• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant compound

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Changes of Antioxidant Activity and Ingredient in Medicinal Plants by Processing (수치에 의한 생약의 항산화 활성 및 성분 변화)

  • Cha, Bae-Cheon;Jun, Kyung-Su
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.46-53
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the change of antioxidant activity and ingredient in 4 species medicinal plant by processing. As a result, EtOAc extract and n-BuOH extract obtained from Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma and processed Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma showed difference on the experiment of antioxidant activity by DPPH method. Change of ingredient also was confirmed by TLC and HPLC analyses. Two main compounds of antioxidant activity change were isolated by column chromatography from the EtOAc extract and n-BuOH extract of Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma. The chemical structure of the compound 1 isolated from EtOAc extract of Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma was elucidated as 2'-acetylacteoside by means of IR and NMR analyses. Also, the chemical structure of the compound 2 isolated from n-BuOH extract of Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma was confirmed as acteoside. The antioxidant activity of processed Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma. was declined by 3 time decrements of 2'-acetylacteoside such as 1.89 mg/g to 0.62 mg/g and 2 time decrements of acteoside such as 5.81 mg/g to 2.67 mg/g by processing.

Isolation and Identification of Antioxidant Substances from the Stems of Butterbur (Petasites japonicus) (머위(Petasites japonicus) 엽병으로부터 항산화 물질의 분리 및 동정)

  • Kim, Min-Young;Yi, Jung-Hyun;Hwang, Yun-Yi;Song, Kyung-Sik;Jun, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.8
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    • pp.979-984
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    • 2008
  • The stems of P etasites japonicus were extracted with ethanol and then partitioned with hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water, successively. The antioxidant potency of five crude fractions were determined using (1) 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, (2) thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay in the linoleic acid model system, and (3) lipoxygenase inhibition assay. Among the crude fractions, the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited the most potent antioxidant effect. By activity-guided fractionation, compound PJ-4 was isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction through the repeated silica gel open column chromatography. The chemical structure of the isolated compound was determined as kaempferol by $^1H-$ and $^{13}C$-NMR analysis and its antioxidative capacity was further investigated. DPPH radical scavenging activity of the compound was 65.76% at the concentration of $100 \;{\mu}g/mL$. The inhibitory activity of the compound against lipid peroxidation and lipoxygenase exhibited 43.47% and 58.60%, respectively at the concentration of $100\;{\mu}g/mL$. The result suggests that the compound may serve as a useful natural antioxidant and furthermore indicates the possibility of developing the stems of Petasites japonicus as a natural antioxidant source.

Biological Activity of Phenol Compound from a Cactus Cheonnyuncho (Opuntia humifusa) in Korea (천년초선인장으로부터 분리한 페놀성 화합물의 생리활성 효과)

  • Lee, Kyung-Seok;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.1132-1136
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    • 2010
  • After Cheonnyuncho (Opuntia humifusa) was extracted by 70% ethanol and partitioned with hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water in order, ethyl acetate fraction with excellent antioxidant activities was acquired. Ethyl acetate fraction was conducted by TLC, and the third spot of 10 spots was selected due to its best antioxidant activities. When the third fraction further isolated on silica gel chromatography, the fourth fraction of 10 fractions had the best antioxidant activities and purified by HPLC. The molecular weight on EI-MS, and $^1H$- and $^{13}C$-NMR spectrum showed that the purified compound was taxifolin. In addition, antioxidant activities were analyzed, and the purified compound from Cheonnyuncho was found to be effective as much as $\alpha$-tocopherol, BHA. According to the analysis on antibacterial activities, the purified compound also showed more activity than benzoic acid against all pathogenic bacteria.

Neuroprotective and Antioxidant Effects of Novel Benzofuran-2-Carboxamide Derivatives

  • Cho, Jungsook;Park, Chowee;Lee, Youngmun;Kim, Sunyoung;Bose, Shambhunath;Choi, Minho;Kumar, Arepalli Sateesh;Jung, Jae-Kyung;Lee, Heesoon
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.275-282
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    • 2015
  • In the present study, we synthesized a series of novel 7-methoxy-N-(substituted phenyl)benzofuran-2-carboxamide derivatives in moderate to good yields and evaluated their neuroprotective and antioxidant activities using primary cultured rat cortical neuronal cells and in vitro cell-free bioassays. Based on our primary screening data with eighteen synthesized derivatives, nine compounds (1a, 1c, 1f, 1i, 1j, 1l, 1p, 1q and 1r) exhibiting considerable protection against the NMDA-induced excitotoxic neuronal cell damage at the concentration of $100{\mu}M$ were selected for further evaluation. Among the selected derivatives, compound 1f (with $-CH_3$ substitution at R2 position) exhibited the most potent and efficacious neuroprotective action against the NMDA-induced excitotoxicity. Its neuroprotective effect was almost comparable to that of memantine, a well-known NMDA antagonist, at $30{\mu}M$ concentration. In addition to 1f, compound 1j (with -OH substitution at R3 position) also showed marked anti-excitotoxic effects at both 100 and $300{\mu}M$ concentrations. These findings suggest that $-CH_3$ substitution at R2 position and, to a lesser degree, -OH substitution at R3 position may be important for exhibiting neuroprotective action against excitotoxic damage. Compound 1j was also found to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals and inhibit in vitro lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate in moderate and appreciable degrees. Taken together, our structure-activity relationship studies suggest that the compound with $-CH_3$ substitution at R2 and -OH substitution at R3 positions of the benzofuran moiety might serve as the lead exhibiting potent anti-excitotoxic, ROS scavenging, and antioxidant activities. Further synthesis and evaluation will be necessary to confirm this possibility.

Study on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of compound K extract produced by Saccharomyces servazzii(GB-07) strain derived from traditional soy (전통장류 유래 GB-07균주에 의해 생산된 Compound K 함유 발효인삼의 항산화 및 항염증 활성 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Gue;Seo, Jeong-Hun;Cho, Shang-Min;Choi, Hak-Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2017
  • Ginseng, whichhas long been used for its medicinal properties, has recently been investigated by scientific research to identify its components and evaluate its efficacy. Recently, two components of ginseng, Rg3 and compound K, have been attracting attention and various functional materials containing these materials have been developed and investigated. In this study, compound K wasproduced using yeast (Saccharomyces servazzii, GB-07) and To be used for industrialization. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of compound K (containing 20 g/g) ginseng fermented extract was investigated. In the fermented ginseng extract, the free radical DPPH was scavenged in a concentration-dependent manner and the production of ROS was inhibited in macrophages(RAW 264.7 cell). Moreover, the LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines $IL-1{\beta}$, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ were suppressed. These results suggest the possibility of industrialization viathe development of products containing compound K through future process development and various efficacy tests.

Effects of Different Growing Regions on Quality Characteristics, Bioactive Compound Contents, and Antioxidant Activity of Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) in Korea

  • Hwang, Eun-Sun;Thi, Nhuan Do
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different growing regions on quality characteristics, total bioactive compound contents, and in vitro antioxidant activity in aronia. Aronia grown in 3 different regions (Sangjoo, Ulju, and Youngcheon) in Korea was obtained and used fresh or as a freeze-dried powder. No statistically significant differences were observed for moisture, ash, crude lipid, and crude protein contents in aronia sampled from the 3 different regions. Aronia grown in Sangjoo had the highest total acid content and the lowest sugar content and pH value. Conversely, aronia grown in Youngcheon possessed the lowest total acid content and the highest sugar content and pH value. Aronia grown in Sangjoo possessed relatively high levels of polyphenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, as well as high antioxidant activity in comparison with aronia produced in other regions. Aronia grown in Youngcheon scored the highest for taste and overall acceptability in sensory evaluations, which may be related to the high sugar content and pH, and the low total acidity of the fruits. It is possible that higher sugar contents and pH, and lower total acidity in the aronia grown in Youngcheon result in more preferable sensory characteristics. However, they also contain relatively low levels of total polyphenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, and have low antioxidant activity as measured by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical scavenging assays.

Anti-lipid Peroxdation Effect of Ginsenoside Rd and Its Metabolite Compound K (진세노사이드 Rd와 사포닌 대사물인 compound K의 항지질과산화 효과)

  • Kim, Kyeng-Hyen;Seong, Geum-Su;Mun, Yeun-Ja;Park, Si-Jun;Shin, Mee-Ran;Chang, Che-Ghul
    • The Journal of Traditional Korean Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2006
  • To study on antioxidant effects in the liver of 40-week-old mouse, the sample were orally pretreated 5mg/kg/day for 5 days with red ginseng saponin components(total saponin, protopanaxadiol saponin, protopanaxatriol saponin, ginsenoside-Rd, ginsenoside-Re, compound-K) for 5 days. The ability of saponin to protect the mouse liver from oxidative damage was examined by determining the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD), glutathione peroxidase(GPx) and the contents of glutathione, the level of malondialdehyde, The only protopanaxadiol among the ginseng saponin fractions was significantly increased the hepatic SOD activity(p<0.01). The red ginseng saponin induced a slight increase of GPx activity, especially ginsenoside Rd, compound K and protopanaxatriol treatments significantly increased its activity. The content of glutathione was significantly increased by total saponin, protopanaxadiol and ginsenoside Rd(p<0.01), but the oxidized glutathione level was lowered in all the red ginseng saponin. Finally, the level of malondialdehyde was significantly decreased by ginsenoside Rd and protopanaxadiol. In conclusion, protopanaxadiol and ginsenoside Rd among the saponin fraction were especially increased in the activity of hepatic antioxidative enzyme and decreased the lipid peroxidation that was expressed in term of MDA formation. This comprehensive antioxidant effects of red ginseng saponin seems to be by a certain action of saponin other than a direct antioxidant action.

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Cytotoxic and Antioxidant Compounds Isolated from the Cork of Euonymus alatus Sieb.

  • Jeong, Su Yang;Zhao, Bing Tian;Kim, Young Ho;Min, Byung Sun;Woo, Mi Hee
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.366-371
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    • 2013
  • Seventeen compounds (1 - 17), ${\beta}$-sitosterone (1), lupenone (2), arborinone (3), ${\beta}$-sitosterol (4), lupeol (5), epi-lupeol (6), taraxerol (7), betulinic acid (8), 24R-methyllophenol (9), germanicol (10), hexatriacontane (11), nonacosan-1-ol (12), benzoic acid (13), tetradecyl(E)-ferulate (14), di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (15), trilinolein (16) and monopalmitin (17), were isolated from the methylene chloride-soluble fraction of the cork of Euonymus alatus Sieb. The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. Compounds 6, 11, 13 and 14 were isolated for the first time from this plant. Compound 4 showed moderate cytotoxic activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 6.22 ${\mu}M$ in HL-60 cell line. Compound 9 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity with $IC_{50}$ values of 63.31, 15.45, 15.14 and 21.72 ${\mu}M$ in four kinds of human cancer cell lines, Jurkat T, HeLa, HL-60 and MCF-7, respectively. Compound 17 showed moderate cytotoxic activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 70.71 ${\mu}M$ in Jurkat T cell line. In addition, compounds 2, 3, 14 and 16 exhibited weak antioxidant activity with $IC_{50}$ values of 151.76, 170.79, 137.46 and 139.37 ${\mu}M$, respectively.

Isolation and Identification of the Antioxidant DDMP from Heated Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai)

  • Hwang, In Guk;Kim, Hyun Young;Woo, Koan Sik;Lee, Sang Hoon;Lee, Junsoo;Jeong, Heon Sang
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.76-79
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    • 2013
  • We evaluated antioxidant activities of heated pear juice (HPJ) exposed to 120, 130, and $140^{\circ}C$ for 2 hr. HPJ was partitioned using n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water. The ethyl acetate fraction treated at $130^{\circ}C$ for 2 hr showed strong antioxidant activity; thus, this extract was isolated and purified using silica gel column chromatography and preparative high performance liquid chromatography. The structure of the purified compound was determined using ultraviolet and mass spectrometry, $^1H$-nucelar magnetic resonance (NMR), and $^{13}C$-NMR. Antioxidant activities of the isolated compound were evaluated and compared with ${\alpha}$-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) using DPPH and ABTS assays. The isolated compound was identified as 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one (DDMP). The DPPH radical-scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$) of DDMP occurred in the following order: ascorbic acid ($45.3{\mu}g/mL$) > ${\alpha}$-tocopherol ($69.2{\mu}g/mL$) > DDMP ($241.6{\mu}g/mL$) > BHT ($268.0{\mu}g/mL$). Furthermore, DDMP showed strong ABTS radical-scavenging activity (569.0 mg AA eq/g).

Effect of Gamma Ray on Germination, Growth and Antioxidant Activity of Senna tora (감마선 조사가 결명자의 생육과 항산화 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Um, Min;Kang, Si Yong;Lee, Jae Won;Lee, Ok Ran
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.290-295
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    • 2017
  • Background: Senna tora is a flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. Its seeds are roasted and consumed as tea in Asia, to reduce inflammation in the liver and improve eyesight. Thus, it has been considered as an important medicinal crops in Asia. However, breeding trials to improve its genetic properties are rare. Mutation breeding by gamma ray is known to be an effective and highly successful approach for the generation of agronomically useful cultivars. Here we analyzed the effects of several dosages of gamma ray on the biological conditions of Senna tora seeds. Methods and Results: The germination rate and growth patterns of Senna tora were examined following irradiation with gamma ray at 100, 200, 300 and 400 Gy. The total phenolic compound contents and antioxidant activities of Senna tora were analyzed. Germination increased at 100 and 200 Gy in the M1 and M2 generations compared with that of the control (M0). The total phenolic compound contents and antioxidant activity of the seeds significantly decreased as the radiation dosage increased above 100 Gy in the M1 generation. Conclusions: Senna tora, irradiated with gamma ray at dosages 100, 200, 300, and 400 Gy, showed maximum germination rate at 200 Gy in the M2 generation. Plant height and leaf size gradually decreased with increasing gamma ray intensity in the M2 generation. The total phenolic compound contents decreased significantly at 400 Gy, and the related antioxidant activity was also decreased as the radiation dosage increased.