• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant compound

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Neuroprotective Activity of Lonicerin Isolated from Lonicera japonica (금은화에서 분리한 Lonicerin의 신경세포보호 활성)

  • Lee, Hyunwoo;Ma, Choong Je
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2021
  • We previously reported that lonicerin isolated from Lonicera japonica methanolic extract had potent neuro-protective activities in neuronal cell death injured by excessive glutamate. In this study, we tried to confirm the neuroprotective activities of L. japonica extract and lonicerin in glutamate injured HT22 cells and establish mechanisms of neuroprotective action of lonicerin. We used HT22 cell death injured by glutamate as a bioassay system. The compound decreased reactive oxygen species increased by excessive glutamate treatment in HT22 cells. Also, Ca2+ concentration was decreased by lonicerin treatment. This compound made mitochondrial membrane potential maintain to normal condition. Lonicerin also increased not only glutathione reductase but also peroxidase to the control level. And this compound increased amount of glutathione, an endogenous antioxidant. These results indicated that lonicerin isolated from L. japonica showed potent neuroprotective activity through the anti-oxidative pathway.

A New Antioxidant from the Marine Sponge-derived Fungus Aspergillus versicolor

  • Li, Jian Lin;Lee, Yoon-Mi;Hong, Jong-Ki;Bae, Kyung-Sook;Choi, Jae-Soo;Jung, Jee-H.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.14-18
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    • 2011
  • A chemical investigation of the marine-derived fungi Aspergillus versicolor led to the isolation of a new aromatic polyketide (1), The structure was elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, and its radical-scavenging activity, reducing power, and inhibitory activity to lipid oxidation were investigated. Those activities of compound 1 were compared with standard antioxidants such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), tertiarybutylhydroquinone (TBHQ), and ascorbic acid ($V_C$). Compound 1 showed antioxidant activity comparable to that of BHA, and siginificantly higher than that of BHT.

Antioxidative Constituents of Cyperus difformis L.

  • Lee, Hyun-Jin;Yang, Seok-Won;Park, Sae-Rom;Yang, Jae-Heon;Chae, Byeong-Suk;Eun, Jae-Soon;Jeon, Hoon;Lim, Jong-Pil;Hwang, Yong-Hun;Park, Jong-Han;Kim, Dae-Keun
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.241-245
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    • 2009
  • In the course of screening for antioxidant compounds by measuring the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging effect and superoxide quenching activity, methanol extract of Cyperus difformis (Cyperaceae) was found to show potent antioxidant activities. Subsequent activity-guided fractionation of the methanolic extract led to the isolation of three phenolic compounds, rosmarinic acid (1), luteolin (2) and caffeic acid (3). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic studies. Three compounds showed the significant antioxidative effects on DPPH and nitric oxide radical scavenging effects, riboflavin and xanthin originated superoxide quenching activities. Among them, compound 3 showed the most significant antioxidative effects on those four antioxidant tests. Compound 3 showed better antioxidative activities than vitamin C.

Potential Biological Activities of Magnoflorine: A Compound from Aristolochia debilis Sieb. et Zucc

  • Li, Chunmei;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 2014
  • Magnoflorine, an important compound in Aristolochia, was usually used as an anxiolytic chemical. In this study, the magnoflorine was isolated from Aristolochia and the biological activities such as antioxidant, ${\alpha}$-tyrosinase inhibitory, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities were investigated. The magnoflorine showed significant antioxidant activity as a 2,2-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenger, $50{\mu}g/mL$ of the magnoflorine scavenged about 70.8% of all the free radicals. And it was good at ${\alpha}$-tyrosinase inhibiting, $100{\mu}g/mL$ of the magnoflorine inhibited 36.5% of the tyrosinase. High dosage of magnoflorine inhibited the inflammation production nitric oxide (NO), and the magnoflorine protected the murine macrophage cells (RAW 264.7) from LPS-induced apoptosis. The cell viability of human colon cancer calls (HT-29) was around 100% when treated with different dose of magnoflorine, it's suggesting that magnoflorine had no anticancer effect.

Volatile Compound, Physicochemical, and Antioxidant Properties of Beany Flavor-Removed Soy Protein Isolate Hydrolyzates Obtained from Combined High Temperature Pre-Treatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis

  • Yoo, Sang-Hun;Chang, Yoon Hyuk
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.338-347
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    • 2016
  • The present study investigated the volatile compound, physicochemical, and antioxidant properties of beany flavor-removed soy protein isolate (SPI) hydrolyzates produced by combined high temperature pre-treatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. Without remarkable changes in amino acid composition, reductions of residual lipoxygenase activity and beany flavor-causing volatile compounds such as hexanol, hexanal, and pentanol in SPI were observed after combined heating and enzymatic treatments. The degree of hydrolysis, emulsion capacity and stability, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity, and superoxide radical scavenging activity of SPI were significantly increased, but the magnitudes of apparent viscosity, consistency index, and dynamic moduli (G', G") of SPI were significantly decreased after the combined heating and enzymatic treatments. Based on these results, it was suggested that the enzymatic hydrolysis in combination with high temperature pre-treatment may allow for the production of beany flavor-removed SPI hydrolyzates with superior emulsifying and antioxidant functionalities.

The Antioxidant Activities of Artemisia spp. Collections (쑥 수집종의 항산화력)

  • Choi, Yong-Min;Chung, Bong-Hwan;Lee, Jun-Soo;Cho, Yong-Gu
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.spc1
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2006
  • One hundred Individuals that were collected from plains and mountains all around South Korea were used for this experiment. The inhibition abilities of lipid peroxidation by Artemisia spp. collections were compared with BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene). The results could be confirmed the excellency fur control of lipid peroxide level such as BHT 200 ppm in all mugwort collections. Antioxidant activity (AEAC), electron donating ability (EDA), total phenolic compound, and flavonoids of 100 Artemisia spp. collections were analyzed. Total phenolic compound contents of Artemisia spp. collections were ranged from 156 to 1,767 rng/100 g, and mugwort collections with more than 900 mg/100 g of total phenolic compound content were 20 individuals. Electron donating abilities were ranged from 13.4 to 95.0%, and mugwort collections over 90% of electron donating ability were 23 individuals. Antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts that used ABTS and DPPH radical were measured and mugwort collections with high total phenolic compound contents had high radical exclusion ability as well. Artemisia spp. collections, AC-60, AC-67, AC-77, that showed the high levels of antioxidant activities and had good growth characters and productivity, were selected for mass production.

Antioxidant effect of myricetin with other antioxidants, taurine and $\beta$-carotene on mouse melanoma cell

  • Yu, Ji-Sun;Kim, An-Keun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.69-69
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    • 2003
  • There are now increasing evidences that free radicals and reactive oxygen species are involved in a variety of pathological events. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are produced during normal cellular function. ROS lead to lipid peroxidation, massive protein oxdiation and degradation. Under normal conditions, antioxidant are substnaces that either directly or indirectly protect cell against adverse effect of ROS. several biologically important compound include ${\beta}$-carotene, taruine and flavonoids reported have antioxidant function. The various antioxidant either scavange superoxide and free radicals or stimulate the detoxification mechanisms within cells resulting in increased detoxification of free radicals formation and thus in prevention of many pathophysiologic processes. This study carried out to investigate the antioxidant activity of flavonoids, myricetin with other antioxidants, ${\beta}$-carotene and taurine on B16Fl0. In order to investigate the efficacy of antioxidant activity, we measured cell viability, antioxidant enzyme activity (SOD, GPX, CAT) and intracellular reactive oxygen intermediate (ROI). In this results, we show that these flavonoids with other antioxidant substrates are increased antioxidant activity level.

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Neuroprotective Activity of Caffeic Acid Isolated from Lonicera japonica (금은화에서 분리한 Caffeic Acid의 신경세포보호 활성)

  • Son, Yerim;Ma, Choong Je
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.30-35
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    • 2020
  • We previously reported that caffeic acid isolated from Lonicera japonica showed potent neuroprotective activities against glutamate injured neuronal cell death in primary cortical cells. In this study, we tried to confirm the neuroprotective activity in glutamate injured HT22 cells and elucidate mechanisms of neuroprotective action of caffeic acid. We used glutamate induced HT22 cell death as a bioassay system. The compound decreased reactive oxygen species increased by high concentration of glutamate treatment in HT22 cells. Also, Ca2+ concentration was decreased by this compound. This compound made mitochondrial membrane potential maintain to normal condition. This also affected anti-oxidative enzymes and glutathione contents. Treatment of this compound increased not only glutathione reductase and peroxidase to the control level and also amount of glutathione, an endogeneous antioxidant. These experimental results showed that caffeic acid isolated from L. japonica exerted potent neuroprotective activity through the anti-oxidative pathway.

Purification and Characterization of Antioxidant Substance from the Stem Bark of Rhus verniciflua (옻나무 껍질에서 항산화물질의 정제와 특성)

  • Kim, Jung-Bae
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.527-531
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    • 2001
  • In order to isolate antioxidant substances from Rhus verniciflua (RV) , the dried stem bark was extracted with water. The crude water extracts was purified by using HPLC method with a DEAE (anionic type) , CN and ODS column. The purified compound remained stable at pH 3.0∼6.0. but unstable above pH 6.5. It was stable at 100$^{\circ}C$ for 4 hours, but still had about 80% of residual activity after treatment at 100$^{\circ}C$ for 5 hours. In antimicrobial test, no inhibition was observed against Gram-positive and negative bacteria. This compound was stronger than that of commercial antioxidant showed that DPPH test, such as BHT, BHC at the same concentration (20 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) .

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