• Title/Summary/Keyword: blood parameters

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Relation between Obesity Pattern Identification and Metabolic Parameters in Overweight and Obese Women (과체중 및 비만 여성에서 한방비만변증에 따른 체성분 및 대사관련 지표의 상관성)

  • Song, Miyoung;Kim, Hojun;Lee, Myeong-Jong
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: We conducted this study to analysis obesity pattern and obesity related blood parameters. Methods: A total of 64 overweight and obese (body mass index [BMI] ${\geq}23cm/kg^2$) women who had no other disease was recruited. Body composition and obesity related blood parameters were measured. Also subjects were given and filled out the Obesity pattern identification questionnaire. We analyzed the differences of body composition and blood parameters and measured correlations of BMI and blood parameters in each obesity pattern. Results: The distribution of obesity pattern was liver depression (35.6%), food accumulation (47.5%) and deficiency (pi and yang deficiency, 22.0%), in order. There were no significant differences age, body composition and obesity related blood parameters between obesity patterns. BMI and obesity related blood parameters, however, showed significant correlations depending on obesity patterns. Conclusions: We concluded that correlations between BMI and obesity related blood parameters were differed depending on obesity patterns.

The Effects of Dietary Supplementation of L-carnitine and Humic Substances on Performance, Egg Traits and Blood Parameters in Laying Hens

  • Yalcin, Sakine;Ergun, Ahmet;Ozsoy, Bulent;Yalcin, Suzan;Erol, Handan;Onbasilar, Ilyas
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1478-1483
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of supplementation of L-carnitine and humic substances alone or in combination in laying hen diets on performance, egg traits and blood parameters. A total of 180 IGH type brown laying hens aged 22 weeks were employed in a completely randomized block design with one control group and three treatment groups. Each group was divided into five replicates as subgroups, each comprising 9 hens. The diets of the first, second and third treatment groups were supplemented with 0.1 g/kg L-carnitine, 1.5 g/kg humic substances (Farmagulator$^{(R)}$ Dry Plus) and 0.1 g/kg L-carnitine+1.5 g/kg humic substances, respectively. The experimental period lasted 18 weeks. Feeding supplemental carnitine, humic substances or carnitine+humic substances resulted in increases in body weight gain (p<0.05). Dietary treatments did not significantly affect daily feed intake, daily metabolizable energy intake, egg production, egg weight, feed efficiency, mortality, egg shape index, egg breaking strength, egg shell thickness, egg albumen index, egg yolk index, egg Haugh unit and the percentages of egg shell, albumen and yolk. Supplementation of humic substances reduced egg yolk cholesterol as mg per g yolk and mg per yolk (p<0.05). Blood serum parameters were not affected by the supplementation of carnitine, humic substances or carnitine+humic substances. The results in this study demonstrated that humic substances supplementation reduced egg cholesterol without adverse effects on performance, egg traits and blood parameters of laying hens. It was concluded that the usage of L-carnitine alone or in combination with humic substances in diets had no beneficial effects in laying hens.

Diagnostic Power of Blood Parameters as Screening Markers in Gastric Cancer Patients

  • Pietrzyk, Lukasz;Plewa, Zbigniew;Denisow-Pietrzyk, Marta;Zebrowski, Remigiusz;Torres, Kamil
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.4433-4437
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    • 2016
  • Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Since development is usually asymptomatic, it is generally diagnosed at an advanced stage. The value of screening in patients with nonspecific symptoms for GC is controversial. Aim: The study aimed to evaluate whether hematological parameters (platelet count (PC), mean platelet volume (MPV), MPV/PC ratio, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR)) are useful markers to differentiate between gastric cancer patients and healthy individuals. Materials and Methods: Sixty-one patients with gastric cancer and sixty-one healthy individuals were enrolled to the survey and retrospective analysis of selected blood parameters were performed. Results: The mean values of PC, MPV, RDW, NLR, and PLR were significantly higher in GC patients compared to the control group. No statistical differences were observed in MPV/PC ratios. Likewise, no significant statistical differences were revealed in values of blood parameters among TNM stage groups. The RDW showed the highest diagnostic specificity and sensitivity. Conclusions: Hematological parameters: PC, MPV, RDW, NLR, PLR have diagnostic power and can discriminate patients with gastric cancer from patients without cancer. Blood parameters compared with clinical symptoms might alert physicians and patients and lead to performancce of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, the gold standard in gastric cancer screening and therebly increase the early detection of cancer.

The Relationship between Some Blood Parameters and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity in Korean Postmenopausal Women (일부 폐경 후 여성에서 영양상태 및 골대사 관련 일부 혈액 지표와 항산화효소 활성과의 관련성 분석)

  • Lee, Haeng-Shin;Kim, Mi-Hyun;Lee, Da-Hong;Sung, Chung-Ja
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.476-484
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    • 2006
  • To elucidate the relationship between blood parameters related bone metabolism and antioxidant enzyme activity in postmenopausal period 60 women residing in Iksan area were recruited. Food and nutrient intake of each individual subject were estimated by 24-hour recalls of 3 non-consecutive days. The biochemical markers including total protein, albumin, osteocalcin (intact bone gla protein; BOP), calcium, phosphorus and hemoglobin were measured in fasting blood. In addition, parameters of antioxidative capacity including the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) , catalase (CAT) and total antioxidant capacity (TA) were monitored in blood, also. The mean age, height, weight, and BM! of subjects were 64.8 years, 151.1 em, 59.5 kg $26.0\;kg/m^2$, respectively. The mean SOD, GPx, and CAT activities were 138.5 U/ml, 1,273.8 U/ml and 314.3 kU/l respectively, and TA was 1.16 mmol/l without significant difference among different age groups. BMI was positively correlated with SOD activity (p < 0.01). SOD activity and CAT activity showed positive correlation with serum albumin (p < 0.05) and hemoglobin (p < 0.01). In conclusion, this study revealed that antioxidant enzyme activity holds a significant relationship with the blood parameters like as serum albumin and hemoglobin in postmenopausal women and further systematic research is needed to investigate the their relation mechanism.

Lack of Prognostic Value of Blood Parameters in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer

  • Cihan, Yasemin Benderli;Arslan, Alaettin;Cetindag, Mehmet Faik;Mutlu, Hasan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.4225-4231
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    • 2014
  • Aim: To determine prognostic value of blood parameters on overall and progression-free survival in cases received adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy with diagnosis of stage I-III breast cancer. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed files of 350 patients with non-metastatic breast cancer who were treated in the Radiation Oncology Department of Kayseri Teaching Hospital between 2005 and 2010. Pretreatment white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil, monocyte, basophil and eosinophil counts, and the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were recorded. The relationship between clinicopathological findings and blood parameters was assessed. Results: Overall, 344 women and 6 men were recruited. Median age was $55.3{\pm}0.3$ years (range: 22-86). Of the cases, 243 (61.4%) received radiotherapy while 329 (94.3%), received chemotherapy and 215 (61.4%) received hormone therapy. Mean overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was 84.4 and 78.8 months, respectively. During follow-up, 48 patients died due to either disease-related or non-related causes. Local recurrence was detected in 14 cases, while distant metastasis was noted in 45 cases. In univariate analysis, age, pathology, perinodal invasion were significantly associated with overall survival, whereas gender, stage and hormone therapy were significantly associated with progression-free survival. In multivariate analysis, histopathological diagnosis (OR: 0.3; 95%: 0.1-0.7; p=0.006) and perinodal invasion (OR: 0.1; 95% CI: 0.1-1.3; p=0.026) were significantly associated with overall survival, whereas tumor stage (OR: 2.1; 95% CI: 0.0-0.7; p=0.014) and hormone therapy (OR: 2.1; 95%: 1.2-3.8; p=0.010) were significantly associated with progression-free survival. Conclusions: It was found that serum inflammatory markers including WBC, neutrophil, lymphocyte and monocyte counts, and NLR and PLR had no effect on prognosis in patients with breast cancer who underwent surgery and received adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Dietary and Health-Related Lifestyle Habits and Blood Parameters of Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Patients

  • Song, In-Ja;Lee, Jeong-A;Lim, Hyeon-Sook
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2005
  • Controlling dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyle habits is important to manage non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). If NIDDM is not treated properly, the prevalence of macro-vascular complications (MC) may increase. The goal of NIDDM therapy is to maintain normal concentrations of blood glucose and lipid profiles by having regular meals, controlling alcohol drinking, quitting smoking, and performing physical exercise regularly. This study was performed to investigate the dietary and health-related lifestyle habits and blood parameters of NIDDM patients of both genders and compared these characteristics between the patients with and without MC. Our results show that the subjects with MC compared to without MC and the female patients than the males controlled their diets more regularly, tended to regulate the number of meals better, and smoke less than those without MC. Although plasma lipid profiles were not significantly different between the genders and between the subjects with and without MC, the men had higher blood glucose and plasma tHcy concentrations than the women and plasma tHcy concentration was higher in the female subjects without MC. These results imply that the male patients of NIDDM without MC might have more problems in maintaining their blood glucose. In addition, smoking may be the most important life-style factor influencing some blood parameters like blood glucose, HbAlc, and total cholesterol in the NIDDM patients.

A Study for the Correlations between Obesity and Blood Parameters at the Worksite (직장인에서 비만과 혈액지표와의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • No, Seong-Yun;Jo, Yeo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.333-341
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    • 2002
  • Obesity, a state of having excessive body fat enough to attack one's health, is most blamed for causing chronical degenerative illness such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus as well as arteriosclerosis. According to many studies, the program for the weight control was the most demanded at the worksites. This study was designed to investigate the correlation between the degree of obesity and blood parameters of the employees at the worksites. The results of periodic medical examination for 571 employees(male: 418, female: 153) were analyzed; Age, BMI, systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP), hemoglobin(Hb), fasting blood sugar(FBS), total-cholesterol(TC), serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (sGOT), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase(sGPT) and $gamma$-glutamyl transpeptidase($gamma$-GTP). Pearson correlation coefficient was used to find out the correlation between BMI and each blood parameters. In the case of male, 27.3% of the subjects were over-weight. The subject's age and their blood levels of uric acid, FBS, sGOT and sGPT did not show any significant difference regardless of BMI's, while SBP, DBP, Hb, TC and $gamma$-GTP levels of the overweight group were significantly higher than those of normal group. In the case of female, 9.2% of the subjects were over-weight. This study shows that the implementation of weight control program is required at the worksites

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HEMATOLOGICAL RESPONSE OF SAUDI ARABIAN FOWL TO PROTEIN REARING REGIMENS

  • Alsobayel, A.A.;Attia, F.M.;Bayoumi, M.S.;Haroun, I.Y.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this investigation was to study the hematological response of Saudi Arabian Baladi fowl to protein rearing regimens. Males and females were subjected to the following 4 protein rearing regimens: conventional, C; reverse protein, RP; 2 single-stage low protein, $SS_1$ and $SS_2$ using 15% and 12% CP diets, respectively. Regimen effect was highly significant ($$p{\leq_-}.01$$) on BW, PCY, TP and U-Ac and significant ($$p{\leq_-}.05$$) on TL. Serum chol levels were not affected by regimen. In general $SS_{2}$ birds showed the lowest values for all parameters studied, except for PCV. However, the differences were not significant in each case. Age and sex effects were highly significant ($$p{\leq_-}.01$$) for all parameters, however, the regimen X sex interaction was not significant except for PCV. Regimen X age interaction, on the other hand, was highly significant ($$p{\leq_-}.01$$) only for BW, TP and U-Ac concentrations. The data may suggest that low levels of protein in the rearing regimen is an important factor influencing levels of the blood parameters studied. The data also indicate a lack of clear relationship between hen-day egg production and the blood parameters studied.

Supplmentation of the Mineral and Surfactant for Replacement of Antibiotics for Ruminant Aninmal (천연물질을 이용한 반추동물 항생제 대체용 미량광물질 및 천연유화제의 이용)

  • Lee, Su-Rok;Kim, Sam-Churl;Choi, Nag-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 2016
  • The present study investigated the effect of inclusion of chromium propionate (Cr-P) and lysophopholipid (LPL) in diet on blood parameters and meat quality of Hanwoo steer. Feeding trial was performed from late fattening period to slaughter and blood parameters (insulin, blood glucose and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentration) and meat quality were examined. Total 4 experimental groups including control (no addition), T1 (Cr-P 0.2%), T2 (LPL 0.2%) and T3 (Cr-P 0.1% + LPL 0.1%) were employed. For blood parameters, insulin concentration in T1 and T3 showed an elevating patterns from $3.13{\mu}U/mL$ to $3.35{\mu}U/mL$ (T1) and from $4.38{\mu}U/mL$ to $5.23{\mu}U/mL$ (T3). The changes of NEFA in all groups were detected as a decreasing patterns according to days of feeding. However, significant difference was not found. In growth performance, T2 showed greater daily gain and T1 showed greater carcass yield compared to others. However, there were no significance in difference. In meat quality, T1 showed greater yield and intra-muscular fat levels and lower sharing force compared to others. However, significant differences were not detected.