• 제목/요약/키워드: behavioral system

검색결과 9건 처리시간 0.067초

전주지역 중학생의 가정교과의 주생활 영역에 대한 행동체계별 요구도 (The Behavioral Systemic Needs of Students for the Housing Chapters in Home Economics Curriculum)

  • 유원희;최병숙
    • 한국가정과학회지
    • /
    • 제10권2호
    • /
    • pp.5-18
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine middle school students' three behavioral systemic needs for the Housing chapter in Home Economics curriculum, Through literature review, the concepts of the three behavioral systems in this study were divided into technical, interpretive and emancipatory one. The questionnaire survey method was used, The subjects were selected randomly the third grade 259 students at 6 middle schools located in Jeonju city, from December 17, 2004 to January 17, 2005, Data were analyzed by using SPSS/WIN 11.5 program. The results were as follows; 1) Average of importance which middle school students recognized was showed the interpretive behavioral system> the emancipatory behavioral system> the technical behavioral system, That of reflection of the text book was showed that the technical was same with the interpretive, and the emancipatory was a little lower value than two systems, And needs in each system were the emancipatory behavioral system> the technical behavioral system> the interpretive behavioral system, 2) Average needs were showed according to the sub-chapter of housing. 'Preservation and Repair of house' in the technical behavioral system and 'Indoor Environment and Equipment' in the interpretive and the emancipatory behavioral systems.

  • PDF

비만성인의 건강관련 행위 -Johnson의 행위체계 모형 적용- (Health Behavior of the Obese Adult - Based on the Johnson's Behavioral System Model)

  • 김정희;윤순녕
    • 지역사회간호학회지
    • /
    • 제8권2호
    • /
    • pp.277-288
    • /
    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the behavioral subsystems of the obese adult and contribute to the utility of Johnson's Behavioral System Model. The subjects were 167 obese adults in out-patients clinics of 2 hospitals and health clinics for 4 companies. These data were collected by a structured questionnaire with 52 items from July 1 to Sep. 30, 1995. The instrument used for this study was modified from the DBSM -self reporting instrument (1983) and Grubbs(1980)'s. The reliability of this method was cronbach's ${\alpha}$=.8476 and the construct validity of it was accepted by using a factor analysis. These data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, pearson's correlation coefficient, Kruskal-Wallis with an SPSS PC+ Program. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The 9 behavioral subsystems of the obese were indentified : sex-related, attachment-affiliative I(social), dependency, ingestive, eliminative, restorative, aggressive-protective, attachment-affiliative and II (familial), an achievement behavioral subsystem. 2. Out of 9 subsystems, the highest significant positive correlation between dependency and acheivement subsystem was found(r=.5357, p<.01), The next, attachment-affiliative I and attachment-affiliative II subsystem was correlated significantly (r=.4526, p<.01). Significant positive correlations among sex-related, achivement, attachment-affiliative I, II, dependency, restorative, and aggressive-protective subsystems were found. But, ingestive and eliminative subsystems were not correlated with the above seven subsystems significantly, only the positive correlation between the ingestive and eliminative subsystems was found. 3. The explained variance of the 9 subsystems was explained as 56.1% out of a total of one. The sex-related subsystem was the first factor explaining 16.3% of the total variance and then the next 8 factors which resulted in 39.8%. According to the results of this study, the suggestions were as follows: 1. In the nursing practice, nursing assessmentand intervention of the obese should be in cluded not only in ingestive and eliminative subsystems but also in sex-related, attachment-affiliative I, dependency, restorative, aggressive-protective, attachment -affiliative II, and achievement behavioral subsystem. 2. Concerning instruments, some items to measure the eliminative, dependency, and aggressive-protective behavioral subsystems with relatively reliability are needed. 3. Johnson's concept of a dependency subsystem should be clarified. 4. Correlation among the 7 subsystems, and the ingestive and eliminative subsystems should be clarified.

  • PDF

인간에 대한 간호학적인 해석에 관한 고찰 -간호이론발달을 통해서 - (A Literary Review of Human Being by Nursing Aspects - As the Theory Development in Nursing -)

  • 이광자
    • 대한간호학회지
    • /
    • 제9권2호
    • /
    • pp.49-61
    • /
    • 1979
  • A review of this literature and discussions reveal a development of ideas concerning the elements of nursing models. The elements of a nursing model are the nurses view of the human being, nursing's goal, and nursing activities. It has long been recognized that human beings, at one time or another, require nursing care. Varieties of literature were reviewed in regard to the human being as recipient of nursing care through the theory development in nursing. Florence Nightingale initiated the modern era of nursing and described more clearly man as the recipient of nursing care. She looked at man as responding to the laws of nature whether the person was healthy or sick. Henderson added to Nightingale's concept of man , the recipient of nursing care by emphasizing that man is a whole, complete, and independent being. Her view is further specified by her enumeration of the activities the human being must perform. Johnson has developed a very comprehensive view of man as the recipient of nursing care. Man is a behavioral system which has a tendency to achieve and maintain stability in patterns of functioning. Like Nightingale, Johnson sees that similar patterns occur in both health and illness. Johnson postulates that the whole behavioral system of the human is composed of eight sub-systems: affiliative, achievement, aggressive, dependency, eliminative, ingestive, restorative, sexual. Roger's main contribution to the development of nursing models was her emphasis upon unitary man. She pointed out that man is a unified whole, possessing his own integrity and manifesting characteristics that“are more than and different from the sum of his parts.”Rogers focuses on the life processes of the human and points out that these processes have the following characteristics. Wholeness, openness, unidirectionality, pattern and organization, sentence, and thought. According to Roy, man is a biopsychosocial being in constant interaction with a changing environment. To cope with this changing environment, man has certain innate and acquired mechanisms. Man's ability to respond positively or to adapt, depends upon the degree of the change taking place and the state of the person coping with the change. When she analyzes man as an adaptive organism she further describes man as being composed of four adaptive modes: physiological needs, self-concept, role function, and interdependence. Based on the literary review through the theory development in nursing, general approach by a unified nursing model to a view of the recipient of nursing care may be stated as follows: Man is a unified whole composed of subsystems with a flexible and normal line of defense; his internal regulating mechanisms help him to cope with a changing environment; he functions by the principles of homeodynamics.

  • PDF

물의 순환 시스템 장치 개발 및 수업 프로그램 효과 분석 (Analysis of the Effectiveness on Instructional Program by Water Circulation System Device)

  • 강정수;김형범
    • 대한지구과학교육학회지
    • /
    • 제11권1호
    • /
    • pp.21-37
    • /
    • 2018
  • 이 연구의 목적은 과학 행동 체계를 통해 초등학생들이 물의 순환 개념을 쉽게 이해할 수 있도록 시각화하는 것이다. 일반적으로 초등학생들이 물의 순환 개념을 이해하기란 쉽지 않으며, 대부분의 초등학생들은 구름이 더 무겁기 때문에 비가 내리는 것의 과학적 개념이 아닌 오개념을 가지고 있다. 또한 현행 교과서의 실험들은 연결성이 낮고 물의 순환 개념들이 세분화되어 올바른 과학적 개념을 형성하는데 어려움을 줄 가능성이 비교적 높다. 따라서 이 연구에서는 교과서 내 이슬, 안개 및 구름 등의 실험들을 통합하여 물의 순환 개념에 대한 시스템적 사고가 가능하도록 물의 순환 시스템 장치와 이를 활용한 교수 학습 프로그램을 개발하였다. 또한 준실험 설계를 통해 물의 순환 시스템 장치를 활용한 수업 프로그램의 효과성을 알아보았다. 그 결과, 물의 순환 시스템 장치를 활용한 수업은 증발, 응결, 그리고 물 순환의 개념을 시스템적으로 이해하는데 이전의 실험들보다 더 효과적이라는 것을 보여 주었다. 또한 물의 순환 시스템 장치를 활용한 수업에서 가장 효과적인 실험 조건과 최적의 실험변수인 응결량의 매개변수를 분석할 수 있었다.

국제지질자원인재개발센터의 지질교육 프로그램이 중학생들의 과학에 대한 태도와 교육만족도에 미치는 효과 (The Effects of Middle School Students' Educational Satisfaction and Attitudes Toward Science on Geology Education Program of IS-GEO)

  • 정예희;김형범
    • 대한지구과학교육학회지
    • /
    • 제11권3호
    • /
    • pp.158-171
    • /
    • 2018
  • 이 연구의 목적은 한국지질자원연구원 내 국제지질자 원인재개발센터의 지질과학 교육프로그램을 중심으로 중학생들의 인지적 발달수준에 따른 지질과학에 대한 태도와 교육만족도를 알아보고, 이들 사이에 어떠한 상관관계가 나타나는지 알아보는 데 있다. 연구대상은 2018년 국제지질자원인재개발센터에서 실시한 지질과학 교육프로그램에 참여한 중학생 282명 중 무선 표집 방법에 의한 139명이다. 따라서 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 구체적 조작 단계는 44%, 과도기는 32%, 형식적 조작 단계는 24%로, 76%의 중학생들의 인지적 발달 수준은 형식적 수준에 도달하지 못하는 결과를 나타내었다. 또한 지질과학에 대한 태도는 통계적으로 유의미한 차이를 나타내었으며, 하위영역으로는 '지질 관련 과학수업 Geology-related science class', '교외 지질과학 Suburban geological science class', '지질과학과 기술에 대한인식 Recognition of geological science and technology'에서 통계적으로 유의미한 결과 값을 나타내었다. 둘째, 교육만족도는 인지적 발달수준에 따라 통계적으로 유의미한 차이는 없었다. 즉, 모든 인지적 수준의 연구 참여자들이 국제지질자원인재개발센터에서 진행하는 지질과학 교육프로그램에 대해서 높은 만족도를 나타내었다. 셋째, 교육만족도와 지질 과학에 대한 태도 사이의 상관관계는 통계적으로 의미 있는 정적 상관관계를 나타내었다. 따라서 학습 행동체계에 있어 국제지질자원인재개발센터의 교육 훈련에 참여한 연구 참여자들이 교육만족감을 높게 가질수록 지질 과학에 대한 태도도 긍정적으로 나타날 수 있다.

초등학생을 위한 활동중심 STEAM 교육프로그램의 개발 및 적용 - '자외선' 주제를 중심으로 (Development and Application of Activity-Based STEAM Education Program for Elementary School Students - Focused on Theme of "Ultraviolet(UV)")

  • 한신;김형범
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
    • /
    • 제19권6호
    • /
    • pp.513-523
    • /
    • 2019
  • 이 연구의 목적은 활동중심 STEAM 교육프로그램을 개발하고 적용하여 초등학생의 논리적 사고력, STEAM에 대한 태도, 만족도 변화를 검증하는데 있다. 활동중심 STEAM 교육프로그램은 '자외선을 이겨내자'를 주제로 총 3차시 분량으로 개발하였다. 초등학생을 대상으로 예비 투입 과정을 거쳐 수정 및 보완하여 최종적으로 개발된 프로그램은 경기도 소재의 S 초등학교 6학년 학생 168명을 대상으로 통계적 방법을 통해 그 효과성을 검증하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 활동중심 STEAM 교육프로그램은 초등학교 과학 5~6학년군 '태양계와 별' 단원을 기반으로 '자외선을 이겨내자'란 주제를 중심으로 개발하였다. 둘째, 개발된 활동중심 STEAM 교육프로그램을 초등학교 학생에게 적용한 후, 과학행동체계에 따른 인지발달 수준은 수업 후 향상되었고, 논리적 사고력 중 비례, 변인통제 논리가 유의미한 결과 값을 나타내었다(p<.05). 셋째, 7개 하위 요인으로 구성된 STEAM 교육에 대한 태도 중 소통과 유용성 요인을 제외한 다른 요인들에 걸쳐 유의미한 결과 값을 나타내었다(p<.05). 넷째, 만족도 검사에서는 하위 구인의 평균값이 3.59~3.85을 나타내어, 연구참여자들이 활동중심 STEAM 프로그램에 대해 긍정적인 의견을 주었음을 확인할 수 있다.

Analysis on Preceding Study of Consumer's Store-Choice Model: Focusing on Commercial Sphere Analysis Theories

  • Quan, Zhi-Xuan;Youn, Myoung-Kil
    • 산경연구논집
    • /
    • 제7권4호
    • /
    • pp.11-16
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose - There are numerous theories for retail trade area analysis which are designed to select candidate locations for new stores. In this study, comparative analysis on the characteristics from those of the theories are shown, and the explanation for the power in consumers' store-choice behaviors and their limitations are examined. Also, plans for improving commercial sphere analysis are explored. Research design, data, and methodology - This study is based on literature reviews with normative research methodology. Among many researches regarding the analysis on the location and commercial sphere for launching a new store, researches relying on statistics are excluded in this study since they belong to the marketing research area,. Results - In the Law of retail gravitation, Huff's model multinomial logit model and etc. are mutual complementary mathematical techniques for analyzing commercial spheres and each of them has its own characteristics. These theories rely on the same hypothesis in which consumers are all believed to be behaving rationally under a similar behavioral system. However, the trial in explaining or estimating behavior of choosing a store with only a select size of the population that is objectively estimated by some major properties has limits in its credibility. Conclusion - Research on consumer's spatial behaviors can be fully illustrative and explainable when it has both quantitative approaches such as 'law of retail gravitation', 'logit model' and etc., and qualitative approaches like consumer's 'cognitive structure', 'learning status', 'image formation', 'attitude' and etc.

행동·감정체계 유형에 따른 전전두엽 알파파 비대칭 특성 및 실내공간 색채감정 (Prefrontal alpha EEG Asymmetry and Interior Color Affect Based on Types of Behavioral and Affective System)

  • 하지민;박수빈
    • 대한건축학회논문집:계획계
    • /
    • 제34권9호
    • /
    • pp.55-66
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study aims to propose color affective model of indoor space by evaluating subjects' physiological responses according to the types of behavioral and affective system. 99 subjects(44 females, 55 males) in their 20s, who had no disorders in visual perception, participated in the experiment. To categorize the subjects based on behavioral and affective system, BAS/BIS scale and Affective scale were used. Color stimuli were composed of five basic colors and three tones: vivid, pale and dull tone of R, Y, G, B, P. For physiological experiment, right and left prefrontal alpha activity was measured to analyze prefrontal EEG asymmetry. Participants were exposed to fifteen color stimuli for 20 seconds each other under the positive and negative emotional condition in a research room with the natural light blocked. The results and conclusion of this study are as follows. Along with factors of behavioral and affective system, cluster analysis was carried out and four types were classified. Type A had high BAS sensitivity, especially high 'drive' trait, and showed high levels of 'anxiety' and 'anger'. Type B had low BAS sensitivity, especially low 'fun seeking' and low 'drive' trait, and showed low levels of 'anxiety' as well as low levels of 'happiness'. Type C had low BIS sensitivity and showed high levels of 'happiness' and low levels of 'sadness'. Type D had high BIS sensitivity and showed high levels of 'lethargy' and 'sadness'. As a result of EEG signal analysis of color stimuli, Type B, Type C, and Type D showed significant differences in prefrontal alpha asymmetry under the negative emotional stimuli. Type B showed more left prefrontal activation in the spaces with pale R and dull G. Type C showed more left prefrontal activation in the spaces with vivid Y and B, pale R, and dull R, G, P. Type D showed more left prefrontal activation in the spaces with vivid Y and P, pale R, Y, P, and dull R, Y, G, B, P. The group of high BAS sensitivity was not influenced by color stimuli under the emotional conditions, whereas the group of high BIS sensitivity was affected by color stimuli under the negative emotional conditions. They showed left prefrontal activation when they were exposed the spaces with vivid, pale, dull tones of Y and P wall.

중학교 가정과교사의 가족가치관과 세 행동체계별 가족생활 영역 목표 요구도 (Middle School Home Economics Teachers 'Family Value and Needs on Learning Objectives of Family Life Area according to the Three Systems of Action)

  • 오윤희;채정현
    • 한국가정과교육학회지
    • /
    • 제17권2호
    • /
    • pp.239-255
    • /
    • 2005
  • 본 연구의 목적은 중학교 가정과교사의 가족가치관과 가족생활 영역 목표의 요구도를 파악하고 이 둘이 어떤 관계가 있는지 밝히는 데 있다. 본 연구 자료는 전국에서 중학교 $\lceil$기술${\cdot}$가정$\rfloor$ 교과의 가족생활 영역을 지도하고 있는 교사를 대상으로 우편을 통한 설문지로 수집되었다. 자료는 SPSS/WIN 프로그램을 이용하여 평균, 표준편차, 백분율, t-test, ANOVA와 상관관계 분석을 실시하였다. 본 연구를 통해 밝혀진 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 가정과 교사의 가족가치관은 비교적 근대적인 것으로 나타났으며, 결혼관, 성역할관, 자녀관, 효 및 부양의식, 가족주의 가치관의 모든 하위영역에서도 근대적인 가치관을 지니고 있었다. 둘째, 가정과 교사의 가족생활 영역 목표에 대한 요구도는 해방적 행동체계에 대한 요구도가 가장 높았고 다음으로 기술적 행동체계에 대한 요구도가 높았으나 해석적 행동체계와 비슷하였다. 셋째, 가족가치관과 가족생활 영역 목표의 요구도와의 관계에 있어서는 기술적, 해석적 행동체계의 목표의 요구도는 가족가치관과 상관이 거의 없었으나, 해방적 행동체계의 목표 요구도는 가족가치관이 근대적일수록 높았다. 넷째, 가정과교사의 가족가치관과 가족생활 영역 목표에 대한 요구도에 있어서 여교사, 가정과목 자격 소지 교사, 젊은 교사, 교직경력이 적은 고사가 각각 그렇지 않은 경우보다 더 근대적 가치관을 가지고 있었고 아울러 해방적 행동체계의 목표를 더 많이 요구하는 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 연구 결과를 통하여 볼 때, 가정교과가 실천 비판적인 교과라는 본질에 대한 합의를 이루어 가족생활 교육 과정에 해방적 행동에 대한 목표를 강조하여 적용할 필요가 있다. 그러기 위해서는 가정과교사 교육과 재교육 과정을 통해서 성숙된 가족가치관과 가족에 대한 해방적 인식관심을 기를 수 있는 기회가 주어져야 할 것이다. 그리고, $\lceil$기술${\cdot}$가정$\rfloor$ 교과 지도 시에 기술과 가정 영역을 분리하여 가정과교사가 가족생활 영역을 지도하는 것이 실천 비판적 관점에서의 가정과교육의 실현을 위해서 바람직하다.

  • PDF