• Title, Summary, Keyword: blood composition

Search Result 805, Processing Time 0.033 seconds

The Effect of Brisk Walking Exercise Program on Body Composition, Blood Pressure, Blood Glucose and Blood Lipid for Middle-aged Woman with Obesity (걷기 프로그램이 비만 중년여성의 체성분, 혈압, 혈당 및 혈중지질에 미치는 효과)

  • Hyoung, Hee-Kyoung;Kim, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.62-68
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to test the effect of the 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program on body composition, blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid for middle-aged woman with obesity. Method: The subject were 25 obese women in 40-64 yr old who were composed of over 30% body fat. For the analysis, descriptive statistics, paired t-test were used for statical analysis with SPSS 15.0. Result: The results were summarized as follows: first, the body weight, body mass index (BMI), % body fat of the obese woman were significantly decreased after implementing the 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program (p<.5). Second, the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood glucose were significantly decreased after the 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program (p<.5). Third, the serum cholesterol was significantly decreased (p<.05) but serum triglyceride was not significantly decreased the after 12 weeks brisk walking exercise program. Conclusion: These results suggest that the brisk walking exercise program has an effect on decreasing body weight, BMI, percent body fat, blood pressure and serum cholesterol in middle-aged woman with obesity to reduce obesity and prevent chronic disease.

  • PDF

The Effect of Combined Training at Different Times of Day on Body Composition, Plasma Lipids, Stress Hormones and Nutrient Intakes (하루 중 다른 시간대에 실시한 복합 트레이닝이 신체조성, 혈중지질, 스트레스 호르몬 및 영양소 섭취량에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Young;Kim, Si-Young;Jun, Tae-Won
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.143-151
    • /
    • 2006
  • Regular exercise training improves body composition, blood lipid profiles and exercise adaptation. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of exercise training at different times of day on body composition, blood lipids, stress hormones and nutrient intakes. Twenty four male graduate students carried out this experiment. The subjects were divided into three groups; morning exercise group, evening exercise group and control group. Two exercise groups performed running and muscular resistance training at mid intensity for 12 week periods. Body composition, blood lipid profiles, blood cortisol, ACTH and nutrient intakes were analyzed prior to, midway and after training. There were significant differences about interaction between different exercise times and training periods in plasma TG and HDL-C of the evening exercise training (p < 0.05). Also the evening exercise group was showed the decreasing of TC after training (p < 0.05). No significant differences about interaction between different exercise times and training periods were shown in body composition, stress hormones and nutrient intakes in the three groups. But evening exercise training decreased body fat ($\%$) and blood ACTH (p < 0.05). Also the increasing of carbohydrate intakes was shown by the evening exercise training (p < 0.05). In contrast, morning exercise group indicated a decrease of body fat ($\%$) after 6 week training (p < 0.05), but this effect was not maintained after 12 weeks of training. These results suggested that regular evening exercise is more effect than morning exercise from the viewpoint of improving body composition, blood lipids, nutrient intakes and exercise adaptation.

The Effects of Group Walking Exercise Program on Body Composition, Blood Lipids and Psychological Factors (집단 걷기운동이 여성의 체성분, 혈중지질 및 심리적인 요인에 미치는 효과)

  • Ko, Young-Aie;Hwang, In-Young;Baek, Hee-Chong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.38-45
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a group walking exercise program on body composition, blood lipids and psychological factors at a community. Method: The subjects were 200 women(29 groups) who agreed to participate in group walking exercise for three months. Their ages ranged between 30 to 77 years. A simple walking exercise protocol was given to the participants, which was to do walking over three times a week and over thirty minutes each time. We compared the participants' body composition (BMI, PBF, BFM, FFM, WHR and VFA), blood lipids (HDL C, LDL C, total cholesterol, triglyceride) and exercise-self efficacy, self esteem, and quality of life before and after group walking. Collected data were analyzed through paired t test using the SAS program. Results: BMI. PBF, BFM, WHR, and VFA were significantly reduced (p<.01). However. FFM did not increase significantly (p=.416). There were significant changes in TC and TG (p<.01) but not in LDL C (P=.340). HDL C decreased but within the normal range. Exercise-self efficacy and quality of life did not increase significantly. Only self esteem increased significantly (p<.0001). Conclusion: Group walking exercise had positive effects on body composition, blood lipid and self esteem in community women.

  • PDF

Studies on Variation of Blood Composition in Course of Pregnancy of Holstein Cows (Holstein종 유우의 임신기에 따르는 혈액성상의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Han Bang Keun
    • Journal of the korean veterinary medical association
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.195-202
    • /
    • 1979
  • Samples of blood from 264 health adult Holstein cows were examined to determine the variation of blood composition during pregnancy and early lactation. The animals were selected from herds in Jeonnam area. The results were summarized as below: 1. The num

  • PDF

Body Composition, Blood Pressure, Blood Lipids, and Glucose according to Obesity Degree by Body Fat Percentage in Female University Students (여대생의 체지방률분류 비만도에 따른 체성분, 혈압, 혈중지질 및 혈당)

  • Jang, Eun Hee;Park, Young Rye
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.231-238
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate body composition, blood pressure, blood lipids, and glucose according to obesity degree by body fat percentage in female university students. Methods: A total of 231 subjects were participated between July and December 2010. The anthropometric measures and blood analyzer were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS 18.0. Results: Percentage of body fat (PBF)-defined obesity had higher prevalence than body mass index (BMI)-defined obesity. Weight, BMI, PBF, fat mass, Waist to hip ratio (WHR), Systolic blood pressure (SBP), Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in obesity group were higher than normal group and Soft lean mass and Low density lipoprotein (LDL) in obesity group were lower than normal group. There were significant correlations between PFB, SBP, DBP, Triglyceride (TC), High density lipoprotein (HDL), and LDL. Conclusion: In conclusion, when screening for obesity in female university students, body fat should be considered. It is needed to develop obesity management program according to obesity degree and to identify the effectiveness.

Effect of Feeding of Conjugated Linoleic Acid(CLA) and Coumarin on the Biochemical Composition of Velvet Antler and Blood Serum in Spotted Deer(Cervus nippon) (Conjugated Linoleic Acid(CLA)와 Coumarin의 첨가가 꽃사슴 녹용 및 혈액의 생화학적 성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, B.T.;Jung, J.H.;Lee, S.M.;Moon, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.429-438
    • /
    • 2005
  • This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of feeding CLA and coumarin on the changes of biochemical composition of velvet antler and blood serum in spotted deer (Cervus nippon). There were no significant differences between treatments in crude protein, crude fiber, and crude ash contents of velvet antler. The content of fatty acid did not differ between treatments, although there were significant differences (P<0.05) in C16:0 and C20:0. The content of collagen was significantly higher (P<0.05) in control than those in CLA and coumarin treatments. There were no significant differences between treatments in the contents of amino acids. Some constituents of blood showed much differences in comparison of pre and post-experiment for all treatments. Feeding of CLA and coumarin was not influential on the chemical composition of velvet antler and blood serum.

The Effect Of Music Rope-skipping On Body Composition and Health Related Blood Components Of Middle School Students (음악줄넘기 운동이 남녀중학생의 신체조성과 건강관련 혈액성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Koon-Soo;Kim, Yong-Jae
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.734-744
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study has examined the effect of music Rope-skipping on body composition and health related blood components of middle school students. The experiment has been performed for 12 weeks, varying the exercise intense depending on preliminary stage, elementary and intermediate stage and conclusion is as follows based on the change in body composition, blood components related to health before and after the experiment. All males and females showed decreased, but there were no statistically different in body fat mass and body fat percentage. Fat-free mass of males showed decreased and females had an increased, but there were no statistically different. Regarding body-mass index of males and females were on the decreased, but there were no statistically different. As for hematocrit of males and females statistically grew by about 4.53%(p<.05). The number of erythrocyte and leukocyte in males and females showed increased, but there were no statistically difference. Concerning hemoglobin of males and females showed a increased(p<.01). The number of thrombocyte of males and females were on the increased, but there were no statistically different. Cholesterol in males and females were on the decreased, but it was not statistically different. Blood glucose of males and females were on the decreased(p<.05).

Changes of the Blood Composition of Periparturient Cows in Relation to Time of Day

  • Toharmat, T.;Nonaka, I.;Shimizu, M.;Kume, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.12 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1111-1115
    • /
    • 1999
  • In order to determine the appropriate sampling time for blood metabolites of periparturient cows, the changes of the blood composition in relation to time of day were evaluated in sixteen multiparous Holstein cows at 1 wk prepartum, 1 and 6 d postpartum. Blood samples were collected at 08:30, 10:00, 15:30 and 17:00 h in each sampling day, and the sampling times at 08:30 and 15:30 h were prior to feeding. The rectal temperature of cows increased gradually from 08:30, to 17:00 h, but blood Hct and Hb decreased constantly. Plasma non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentration at 08:30 h was two-fold higher than those at 10:00, 15:30 and 17:00 h from 1 wk prepartum to 6 d postpartum, and the value was maximum at 1 d postpartum. The highest plasma urea-N was observed at 10:00 h from 1 wk prepartum to 6 d postpartum. Plasma glucose and total protein were not affected by sampling time. The data indicated that blood samples of periparturient cows should be collected before morning feeding for the diagnosis of energy status, because plasma NEFA was the highest before morning feeding.

Relation between Obesity Pattern Identification and Metabolic Parameters in Overweight and Obese Women (과체중 및 비만 여성에서 한방비만변증에 따른 체성분 및 대사관련 지표의 상관성)

  • Song, Miyoung;Kim, Hojun;Lee, Myeong-Jong
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.24-28
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives: We conducted this study to analysis obesity pattern and obesity related blood parameters. Methods: A total of 64 overweight and obese (body mass index [BMI] ${\geq}23cm/kg^2$) women who had no other disease was recruited. Body composition and obesity related blood parameters were measured. Also subjects were given and filled out the Obesity pattern identification questionnaire. We analyzed the differences of body composition and blood parameters and measured correlations of BMI and blood parameters in each obesity pattern. Results: The distribution of obesity pattern was liver depression (35.6%), food accumulation (47.5%) and deficiency (pi and yang deficiency, 22.0%), in order. There were no significant differences age, body composition and obesity related blood parameters between obesity patterns. BMI and obesity related blood parameters, however, showed significant correlations depending on obesity patterns. Conclusions: We concluded that correlations between BMI and obesity related blood parameters were differed depending on obesity patterns.

Association between Nutrients Intake and Nutritional Status in Young Men

  • Kim, Bo-Young;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.83-88
    • /
    • 2000
  • The association between nutrient intake and nutritional status was investigated with anthropometric measurements, body composition and blood biochemical indices in 56 healthy young men fed balanced diet for two years. Compared with Korean recommended dietary allowances (Korean RDA), all nutrient intakes were adequate. Height and body weight were significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) positively correlated to the intakes of energy, protein, sodium, potassium vitamin A and vitamin $B_1$. The lean weight was significantly (p < .001 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, protein, sodium, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin B$_1$. niacin and vitamin C. The skinfold thickness of triceps and suprailiac was significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, sodium, potassium, but that of thigh was not correlated. The significant correlations neither between nutrient intake and blood biochemical indices nor between nutrient intake and blood pressure were shown. These results suggest that nutritional status as anthropometric indices and body composition is associated with nutrient intake in young healthy adults on balanced diet, however, the nutritional status as blood biochemical indices of active people is neither endangered nor improved in comparison with less active ones.

  • PDF