• Title/Summary/Keyword: artificial neural network

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LANDSLIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS USING GIS AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK

  • Lee, Moung-Jin;Won, Joong-Sun;Lee, Saro
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.256-272
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to develop landslide susceptibility analysis techniques using artificial neural network and to apply the newly developed techniques to the study area of Boun in Korea. Landslide locations were identified in the study area from interpretation of aerial photographs, field survey data, and a spatial database of the topography, soil type, timber cover, geology and land use. The landslide-related factors (slope, aspect, curvature, topographic type, soil texture, soil material, soil drainage, soil effective thickness, timber type, timber age, and timber diameter, timber density, geology and land use) were extracted from the spatial database. Using those factors, landslide susceptibility was analyzed by artificial neural network methods. For this, the weights of each factor were determinated in 3 cases by the backpropagation method, which is a type of artificial neural network method. Then the landslide susceptibility indexes were calculated and the susceptibility maps were made with a GIS program. The results of the landslide susceptibility maps were verified and compared using landslide location data. A GIS was used to efficiently analyze the vast amount of data, and an artificial neural network was turned out be an effective tool to maintain precision and accuracy.

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Forecasting performance and determinants of household expenditure on fruits and vegetables using an artificial neural network model

  • Kim, Kyoung Jin;Mun, Hong Sung;Chang, Jae Bong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.769-782
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    • 2020
  • Interest in fruit and vegetables has increased due to changes in consumer consumption patterns, socioeconomic status, and family structure. This study determined the factors influencing the demand for fruit and vegetables (strawberries, paprika, tomatoes and cherry tomatoes) using a panel of Rural Development Administration household-level purchases from 2010 to 2018 and compared the ability to the prediction performance. An artificial neural network model was constructed, linking household characteristics with final food expenditure. Comparing the analysis results of the artificial neural network with the results of the panel model showed that the artificial neural network accurately predicted the pattern of the consumer panel data rather than the fixed effect model. In addition, the prediction for strawberries was found to be heavily affected by the number of families, retail places and income, while the prediction for paprika was largely affected by income, age and retail conditions. In the case of the prediction for tomatoes, they were greatly affected by age, income and place of purchase, and the prediction for cherry tomatoes was found to be affected by age, number of families and retail conditions. Therefore, a more accurate analysis of the consumer consumption pattern was possible through the artificial neural network model, which could be used as basic data for decision making.

Detection of Surface Cracks in Eggshell by Machine Vision and Artificial Neural Network (기계 시각과 인공 신경망을 이용한 파란의 판별)

  • 이수환;조한근;최완규
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.409-414
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    • 2000
  • A machine vision system was built to obtain single stationary image from an egg. This system includes a CCD camera, an image processing board and a lighting system. A computer program was written to acquire, enhance and get histogram from an image. To minimize the evaluation time, the artificial neural network with the histogram of the image was used for eggshell evaluation. Various artificial neural networks with different parameters were trained and tested. The best network(64-50-1 and 128-10-1) showed an accuracy of 87.5% in evaluating eggshell. The comparison test for the elapsed processing time per an egg spent by this method(image processing and artificial neural network) and by the processing time per an egg spent by this method(image processing and artificial neural network) and by the previous method(image processing only) revealed that it was reduced to about a half(5.5s from 10.6s) in case of cracked eggs and was reduced to about one-fifth(5.5s from 21.1s) in case of normal eggs. This indicates that a fast eggshell evaluation system can be developed by using machine vision and artificial neural network.

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Numerical Prediction of Temperature-Dependent Flow Stress on Fiber Metal Laminate using Artificial Neural Network (인공신경망을 사용한 섬유금속적층판의 온도에 따른 유동응력에 대한 수치해석적 예측)

  • Park, E.T.;Lee, Y.H.;Kim, J.;Kang, B.S.;Song, W.J.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.227-235
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    • 2018
  • The flow stresses have been identified prior to a numerical simulation for predicting a deformation of materials using the experimental or analytical analysis. Recently, the flow stress models considering the temperature effect have been developed to reduce the number of experiments. Artificial neural network can provide a simple procedure for solving a problem from the analytical models. The objective of this paper is the prediction of flow stress on the fiber metal laminate using the artificial neural network. First, the training data were obtained by conducting the uniaxial tensile tests at the various temperature conditions. After, the artificial neural network has been trained by Levenberg-Marquardt method. The numerical results of the trained model were compared with the analytical models predicted at the previous study. It is noted that the artificial neural network can predict flow stress effectively as compared with the previously-proposed analytical models.

Development of Integrated Control Methods for the Heating Device and Surface Openings based on the Performance Tests of the Rule-Based and Artificial-Neural-Network-Based Control Logics (난방시스템 및 개구부의 통합제어를 위한 규칙기반제어법 및 인공신경망기반제어법의 성능비교)

  • Moon, Jin Woo
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed at developing integrated logic for controlling heating device and openings of the double skin facade buildings. Two major logics were developed-rule-based control logic and artificial neural network based control logic. The rule based logic represented the widely applied conventional method while the artificial neural network based logic meant the optimal method. Applying the optimal method, the predictive and adaptive controls were feasible for supplying the advanced thermal indoor environment. Comparative performance tests were conducted using the numerical computer simulation tools such as MATLAB (Matrix Laboratory) and TRNSYS (Transient Systems Simulation). Analysis on the test results in the test module revealed that the artificial neural network-based control logics provided more comfortable and stable temperature conditions based on the optimal control of the heating device and opening conditions of the double skin facades. However, the amount of heat supply to the indoor space by the optimal method was increased for the better thermal conditioning. The number of on/off moments of the heating device, on the other hand, was significantly reduced. Therefore, the optimal logic is expected to beneficial to create more comfortable thermal environment and to potentially prevent system degradation.

An Experimental Investigation of the Application of Artificial Neural Network Techniques to Predict the Cyclic Polarization Curves of AL-6XN Alloy with Sensitization

  • Jung, Kwang-Hu;Kim, Seong-Jong
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.62-68
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    • 2021
  • Artificial neural network techniques show an excellent ability to predict the data (output) for various complex characteristics (input). It is primarily specialized to solve nonlinear relationship problems. This study is an experimental investigation that applies artificial neural network techniques and an experimental design to predict the cyclic polarization curves of the super-austenitic stainless steel AL-6XN alloy with sensitization. A cyclic polarization test was conducted in a 3.5% NaCl solution based on an experimental design matrix with various factors (degree of sensitization, temperature, pH) and their levels, and a total of 36 cyclic polarization data were acquired. The 36 cyclic polarization patterns were used as training data for the artificial neural network model. As a result, the supervised learning algorithms with back-propagation showed high learning and prediction performances. The model showed an excellent training performance (R2=0.998) and a considerable prediction performance (R2=0.812) for the conditions that were not included in the training data.

Two Layer Multiquadric-Biharmonic Artificial Neural Network for Area Quasigeoid Surface Approximation with GPS-Levelling Data

  • Deng, Xingsheng;Wang, Xinzhou
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • v.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2006
  • The geoidal undulations are needed for determining the orthometric heights from the Global Positioning System GPS-derived ellipsoidal heights. There are several methods for geoidal undulation determination. The paper presents a method employing a simple architecture Two Layer Multiquadric-Biharmonic Artificial Neural Network (TLMB-ANN) to approximate an area of 4200 square kilometres quasigeoid surface with GPS-levelling data. Hardy’s Multiquadric-Biharmonic functions is used as the hidden layer neurons’ activation function and Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is used to train the artificial neural network. In numerical examples five surfaces were compared: the gravimetric geometry hybrid quasigeoid, Support Vector Machine (SVM) model, Hybrid Fuzzy Neural Network (HFNN) model, Traditional Three Layer Artificial Neural Network (ANN) with tanh activation function and TLMB-ANN surface approximation. The effectiveness of TLMB-ANN surface approximation depends on the number of control points. If the number of well-distributed control points is sufficiently large, the results are similar with those obtained by gravity and geometry hybrid method. Importantly, TLMB-ANN surface approximation model possesses good extrapolation performance with high precision.

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Maximum Torque Control of IPMSM with Adaptive Learning Fuzzy-Neural Network (적응학습 퍼지-신경회로망에 의한 IPMSM의 최대토크 제어)

  • Ko, Jae-Sub;Choi, Jung-Sik;Lee, Jung-Ho;Chung, Dong-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.309-314
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    • 2006
  • Interior permanent magnet synchronous motor(IPMSM) has become a popular choice in electric vehicle applications, due to their excellent power to weight ratio. This paper proposes maximum torque control of IPMSM drive using adaptive learning fuzzy neural network and artificial neural network. This control method is applicable over the entire speed range which considered the limits of the inverter's current md voltage rated value. For each control mode, a condition that determines the optimal d-axis current $i_d$ for maximum torque operation is derived. This paper considers the design and implementation of novel technique of high performance speed control for IPMSM using adaptive teaming fuzzy neural network and artificial neural network. The hybrid combination of neural network and fuzzy control will produce a powerful representation flexibility and numerical processing capability. Also, this paper proposes speed control of IPMSM using adaptive teaming fuzzy neural network and estimation of speed using artificial neural network. The back propagation neural network technique is used to provide a real time adaptive estimation of the motor speed. The proposed control algorithm is applied to IPMSM drive system controlled adaptive teaming fuzzy neural network and artificial neural network, the operating characteristics controlled by maximum torque control are examined in detail. Also, this paper proposes the analysis results to verify the effectiveness of the adaptive teaming fuzzy neural network and artificial neural network.

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Author Identification Using Artificial Neural Network (Artificial Neural Network를 이용한 논문 저자 식별)

  • Jung, Jisoo;Yoon, Ji Won
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.1191-1199
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    • 2016
  • To ensure the fairness, journal reviewers use blind-review system which hides the author information of the journal. Even though the author information is blinded, we could identify the author by looking at the field of the journal or containing words and phrases in the text. In this paper, we collected 315 journals of 20 authors and extracted text data. Bag-of-words were generated after preprocessing and used as an input of artificial neural network. The experiment shows the possibility of circumventing the blind review through identifying the author of the journal. By the experiment, we demonstrate the limitation of the current blind-review system and emphasize the necessity of robust blind-review system.

Development and application of artificial neural network for landslide susceptibility mapping and its verfication at Janghung, Korea

  • Yu, Young-Tae;Lee, Moung-Jin;Won, Joong-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to develop landslide susceptibility analysis techniques using artificial neural network and to apply the developed techniques to the study area of janghung in Korea. Landslide locations were identified in the study area from interpretation of satellite image and field survey data, and a spatial database of the topography, soil, forest and land use were consturced. The 13 landslide-related factors were extracted from the spatial database. Using those factors, landslide susceptibility was analyzed by artificial neural network methods, and the susceptibility map was made with a e15 program. For this, the weights of each factor were determinated in 5 cases by the backpropagation method, which is a type of artificial neural network method. Then the landslide susceptibility indexes were calculated using the weights and the susceptibility maps were made with a GIS to the 5 cases. A GIS was used to efficiently analyze the vast amount of data, and an artificial neural network was turned out be an effective tool to analyze the landslide susceptibility.

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