• Title/Summary/Keyword: aroma compounds

Search Result 102, Processing Time 0.144 seconds

Comparison of Volatile Aroma Compounds between Synurus deltoides and Aster scaber Leaves (수리취와 참취 엽의 휘발성 향기성분 비교)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Cheol;Sa, Jou-Young;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon;Han, Sang-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.54-62
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was investigated to compare the volatile aroma compounds of Synurus deltoides and Aster scaber. The volatile aroma compounds from Synurus deltoides and Aster scaber were extracted by soild-phase microextraction (SPME) methods. S. deltoides had 97 volatile aroma compounds such as including 5-acetyl-1,2-dihydro acenaphtylene (14.63%), ${\beta}$-cubebene (9.31%), caryophyllene (8.97%), ${\beta}$-chamigrene (7.14%), ${\beta}$-selinene (2.71), ${\alpha}$-farnesene (2.47%), ${\alpha}$-bergamotene (2.26%), ${\beta}$-elemene (1.94%), etc. A. scaber had 84 volatile aroma compounds such as (+)-epi-bicyclosesquiphellandrene (10.38%), terpinolen (10.09%), caryophyllene (6.04%), 8-isopropenyl-1,5-dimethyl-1,5-cyclodeca diene (5.42%), ${\alpha}$-himachalene (5.04%), ${\beta}$-thujene (4.37%), ${\beta}$-pinene (4.28%), ${\beta}$-cubebene (3.99%), etc. Conclusively, the main common volatile aroma compounds in S. deltoides and A. scaber leaves were 19 volatile aroma compounds such as caryophyllene, terpinolen, ${\beta}$-cubebene. But the composition and amount of volatile aroma compounds were very different between the two species.

A Comparison the Volatile Aroma Compounds between Ligularia fischeri and Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis Leaves (곰취와 한대리곰취의 휘발성 향기성분 분석)

  • Han, Sang-Sup;Sa, Jou-Young;Lee, Kyeong-Cheol
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.209-217
    • /
    • 2010
  • The volatile aroma of fresh leaves is one of main factor in taste of all the edible green plants. The volatile aroma in almost edible green leaves are suggested as essential oil compounds. Ligularia fischeri, Synurus deltoides, Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis and Aster scaber are one of the favourable edible green plants in Korea. In this study, volatile aroma compounds from Ligularia fischeri and Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis species were analyzed by the SPME/GC/MSD method. Ligularia fischeri had 78 volatile aroma compounds such as D-limonene(20.28%), ${\alpha}$-pinene(dextro, 14.15%), L-${\beta}$-pinene(12.85%), 3-carene, ${\beta}$-cubebene(10.39%), etc. Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis had 83 volatile aroma compounds such as D-limonene(36.97%), ${\beta}$-cubebene(13.95%), L-${\beta}$-pinene(13.38%), ${\alpha}$-pinene(dextro, 4.76%), caryophylle-ne(3.33%) etc. Conclusively, the commom volatile aroma compounds in Ligularia fischeri and Ligularia fischeri var. spiciformis leaves were D-limonene, ${\alpha}$-pinene, L-${\beta}$-pinene, ${\beta}$-cubebene, Caryophyllene, ${\alpha}$-farnesene, terpinolen. However, the composition and amount of volatile aroma compounds were very different between the two species.

Dimensionless Henry's Constant and Liquid-Vapour Equilibrium of Rosemary Aroma Compounds (로즈마리 향기성분의 기-액 평형과 무차원 헨리의 상수)

  • Yoon, Hyang-Sik;Jeong, Heon-Sang;Min, Young-Kyoo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.738-742
    • /
    • 2003
  • In order to estimate the mass transfer characteristics of absorption into alcohol solution of aroma compounds such as cineol, myrecene and pinene which are major aroma compounds of rosemary, dimensionless Henry's constant in 70% ethyl alcohol concentration and aroma concentration with different ethyl alcohol concentration were analyzed. From the results of measurement of vapor phase concentration of aroma compounds with different ethyl alcohol concentration, headspace concentrations of all of three aroma compounds were decreased as ethyl alcohol concentration increased. But those patterns were slightly different. Dimensionless Henry's constant equation (Hi) of cineol compound with ethyl alcohol concentration (x) was as follows: $Hi=(-5.75+x)/(-7017.6+257.3{\times}x)$. Dimensionless Henry's constants of cineol, myrecene and pinene in 1 atm, $25^{\circ}C$ and 70% ethyl alcohol concentration were 0.0058, 0.0182 and 0.0365, respectively.

Volatile Aroma Compounds and Their Characteristics of Labiatae by Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) (Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME)에 의한 꿀풀과 약초의 향기성분과 그 특성)

  • Song, Yong-Eun;Ku, Chang-Sub;Mun, Sung-Phil;Ryu, Ji-Sung;Kim, Dae-Hyang;Choi, Joung-Sik;Choi, Yeong-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.120-125
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to find the possibility of use of Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) for extracting the volatile aroma compounds in the five aromatic plants (Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze, Mentha arvensis Linne, Thymus quinquecostatus Celakovsky, Elsholtzia splendens Nakai, Schizonepta tenuifolia Briquet) belongs to the Labiatae. In the result of the analysis, the volatile aroma compounds were mainly composed monoterpene alcohol (linanol, menthol, ${\alpha}-terpineol$, borneol), monoterpene ketone (limonene, menthone) and sesquiterpene (trans-caryophyllene,${\delta}-cadinene)$. The volatile aroma compounds of Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze and Mentha arvensis Linne were extracted by SPME more identified than the SDE. However, Schizonepta tenuifolia Briquet more identified by the SDE and in Elsholtzia splendens Nakai similar to the SDE. Especially, the SPME showed the sesquiterpene contents was more than the SDE. The major volatile aroma compounds were difference but the composition of those between the SPME and the SDE showed no difference. Within the results, the SPME showed the most convenient and a rapid extraction method to analysis of the volatile aroma compounds.

Aroma Compounds and Antimicrobial Effect of Garlic from Different Areas in Korea (국내 산지별 마늘의 향기성분 및 항균활성)

  • Shin, Jung-Bye;Kim, Ra-Jeong;Lee, Soo-Jung;Kang, Min-Jung;Seo, Jong-Kwon;Sung, Nak-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.199-207
    • /
    • 2011
  • Physico-chemical characteristics such as width, weight, color and aroma compounds of garlic from 9 different areas were analyzed. Also, antimicrobial activity was tested for their juices. Width of garlic bulb was larger in growing worm-season garlics (Jeju, Namhae, Hapcheon, Hampyeong and Muan) than those of cool-season garlics (Taean, Seosan, Uiseoung) and imported from China. But numbers of nuts were smaller in growing cool-season garlics than others. L color levels of garlics were 80.73~87.40 and a color level have not significantly difference in all samples, b color level was lower in growing Namhae ($20.79{\pm}1.20$) and Muan ($20.91{\pm}1.62$). 25~30 peaks obtained from aroma compounds analysis of various garlics. Among these compounds, 17 kinds of aroma compounds were identified by GC-MS. And, we showed that 15 kinds of compounds were sulfur containing aroma compounds. Diallyl disulfide was contained 34.90~60.54% in various garlic and the highest contents than other compounds in total compounds. It was detected the highest in China garlic but the lowest in growing Muan garlic. All of garlic samples showed antimicrobial activity against Strep. mutans, B. subtilis, E. coli. V. parahaemolyticus, Asp. flavus, and C. albicans. Especially antimicrobial activity was stronger against E. coli, and C. albicans. Antimicrobial activity was enhanced by sample addition volume and the highest in Namhae garlic sample.

Volatile Aroma Compounds of Yogurt from Milk and Cereals (우유와 곡류를 이용한 요구르트의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Ko, Young-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.136-141
    • /
    • 1993
  • A curd yogurt was prepared from milk added with skim milk powder or four kinds of cereal. The effect of cereals at 2%(w/v) level on the pattern of volatile aroma compounds in curd yogurt was investigated. Acetaldehyde, acetone, ethanol, diacetyl, butanol and acetoin in curd yogurt were detected by gas chromatographic analysis. Among these compounds, acetaldehyde, ethanol, diacetyl and acetoin were produced during fermentation by Lactobacillus acidophilus (KCTC 2182). The addition of cereals did not affect markedly general pattern of volatile aroma compounds in curd yogurt. The amount of acetoin and ethanol markedly increased until the first 6 hours of fermentation, and then increased mildly until 24 hours. The amount of diacetyl markedly increased until the first 6 hours and then decreased slightly. Acetaldehyde was first detected by gas chromatograph after 18 hours of fermentation.

  • PDF

Aroma Characteristic of Chungkukjang with Astragalus membranaceus (황기청국장의 향기특성)

  • Yoon Hyang-Sik;Choi Hye-Sun;Joo Seon-Jong;Kim Ki-Sik;Kim Sook-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.269-272
    • /
    • 2006
  • Aroma compounds in chungkukjang with Astragalus membranaceus (Hwangki) were extracted by the simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE), headspace and solid phase microextraction (SPME), and aroma compounds obtained by this method were identified with GC-MS. Thirty compounds were identified, including six ketones, eight alcohols, three heterocyclic compounds, three aldehydes, five hydrocarbones and five other compounds. Major aroma compounds were identified as 3-hydroxy-2-butanone, 2-furanmethanol, 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol, and 4-vinylphenol in SDE, 2,3-butanedione, 3-hydroxy-2-butanone, ethanol, 2,6-dimethyl pyrazine and acetic acid in headspace and acetone, ethanol, 2,5-dimethyl pyrazine, tetramethyl pyrazine and acetic acid in SPME. The content of pyrazines identified in headspace and SPME methods was higher than that of SDE method, and the content of pyrazines containing 2,5-dimethyl pyrazine, 2,6-dimethyl pyrazine and tetramethyl pyrazine in chungkukjang was higher than that of Hwangki chungkukjang.

Optimization of Disk Sorptive Extraction Based on Monolithic Material for the Determination of Aroma Compounds from Lantana camara L. by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

  • Jang, Hye-Jin;Son, Hyun-Hwa;Lee, Dong-Sun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.32 no.12
    • /
    • pp.4275-4280
    • /
    • 2011
  • Present study describes the optimization of disk type sorptive extraction using monolithic material (Mono Trap) for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds from Lantana camara L. in combination with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Monolithic material sorptive extraction (MMSE) is a new sampling technique using a monolithic hybrid adsorptive disk (O.D. 10 mm, 1 mm thickness) made of high purity silica and activated carbon having a large surface area chemically bonded with octadecyl silane (ODS). The experimental parameters that may influence the MMSE efficiency have been optimized. Linearity, accuracy, precision and detection limits were evaluated to assess the performance of the proposed method. The method was validated with real plant samples of Lantana camara L. Twenty eight compounds including the main representative compounds of ${\alpha}$-curcumene and ${\beta}$-caryophyllene were found in analyzed samples. Results proved that proposed method could be used as a good alternative for the analysis for such volatile aroma compounds in plant samples.

Identification of Character-impact Aroma Compounds and Comparisons of Sensory Attributes of Traditional Korean Medicinal Rice Wines Brewed with Functional Herbal Powders or Extracts

  • Lee, Gyu-Hee;Shin, Young;Chang, Yeong-Il;Jeong, Jae-Hong;Chang, Kyu-Seob;O, Man-Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.405-410
    • /
    • 2002
  • Rice wine was prepared with medicinal plants or plant extracts to obtain a value added nutritious alcoholic tonics. Powders of ten medicinal plants (PTM) or aqueous extracts prepared from them (ATM) were added during the initial stage of fermentation. Aroma compounds of rice wine (control) and wines containing PTM or ATM were isolated by liquid-liquid continuous solvent extraction (LLCSE) and analyzed by gas chromatography-olfactometry and aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). Desirable aroma compounds: acetaldehyde (sweet, ethereal), benzaldehyde (sweet, fragrant), ethyl acetate (sweet) and ethyl octanoate (sweet, ethanolic) had the highest log$_3$-flavor dilution (FD) factors in ATM. Results of sensory evaluation demonstrated that intensities of undesirable aroma attributes, such as koji and yeasty notes in control, and raw medicinal herb notes in PTM, were lowest in wine with ATM. Wines made with ATM had the most attractive aroma attributes among the three different traditional Korean medicinal wines.

Changes in Aroma Compounds of Several Byeolmijang during Aging (여러 가지 별미장의 숙성과정 중 향기성분의 변화)

  • Woo, Koan-Sik;Yu, Sun-Mi;Im, Sung-Kyung;Chun, Hye-Kyung;Kwon, Oh-Chan;Lee, Junsoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.33 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1689-1697
    • /
    • 2004
  • Aroma compounds in 6 different Byeolmijang were extracted by SDE (simultaneous steam distillation extraction) and analyzed with GC (gas chromatography) and GC/MS (mass-spectrometry). The major aroma compounds in the 6 different Byeolmijang during aging were 1-octene-3-ol, hexanal, benzeneacetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, furfural, pyrazine compounds, benzyl-alcohol, furan compounds and phenol type compounds. Generally, benzeneacetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, furfural, pyrazine compounds and phenol type compounds were increased during aging. On the other hand, 1-octene-3-ol, hexanal, benzyl-alcohol and furan compounds were decreased during aging. 2-Heptenal and 2,4-decadienal in Daemaekjang, pyrazine and phenol type compounds in Sanghwangjang and phenol type compounds including phenol, 4-methoxy-phenol and 4-ethyl-phenol in Mujang were identified as major aroma compounds, respectively. The major aroma compound in Bizijang was 2,4-decadienal and in Sodujang, the major aroma compounds were 2,3-dihydro-benzofuran and 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol. Linaool, geraniol, 6-elemene, 6-lonone and ledene were detected in Jigeumjang possibly due to the addition of powdered red pepper.