• 제목, 요약, 키워드: bubble-point

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Poly(ethylene-co-octene)과 탄화수소 2성분계 혼합물의 상거동에 대한 고분자 농도 및 용매의 영향 (Effect of Polymer Concentration and Solvent on the Phase Behavior of Poly(ethylene-co-octene) and Hydrocarbon Binary Mixture)

  • 이상호;정성윤;김효준;박경규
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.318-323
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    • 2004
  • Poly(ethylene-co-13.8 mol% octene) ($PEO_{13.8}$), Poly(ethylene-co-15.3 mol% octene) ($PEO_{15.3}$)과 분자크기와 분자구조가 각각 다른 탄화수소의 2성분계 혼합물에 대한 cloud-point, bubble-point 압력을 $150^{\circ}C$, 450 bar까지 측정하였다. (PEO+n-프로판), (PEO+n-부탄) 2성분계 혼합물에서 cloud-point 곡선이 측정되었고, (PEO+n-펜탄) 혼합물에서는 cloud-point와 bubble-point 곡선이 모두 측정되었다. (PEO+시클로펜탄), (PEO+시클로헥산), (PEO+시클로 헵탄), (PEO+시클로옥탄) 2성분계 혼합물에서는 bubble-point 곡선이 측정되었다. (PEO+탄화수소) 2성분계의 압력-조성 등온곡선과 온도-조성 등압곡선은 PEO의 농도가 약 5 wt%일 때 각각 최고점과 최저점을 가졌다. (PEO+탄화수소) 2성분계는 PEO 농도가 5 wt%에서 임계조성을 가진다. PEO는 n-알칸과 시클로알칸 용매에서 LCST 유형의 상거동을 보여주며, 탄화수소의 분자크기가 증가할수록 PEO의 녹는 압력은 감소하였고 용해도는 증가하였다.

액체포집장치의 기포점 측정을 위한 변수식별 (Parameter identification for the bubble point measurement of Liquid Acquisition Device)

  • 전상언;박수형;변영환;정영석;오승협
    • 한국추진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.416-423
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    • 2012
  • 액체추진제 공급시스템의 액체포집장치는 추진기관으로 기포가 유입되는 것을 방지하는데 사용한다. 액체포집장치는 차단막의 미세 구멍의 모세관 효과를 이용하여 추진기관에 순수 액체만을 공급한다. 기포점은 액체포집장치의 설계에서 가장 중요한 설계변수이다. 본 논문에서는 문헌조사를 통해 액체포집장치의 성능에 영향을 미치는 변수들을 식별하고 기포점 측정 시험 장치를 구성하였다.

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영상기법을 이용한 수직상향 기포유동에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Vertical upward Bubble Flow using Image Processing Technique)

  • 서동표;오율권
    • 한국마린엔지니어링학회지
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.617-623
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    • 2003
  • In the present study, the characteristics of upward bubble flow were experimentally investigated in a liquid bath. The velocity of upward bubble flow was calculated for two different experimental conditions:1) bubble flow without kinetic energy 2) bubble flow with kinetic energy. Bubble flow without kinetic energy starts to undergo the effect of buoyancy l0cm away from the nozzle. Whereas. kinetic energy is dominant before 30 cm away from the nozzle in bubble flow but after this point kinetic energy and inertial force are applied on bubble flow at the same time In addition, as the flow rate increases the maximum velocity point moves to the nozzle. The velocity Profiles near free surface is extremely irregular due to surface flow. Gas volume fraction is high near the nozzle due to gas concentration. but decreases with the increasement of axial position. Gas volume fraction does not vary after the axial position, z=60 in spite of the increasement of flow.

Phase Behavior Study of Poly(ethylene-co-octene) in normal-Hydrocarbons

  • Kwon, Hyuk-Sung;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2003
  • Cloud-point and bubble-point data to $170^{\circ}C$ and 50 bar are presented for four different solvents, normal pentane. n-hexane, n-heptane, and n-octane with poly(ethylene-co-42 wt% octene) ($PEO_{42}$) copolymer. The pressure-concentration isotherms measured for $PEO_{42}$ - normal pentane have maximums at around 5 wt% of the copolymer concentrations in the solution. $PEO_{42}$- normal pentane system exhibits LCST-type phase behavior at temperatures greater than $130^{\circ}C$. Below $120^{\circ}C$, bubble-point type transitions are observed. However, the binary mixtures for $PEO_{42}$ in n-hexane, n-heptane, and n-octane have only bubble-point type transitions at the pressure-temperature region investigated in this study. The single-phase region of PEO - alkane mixtures increases with the molecular size of alkane solvent due to the increasing dispersion interactions between PEO and the alkane.

이산화탄소와 디메틸포름아마이드 혼합물의 기포점 측정 및 모델링 (Measurement and Modeling of Bubble Points for Binary Mixtures of Carbon Dioxide and N,N-Dimethylformamide)

  • 정준영;이병철
    • 청정기술
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 가변부피 투시창이 설치되어 있는 고압 상평형 측정 장치를 사용하여 이산화탄소의 임계온도 이상과 디메틸포름아마이드(DMF)의 임계온도 이하의 온도 범위에서 혼합물의 조성을 변화시키면서 이산화탄소와 디메틸포름아마이드 혼합물의 기포점 압력을 측정하였다. 실험적으로 측정된 기포점 압력 데이터를 Peng-Robinson 상태방정식에 상관시킴으로써 기포점 조성과 평형을 이루는 이슬점 조성을 추정하였다. 실험적으로 측정된 기포점 압력은 Peng-Robinson 상태방정식으로 계산한 결과와 매우 잘 일치하였다. 가변부피 투시창이 설치되어 있는 고압 상평형 실험장치는 고압의 압축유체 혼합물의 기포점을 매우 쉽고 빠르게 측정할 수 있는 방법이라고 할 수 있다.

디메틸카보네이트와 이산화탄소 혼합물의 기포점 측정 (Measurement of Bubble Points of Dimethyl Carbonate and Carbon Dioxide Mixtures)

  • 안준용;이병철
    • 공업화학
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.94-98
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 가변부피 투시창이 설치되어 있는 고압 상평형 측정 장치를 사용하여 이산화탄소의 임계온도 이상과 디메틸카보네이트의 임계온도 이하의 온도 범위에서 혼합물의 조성을 변화시키면서 디메틸카보네이트와 이산화탄소 혼합물의 기포점을 압력을 측정하였다. 실험적으로 측정된 기포점 압력 데이터를 Peng-Robinson 상태방정식에 상관시킴으로써 기포점 조성과 평형을 이루는 이슬점 조성을 추정하였다. 실험적으로 측정된 기포점 압력은 Peng-Robinson 상태방정식으로 계산한 결과와 매우 잘 일치하였다. 가변부피 투시창이 설치되어 있는 고압 상평형 실험장치는 고압의 압축유체 혼합물의 기포점을 매우 쉽고 빠르게 측정할 수 있는 방법이라고 할 수 있다.

MULTI-HARMONIC MODELS FOR BUBBLE EVOLUTION IN THE RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITY

  • Choi, Sujin;Sohn, Sung-Ik
    • 대한수학회지
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.663-673
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    • 2017
  • We consider the multi-harmonic model for the bubble evolution in the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in two and three dimensions. We extend the multi-harmonic model in two dimensions to a high-order and present a new class of steady-state solutions of the bubble motion. The growth rate of the bubble is expressed by a continuous family of two free parameters. The critical point in the family of solutions is identified as a saddle point and is chosen as the physically significant solution. We also present the multi-harmonic model in the cylindrical geometry and find the steady-state solution of the axisymmetric bubble. Validity and limitation of the model are also discussed.

마이크로 이하 기포로부터의 소노루미네센스 특성 (Sonoluminescence Characteristics from Submicron Size bubbles)

  • 변기택;강상우;김기영;곽호영
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1201-1206
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    • 2004
  • Sonoluminescence (SL) characteristics such as pulse shape, radiance and spectrum radiance from submicron bubbles were investigated. In this study, a set of analytical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations for the gas inside bubble and equations obtained from mass, momentum and energy equations for the liquid layer adjacent the bubble wall were used to estimate the gas temperature and pressure at the collapse point, which are crucial parameters to determine the SL characteristics. Heat transfer inside the gas bubble as well as at the liquid boundary layer, which was not considered in the most of previous studies on the sonoluminescence was taken it into account in the calculation of the temperature distribution inside the bubble. It was found that bremsstrahlung is a very possible mechanism of the light emission from either micron or submicron bubbles. It was also found that the peak temperature exceeding $10^{6}$ K in the submicron bubble driven at 1 MHz and 4 atm may be due to the rapid change of the bubble wall acceleration near the collapse point rather than shock formation.

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New Bubble Size Distribution Model for Cryogenic High-speed Cavitating Flow

  • Ito, Yutaka;Tomitaka, Kazuhiro;Nagasaki, Takao
    • 한국추진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.700-710
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    • 2008
  • A Bubble size distribution model has been developed for the numerical simulation of cryogenic high-speed cavitating flow of the turbo-pumps in the liquid fuel rocket engine. The new model is based on the previous one proposed by the authors, in which the bubble number density was solved as a function of bubble size at each grid point of the calculation domain by means of Eulerian framework with respect to the bubble size coordinate. In the previous model, the growth/decay of bubbles due to pressure difference between bubble and liquid was solved exactly based on Rayleigh-Plesset equation. However, the unsteady heat transfer between liquid and bubble, which controls the evaporation/condensation rate, was approximated by a theoretical solution of unsteady heat conduction under a constant temperature difference. In the present study, the unsteady temperature field in the liquid around a bubble is also solved exactly in order to establish an accurate and efficient numerical simulation code for cavitating flows. The growth/decay of a single bubble and growth of bubbles with nucleation were successfully simulated by the proposed model.

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기-액 기둥에서 기포유동에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Bubble Flow in the Gas-Liquid Plume)

  • 서동표;홍명석;오율권
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2105-2108
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    • 2003
  • The characteristics of upward bubble flow were experimentally investigated in a liquid bath. In the present study, a thermal-infrared camera and high speed CCO camera were used to measure their temperature and local rising velocity, respectively. Heat transfer from bubble surface to water is largely completed within z=10mm from the nozzle, and then the temperature of bubble surface reaches that of water rapidly. The rising velocity of bubble was calculated for two different experimental conditions: 1) bubble flow without kinetic energy 2) with kinetic energy. Bubble flow without kinetic energy starts to undergo the effect of inertia force 10cm away from the nozzle. Whereas, kinetic energy is dominant before 30 cm away from the nozzle in bubble flow, but after this point, kinetic energy and inertial force are applied on bubble flow at the same time.

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