• Title/Summary/Keyword: blood flow

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Local blood flow in acute respiratory and metabolic acid-base distrubances in dog (급성산-염기 균형장해때의 국소 혈류량 변화)

  • Kim, Sam-Hyeon;Lee, Yeong-Gyun;Kim, U-Gyeom
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 1984
  • The influences of acute respiratory and metabolic acid-base disturbances on the carotid, renal and coronary blood flow were measured in dogs. Respiratory acidosis was induced by artificial respiration with 8% CO2 -02 gas mixture and respiratory alkalosis was induced by hyperventilation under the control of respirator. Metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis were induced by intravenous infusion of 0.3N hydrochloric acid and 0.6M sodium bicarbonate solution. To observe the effect of hyperkalemia, isotonic potassium chloride solution was infused. CVI electromagnetic flowmeter probes were placed on the left common carotid artery, left renal artery and left circumflex coronary artery. Each flow was recorded on polygraph. 1. The carotid blood flow showed rapid showed rapid and marked increase in acute respiratory acidosis. Even in the cases when arterial blood pressure was lowered during the state of respiratory acidosis, carotid blood flow increased. By the infusion of hydrochloric acid, carotid blood flow increased slowly and returned to the previous label after discontinuation of the infusion. Carotid blood flow also increased by the infusion of large amount of sodium bicarbonate, but it might be the combined effect of expansion of extracellular fluid and compensatory elevation of carbon dioxide tension. 2.The renal blood flow remained unchanged during the acute acid-base disturbances, suggesting effective autoregulation. Renal blood flow, however, increased very slowly when the infusion of potassium chloride continued for a long period. 3.Although less marked than the carotid blood flow, the coronary blood flow increased in the acute respiratory and metabolic acidosis. In asphyxiated condition, coronary blood flow increased most markedly and this might be the combined effect of hypoxia, hypercapnea, and lowering of pH. In summary, the carotid blowflow showed more marked change in the acute respiratory and metabolic acidosis than the renal and coronary blood flow. Respiratory and metabolic components of acid-base disturbances may influence the local blood flow concomitantly, there being more differences in the individual responses, but respiratory component manifested more rapid and marked effect than metabolic component.

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Dynamics of Facial Subcutaneous Blood Flow Recovery in Post-stress Period

  • Sohn, Jin-Hun;Estate M. Sokhadze;Lee, Kyung-Hwa;Lee, Jong-Mi;Park, Mi-Kyung;Park, Ji-Yeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.62-68
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    • 2000
  • The aim of the study was to compare effects of music and white noise on the recovery of facial blood flow parameters after stressful visual stimulation. Twenty-nine subjects participated in the experiment. Three visual stimulation sessions with aversive slides (the IAPS, disgust category) were followed by subjectively "pleasant" (in the first session), "sad" music (in the second ), and white noise (in the third ). Order of sessions was counterbalanced. Blood flow parameters (peak blood flow, blood flow velocity, blood volume) were recorded by Laser Doppler single-crystal system (LASERFLO BPM 403A) interfaced through BIOPAC 100WS with AcqKnowledge software (v.3.5) and analyzed in off-line mode. Aversive visual stimulation itself decreased blood flow and velocity in all 3 sessions. Both "pleasant" and "sad" music led to the restoration of baseline levels in all blood flow parameters, while noise did not enhance recovery process. Music on post-stress recovery had significant change in peak blood flow and blood flow velocity, but not in blood volume measures. Pleasant music had bigger effects on post-stress recovery in peak blood flow and flow velocity than white noise. It reveals that music exerted positive modulatory effects on facial vascular activity measures during recovery from negative emotional state elicited by stressful slides. Results partially support the undoing hypothesis of Levenson (1994), which states that positive emotions may facilitate process of recovery from negative emotions.

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A laser Doppler study of gingival blood flow change following periosteal stimulation (골막 자극 후 Laser Doppler Flowmetry를 이용한 치은혈류량 변화)

  • Lee, Ji-Young;Kim, Byung-Ock
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2003
  • The roots of teeth exposed by gingival recession, may be successfully covered by various type of gingival grafting procedures. Vascularization of the recipient site is an essential determinant of the grafts' survival during the first healing stages. It has been suggested that a procedure by which they stimulate the periosteum presurgically will induce the proliferation of neo-endothelium in the site to be operated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the variations in the gingival blood flow during 4weeks after periosteal stimulation in patient scheduled to receive gingival grafts and to compare variations in the gingival blood flow between smoker and non-smoker. Laser Doppler Flowmetry(floLAB(R), Moor Instruments Ltd, England ; wave length = 780mm. Max. power =l.6mW) was used to measure the gingival blood flow. 112 sites of 68 male patients (32 smokers and 36 non-smoker), aged between 23 and 48 years (smoker : 24-44 years. mean=32.6, non-smoker : 23-48 years, mean=28.5) were monitored for the blood flow. Gingival blood flow measured at before periosteal stimulation, 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-weeks after periosteal stimulation from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. The difference of blood flow in each measuring time, each measuring site and between smokers and non-smokers were statistically analyzed by MANOVA. The results were as follows : (1) Blood flow stayed increased for 2 weeks, and then, it was a tendency to decrease(p<0.05). (2) There was no statistically significant difference of blood flow change between smokers and non-smokers. (3)The blood flow at middle site had lower than mesial and distal site during the measuring periods(p<0.05). The present study suggested that blood flow change following periosteal stimulation was significant difference, thus periosteal stimulation before gingival graft might induce favorable results in gingival recession patient.

3D Visualization System of Blood Flow Reconstructed using Curvature Estimation (곡률 추정을 이용하여 재건된 혈류의 3차원 가시화 시스템)

  • Kwon, Oh-Seo;Yoon, Joseph;Kim, Young-Bong
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.224-232
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    • 2016
  • The methodology to visualize the shape of blood vessel and its blood flow have been attracting as a very interesting problem to forecast and examinate a disease in thrombus precursor protein. May previous visualization researches have been appeared for designing the blood vessel and also modeling the blood flow using a doppler imaging technique which is one of nondestructive testing techniques. General visualization methods are to depict the blood flow obtained from doppler effects with fragmentary stream lines and also visualize the blood flow model using volume rendering. However, these visualizeation techniques have the disadvantage which a set of small line segments does not give the overall observation of blood flows. Therefore, we propose a visualization system which reconstruct the continuity of the blood flow obtained from doppler effects and also visualize the blood flow with the vector field of blood particles. This system will use doppler phase difference from medical equipments such as OCT with low penetration and reconstruct the blood flow by the curvature estimation from vector field of each blood particle.

Estimation of portal blood flow using pulsed doppler ultrasound in the anesthetized dog (도플러 초음파를 이용한 개에서 마취에 따른 간문맥 혈류량 변화의 측정)

  • Lee, Young-won
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.659-663
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    • 1998
  • Portal bood flow was measured with pulsed Doppler ultrasound in twenty anesthetized dogs. In anesthetized dogs with xylazine HCl, the average of portal blood flow velocity was reduced($11.68{\pm}1.55cm/sec$ vs. normal $16.67{\pm}1.77cm/sec$). Average portal blood flow was also decreased compared to normal($28.36{\pm}11.61ml/min/kg$ vs. normal $43.12{\pm}14.46 ml/min/kg$). And congestion index was increased($0.0368{\pm}0.0117cm{\cdot}sec$) vs. normal $0.0297{\pm}0.0062cm{\cdot}sec$). In anesthetized dogs with ketamine HCl, portal blood flow velocity was slightly increased ($22.62{\pm}2.53cm/sec$ vs. normal $16.67{\pm}1.77cm/sec$. Also mean portal blood flow was slightly increased($43.12{\pm}14.46ml/min/kg$ vs. normal $55.32{\pm}19.99ml/min/kg$). In anesthetized dogs with tiletamine and zolazepam, portal blood flow velocity and portal blood flow were unchanged.

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Clinical Comparison Between Inside Blood Flow Type and Outside Blood Flow Type in the Hollow Fiber Oxygenator (Hollow Fiber Oxygenator에서 Inside Blood Flow Type과 Outside Blood Flow Type의 임상적 비교)

  • 안재호
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.451-457
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    • 1992
  • The hollow fiber oxygenator is the most advanced one for the cardiopulmoanry bypass. They have two different types of the hollow fiber systems according to the way how the blood go through the fibers. One is inside blood flow type and the other outside type. In order to find out which is better to prevent blood cell destruction, we selected 40 valve replacing patients and divided them into 2 groups prospectively. In group I [n=20], inside blood flow type[BCM-7a], CO2 excretion is more effective than group II, that is partly because of the relative large surface area of the BCM-7. In group II [n=20], outside blood flow type [MAXIMAa], they have better quality to preserve platelet count. We also studied about several other items such as SaO2, Hemoglobin and RBC, WBC, fibrinogen, LDH, plasma hemoglobin, haptoglobulin and so on. But we cannot find any differences between two groups with any statistical meanings [p<0.05]. We conclude that both of two oxygenators are excellent in the aspects of gas exchange and blood cell preservation.

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In Vivo Measurements of Blood Flow in a Chicken Embryo Using Micro PIV Technique (유정란 배아 혈액유동의 in vivo 계측)

  • Yeo Chang-Sub;Han Kyu-Yeon;Lee Sang-Joon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.314-319
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    • 2006
  • To analyze in-vivo blood flow characteristics in a chicken embryo, in-vivo experiment was carried out using micro-PIV technique. Because endothelial cells in blood vessels are subject to shear stress of blood flow, it is important to get velocity field information of the placental blood flow. Instantaneous velocity fields of an extraembryonic blood vessel using a high-speed camera and intravital microscope. The flow images of RBCs were obtained with a spatial resolution of $20\times20{\mu}m$ in the whole blood vessels. The mean velocity field data confirm that the blood flow does show non-Newtonian fluid characteristic. The blood in a branched vessel merged smoothly without any flow separation into the main blood vessel with the presence of a slight bump. This in-vivo micro-PIV measurement technique can be used as a powerful tool in various blood flow researches.

A study on the measurement of Blood flow-turbulence (혈류의 Flow-Turbulence 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Yeon-Soon;Kang, Chung-Shin;Kim, Young-Kil
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.294-296
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    • 1988
  • The tomographic imaging that employs ultrasonic echos has achieved outstanding advances in recent years, and today, ultrasonic diagnostic equipment has become the tool that is absolutely indispensible for clinical operations. Meanwhile, the feasility of measuring blood flow in the heart and vessels by the use of Doppler effect in ultrasonic waves is a well known fact. With respect to the method of blood flow measurment, there are two kinds which employ continous wave and pulse wave doppler system. In this paper, we describe the measurment of Blood flow-turbulence using general purpose Digital Signal Processing Board which had been implemented for the purpose of real-time spectrum analyser. Blood flow-turbulence means the blood-flow behavior. And it's value proportional to the spectrum variance. Therefore mean frequency of blood signal and variance provide useful diagnostic information. We have applied to the major arteries and vein, obtained the information about the time dependent blood-flow behavior.

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Clinical study of blood flow and vascular reaction in Taeumin CVA patients using Transcranial Doppler (Transcranial Doppler를 이용(利用)한 태음인 중풍환자의 혈류속도(血流速度)와 혈관(血管) 반응성(反應性)에 대한 임상적(臨床的) 고찰(考察))

  • Lim, Jong-Pil;Bae, Na-Young;Han, Kyung-Soo;Ahn, Taek-Won
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 2006
  • Purpose Brain vessles have autoregulation function, so even when perfusion pressure drops, cerebral blood flow remain stable by vasodilation. Latest research on this reserve of cerebral vessels is being done using TCD, which measures the reserve of the vessels. We did a research comparing cerebral vessel and peripheral vessel reserve between Taeumin, who are more likely to suffer CVA, and the normal. We observed blood flow of Internal carotid artery siphon and radial indicis artery of the two group with TCD. Method We picked 20 people out of patients diagnosed as cerebral infarction at Cheon-An Oriental hospital of Daejeon University. They were diagnosed as Taeumin with QSCCII questionnaire and constitutional differentiation. Using TCD, we measured highest blood flow rate, mean blood flow and asymmetric counting blood flow of Internal carotid artery siphon and radial indicis artery at rest. And then we measured again after stimulating cerebral vessels, by triggering hypercapnia by self apnea and peripheral vessels by palm heating. Result At rest, mean blood flow rate of Internal carotid artery siphon showed significant decrease compared to control group. Blood flow rate of Internal carotid artery siphon after hypercapnia showed significant decline in highest blood flow rate and mean blood flow compared to control group. Cerebral vessel reaction after the hypercapnia induction showed great change in experiment group than the control group. Peripheral vessel reaction after palm heating showed significant decline in experiment group compared to control group. Conclusion In conclusion, measuring the alteration of blood flow used in diagnosing cerebral infarction, is more sensitive when vessel stimulation is done. Non-invasive TCD is effective especially in case of Taeumin who are more likely to suffer vascular disorder than others.

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