• 제목, 요약, 키워드: apparel trade

검색결과 42건 처리시간 0.029초

한국 의류산업의 국제경쟁력 향상을 위한 결정요인 (The Determinants of International Competitiveness for the Korean Apparel Industry)

  • 백영하;박재옥
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.474-485
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the determinants and elements to enhance Korean international competitiveness, employing Porter's(1998) Diamond Model. Half of the 500 leading apparel exporters that were members of the Korea Apparel Industry Association in 2003 were selected as the target of this research. From May to June of 2003, survey questionnaires were sent to executives of these 250 companies in person or by telephone, e-mail, or fax. Seventy questionnaires were used for the final data anlysis. The items used were Reliability, Categorical Regression, and Frequency, using SPSS 11.5. The results were as follows: First, as a result of analyzing the influence of international competitiveness in Korean apparel industry, the firm's strategy, structure, and rivalry was the most influential factor. Others were related and supporting industries, government, chance, demand conditions, and factor conditions. Also, the elements that affect Korean international competitiveness were listed as the level of price competition in foreign markets, the level of labor cost, export marketing capacity, and exchange fluctuation. The most important element to improve the international competitiveness of the Korean apparel industry was a demand growth rate of the overseas markets(Demand Conditions), followed by the level of the labor costs(Factor Conditions), the capability of internationalization(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry), the change of currency(Chance), the quality and management of products(Demand Conditions), the capability of planning products(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry), free trade from 2005(Chance), and global sourcing strategy(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry). Korea's main rival country in apparel related and supporting industry factors is China. However, Korea has a higher level of technology development, quality, and price level than China.

한국(韓國) 의류산업(衣類産業)의 역사적(歷史的) 고찰(考察) - 조선시대(朝鮮時代) 의류산업(衣類産業)의 생산(生産)과 유통방식(流通方式) - (A Study on the Historical Investigation of Korea Apparel Industry - Manufacture and Distribution of Clothing in the Chosun Period -)

  • 류효순;변유선
    • 패션비즈니스
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.46-55
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to constitute the historical connection of apparel industry by investigation on development and upbringing policy of our apparel industry. Because of the administrative idea of Chosun period is Confucian idea and feudal class system based on the Confucianism, the agricultural industry is the most important one, and developed the economic thinking system that agricultural industry is the foundation of clothes and food industry. In the clothing manufacture of Chosun period, a garment which used in the royal household selected manual industry form by government establishment, but a garment which used in the people selected manual industry form of private. The commerce of Chosun period is based on the official commerce (Sijeon) connected with the official system of state and the private commerce is operated by private trader. Among the item which was traded on the market in this times, the cloting item is the important trade item second only to the grain, and was dealed with every market in the country.

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국제 경쟁력과 의류산업의 대응에 관한 연구 (A Study on Apparel Products Performance Effecting the International Marketing Strategies)

  • 김문숙
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.165-182
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    • 1994
  • Korea's clothing industry which has been country's leading export industry and basic strategical industry is now faced with many difficulties both domestically and internationally. Domestically it is faced with continuing shortage of manpower in both production line and management high labour cost causing increase in price putting more weight on behavior of consumers resulting in change of industrial environment and continuing structural problems of industry itself. Internationally it is faced with strengthening of import regulations and protectionism of developed countries and rapid emergence of underdeveloped countries as leading exporting nations. In reality export plays the most essential role in our economy and is especially sensitive to the external environmental factors. Already economic bloc phonomenon can be seen everywhere and is continuing to accelerate in place such as E. U in Europ, North & South America as NAFTA, and South East Asian contries which recent tendency of economic unity effort is present. These countries of such economic blocs are imposing heavy custom duties reinforcing provision of country origin and acting out strict inspection regulations in order to protect the interest of their own industry. Therefore it is vital to manufacture excellent quality goods For these reasons study in this area has brought attention in Korea as well as worldwide in the recent years. Apparel industry which requires professional technology and ability is the most competitive international business. In order to challenge the international market the high level of intelligence is most required to produce high quality goods. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between functions and roles of marketing and to approach problems in more efficient manner. Apparel industry is composed of various programs such as design pattern making merchandising and textile science. To succeed in the business is to give the highest satisfaction to the targeted market. Hence this study will example the factors that determine the Cost Quality and Performance of apparel products. The study will involve following steps; firstly establish relationship between the quality concept and productivity of apparel products Secondly inquire in to marketing strategy laying stress on apparel production related factors focusing on merchandising marketing production and operations Thirdly prospect 21st century apparel industry focusing on garment production and trade and also other countries structural improvement Fourthly establish the new dimension of competitive factors by grasping the actual circumstance of Korea's apparel industry in the international market. The research method will include; First reality approach method by analysing the present state of industry Second literal analysis such as marketing comparisons between leading apparel exporting countries.

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Comparative Advantage of the United States and South Korean Manmade Textile Industries

  • Shin, Eonyou;Keenan, Caitlyn;Karpova, Elena
    • Fashion, Industry and Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the comparative advantage of manmade textile (MMT) industries in the United States (US) and South Korea (SK). The Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) framework was used to assess the MMT industries' performance in both countries from 2004 to 2013. With the recent ratification of the United States-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA), it is important to understand the current state of these industries. Using UN Comtrade export data, the RCA index values were calculated and analyzed for 27 MMT commodities, three aggregate groups, and the whole industry. It was found that SK had a consistent comparative advantage for the whole industry. Furthermore, SK had a larger number of products with a comparative advantage. The research findings indicate that the MMT industry in SK is likely to outperform the US following the complete ratification of the KORUS FTA.

首都圈地域 小賣業 經營의 空間的 變容 (Spatial Changes in the Business Organization of Retailing in the Seoul Metropolitan Area)

  • 한주성
    • 대한지리학회지
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.19-37
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    • 1996
  • 대도시권내 소매업의 지역구조 변화를 이해하기 위하여 우리나라에서 소매업의 규모가 가장 큰 수도권지역 소매업 경영의 지역적 변화형태를 고찰한 결과 다음과 같은 점이 밝혀졌다. 1979~1991년 사이에 연간판매액에 의한 소매업의 업종구성 변화는 <종합 소매업>과 <개인 운수장비 소매업 및 주유소 운영업>의 구성비가 매우 높아졌다. 그리고 소매업의 경영상의 변화는 개인 경영조직이 탁월해지고, 종사자의 常傭化가 많이 나타났다. 주성분 분석에 의한 수도권지역 소매업의 주된 경영성분은 1. 소매업의 대규모화와, 2. <섬유, 의복, 신발 및 의복 악세사리 소매업>, <가구, 철물 및 가정용품 소매업(가전제품 포함)>, <장신구 및 시계 소매업>의 법인 조직화와 상용 조사자의 고용화이다. 소매업 경영의 유형변화를 보면, 1979년에는 섬유, 의복, 신박 및 의복 악세사리 소매업, 가구, 철물 및 가정용품 소매업(가전제품 포함), 장신구 및 시계 소매업의 법인 조직화와 상용 종사자의 고용화, 달리 분류되지 않은 일반 소매업의 대규모 소매업의 법인 조직화가 다소 이루어졌으나, 1991년에는 소매업의 대규모화가 이루어진 것이다. 이러한 경영변화를 나타내는 지구는 서울시와 그 위성도시 및 경기도의 남동부지역이다. 또 1979년에 섬유, 의복, 신발 및 의복 악세사리 소매업, 장신구 및 시계 소매업, 달리 분류되지 않은 일반 소매업의 대규모 소매업의 법인 조직화가 다소 이루어진 것에서, 1991년에는 개인 운수장비 소매업 및 주유소 운영업의 상용 종사자의 고용화가 이루어졌다. 이러한 변화를 나타내는 지구는 경기도의 동부와 북부지역이다. 따라서 우리나라 수도권지역 소매업 경영의 변화형태는 1979년에 일부 소매업이 법인 조직화와 상용 종사자의 고용화가, 1991년에는 소매업의 대규모화와 개인 운수장비 소매업과 주유소 운영업의 종사자 고용화가 나타난 점이다.

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패션의류시장에 있어서 하이브리드 마케팅 경로 관리 연구 (Managing Hybrid Marketing Channels for Fashion Apparel Industry(in Korea))

  • 손상기;권순기
    • 국제지역연구
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.89-109
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    • 2008
  • 마케팅 경로 관리에 있어서 하이브리드 경로를 활용할 때는 경로 통제 잇점(직접경로)과 경로 관리의 유연성(간접경로)을 동시에 기대할 수 있다. 그러나 동시에 거래 당사자들의 다양한 이질적 기대치와 우선적 권리 확보 성향과 충돌할 수 있는 위험에 노출되게 된다. 따라서, 본 연구는 하이브리드 경로 관리의 비용과 편익에 대한 이해를 높이고자 시작된 것이며, 특히 패션의류시장에서 빈번히 활용되는 하이브리드 마케팅 경로, 당사자 간의 상호 지배문제, 상호 갈등문제 그리고 경로 관리 효율성을 높이고자 수행된 것이다. 이를 위해, 첫째, 기업간 지배 및 기업내 지배 문제를 통해 마케팅 경로 관리를 분석하고 나아가 판매원(샵마스터)관리 문제를 통합하여 분석하고자 한다. 둘째, 본 연구에 제시된 하나의 개별 틀 속에서 경로 지배관련 두 관점을 하나로 통합하여 추후 연구토대를 제시하고있다. 패션의류 메이커와 소매업자간의 경로 관계를 축으로 실증 조사된 결과, 본 연구에서 제시된 이론적 가설이 긍정적으로 뒷받침 되고 있다.

한국 의류산업의 국제경쟁력 위상 변화와 수출 특성 연구 (International Competitiveness and Export Features for Korea's Clothing Industry)

  • 백영하;박재옥
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.31 no.9_10
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    • pp.1442-1452
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    • 2007
  • During 40 years, clothing industry which took a charge of a pivotal role to lead Korea's economy development falls in a harsh state to maintain an international competitiveness by means of low wage-based-export and tech-deficit-past competitive advantage. From January first 2005 when the World Trade Organization started that developed countries abolished import quota on textile and apparel products. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze Korea's apparel international market share, grasp Korea's apparel international competitiveness position, and examine the export features to enhance international competitiveness. We targeted members of Korea Apparel Industry Association among the 500's exporters of textile and clothing items in 'The Import and Export Textile Product 2003' Total 70 sheets were used of final data analyzing. Also, the statistical data of WTO wereselected for inquiry about the position of international competitiveness of clothing products made in Korea. First, the comparative analysis of the amount of export and international market share of each country's clothing products to capture the position of Korea's international competitiveness of clothing industry under the statistical data of WTO showed that Korea's international market share has been decreasing since 1989, and ranked in the 19th showing 1.31% in 2004. Second, as concerned with Korea's clothing export features, the experience of clothing companies in Korea was uniformly distributed like less than 10 to 30 and more than 30 years and knitted and woven male and female wears which cost mid price were exported to U.S.A. and Europe and Japan. Export items wereusually manufactured by Original Equipment Manufacturing way and directly exported through an exclusive responsible part for export.

북한 의류 생산네트워크와 UN 제재 (North Korea, Apparel Production Networks and UN Sanctions: Resilience through Informality)

  • 이종운;케빈 그레이
    • 한국경제지리학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.373-394
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    • 2020
  • 본고는 북한이 임가공사업과 인력송출을 통해 중국 주도의 지역·글로벌 의류 생산네트워크에 편입되는 과정과 구조적 특성을 밝히면서, 강화된 국제사회의 대북 제재조치가 미친 영향을 파악하고자 한다. 2017년 하반기 채택된 UN안보리 결의안에 북한산 섬유제품의 수입금지와 해외 파견 북한 노동자의 송환이 포함되면서 2010년대 들어 급증했던 중국기업의 대북 위탁가공거래와 노동력 활용은 크게 위축되었다. 그러나 북·중 접경지역 경제교류에는 오랜 기간 불법적인 요소들을 포함한 다양한 비공식적 거래방식이 공존하고 있다. 대북 경제제재 강화에 따라 합법적 교류창구가 닫히게 되면서, 규모는 감소하였지만 북한의 의류 위탁가공생산과 노동부문의 북·중 협력은 음성적 영역으로 전환·진행되고 있다. 북한의 지역 및 글로벌 생산네트워크 편입의 실태를 분석한 본 연구는 대북 경제제재의 실효성과 북한경제 변화에 대한 시사점을 제시할 것이다.

한국과 중국의 스트리트패션 비교에 대한 연구 (The Research of street fashion between China and Korea)

  • 임순;김효숙;손희정
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.39 no.10
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2001
  • China adopted a free market economy system and is about to enter into the WTO(World Trade Organization). It has now emerged as one of the most promising markets in the world for the near future. The purpose of this study was to investigate in Chinese and Korea women's street fashion and to suggest basic information for high quality clothing merchandising for China. The subjects in this study were 800 photos it was taken at the fashion street and college in Beijing(400) and Seoul(400). The survey was taken from December, 1999. SAS(Statistical Analysis System) is used for frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, $X^2$-test. The results of this study are as follows. Examination on the Korean and Chinese street fashion showed that Korean and Chinese have different preference for silhouette, length, and color. China has different sensibility of the items of clothing. The Chinese students prefer classical and individual Chinese street clothing. Korean student has shown very fashionable street clothing all items. It is needed to different merchandising project for clothing in China.

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수출업자가 인지하는 수입업자의 의류제품 공급원에 대한 평가기준과 정보원천 (Exporter`s Perceived Supply Selection Criteria of Apparel products and Information Sources in US Importer Use)

  • 박재옥;정찬진
    • 복식문화연구
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.141-153
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    • 1999
  • To be successful, Korean exporters must understand how importers identify and select suppliers. This empirically based study investigate Korean exporter\`s perceptions of the supply selection criteria and information sources in US importers use. The specific purposes of this study were to identify the importance of the supply selection criteria and information sources and to examine the effects of the amount of export on the supply selection criteria and information sources in US importer use. For this study, data were obtained from Korean exporters by means of self-administered questionnaires. The questionnaires consisted of a series of statements covering a broad of specific selection criteria and information sources and exports\` characteristics including average annual amount of export. Using a base of 312 exporters, data were analysed by using mean, one-way ANOVA, and Ducan test. Major findings if this study summarized as follows; 1) Korean exporters perceived that US importers would place importances on product price, deliverly reliability, product wordsmanship-quality, and length of deliverly lead-time, in orders. Also, the more amount of export was, the higher product wordsmanship-quality, availability of piece goods and trims, and communication channel were importantly rate. 2) Korean exporters considered the third party sources, such as recommendation from trade association and buying office and import agency, as the most important information source in US importer use. Also, There was tendency that the more amount of export was, the more information sources on suppliers was importantly evaluated. From this study, several recommendation were suggested forward to encourage export in international apparel market.

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