• Title/Summary/Keyword: antioxidant activity

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Effect of Some Synthetic and Natural Antioxidants on the Oxidative Stability of Skip Jack Oil (참치유의 산화 안전성에 미치는 일부 합성 및 천연 항산화제의 효과)

  • Son, Jong-Yeon;Im, Jae-Ho;Son, Heung-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.88-92
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    • 1995
  • The antioxidant activity of synthetic antioxidants, BHA, BHT and TBHQ and natural antioxidants, rosemary extract, sesamol, caffeic acid and pyrogallol In a skip jack oil were studied. A control and substrates containing synthetic(0.02%) and natural antioxidant (0.05%) were stored in an incubator kept at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 8 days. The antioxidant activity of synthetic and natural antioxidants was investigated by comparing peroxide values. The results of this study were as follows All the synthetic antioxidants used for this study exhibited antioxidant activity in skip jack oils. The antioxidant activity of TBHQ was greater than that of BHA and BHT. The rosemary extract did not show antioxidant activity in skip jack oils. The antioxidant activity of sesamol and caffeic acid were greater than those of BHA. Especially Pyrogallol exhibited very strong antioxidant activity, comparable to that of the TBHQ. The antioxidant activity of the sesamol, caffein acid and pyrogallol used skip lack oil, In decreasing order as follows : pyrogallol>caffeic acid> sesamol.

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Effect of Extraction Conditions of Green Tea on Antioxidant Activity and EGCG Content: Optimization using Response Surface Methodology

  • Kim, Mun Jun;Ahn, Jong Hoon;Kim, Seon Beom;Jo, Yang Hee;Liu, Qing;Hwang, Bang Yeon;Lee, Mi Kyeong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.270-274
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    • 2016
  • Green tea, the leaves of Camellia sinsneis (Theaceae), is generally acknowledged as the most consumed beverage with multiple pharmacological functions including antioxidant activity. This study was performed to analyze the effect of extraction conditions of green tea on its antioxidant effects using DPPH assay. Three extraction factors such as extraction solvent (EtOH, 0 - 100%), extraction time (3 - 15 min) and extraction temperature ($10-70^{\circ}C$) were analyzed and optimized extraction condition for antioxidant activity of green tea extract (GTE) was determined using response surface methodology with three-level-three-factor Box-Behnken design (BBD). Regression analysis showed a good fit of data and the optimal conditions of extraction were found to be 57.7% EtOH, 15 min and $70^{\circ}C$. Under this condition, antioxidant activity of experimental data was 88.4% which was almost fit to the ideal value of 88.6%. As epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is known for the major ingredient for antioxidant activity of green tea, we investigated the effect of EGCG on antioxidant activity of GTE. EGCG showed antioxidant activity with the $IC_{50}$ value of $4.2{\mu}g/ml$ and a positive correlation was observed between EGCG content and the antioxidant activity of GTE with $R^2=0.7134$. Interestingly, however, GTE with 50 - 70% antioxidant activity contain less than $1.0{\mu}g/ml$ of EGCG, which is much lower than $IC_{50}$ value of EGCG. Therefore, we suppose that EGCG together with other constituents contribute to antioxidant activity of GTE. Taken together, these results suggest that green tea is more beneficial than EGCG alone for antioxidant ability and optimal extraction condition of green tea will be useful for the development of food and pharmaceutical applications

Variations in total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits subjected to dry and moist heat treatments

  • Kim, Hekap;Mai, Thu Thi Hoai
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.503-509
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    • 2020
  • The present study investigated the effects of dry and moist heat treatments on total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits. Lyophilized chokeberry powder samples were heated in a drying oven at 60, 100, 160, 180, and 200℃ for 20, 40, or 60 min. Finely ground fresh chokeberry fruits were heated in water at 60, 80, and 100℃ for 20 min, and bioactive compound and antioxidant activity levels were measured. The bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity decreased with increasing temperature and treatment duration. Antioxidant activity was preserved at 160℃ or lower without significant loss for dry heating, whereas moist heat treatment increased both bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity with increasing temperature.

Evaluation of Different Methods of Antioxidant Measurement

  • Yoo, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Dae-Ok;Lee, Chang-Yong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 2007
  • The beneficial effects of fruits, vegetables, and beverages on human health have been attributed to their antioxidant activities. Therefore, antioxidant activity of food products is recognized as one of the important parameters in determining their functional values. Until now, antioxidant activity has been measured by various chemical and biological methods; however, many factors confound the reliability and reproducibility of measurements of antioxidant activity of food. In vitro methods may provide a useful indication of antioxidant activity but their results may not translate to the human biological system, while in vivo tests are difficult to carry out due to the intricate processes of uptake, cellular transportation, and metabolism of individual antioxidant components. Therefore, as long as these limitations exist, our best option is to measure the antioxidant activity in food directly. This review briefly summarizes currently available methods for the measurement of antioxidant activity in food and examines their respective validity.

The Antioxidant Activity of Ecklonia stolonifera

  • Lee, Ji-Hyeon;Park, Jong-Cheol;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.223-227
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    • 1996
  • The antioxidant activity of Ecklonia stolonifera was determined by measuring lipid peroxide produced when a mouse liver homogenate was exposed to the air at $37^{\circ}C$ using 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and the radical scavenging effect on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. The methanol extract of Ecklonia stolonifera showed strong antioxidant activity. And the methanol extract was fractionated with several solvents. With regard their fractions, the antioxidative activity were in the order of ethyl acetate>dichloromethane insoluble intermediated phase>dichloromethane>n-butanol>water fraction. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibiting the strongest antioxidant activity was further purified by repeated silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Antioxidant phloroglucinol was isolated and identified by$ ^1H-NMR\; and\; ^{13}C-NMR$. Its antioxidant activity was simlilar to that of L-ascorbic acid.

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A study on the relations between the color intensity and the antioxidant activity of caramelization products (카라멜화 반응 생성물의 갈색도와 항산화 효과와의 관계)

  • 신민자;윤혜현;안명수
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.603-612
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    • 2002
  • The study was carried out to compare the relation between the color intensity and antioxidant activity of caramelization products using xylose(XY), glucose(GL). sucrose(SU), glucose+citric acid(GLCA), glucose+sodium citrate(GLSC), heated at 80, 120 and 140$\^{C}$ for 24hrs, respectively. The color intensity(absorbance at 490nm) of the browning mixtures increased as the browning temperature and time increased. But the degrees of color intensity of SU and GLCA changed very little. The hydrogen donating ability(HDA) of browning reaction products was generally enhanced as the browning temperature and time increased. When browning mixtures were heated at 80$\^{C}$, the HDA of GLGC was the highest, but the HDA of GLSC was the highest when heated at 120 and 140$\^{C}$. The antioxidant activities for the corn oil substrate containing the anhydrous ethanol extracts from the browning mixtures was inferior to that of SU, but was superior to that of GLCA. The relations among the color intensity, the antioxidant activity, and the hydrogen donating ability(HDA, reducing power) of the browning reaction mixtures were as follows: As the color intensity increased, the antioxidant activity decreased. The correlation coefficient of the color intensity and the antioxidant activity by regression equation was -0.73 ∼ -0.82. As the reducing power increased, the antioxidant activity decreased. The correlation coefficient between the reducing power and the antioxidant activity by regression equation was -0.98 ∼ -0.99. Therefore, the antioxidant activity of browning reaction mixtures seemed not correlated with the color intensity and the reducing power.

Antioxidant Components of Gardenia Fruit (치자의 항산화 활성성분에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Yong-Nam;Oh, Hee-Kyung;Hwang, Keum-Hee;Lee, Mie-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 1994
  • An antioxidant activity of Gardenia Fruit (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) which has been used for food coloring was studied. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring lipid peroxide produced when a mouse liver homogenate was exposed to the air at $37^{\circ}C$, using 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA). Both water and methanol extracts of Gardenia Fruit showed the antioxidant activity. On solvent fractionation, the antioxidant activity was removed into the ethyl acetate and butanol soluble fractions. And the final water soluble fraction also showed the antioxidant activity in the low concentration, but it promoted the lipid peroxidation in the high concentration. Two compounds (I and II) having the antioxidant activity were isolated from the butanol fraction, and compound I also occurred in the ethyl acetate fraction. The antioxidant activity of compound II was more potent than that of I. By analyzing data for UV, IR and $^1H-NMR$, compounds I and II were identified as geniposide and crocin, respectively.

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Antioxidant Activity of Amino Acid-Xylose Browning Reaction Products 1. Antioxidant Activity of Various Amino Acids and Their Browning Reaction Products (Amino산-Xylose 갈변반응 물질의 항산화성 1. 아미노산과 갈변 반응 물질의 항산화성)

  • YOU Byeong-Jin;LEE Kang-Ho;KIM Chang-Yang;LEE Jong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1986
  • In order to isolate and clarify the antioxygenic substances from the browning reaction products, the antioxidant activity of various amino acids and their browning reaction products were measured when they were reacted with xylose. Among nonpolar amino acids Met and Trp appeared to have stronger antioxidant effect than others. Most of polar and basic amino acids, however, did not have antioxidant activity. Ser and Cys showed a rather slight prooxidant effect. The browning reaction products of Trp and His had a higher level of antioxidant activity than that they were reacted as free amino acids. But the browning product of Met did not show the antioxidant activity. When all amino acids were divided on their polar characteristics, the higher optical density of the browning reaction products showed, the stronger antioxidant activity revealed.

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Antioxidant Activities of Fractions from Sedum sarmentosum

  • Kim, Choon-Young;Lee, Min-Young;Park, In-Shik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.6-9
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant activity of each fraction from Sedum sarmentosum. Antioxidant activity of each fraction was measured using the DPPH radical assay, the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) method, and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. The antioxidant activities were then compared with that of BHT(synthetic antioxidant). The ethyl acetate and butanol fractions were found to have significant DPPH radical scavenging activity, with scavenging potencies showing 90.61 % and 87.02%, respectively. Total phenolic compound contents, determined according to the Folin-Denis method, were found to be in the order of ethyl acetate>butanol>ethanol>chloroform>aqueous fraction. From the results, we have been able to establish a positive correlation between the antioxidant activity and the total phenolic compound content of the sample. The antioxidant activity in a linoleic acid system was measured using the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) method and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. The ethyl acetate fraction had the highest antioxidant activity among the tested fractions. On the basis of these results, the ethyl acetate fraction provided equivalent or higher antioxidant activity as compared to BHT. These results suggest that Sedum sarmentosum is a potentially useful antioxidant for foods, cosmetics, and medicine.

Antioxidant Activity of Cooking Juice Irradiated with Gamma-ray (감마선 조사된 수산자숙액의 항산화 활성 연구)

  • Choi, Jong-Il;Kim, Jae-Hun;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Kyung;Park, Jong-Heum;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.165-168
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    • 2011
  • The antioxidant activity was analyzed in gamma-irradiated cooking juices. Because the activities of antioxidants have been attributed to various mechanisms, different assay methods including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), have been conducted and compared. All of these antioxidant assay showed that the antioxidant activity of cooking juice was increased by gamma-irradiation. To investigate this increase of antioxidative activity, the protein was extracted from cooking juices and its antioxidant activity was measured. From the results, it was thought that the modification of protein in cooking juiced by irradiation caused the increase of antioxidant activity of cooking juice. Therefore, gamma irradiation could be an promising method for a sterilization of cooking juice with increased antioxidant activity.