• Title, Summary, Keyword: bubble-point

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Development and Basic Performance Characterization of Neutralized Fabric Filter (제전사여과포의 개발 및 기초성능 규명)

  • 박영옥;구철오;임정환;김홍룡;손재익;이영우
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 1998
  • A neutralized fabric filter of which major raw materials were polyester and stainless steel fibers was developed and its physiochemical properties and basic filter characteristics were investigated. Four finds of dusts generated in the typical domestic industry were used, which were coke dust from a steel manufacturing process, cement dust from a cement manufacturing process, flu ash from a fluidized-bed combustor, and incinerator ash from a waste plastics incinerator. The physicochemical properties of the neutralized fabric filter were analyzed in terms of changes in tensile strength and initial elastic modulus under $SO_2$ and $NO_2$ atmospheres, mean flow pore pressure, bubble point pore diameter, mean flow pore diameter, and pore size distribution. In addition, the pressure drop, dust penetration, and figure of merit for the fabric filter were investigated in a bench-scale filter testing unit. The pressure drop increased as the filtration velocity and dust loading increased, and its increasing shape depended on the type of dust. The dust penetration rapidly decreased as the dust loading increased irrespective of the type of dust. The figures of merit for the fabric filters increased in the early stage of filtration and then showed rapid decreases followed maintaining a constant level.

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Evaluation of Membrane Damage Sensitivity by Defect Types for Improving Reliability of Membrane Integrity Monitoring (막 완결성 모니터링 신뢰성 향상을 위한 손상 유형별 막 손상 감도 평가)

  • Lee, Yong-Soo;Kang, Ha-Young;Kim, Hyung-Soo;Kim, Jong-Oh
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.248-254
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    • 2017
  • In order to secure the reliability of pathogenic microorganisms such as Cryptosporidium and Giaridia, which are chlorophilic protozoans, membrane filtration systems have been widely used in water purification process. hese integrity tests are classified into direct and indirect methods. Based on the bubble point theory, the pressure-based test in the direct method is presented in the USEPA Guidance Manual with sensitivity to detect a minimum size of pathogenic microorganisms of $3{\mu}m$ or more. Indirect methods are widely used in that they are capable of continuous operation in on-line state, but there is a very low sensitivity of damage detection compared to the direct method, and there is a limit that can not specify the damage area, so it is necessary to improve this sensitivity. In this study, we compared the LRVDIT and UCL values according to the type of membrane defect, number of fiber breaks, and initial set pressure value through the Integrity Test by Pressure Decay Test (PDT).

Solubility of Hydrogen Sulfide and Methane in Ionic Liquids: 1-Ethy-3-methylimidazolium Trifluoromethanesulfonate and 1-Butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium Trifluoromethanesulfonate (1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate와 1-Butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium trifluoromethanesulfonate 이온성 액체에 대한 황화수소와 메탄의 용해도)

  • Lee, Byung-Chul
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2016
  • Solubility data of hydrogen sulfide ($H_2S$) and methane ($CH_4$) in two kinds of ionic liquids with the same anion: 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate ([emim][TfO]) and 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium trifluoromethanesulfonate ([bmpyr][TfO]) are presented at pressures up to about 30 MPa and at temperatures between 303 K and 343 K. The gas solubilities in ionic liquids were determined by measuring the bubble point pressures of the gas + ionic liquid mixtures with various compositions at different temperatures using a high-pressure equilibrium apparatus equipped with a variable-volume view cell. The $H_2S$ solubilities in ionic liquid increased with the increase of pressure and decreased with the increase of temperature. On the other hand, the $CH_4$ solubilities in ionic liquid increased significantly with the increase of pressure, but there was little effect of temperature on the $CH_4$ solubility. For the ionic liquds [emim][TfO] and [bmpyr][TfO] with the same anion, the solubility of $H_2S$ as a molality basis was substantially similar, regardless of the temperature and pressure conditions as a molar concentration basis. Comparing the solubilities of $H_2S$ and $CH_4$ in the ionic liquid [emim][TfO], the solubilities of $H_2S$ were much greater than those of $CH_4$. For the same type of ionic liquid, the solubility data of $H_2S$ and $CH_4$ obtained in this study were compared to the solubility data of $CO_2$ from the literature. When compared at the same pressure and temperature conditions, the $CO_2$ solubility was in between the solubility of $H_2S$ and $CH_4$.