• 제목, 요약, 키워드: biofilm

검색결과 759건 처리시간 0.031초

Inverse Correlation between Extracellular DNase Activity and Biofilm Formation among Chicken-Derived Campylobacter Strains

  • Jung, Gi Hoon;Lim, Eun Seob;Woo, Min-Ah;Lee, Joo Young;Kim, Joo-Sung;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.1942-1951
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    • 2017
  • Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are important foodborne pathogenic bacteria, particularly in poultry meat. In this study, the presence of extracellular DNase activity was investigated for biofilm-deficient Campylobacter strains versus biofilm-forming Campylobacter strains isolated from chickens, to understand the relationship between extracellular DNase activity and biofilm formation. A biofilm-forming reference strain, C. jejuni NCTC11168, was co-incubated with biofilm non-forming strains isolated from raw chickens or their supernatants. The biofilm non-forming strains or supernatants significantly prohibited the biofilm formation of C. jejuni NCTC11168. In addition, the strains degraded pre-formed biofilms of C. jejuni NCTC11168. Degradation of C. jejuni NCTC11168 biofilm was confirmed after treatment with the supernatant of the biofilm non-forming strain 2-1 by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Quantitative analysis of the biofilm matrix revealed reduction of extracellular DNA (16%) and proteins (8.7%) after treatment. Whereas the biofilm-forming strains C. jejuni Y23-5 and C. coli 34-3 isolated from raw chickens and the C. jejuni NCTC11168 reference strain showed no extracellular DNase activity against their own genomic DNA, most biofilm non-forming strains tested, including C. jejuni 2-1, C. coli 34-1, and C. jejuni 63-1, exhibited obvious extracellular DNase activities against their own or 11168 genomic DNA, except for one biofilm non-former, C. jejuni 22-1. Our results suggest that extracellular DNase activity is a common feature suppressing biofilm formation among biofilm non-forming C. jejuni or C. coli strains of chicken origin.

식품 보존 스트레스에서의 식중독세균의 생체막 생성 (Biofilm Formation of Food-borne Pathogens under Stresses of Food Preservation)

  • 이노아;노봉수;박종현
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2006
  • 세균이 외부stress에 대한 자가저항으로 biofilm형성을 하는 것은 식품 뿐만아니라 식품기기등의 세척, 소독등의 식품안전 확보에 많은 어려움을 주게 된다. 본 연구에서는 glass wool과 mlcrotiter plate assay를 이용하여 주요 식중독 세균인 Salmonella, E. coli, B. cereus, S. aureus를 여러가지 식품보존하에서 상해와 biofilm형성 정도를 비교하였다. 이들 세균은 외부의 stress없는 조건하에서도 상해를 받지 않았고 모두 biofilm이 형성되어 glass wool에 부착되었다. Microtiter plate assay에서의 상해별 biofilm형성은 acid stress에서 10%이내의 상해를 받은 E. coli와 약 40%의 상해를 받은 S. aureus에서 높게 나타났다. $4^{\circ}C$의 cold temperature에서는 30-50% 상해를 나타낸 B. cereus와 E. coli가 높은 biofilm 형성을 보였고 cold starvation에서는 다른 stress에 비해 전체적으로 biofilm형성도가 낮은 값으로 측정되었다. 그리고 6% sodium chlorine solution에서 30-55%의 상해를 입은 Salmonella가 높은 biofilm 형성도를 보였다. 그러나 같은 종의 식중독 세균이라도 외부의 stress 대하여 다양한 정도의 biofilm을 생성하는 것으로 보인다. 따라서 식품으로부터 이들 식중독 세균을 제어하기 위해서는 대상식품의 보존환경에 따른 biofilm 형성특성을 고려해야 할 것으로 사료된다.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm, a Programmed Bacterial Life for Fitness

  • Lee, Keehoon;Yoon, Sang Sun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1053-1064
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    • 2017
  • A biofilm is a community of microbes that typically inhabit on surfaces and are encased in an extracellular matrix. Biofilms display very dissimilar characteristics to their planktonic counterparts. Biofilms are ubiquitous in the environment and influence our lives tremendously in both positive and negative ways. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a bacterium known to produce robust biofilms. P. aeruginosa biofilms cause severe problems in immunocompromised patients, including those with cystic fibrosis or wound infection. Moreover, the unique biofilm properties further complicate the eradication of the biofilm infection, leading to the development of chronic infections. In this review, we discuss the history of biofilm research and general characteristics of bacterial biofilms. Then, distinct features pertaining to each stage of P. aeruginosa biofilm development are highlighted. Furthermore, infections caused by biofilms on their own or in association with other bacterial species (i.e., multispecies biofilms) are discussed in detail.

역 유동층 생물막 반응기에서의 생물막 탈착에 관한 연구 (A Study on Biofilm Detachment in an IFBBR)

  • 김동석;박영식
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.263-271
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    • 1994
  • A detachment of biofilm was investigated in an inverse fluidized bed biofilm reactor(IFRBR). The biofilm thickness, 5 and the bioparticle density, Pm were decreased by the increase of Reynolds number, Re and the decrease of biomass concentration, h. The correlations were expressed as $\delta$=6l.6+16.33$b_c$-0.004Re and Ppd=0.3+0.027$b_c$- 2.93x$l0^{-5}$ no by multiple linear regression analysis method. Specific substrate removal rate, q was derived by F/M ratio and biofilm thickness as q=0.44.+0.82F/M-5.Ix10$-4^{$\delta$}$. Specific biofilm detachment rate, bds was influenced by FIM ratio and Reynolds number as $b_{ds}$=-0.26+0.26F/M+ 2.17$\times$$10^{-4}$Re. Specific biofilm deachment rate in an IFBBR was higher than that in a FBRR(fluidized bed biofilm reactor) because of the friction between air bubble and the bioparticles.

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아세트산 처리 황다랑어(Thunnus albacares) 껍질 유래 젤라틴으로 제조한 바이오필름의 물리적 특성 (Physical Properties of Biofilm Manufactured from Gelatin of Yellowfin Tuna Thunnus albacares Skin Treated with Acetic Acid)

  • 김주연;김도형;김선봉
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.591-596
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    • 2011
  • The present study examined the physical properties of biofilms manufactured from yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares skin gelatin with the aim of developing a biofilm from fisheries by-products to replace mammalian sources. The physical properties of biofilms from yellowfin tuna gelatin were compared with those of biofilms from porcine gelatin. The yellowfin tuna gelatin biofilm exhibited higher tensile strength (69.08 MPa) and greater elongation (14.32%) than did porcine gelatin biofilm (50.50 MPa and 10.21%, respectively). The ${\Delta}E$ and YI (yellowness index) Huntercolor values of yellowfin tuna gelatin biofilm were three-fold and 15-fold higher, respectively, than values for porcine gelatin biofilm. The opacity value of yellowfin tuna gelatin biofilm was higher than that of porcine gelatin biofilm. The stability against water of yellowfin tuna gelatin biofilm was lower than that of porcine gelatin biofilm at pH 3 to pH 11. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that the thermal stability of the biofilms was about $270^{\circ}C$ for porcine gelatin biofilm and about $250^{\circ}C$ for yellowfin tuna gelatin biofilm.

아세트산처리 황다랑어(Thunnus albacares) 껍질 유래 젤라틴으로 제조한 바이오필름의 생체 접착 특성 (Bioadhesive Characteristics of Biofilm Manufactured from Gelatin Derived from Acetic Acid-treated Skin of the Yellowfin Tuna Thunnus albacares)

  • 김주연;김도형;문창권;김선봉
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.584-590
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    • 2011
  • This study aimed to demonstrate the bioadhesive characteristics of gelatin biofilm to rat skin. The biofilm was manufactured from gelatin extracted from the acetic acid treated-skin of the yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares. The bioadhesive strength of tuna gelatin biofilm was compared to that of porcine gelatin biofilm. The tuna gelatin biofilm exhibited a higher bioadhesive strength than the porcine gelatin biofilm. Gelatin biofilm was subjected to glutaraldehyde treatment at different concentrations, temperatures and pH in order to improve its bioadhesive strength. Glutaraldehyde treatment improved the bioadhesive strength of gelatin biofilm up to three-fold. The bioadhesive strength of glutaraldehyde treated-biofilm was significantly decreased by application of sodium borohydride.

Biofilm 형성을 위한 Listeria monocytogenes 1421의 배양 조건과 김치에 의한 영향 (Culture Condition for Listeria monocytogenes 1421 Biofilm Formation and the Effect of Kimchi on Biofilm)

  • 김은아;맹소연;성종환;이영근;김한수;김동섭
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.692-696
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    • 2012
  • 식품으로부터 유래되어 치명적인 질병을 유발하는 $Listeria$ $monocytogenes$는 다양한 지지체 위에 biofilm을 형성할 수 있다. 이러한 biofilm은 여러 가지 소독제나 살균과정으로부터 $L.$ $monocytogenes$의 생존력이나 저항성을 증가시켜 준다. 본 연구에서도 $L.$ $monocytogenes$는 다양한 배양용기에서 biofilm을 형성하였으며, BHI를 배지로 하여 $30^{\circ}C$에서 4일 동안 배양하였을 때 최대의 biofilm을 형성하였다. $L.$ $monocytogenes$의 biofilm의 형성에 미치는 김치의 효과를 살펴본 결과 김치를 첨가함에 따라 biofilm의 양이 줄어들기도 하고 늘어나기도 하여, 김치에 따라 다른 영향을 미치는 것으로 여겨졌으며, 이러한 결과는 $L.$ $monocytogenes$의 생육에 미치는 김치의 효과와는 차이가 있었다.

Plant Extracts Inhibiting Biofilm Formation by Streptococcus mutans without Antibiotic Activity

  • Ham, Youngseok;Kim, Tae-Jong
    • 목재공학
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.692-702
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    • 2018
  • Streptococcus mutans causes oral diseases, including tooth decay, by producing a biofilm called plaque. Therefore, inhibition of biofilm formation is essential for maintaining oral health. Plants produce a variety of secondary metabolites, which act as starting sources for the discovery of new bioactive chemicals that inhibit biofilm formation of S. mutans. Previous studies have reported on chemicals with antibiotic activity for the inhibition of biofilm formation by S. mutans. In this study, nine plant extracts from Melonis Pedicellus, Agastachis Herba, Mori Cortex Radicis, Diospyros kaki leaves, Agrimoniae Herba, Polygoni Multiflori Radix, Lycopi Herba, Elsholtziae Herba, and Schizonepetae Spica were screened for the inhibition of biofilm formation from a plant extract library. The water-soluble compounds of the extracts did not affect cell growth but selectively inhibited biofilm formation. These results suggest that the selected plant extracts constitute novel biofilm formation inhibitors, with a novel biological mechanism, for improving oral hygiene.

Isolation of bacteriophages having depolymerase and control of pathogenic E. coli O103 in biofilm on lettuce

  • Park, Dasom;Park, Jong-Hyun
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.604-609
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    • 2019
  • To control pathogenic E. coli in biofilm, bacteriophages were isolated from environmental samples. Seventeen isolates had depolymerase activities by translucent zones at the rims of plaques. To determine biofilm-forming ability, an abiotic plastic surface of polystyrene was used; E. coli O103 showed the highest biofilm formation at 30℃ after 24 h. Moreover, biofilm by E. coli O103 on the biotic surface of lettuce was observed by a scanning electron microscope. The bacteriophage cocktail of ΦNOECP40 and ΦNOECP44 showing depolymerase activities was prepared to eliminate the E. coli inbiofilm. By organic acids, reduction of E. coli in biofilm was insignificant and almost undetectable. However, the abundance of E. coli in biofilm was reduced by 3 log CFU/mL from 7.3 log CFU/mL after 60 min with the bacteriophage cocktail. Therefore, we suggest that bacteriophages with depolymerase could be utilized to effectively control pathogenic E. coli in biofilm.

Quorum sensing 결핍 세균에서 생물막 형성의 시간적 추이 분석 (Time-course Analysis of Biofilm Formation in Quorum Sensing-deficient Bacteria)

  • 김수경;이미난;이준희
    • 미생물학회지
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 2014
  • 녹농균(Pseudomonas aeruginosa)과 비브리오 불니피쿠스균(Vibrio vulnificus)은 그람 음성의 병원균들로써, quorum sensing(QS) 기전을 통해 병원성을 발현하는 세균들이다. 이들 병원균의 감염은 많은 경우 생물막 형성에 의해 매개된다고 알려져 있는데, 이에 본 연구에서는 P. aeruginosa와 V. vulnificus를 대상으로 QS 기전의 유무에 따른 생물막 형성의 시간적 추이를 분석해 보았다. 그 결과 P. aeruginosa의 경우 QS 기전이 결핍된 균주가 야생형에 비해 초기 부착은 더 잘 하였으나, 이후 생물막 구조의 성숙 능력은 야생형에 비해 현저히 떨어짐을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 특성 때문에 야생형과 QS 결핍 균주의 생물막 형성을 시간의 추이에 따라 정량적으로 비교해 보면 초기 10시간 정도 까지는 QS 결핍 균주가 더 많은 생물막을 형성하다가, 이후 야생형이 더 많이 생물막을 형성하는 역전 현상이 관찰되었다. V. vulnificus는 P. aeruginosa와는 달리 QS 결핍 균주가 야생형보다 더 많은 생물막을 형성한다고 보고된 균주이다. 이 균주에서 같은 방식으로 생물막 형성을 조사해 본 결과, 108시간의 장시간 동안에도 항상 QS 결핍 균주가 야생형 보다 더 많은 생물막을 형성하여, 역전 현상은 관찰되지 않았다. 이 결과는 P. aeruginosa의 경우에는 QS 기전이 초기 부착은 저해하는 방향으로, 성숙과정은 촉진시키는 방향으로 작용하며, V. vulnificus에서는 일관되게 생물막 형성을 저해하는 방향으로 작용함을 보여주는 것이다. 따라서 생물막 제어를 위한 타겟으로 QS기전을 이용할 때에는 제어하고자 하는 생물막 형성 단계와 세균 종을 함께 고려하여야 한다고 제안한다.