SOD expression in $H_2O_2$-treated HepG2 cells, NE#5 and NE#6 induced a dramatic increase in the expression ratio of SOD, compared to the group treated with $H_2O_2$ only. Activity of xanthine oxidase, which converts xanthine into uric acid, generating superoxide ions, was inhibited by NE#4 and NE#6 in a dose-dependent manner. NE#4 induced significant inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase activity. A reduction in cellular melanin contents of 80% was observed in B16F1 melanocytes treated with NE#5 and NE#6; these effects were similar to those of arbutin at 100 ${\mu}M$. In addition, gelatin zymography and reverse transcription-PCR analysis were performed for assessment of anti-photoaging activity of Nuruk. Treatment with NE#6 resulted in dramatically inhibited activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2/-9, suppressed expression of MMP-1, and increased expression of type-1 procollagen. Results of gelatin zymography for NE#4 and NE#5 were similar, to a slightly lesser degree. These results suggest the potential of NE#4 and NE#6 as natural ingredients for use in functional foods and cosmetics.

Effects of Persimmon leaf on the Photoaging Skin Improvement(2) (감잎의 광노화 피부 개선에 미치는 효과(2))

  • Lee, Chang Hyun;Kim, Nam Seok;Choi, Dong Seong;Oh, Mi Jin;Ma, Sang Yong;Kim, Myoung Soon;Ryu, Seung Jeong;Kwon, Jin;Shin, Hyun Jong;Oh, Chan Ho
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to investigate the anti-photoaging effects of Persimmon leaf tea(PLT) in hairless mice(SKH-1) exposed to UVB radiation. The animals were divided into non-treated group (normal, N) and UV-radiated groups. UV-radiated groups were divided into only UV-radiated group(control, C) and UV-radiated and PLT treated experimental groups[first extraction treated group(PLT-I), second extraction treated groupe(PLT-II), and third extraction treated group(PLT-III)]. Three PLT treated experimental groups of mice were treated with both oral administration(300mg/Kg B.W./day) and topical application (100 ul of 2% conc./mouse/day) for 4 weeks. Anti-photoaging effects of Persimmon leaf were evaluated by MTT assay, anti oxidative reaction, MMP immunohistochemistry, gelatin zymography assay and RT-PCR observations. Treatment with Persimmon leaf tea(PLT)-I, and -III groups decreased immunohistochemical density of matrix metalloproteinases(MMP)-3 and -9 related to degradation of extracellular matrix in skin. Especially, immunohistochemical density of MMP-2 decreased in PLT-I, -II and -III groups in skin. On the effects of antioxidant function on the treatment with Persimmon leaf tea(PLT), treatment of HaCaT cells with extracts of PLT-I and PLT-II had also significantly reduced intracellular ROS produced by UVB irradiation in a dose dependent manner(PLT-I, p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001; PLT-II, p<0.01, p<0.001). Gelatin zymography assay revealed that PLT-II and PLT-III (200 ug/ml) had inhibitory effect on MMP-9 expression in UVB-radiated HaCaT cells. Western blot analysis revealed that PLT-1, -II and -III groups down-regulates the expression of inflammatory associated genes(IL-$1{\beta}$) and PLT-1 and -II groups down-regulates the expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ in a dose dependent manner. Our study suggests that Persimmon leaf tea(PLT) extracts participates in inhibitory effects on the morphological and molecular experiments related to photoaging skin on UVB irradiated hairless mice.

Effects of Collagen Tripeptide Supplement on Photoaging and Epidermal Skin Barrier in UVB-exposed Hairless Mice

  • Pyun, Hee-Bong;Kim, Minji;Park, Jieun;Sakai, Yasuo;Numata, Noriaki;Shin, Jin-Yeong;Shin, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Do-Un;Hwang, Jae-Kwan
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.245-253
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    • 2012
  • Collagen tripeptide (CTP) is a functional food material with several biological effects such as improving dry skin and wound and bone fracture healing. This study focused on the anti-photoaging effects of CTP on a hairless mouse model. To evaluate the effects of CTP on UVB-induced skin wrinkle formation in vivo, the hairless mice were exposed to UVB radiation with oral administration of CTP for 14 weeks. Compared with the untreated UVB control group, mice treated with CTP showed significantly reduced wrinkle formation, skin thickening, and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Skin hydration and hydroxyproline were increased in the CTP-treated group. Moreover, oral administration of CTP prevented UVB-induced MMP-3 and -13 activities as well as MMP-2 and -9 expressions. Oral administration of CTP increased skin elasticity and decreased abnormal elastic fiber formation. Erythema was also decreased in the CTP-treated group. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that CTP has potential as an anti-photoaging agent.