• Title, Summary, Keyword: biotype

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Biotype, serotype and antibiotics susceptibility of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from zoo animals (동물원(動物園) 야생동물(野生動物)에서 분리(分離)한 Yersinia enterocolitica 의 생물형(生物型), 혈청형(血淸型) 및 항생제(抗生劑) 감수성(感受性))

  • Park, Seog-gee;Youn, En-sun;Kim, En-jung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 1994
  • A study on the isolation of Yersiniae from the feces of wild animals(mammals 376, birds 19 and reptiles 13) in zoo and the biotype and serotype and susceptibility of 12 antibiotics was carried. Out of 408 animals, Yersiniae were isolated from 28 animals(6.9%). Of 28 isolates, 27 isolates(96.4%) were Y. enterocolitica and 1(3.6%) was Y. kristensenii. According to the species, 25(6.6%) of Y. enterocolitica and 1(0.3%) of Y. kristensenii were isolated from 376 mammals, 2(15.4%) of Y. enterocolitica from 13 reptiles but not isolated from 19 birds. According to the eating pattern, 8(5.2%) of Y. enterocolitica were isolated from 155 carnivora, 13(10%) of Y. enterocolitica from 123 herbivora, and 6(4.9%) of Y. enterocolitica and 1(0.8%) of Y. enterocolitica from 123 omnivora. Out of 27 isolates of Y. enterocolitica, all were biotype 1. And predominant serotype was 0:21(40.7%), and 0:5(37.0%), 0:6(11.1%), 0:1(3.7%), 0:9(3.7%) and untypable(3.7%). Yersiniae isolated from zoo animals were resistant to cephalothin(100%), ampicillin(96.4%), carbenicillin(96.4%) and tetracycline(14.3%) and streptomycin(3.6%) and susceptible to chloramphenicol(100%), colistin(100%), gentamicin(100%), kanamycin(100%), nalidixic acid(100%), polymyxin B(100%) and tobramycin(100%). The predominant multiple resistance pattern was Am-Cf-Cb(82.1%), and Am-Cf-Cb-Te(10.7%) and Am-Cf-Cb-Te-Sm(3.7%).

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Development of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lungens Sta$\{aa}$l, Biotypes and Their Hybrid Progenies Fed on Different Cultivars of Rice with Various Resistance Gene and Damage of Different Rice Cultivars (벼멸구 생태형의 교잡종별 발육 및 수도 품종별 피해)

  • 최주수;박영도
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 1997
  • Some attempts were made to investigate the gentic characteristics of the brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Sta${\aa}$l, biotypes. In terms of egg and nymphal periods, egg hatcgability, emergence ratio, and population change of BPH and plant damage of rice cultivars by the infestation of BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies in field conditions. The egg and nymphal periods of the three of BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies on Dongjinbyeo with no resistance gene were shorter than on rice cultivars with resistance gene. But the periods of biotype-2(♀) X 2(♂) (E) on Samgangbyeo with Bph-1 gene and biotype-3(♀) X 3(♂)(I) on Mirying 63 with bph-2 gene were as short as on Dongjinbyeo. The egg hatchability and emergence ratio of the three Bph biotypes and their hybrid progenies on Dongjinbyeo were higher than on the other rice cultivars, and those of E on Samgangbyeo and I on Miryang 63 were as high as on Dongjinbyeo. In rice paddy field, biotype-1(♀) X 1(♂)(A)$\sim$I infested on Dongjinbyeo, E onSamgangbyeo, and I on Miryang 63 were increased their population densities remarkably in next generation. Dongjinbyeo infested by A$\sim$I, and Myryang 63 infested by I were hopperburned at 60 days after infestation and had a damage rating of 0.9. But Samgangbyeo infested by E was no hopperburn(damage rating: 7.3) though it showed high BPH population at 60 days after infestation.

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Variations in Leg Characters Among Three Biotypes of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal), in Korea (한국산 벼멸구 생태형의 계량형태적 분류)

  • ;R. C. Saxena;A. A. Barrion
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.68-75
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    • 1993
  • Morphometric investigations of the leg characters of both sexes of brachypterous Korean N. lugens biotypes were made. Simple and multivariate statistical analyses revealed that the three N. lugens biotypes differed from one another. The amount of variation and segregation between and among the three biotype populations were approximated by the scatter plot diagrams based on the computed discriminant scores. The variables of leg characters provided the most significant segregations of three biotype populations, thus, categorizing the three biotypes as distinct intraspecific populations of N. lugens.

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Classification of the Three Korean Biotypes of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens(Stal), By Morphological Variation (한국산 벼멸구 생태형의 형태적 분류)

  • ;;R. C. Saxena;A. A. Barrion
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.317-322
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    • 1993
  • Morphological investigations of the abdominal lateral lobes in females and the unguitractor p plates in the tarsi of legs in male and female N. lugens among the three Korean N. lugeηs bio-types revealed that the three biotypes varied from one another. The presence of a distinct ‘cut’ on the lateral lobes in brachypterous females distinguished Biotype 2 from Biotypes 1 and 3. The highest frequency of inserted unguitractor plates in fore-and mid-tarsal segments was exhibited by Biotype 2 in both sexes of each morphs.

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Effective Herbicides for Control of Sulfonylurea-Resistant Monochoria vaginalis in Paddy Field

  • Kuk, Yong-In;Kwon, Oh-Do
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.286-291
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    • 2003
  • Monochoria vaginalis is one of the most troublesome resistant weeds in Korean rice culture. Thus, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the response of M. vaginalis resistant to sulfonylurea(SU) herbicides and to determine alternative herbicides for the control of resistant M. vaginalis in direct seeded and transplanted rice culture in Korea. In greenhouse studies, the resistant biotype was 31-, 38-, 3172-, and 7-fold more resistant to ben-sulfuron-methyl, cyclosulfamuron, imazosulfuron, and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, respectively, than the susceptible biotype, indicating cross-resistance to the SU herbicides used in this study. Non-SU herbicides, butachlor, carfentrazone-ethyl, mefenacet, pretilachlor, pyrazolate, and thiobencarb, several SU herbicide-based mixtures, ethoxysulfuron plus fentrazamide, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl plus pyrazolate plus simetryn, and non-SU herbicide-based mixtures, pyrazolate plus butachlor, pyrazolate plus pretilachlor, simetryn plus molinate, carfentrazone-ethyl plus butachlor, and carfentrazone-ethyl plus thiobencarb can be used to control both the resistant and susceptible biotypes of M. vaginalis when applied before the second leaf stage. In the field experiment, the resistant biotype of M. vaginalis that survived from the paddy fields treated with a SU herbicide-based mixture could effectively be controlled by using mixtures of bentazone plus MCPA, bentazone plus mecoprop-P, and bentazone plus 2,4-D when applied at 2 or 4 main leaves. Our results suggest that the SU-resistant M. vaginalis had not developed multiple resistances to herbicides with different modes of action. In particular, bentazone plus MCPA and bentazone plus mecoprop-P were effective control measures after failure to control resistant M. vaginalis in Korean rice culture.

Serotype and biotypes of Salmonella strains isolated from pigeons and aquatic birds (비둘기와 수생조류(水生鳥類)에서 분리(分離)한 Salmonella속균(屬菌)의 혈청형(血淸型) 및 생물형(生物型))

  • Park, No-chan;Choi, Won-pil;Lee, Hi-suk
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.193-201
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    • 1990
  • An attempt was made to isolate Salmonella(S) organisms from a total of 4,587 fecal samples of birds during the period from May 1987 to March 1988, and serotype and biotypes of the isolates were also investigated. One hundred and sixty-six Salmonella strains were isolated from 151(3.3%) of 4,587 fecal samples of birds, and their serotype was all identified as S typhimurium var copenhagen. The positive samples of S typhimurium var copenhagen were 149 samples(5.1%) in pigeons and 2 samples (0.8%) in aquatic birds. No Salmonella was obtained from ducks, pheasant, and other birds. The isolation frequencies of S typhimurium var copenhagen from pigeons varied from 1.1 to 12.8% at 5 parks, it was higher in September and November. Biotypes of 166 S typhimurium var copenhagen strains isolated from pigeons and aquatic birds were all biotype 10 according to Brandis' method, and were biotype 25hi (78.3%), 27 hi (14.5%), 25 fhi (3.6%), 25 bhi (1.8%), 27 bhi (0.6%), 27 hiz (0.6%), and 9 hi (0.6%) according to Duguid's scheme. Appearance of different biotypes indicated the occurrence of exotic infection sources on the parks.

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The significance of soft tissue for maintenance of prosthesis (보철 건강유지를 위한 연조직의 중요성)

  • Kim, Ok-Su
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.48 no.9
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    • pp.664-669
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    • 2010
  • All prosthetic and restorative therapies require a healthy periodontium as a prerequisite for success. Understanding of the concepts of periodontal-restrorative interaction, especially with regard to interactions at the gingival margin is important. The aim of this article gives the information about the essential considering factor for successful prosthesis; biologic width, periodontal biotype, width of attached gingiva, margin of restoration. If a restorative margin must be extended below the gingival margin, it is critical that adequate band of attached gingiva is present, the margin does not violate the biologic width, the margin is closed and properly finished.

Characterization of a salicylate-degrading strain of pseudomonas putida (Salicylate를 생분해하는 pseudomonas putida의 특성)

  • 홍순우;하영칠;이계준;배경숙
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 1986
  • Eight strains of the bacteria capable of growing on salicylate as the sole carbon source were isolated form soil and river water. Three of these isolates were identified as Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (AcBl), Pseuomonas putida biotype B (PpB2), and P. putida biotype A (PpB3). Effects of temperature, pH and C source concentration on biodegradation of salicylate by PpB3 were wxamined. The optimum conditions were as follows; $30^{\circ}C$ for temperature, 7.0 for pH, and 10mM for C source concentration. Ultraviolet scanning spectrum of the salicylate was measured. The spectrum has two peaks at 225nm and 292nm. The spectra of the culture filtrates indicate that ring degradation of salicylate is accomplished.

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