• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant compound

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Enhancement of Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Brown Alga Eisenia bicyclis Extract by Microbial Fermentation

  • Eom, Sung-Hwan;Kang, Young-Mi;Park, Jae-Hong;Yu, Dae-Ung;Jeong, Eun-Tak;Lee, Myung-Suk;Kim, Young-Mog
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.192-197
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study was to select an effective microbial strain to improve the functional qualities of Eisenia bicyclis water extract by fermentation. For this purpose, several microorganisms isolated from traditional Korean fermented foods were inoculated and cultivated in E. bicyclis water extract. Ultimately, yeast strain YM-1 was selected for further study based on its total phenolic compound (TP) content and antioxidant activity, which were enhanced by microbial fermentation. The extract fermented by YM-1 exhibited a superior TP content and 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity compared to extracts fermented by other microbes. The highest TP content and DPPH radical scavenging activity were observed after one day of YM-1 fermentation. Yeast strain YM-1 was identified as Candida utilis based on an analysis of its physiological characteristics. During fermentation of the extract by C. utilis YM-1, no significant difference was observed in the proximate composition, including moisture, crude lipid, crude protein, and crude ash. Fermentation by C. utilis YM-1 resulted in enhanced biological activity, including increases in the TP content and antioxidant activity. Thus, fermentation by C. utilis YM-1 is an attractive strategy for developing value-added food ingredients.

Cell Cycle Regulation and Antioxidant Activity of Psammaplin A, A Natural Phenolic Compound from Marine Sponge

  • Jiang, Ya-Hong;Ryu, Seung-Hee;Ahn, Eun-Young;You, Song;Lee, Burm-Jong;Jung, Jee-H;Kim, Dong-Kyoo
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 2004
  • Psammaplin A (PSA), a naturally occurring biophenolic compound has been demonstrated to deliver significant cytotoxicity to many cancer cell lines. In this article, we investigated the effect of PSA on cell cycle progression of lung cancer cells (A549). It was found that PSA could slightly perturb the cell cycle progression of A549 cells and lead to the cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, indicating PSA might disturb the mitosis process of A549 cells. In addition, inspired by the two phenolic groups in the structure of PSA, the antioxidant activity of it has been evaluated. Although PSA was weak in scavenging the stable free radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhyrazyl (DPPH), it showed stronger ABTS radical scavenging activity than ascorbic acid in TEAC assay. Furthermore, it was found that PSA could effectively prevent DNA strand scission induced by oxidative stress. These results suggest that PSA have both cell cycle regulation and antioxidant activities. Herein, we suggest that PSA would be a very interesting and promising candidate to be developed as a multi-function drug.

Study on Antioxidant Activity of Smallanthus sonchifolius, Agrimonia pilosa, and Lithospermum erythrorhizon Extract Fractions (야콘, 선학초, 자초 추출물 분획의 항산화 활성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, A-Ram;Jeong, Gwi-Taek
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.302-306
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    • 2015
  • In this work, the antioxidant activity and total phenolic compound content of 6 fractions of Smallanthus sonchifolius, Agrimonia pilosa, and Lithospermum erythrorhizon extract were investigated. The highest total phenolic compound contents of each plant extracts were obtained from n-butanol ($13.75{\pm}0.21%$) and methylene chloride ($12.89{\pm}1.10%$) fractions (S. sonchifolius), ethyl acetate ($19.69{\pm}1.02%$) and water ($18.72{\pm}0.76%$) fractions (A. pilosa), and n-butanol ($36.26{\pm}1.26%$) and ethyl acetate ($17.66{\pm}0.94%$) fractions (L. erythrorhizon), respectively. As a result of DPPH radical scavenging activity in 10 mg/mL condition, the highest activity were obtained from n-butanol fraction of S. sonchifolius (81.06%), ethyl acetate fraction of A. pilosa (86.32%), and n-butanol fraction of L. erythrorhizon (82.6%), respectively. Also, the highest reducing power was obtained same fractions as well as DPPH adical scavenging activity. Overall, antioxidant activity has relatively closely connected with contents of total phenolic compounds in S. sonchifolius and L. erythrorhizon extracts.

Flavonol Glycosides from the Aerial Parts of Aceriphyllum rossii and Their Antioxidant Activities

  • Han Jae-Taek;Bang Myun-Ho;Chun Ock-Kyoung;Kim Dae-Ok;Lee Chang-Yong;Baek Nam-In
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.390-395
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    • 2004
  • The methanol extract obtained from the aerial parts of Aceriphyllum rossii (Saxifragaceae) was fractionated into ethyl acetate (EtOAc), n-BuOH and $H_2O$ layers through solvent fractionation. Repeated silica gel column chromatography of EtOAc and n-BuOH layers afforded six flavonol glycosides. They were identified as kaempferol 3-O-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside (astragalin, 1), quercetin 3-O-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside (isoquercitrin, 2), kaempferol 3-O-$\alpha$-L-rhamnopyranosyl $(1{\to}6)-\beta$-D-glucopyranoside (3), quercetin 3-O$\alpha$-L-rharnnopyranosyl $(1{\to}6)-\beta$-D-qlucopyrano-side (rutin, 4), kaempferol 3-O-[$\alpha$-L-rharnnopyranosyl $(1{\to}4)-\alpha$-L-rhamnopyranosyl $(1{\to}6)-\beta$-D-glucopyranoside] (5) and quercetin 3-O-[$\alpha$-L-rhamnopyranosyl $(1{\to}4)\alpha$-L-rhamnopyranosyl $(1{\to}6)\beta$-D-glucopyranoside] (6) on the basis of several spectral data. The antioxidant activity of the six compounds was investigated using two free radicals such as the ABTS free radical and superoxide anion radical. Compound 1 exhibited the highest antioxidant activity in the ABTS $\{2,2-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)\}$ radical scavenging method. 100 mg/L of compound 1 was equivalent to $72.1\pm1.4\;mg/L$ of vitamin C, and those of compounds 3 and 5 were equivalent to $62.7\pm0.5\;mg/L$ and $54.3\pm1.3\;mg/L$ of vitamin C, respectively. And in the superoxide anion radical scavenging method, compound 5 exhibited the highest activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of $17.6{\pm}0.3{\mu}M$. In addition, some physical and spectral data of the flavonoids were confirmed.

Antioxidant Properties and Quality Characteristics of Dasik Supplemented with Longanae Arillus (용안육 다식의 항산화 활성 및 품질 특성)

  • Yang, Eun Young;Han, Young Sil;Sim, Ki Hyeon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.485-494
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    • 2018
  • This study was designed to evaluate the quality characteristics and antioxidant properties of Longanae Arillus powder (added in the ratios of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%), which is traditionally used to render the product more suited to the modern consumer's taste for the compound Longanae Arillus Dasiks. As the consumer consumption of the proportions of Longanae Arillus increases, the moisture content and pH of the Dasik supplemented with Longanae Arillus decrease, while at the same time, a soluble solid content increases (p<0.001). The color value showed the decrease in L and b values with the increase in Longanae Arillus content, and the increase in the value of the compound with the addition of Longanae Arillus (p<0.001) can be noted. The mechanical texture of Dasik was increased by the addition of Longanae Arillus considering its hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, springiness, and chewiness (p<0.001). In the sensory evaluation of the Longanae Arillus Dasik showed that people expressed an overall preference at the addition of Longanae Arillus, such as noted as being preferred with 50% in color, flavor, taste, texture, and overall acceptance of the compound (p<0.001). Regarding the antioxidant activity of Longanae Arillus Dasik, the total phenolic, flavonoid contents, DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power, and superoxide anion levels were found to increase with the addition of Longanae Arillus (p<0.001) with its consumer use. It is believed that Longanae Arillus Dasik, is most preferred to be added at the concentration of 50% during the Dasik preparation.

In-Vitro Anticancer and Free Radical Scavenging Potential of Compound Formulation Used in Unani System of Medicine

  • Mannan, Mohd Nazir;Kazmi, Munawwar Husain;Chakraborty, Alokananda;Zakir, Mohammad;Ahmad, Tasleem;Lahari, K.
    • CELLMED
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.27.1-27.6
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    • 2020
  • Cancer is one of the leading cause of mortality in India as well as worldwide. The management of cancer by conventional therapy has shown life threatening adverse effects. The researchers are now exploring the natural way of treatment. Unani system of medicine have rich literature for cancer and many compound formulations have been described in this system. Unani system of medicine is based on holistic approach and treat human being as a unit with natural herbs, mineral and animal origin drugs. An important compound Unani formulation (CUF) from the literature has been chosen to explore the Unani claim of its anticancer activity. The phytochemical constituents were assessed using standard phytochemical screening method. Antioxidant property of this formulation was assessed by DPPH assay. The DPPH free radical scavenging assay was carried out by colorimetric method and ascorbic acid was taken as a positive control. Three different extracts of CUF on different concentrations were used to screening on human breast cancer (BCC) MCF-7 cell line. For the estimation of in-vitro cytotoxic potency of the investigated extracts was assessed on MTT assay by using trypan blue method and paclitaxel was used as the standard. Hydro-ethanolic (HE) extract showed highest free radical scavenging activity among all extracts. DPPH Assay showed substantial antioxidant activity of these extracts in hydro-ethanol extract at 1㎍ concentration of CUF. The CUF showed antioxidant and anticancer activity. The claim made by Unani physician has been proved.

Oral administration of hydrolyzed red ginseng extract improves learning and memory capability of scopolamine-treated C57BL/6J mice via upregulation of Nrf2-mediated antioxidant mechanism

  • Ju, Sunghee;Seo, Ji Yeon;Lee, Seung Kwon;Oh, Jisun;Kim, Jong-Sang
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.108-118
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    • 2021
  • Background: Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) contains a variety of ginsenosides that can be metabolized to a biologically active substance, compound K. Previous research showed that compound K could be enriched in the red ginseng extract (RGE) after hydrolysis by pectinase. The current study investigated whether the enzymatically hydrolyzed red ginseng extract (HRGE) containing a notable level of compound K has cognitive improving and neuroprotective effects. Methods: A scopolamine-induced hypomnesic mouse model was subjected to behavioral tasks, such as the Y-maze, passive avoidance, and the Morris water maze tests. After sacrificing the mice, the brains were collected, histologically examined (hematoxylin and eosin staining), and the expressions of antioxidant proteins analyzed by western blot. Results: Behavioral assessment indicated that the oral administration of HRGE at a dosage of 300 mg/kg body weight reversed scopolamine-induced learning and memory deficits. Histological examination demonstrated that the hippocampal damage observed in scopolamine-treated mouse brains was reduced by HRGE administration. In addition, HRGE administration increased the expression of nuclear-factor-E2-related factor 2 and its downstream antioxidant enzymes NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase and heme oxygenase-1 in hippocampal tissue homogenates. An in vitro assay using HT22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells demonstrated that HRGE treatment attenuated glutamate-induced cytotoxicity by decreasing the intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species. Conclusion: These findings suggest that HRGE administration can effectively alleviate hippocampus-mediated cognitive impairment, possibly through cytoprotective mechanisms, preventing oxidative-stress-induced neuronal cell death via the upregulation of phase 2 antioxidant molecules.

Antioxidant Activity of Stevia Leaf Extracts Prepared by Various Extraction Methods (다양한 추출방법으로 조제된 스테비아 잎 추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Kim, Jae-Hun;Sung, Nak-Yun;Kwon, Sun-Kyu;Jung, Pil-Moon;Choi, Jong-Il;Yoon, Yo-Han;Song, Beom-Seok;Yoon, Tai-Young;Kee, Hee-Jin;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.313-318
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant activity of stevia extracts from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves. Stevia extracts were prepared by three different methods including hot water extraction (HWE) at $120^{\circ}C$ for 4 hr, vacuum extraction (VE) at $65^{\circ}C$ for 4 hr under 0.08 MPa, and fermentation of hot water extract (FHWE) using Lactobacillus buchneri. The antioxidant activities measured by radical scavenging activity, ferric-reducing antioxidant potential ability, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance showed the highest values in vacuum extract. Also, the antioxidant activities of all extracts were higher than those of stevioside and rebaudioside at the same concentrations, known as the major active components in stevia. To define the antioxidative compound in stevia extracts, the total phenol content was measured, and it was shown that the highest contents of total phenolic compounds were in vacuum extract. These results suggest that the antioxidant activity of stevia extract was due to the phenolic compound components. In addition, vacuum extraction was the proper method to prepare stevia extract with higher antioxidant activity.

Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of Cleome rutidosperma

  • Bose, Anindya;Mondal, Sumanta;Gupta, Jayanta Kumar;Ghosh, Tirtha;Debbhuti, Debabrata;Si, Sudam
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.135-145
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    • 2008
  • The study was aimed at evaluating the antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of ethanolic extract and its fractions of Cleome rutidosperma. The antioxidant activity, reducing power, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, superoxide anion scavenging activity, nitric oxide anion scavenging activity, in vitro antilipid peroxidation activity and in vitro non-enzymatic hemoglobin glycosylation were studied. The results obtained in the study indicate that Cleome rutidosperma is a potential source of natural antioxidant. All the parameters were found to be concentration dependent and increased with increasing amounts of sample. Flavonoids, phenolic compound like tannins, terpenoids may be responsible for the antioxidant activity of the plant. Variation of solubility parameters in various models may be attributed to non-linearity of activity of ethanol extract fractions models. Further investigation on the isolation and identification of antioxidant component(s) in the plant may lead to chemical entities with potential for clinical use.

Variations in total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits subjected to dry and moist heat treatments

  • Kim, Hekap;Mai, Thu Thi Hoai
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.503-509
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    • 2020
  • The present study investigated the effects of dry and moist heat treatments on total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits. Lyophilized chokeberry powder samples were heated in a drying oven at 60, 100, 160, 180, and 200℃ for 20, 40, or 60 min. Finely ground fresh chokeberry fruits were heated in water at 60, 80, and 100℃ for 20 min, and bioactive compound and antioxidant activity levels were measured. The bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity decreased with increasing temperature and treatment duration. Antioxidant activity was preserved at 160℃ or lower without significant loss for dry heating, whereas moist heat treatment increased both bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity with increasing temperature.