• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant compound

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Antioxidant activity analysis of Catechin compounds in Korean green tea using HPLC On-line $ABTS^{+}$ Antioxidant screening system (HPLC On-line $ABTS^{+}$ Antioxidant screening 시스템을 이용한 한국산 녹차로부터 Catechin compounds의 황산화 활성분석)

  • Lee, Kwang-Jin
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.96-100
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    • 2008
  • In this work, we describes analysis of the antioxidant potential of Korean green tea phenolics using an high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on-line $ABTS^{+}$ antioxidant screening method. In conjunction with the analysis of their 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS+) radical scavenging ability, the extraction of catechine compounds from Korean green tea were performed by various temperature and time. The optimum operating conditions were experimentally determined to analyze the catechine compounds in the pretreatment extracts. From the results, the extraction temperature $60^{\circ}C$, time 3 min was selected as an optimal antioxidant activity condition. The analysis by $C_{18}$ column was performed, the flow rate of mobile phase and UV wavelength was fixed at 1.0 ml/min and 254 nm, respectively. the mobile phase was composed from acetonitrile and water, and the gradient elution mode were applied.

Study on Antioxidant Effects of Acorn(Quercus acutissima CARRUTHERS) Components;II. Antioxidant Effect of Acornic Compound (상수리 상실(橡實) 성분의 항산화 효과에 관한 연구;제II보 상수리 성분의 항산화 효과)

  • Shin, Doo-Ho;Cho, Jung-Soon;Jung, Seung-Tai
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 1993
  • Acornic powder was extracted with methanol and ethylacetate to obtain a crude acornic compounds. And they were examined concerning their antioxidant activities for linoleic acid. The results were as follows: 1. Hydrogen donating activity for DPPH was higher in 100ppm acornic compound than 100ppm BHT and 100ppm ${\alpha}$-tocopherol. 2. When the 100ppm acornic compound was added to linoleic acid, which was heated at $50^{\circ}C$ for 48 hours, antioxidant activities by POV and TBA was higher than that of 100ppm ${\alpha}$-tocopherol, but the effect was almost the same as the 100ppm BHT. 3. Antioxiodant activity of acornic compound showed synergistic effect along with malic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, alanine, arginine, histidine, lysine-HCl, galactose, maltose, glucose and sucrose. 4. Acornic compound inhibited peroxidation of linoleic acid induced by heavy metals.

Anti-oxidative Activities of 3'-Hydroxygenkwanin from the Flower Buds of Daphne genkwa in Caenorhabditis elegans

  • Park, Sung-Hoon;Cui, Xun;Ahn, Dalrae;Lee, Eun Byeol;Cha, Dong Seok;Jeon, Hoon;Zee, Ok Pyo;Kim, Youn-Chul;Kim, Dae Keun
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.80-85
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    • 2014
  • In the course of screening for antioxidant compounds from natural plants in Korea by measuring the radical scavenging effect, a methanol extract of the flower buds of Daphne genkwa S. et Z. (Thymelaeaceae) was found to show a potent antioxidant activity. Subsequent activity-guided fractionation of methanol extract of D. genkwa led to the isolation of four compounds from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction. The chemical structures were elucidated as genkwanin (1), 3'-hydroxygenkwanin (2), apigenin (3), and tiliroside (4) by spectroscopic techniques. Among them, compound 2 showed the significant anti-oxidative effect on DPPH. And compound 2 showed the significant riboflavin-and xanthine-originated superoxide quenching activities. To verify the antioxidant enzymatic activities of compound 2, the SOD enzymatic activity was measured spectrophtometrically using prepared Caenorhabditis elegans homogenates. The results showed that compound 2 was able to elevate SOD activity of C. elegans in a dose dependent manner. Moreover, compound 2 decreased the intracellular ROS accumulation of worms.

Features and Functions of Purple Pigment Compound in Halophytic Plant Suaeda japonica : Antioxidant/Anticancer Activities and Osmolyte Function in Halotolerance

  • Chung, Sang Ho
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.342-354
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    • 2018
  • Suaeda japonica is a halophytic plant that lives in mudflat at intertidal zone of western and southern coastal areas of Korea. The seawater-living plants showed a purple color during their whole life. In contrast, freshwater-living plants displayed a green color in leaves. When seawater-living plants were transferred to potting soil, the purple color was gradually changed to green in the leaves. The extracted purple pigment compound exhibited typical characteristics of betacyanin that were represented by water solubility, pH- and temperature-dependent color changes, sensitivity to light, UV-Vis spectra, and gel electrophoretic migration pattern. The LC-MS analysis of the extracted pigment compound showed the presence of two major protonated molecular ions ($[M+H]^+$) at m/z 651.1 and m/z 827.1. Antioxidant activity of the pigment compound was determined using stable free radical DPPH assay. It was found to have an antioxidant activity that is linearly increased in proportion to the reaction time for up to 30 min, and the activity was comparable to that of control BHA at 9.0 mg/ml. The anticancer activity against several tumor cell lines was also examined following the MTT assay. The significant growth inhibitory effect was observed on two tumor cell lines, SW-156 (human kidney carcinoma) and HEC-1B (human endometrial adenocarcinoma). Probably, the pigment compound may function as an osmolyte to uphold halotolerant physiological processes in saline environment.

Evaluation of the Antioxidant Contents of Korean Wild Leaf Vegetables

  • Ahn, Hee-Jung;Cho, Mun-Jung;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.98-102
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidative potential of Korean wild leaf vegetables. Antixoidative activity of chamchwi (Aster scaber), nurucchwi (Pleurospermum kamtschaticum) sumssukbujengee (Aster glheni), moshidae (Adenophora remotiflora), spinach (Spinacia oleracea)k was evaluated as a reference for commonly used synthetic antioxidant, BHA. We compared the content of $\beta$-carotene, vitamin C and vitamin E as antioxidant vitamins, and total phenolic compound including flavonoid as non-vitamin compounds in Korean wild leaf vegetables and spinach. Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value of Pleurospermum kamtschaticum, Aster scaber and Adenophora remotiflor was only 18-20% of control. TBA value of Aster glheni was 40% of control. On the basis of moles, the high level of vitamin C is the major contributor to the total antioxidant vitamin contents of Pleurospermum kamschaticum and Adenophora remotiflor. The amounts of flavonoid as well as total phenolic compound in Pleurospermum kamtschaticum and Adenophora remotiflor were also much higher than those of spinach. The amounts of flavonoid as well as total phenolic compound in Aster glheni were much higher than those of spinach while total amount of antioxidant vitamins was significantly lower than that of spinach. These results suggest that Pleurospermum kamtschaticum and Adenophora remotiflor could have antioxidative potency in food. Because of the higher content of antioxidant vitamins in Pleurospermum kamtschaticum and Adenophora remotiflor, these Korean wild leaf vegetables may have preventive effects on degenerative diseases, which have been associated with free radical mediated events.

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Antioxidant Activity of Ethanol Extracts of Non-Edible Parts (stalk, stem.leaf, seed) from Oriental Melon (참외 비식용부위(꼭지, 줄기.잎, 씨) 에탄올추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Kim, Hye-Suk;Kang, Young-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.451-457
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    • 2010
  • In order to elucidate the antioxidant potential of non-edible parts of oriental melon, antioxidant activities and total phenolic compound contents of six samples including peel, placenta, stem leaf, flesh and seed were determined. Antioxidant activities were evaluated using in vitro DPPH, ABTS, FRAP, and SOD assay. Among non-edible parts of oriental melon, stalk showed the highest antioxidant activity and its antioxidant potential increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner. The contents of total phenolic compound were also higher than other parts. The relationship between antioxidant activities and the contents of total phenolic compound were analyzed and showed higher correlation coefficients between ABTS radical scavenging activity and contents of total phenolic compound. The above results suggest that the stalk of oriental melon may have potential as a good source for functional material.

Alteration in Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activities of Aronia melanocarpa Ethanol Extracts following Fermentation Using Different Strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides to Develop Natural Antibiotic Alternative (항생제 대체 천연물질을 위한 아로니아 주정 추출물 개발에 있어 다양한 Leuconostoc mesenteroides 균주를 이용한 발효가 페놀계 화합물 및 항산화활성 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Joo Hwan;Kang, Ju Hui;Lee, Ki Hwan;Lee, Jae Hoon;Lee, Sang Moo;Kim, Nam Hyung;Kim, Joo Young;Kim, Eun Joong
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.825-839
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    • 2014
  • Antioxidant activity is important for reducing oxidative stress that causes various metabolic disorders. Metabolic disorders are highly related to loss of productivity in livestock. Therefore, development of effective antioxidant compounds originating from plants is important for organic agriculture. Phenolic compounds in edible plants are regarded as major components relevant to antioxidant activity. The present study investigated the changes in antioxidant activity and phenolic compound profiles of Aronia (Aronia meloncarpa) by fermentation using different strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides. A total of 5 strains of L. mesenteroides were used as starter cultures and their ${\beta}$-glucosidase activities were measured. A total of 6 experiment runs were prepared, one for control (uninoculated) and the others (inoculated) for treatments. For biological activity, antioxidant and antibacterial activities were measured. For phenolic compound profiling, TLC and HPLC analysis were performed. The strains of KACC12313 and KACC12315 showed greater enzyme activity than others. Treatment with KCCM35046 showed strong and broad antibacterial activity against to Listeria monocytogenes. Treatments with KCCM35046 and KACC12315 showed the highest total polyphenol content. The highest antioxidant activity was found in KACC12315 treatment. No remarkable alteration was found in thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis. In phenolic compound profiling analysis, KCCM35046 showed notable alteration in compound area ratio compared to others and also showed the highest caffeic acid content. In chlorogenic acid, treatments with KCCM35046 and KACC12315 showed great content than others. Treatment with KACC12315 showed the greatest content of trans-ferulic acid. As a result of relative performance indexing analysis, L. mesenteroides KCCM35046 and KACC12315 were selected as the best strain for the fermentation of Aronia.

Antioxidant Effect of Flavonoids Isolated from the Root of Clematis trichotoma Nakai

  • Hung, Tran Manh;Thuong, Phuong Thien;Bae, Ki-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2005
  • The antioxidant effect of methanol extract (ME) and water extract (WE) from Clematis trichotoma was evaluated as primary study to scavenge stable 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals (DPPH), inhibited iron-induce lipid peroxidation in linoleic acid emulsion, peroxidation of liposome induced by $Fe^{3+}/H_2O_2/ascorbie$ acid, and on $Fe^{2+}/H_2O_2$ induced the mitochondrial lipid peroxidation. In secondary study, five flavonoids as luteolin (1), quercetin (2), apigenin (3), hirsutrin (4), kaempferol-3-O-glucoside were isolated (5). Among them, compounds 1 and 2 showed good activities in all the model systems. Compound 3 exhibited moderate antioxidant activities in both radical scavenging and these lipid peroxidation systems tested. Compound 4 showed significant inhibitions in liposome peroxidation and compound 5 displayed weak inhibition in all four tested systems. All the results presented herein indicate that products of C. trichotoma maybe useful in inhibiting membrane lipid peroxidation and preventing free radical-linked diseases.

Encapsulation of Anthocyanin from Purple Potato by the Application of Food Polymers

  • Azad, Obyedul Kalam;Cho, Dong Ha;Park, Cheol Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.42-42
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    • 2018
  • Anthocyanins has a strong antioxidant capacity but exhibit poor stability in water. Therefore, stability of anthocyanin from purple potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was encapsulated by the application of food polymers. Solid formulation of purple potato was prepared using whey protein, tapioca and lecithin by capillary rheometer at $80^{\circ}C$. The ratio of the polymer and potato powder was 2:8. Total phenolic compound, total flavonoid, total anthocyanin and antioxidant activity was investigated by the spectrophotometer. Result revealed that total phenolic compound (TP) ($5321{\mu}g/100g$), total flavonoid (TF) ($1352{\mu}g/100g$) total anthocyanin (TA) ($764{\mu}g/100g$) and free radical antioxidant activity (DPPH) (86%) was higher in 0.01 M acetic acid mediated lecithin based formulation compared to control (Potato powder) (TP: $1357{\mu}g/100g$; TF) ($634{\mu}g/100g$, TA) ($264{\mu}g/100g\;DPPH$) (64%). Lecithin is a strong emulsifier having capacity to extract bioactive compound and encapsulate extracted compound by nonpolar tail and negatively charged head. Therefore, it would be concluded that lecithin might be used as an encapsulating agent for the bioactive compound from purple potato.

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Encapsulation of Anthocyanin from Purple Potato by the Application of Food Polymers

  • Azad, Obyedul Kalam;Cho, Dong Ha;Park, Cheol Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.274-274
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    • 2018
  • Anthocyanins has a strong antioxidant capacity but exhibit poor stability in water. Therefore, stability of anthocyanin from purple potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was encapsulated by the application of food polymers. Solid formulation of purple potato was prepared using whey protein, tapioca and lecithin by capillary rheometer at $80^{\circ}C$. The ratio of the polymer and potato powder was 2:8. Total phenolic compound, total flavonoid, total anthocyanin and antioxidant activity was investigated by the spectrophotometer. Result revealed that total phenolic compound (TP) ($5321{\mu}g/100g$), total flavonoid (TF) ($1352{\mu}g/100g$) total anthocyanin (TA) ($764{\mu}g/100g$) and free radical antioxidant activity (DPPH) (86%) was higher in 0.01 M acetic acid mediated lecithin based formulation compared to control (Potato powder) (TP: $1357{\mu}g/100g$; TF) ($634{\mu}g/100g$, TA) ($264{\mu}g/100g\;DPPH$) (64%). Lecithin is a strong emulsifier having capacity to extract bioactive compound and encapsulate extracted compound by nonpolar tail and negatively charged head. Therefore, it would be concluded that lecithin might be used as an encapsulating agent for the bioactive compound from purple potato.

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