• Title/Summary/Keyword: blockchain

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Introducing Contemporary Blockchain Platforms

  • Alrumaih, Malak Suliman
    • International Journal of Computer Science & Network Security
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2021
  • Blockchain and its infrastructure technology have expanded rapidly in the last decade and are in high demand, but there is a lack of comprehensive studies on those platforms. Blockchain is a new technology based on the distributed digital ledger system. Decentralized trust is one of the key factors behind the blockchain-based system. Transparency of such a system is better than a conventional centralized ledger system. By using a blockchain-based transaction system, any business organization can harness key benefits like data integrity, confidentiality, and anonymity without involving any third party in control of the transactions. Since the blockchain is used in numerous applications and the horizon is expanding at an unprecedented pace. So, there is a need for an introducing and reviewing of blockchain platforms. In this paper, we have reported a review on existing contemporary blockchain platforms. In particular, From the existing studies, we have identified eighty blockchain platforms and the majority of them have a lack of technical details. To provide the researchers a comprehensive introducing on blockchain platforms to perform a broad guideline for future research and investment in the blockchain domain.

A Blockchain Application for Personal health information: Focusing on Private Block Scheme (개인 의료정보 보호를 위한 블록체인 적용 방안: 프라이빗 블록 스킴을 중심으로)

  • Kwon, HyukJun;Kim, Hyeob;Choi, Jaewon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.119-131
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, I research the issue of information security for medical information system of each parties. The outflow of the Personal medical information can lead to problems of medical systems and disadvantage to an individual. In this paper, we research the information security based on a blockchain. In addition, I have analyzed blockchain. I suggest a medical information system framework that can help to keep the privacy of patients by using a blockchain network. Also, In this paper try to explain using private blockchain for medical system. Blockchain can keep the integrity and transparency of the medical records. This research, shows how can build the private blockchain for medical records and how to get the integrity of Data from Private Blockchain and Distuributed Ledger Technology.

Application and Policy Direction of Blockchain in Logistics and Distribution Industry (물류 및 유통산업의 블록체인 활용과 정책 방향)

  • Kim, Ki-Heung;Shim, Jae-Hyun
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study is to subdivide trade transaction-centered structure in a logistics/distribution industry system to apply blockchain, to establish and resolve with which types of technology, and to provide policy direction of government institution and technology to apply blockchain in this kind of industry. Research design, data, and methodology - This study was conducted with previous researches centered on cases applied in various industry sectors on the basis of blockchain technology. Results - General fields of blockchain application include digital contents distribution, IoT platform, e-Commerce, real-estate transaction, decentralized app. development(storage), certification service, smart contract, P2P network infrastructure, publication/storage of public documents, smart voting, money exchange, payment/settlement, banking security platform, actual asset storage, stock transaction and crowd funding. Blockchain is being applied in various fields home and abroad and its application cases can be explained in the banking industry, public sector, e-Commerce, medical industry, distribution and supply chain management, copyright protection. As examined in the blockchain application cases, it is expected to establish blockchain that can secure safety through distributed ledger in trade transaction because blockchain is established and applied in various sectors of industries home and abroad. Parties concerned of trade transaction can secure visibility even in interrupted specific section when they provide it as a base for distributed ledger application in trade and establish trade transaction model by applying blockchain. In case of interrupted specific section by using distributed ledger, blockchain model of trade transaction needs to be formed to make it possible for parties concerned involved in trade transaction to secure visibility and real-time tracking. Additionally, management should be possible from the time of contract until payment, freight transfer to buyers through land, air and maritime transportation. Conclusions - In order to boost blockchain-based logistics/distribution industry, the government, institutionally, needs to back up adding legal plan of shipping, logistics and distribution, reviewing standardization of electronic switching system and coming up with blockchain-based industrial road maps. In addition, the government, technologically, has to support R&D for integration with other high technology, standardization of distribution industry's blockchain technology and manpower training to expand technology development.

A Study on Predicting Cryptocurrency Distribution Prices Using Machine Learning Techniques (머신러닝 기법을 활용한 암호화폐 유통 가격 예측 연구)

  • KIM, Han-Min;KIM, Hoik
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: Blockchain technology suggests ways to solve the problems in the existing industry. Among them, Cryptocurrency system, which is an element of Blockchain technology, is a very important factor for operating Blockchain. While Blockchain cryptocurrency has attracted attention, studies on cryptocurrency prices have been mainly conducted, however previous studies mainly conducted on Bitcoin prices. On the other hand, in the context of the creation and trading of various cryptocurrencies based on the Blockchain system, little research has been done on cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin. Hence, this study attempts to find variables related to the prices of Dash, Litecoin, and Monero cryptocurrencies using machine learning techniques. We also attempt to find differences in the variables related to the prices for each cryptocurrencies and to examine machine learning techniques that can provide better performance. Research design, data, and methodology: This study performed Dash, Litecoin, and Monero price prediction analysis of cryptocurrency using Blockchain information and machine learning techniques. We employed number of transactions in Blockchain, amount of generated cryptocurrency, transaction fees, number of activity accounts in Blockchain, Block creation difficulty, block size, umber of created blocks as independent variables. This study tried to ensure the reliability of the analysis results through 10-fold cross validation. Blockchain information was hierarchically added for price prediction, and the analysis result was measured as RMSE and MAPE. Results: The analysis shows that the prices of Dash, Litecoin and Monero cryptocurrency are related to Blockchain information. Also, we found that different Blockchain information improves the analysis results for each cryptocurrency. In addition, this study found that the neural network machine learning technique provides better analysis results than support-vector machine in predicting cryptocurrency prices. Conclusion: This study concludes that the information of Blockchain should be considered for the prediction of the price of Dash, Litecoin, and Monero cryptocurrency. It also suggests that Blockchain information related to the price of cryptocurrency differs depending on the type of cryptocurrency. We suggest that future research on various types of cryptocurrencies is needed. The findings of this study can provide a theoretical basis for future cryptocurrency research in distribution management.

Blockchain Technology and Application

  • Lee, Sae Bom;Park, Arum;Song, Jaemin
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2021
  • Blockchain is designed to collect and store the data recorded on the network in one block unit, and is connected and stored back and forth, and its form is similar to how the blocks are connected, so it is called a blockchain. Many companies are trying to popularize blockchain-based services at home and abroad, and blockchains are used in various industries. This study introduces the technical characteristics of the blockchain and deals with application services utilizing the blockchain. Introducing 5 types of blockchain architecture and core technologies and introducing blockchain application services that are used in payment services, blockchain service networks, blockchain real estate platforms, identity verification, cryptocurrency, diamond distribution path tracking, and blog information recording. do. It is expected to increase the understanding of the blockchain and provide usefulness in future blockchain research and service development.

Towards on blockchain standardization including blockchain as a service

  • Lee, Kangchan
    • Journal of Security Engineering
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2017
  • Blockchain can be used to record transaction data and act as an encrypted and immutable digital history of anything from cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum. This paper introduces blockchain technology, standardization, and its relationship with cloud computing. Also, it provides the considerations for blockchain as a service as a new standard.

A Study on the Effect of Blockchain on Personal Information Protection

  • Kim, Seong-Kyu (Steve)
    • Journal of Multimedia Information System
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, Blockchain is mentioned as the next-generation core IT technology. As an immature technology, there are not many practical use cases, but it is expected to be widely applied in various industries such as cryptocurrency, finance, public, etc. to increase efficiency and enable new services that did not exist in the past. Nevertheless, the generalization of blockchain technology is still difficult. In particular, from the viewpoint of personal information protection, GDPR of Europe, etc., is becoming stronger. Considering that the core of the blockchain is the change of information sharing and processing method, it is very important how the blockchain can affect, especially from the viewpoint of privacy, and how the Privacy Act can be applied to the blockchain. However, the discussion on this part also seems to be insufficient. Therefore, in this paper, blockchain By analyzing the implications and implications of technologies and services using them from the perspective of the Privacy Act, we will discuss how the blockchain will be used to prevent leakage of privacy.

A Study on Adoption and Policy Direction of Blockchain Technology in Financial Industry (금융분야의 블록체인기술 활용과 정책방향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jeong Kuk;Kim, Injai
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2017
  • The financial industry recently introduces several issues for utilizing the blockchain technology as the core infrastructure of future finance. Blockchain, first introduced as the underlying technology of Crypto-currencies, Bitcoin is a technology that can ensure the integrity and reliability of data by verifying, recording, and storing data jointly in the network without a central administration organization or a manager. This blockchain has its potential power as a technology for issuing digital currencies, providing transparency, and securing record management, that is expected to be useful in the financial sector. At the same time, considering the characteristics of financial transactions which emphasize privacy, questions are raised about whether a blockchain structure in which information is distributed and shared among participants can be successful. How will we support to implement the potential of the blockchain in order to change the paradigm of the financial industry? How can we manage the side effects of blockchain effectively? Such a policy discussion is necessary. This study introduces the meaning of the blockchain technology, various utilization attempts, and possible problems facing technology from the viewpoint of financial industry, and suggests a policy direction for utilizing this technology as a catalyst to the progress of the financial industry or as a new technology power.

A Review of Concepts, Advantages and Pitfalls of Healthcare Applications in Blockchain Technology

  • Al-asmari, Aisha M.;Aloufi, Rahaf I.;Alotaibi, Youseef
    • International Journal of Computer Science & Network Security
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.199-210
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    • 2021
  • Recently, research in blockchain technology has grown in popularity. Most of these researches have pointed out designing and improving conceptual structures to create digital systems that are more secure, accessible, and effective. Although blockchain offers a wide range of advantages, it also has some pitfalls. This research aims to present an understanding of the properties of blockchain, the advantages, pitfalls, and applications based on blockchain technology. To achieve the goal of understanding blockchain technology concepts, a systematic literature review approach was introduced. 93 papers were chosen and reviewed in total. Therefore, this research provides a summary of recent studies that have been published in the field of blockchain. Moreover, we have created concept maps and tables that aid in a deep understanding of blockchain technology concepts and exhibit some of the blockchain applications. In blockchain-based applications, we focused on two areas, namely the Internet of Things (IoT) and healthcare.

HyperCerts : Privacy-Enhanced OTP-Based Educational Certificate Blockchian System (HyperCerts : 개인정보를 고려한 OTP 기반 디지털 졸업장 블록체인 시스템)

  • Jung, Seung Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.987-997
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    • 2018
  • Blockchain has tamper-free, so many applications are developing to leverage tamper-free features of blockchain. MIT Media Labs proposed BlockCerts, educational certificate blockchain System, to solve problems of legacy certificate verifications. Existing educational certificate blockchain Systems are based on public blockchain such as bitcoin, Ethereum, so any entity can participate educational institute in principal. Moreover, the exisitng educational certricate blockchain system utilizes the integrity of blockchain, but the confidentiality of the educational certificate is not provided. This paper propose a digital certificate system based on private blockchain, name HyperCerts. Therefore, only trusted entity can participate in the private blockchain network, Hyperledger, as the issuer of digital certificate. Furthermore, the practical byzantine fault tolerance is used as consensus algorithm, HyperCerts reduce dramatically the latency of issuing digital certificate and required computing power. HyperCerts stores the hash value of digital certificate into the ledger, so breach of personal information by malicious entity in the private blockchain is protected.