• Title/Summary/Keyword: c-Fos

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Expression of c-fos Protein in Fibrous Dysplasia and Osteofibrous Dysplasia (섬유성 이형성증 및 골섬유성 이형성증에서의 c-fos 단백 발현)

  • Park, Hye-Rim;Park, Yong-Koo;Kim, Duck-Whan
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.216-220
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of c-fos oncogenes in the development of fibrous dysplasia and osteofibrous dysplasia. The immunohistochemical expression of c-fos protein was evaluated in 15 cases of fibrous dysplasia and 8 cases of osteofibrous dysplasia. Ten cases of fibrous dysplasia were weakly positive with c-fos. Six cases of osteofibrous dysplasia were weakly positive and the remaining two cases were strongly positive. The overall expression of c-fos protein is weaker than high-grade osteosarcoma, thus the implication of c-fos protein is little in the development of these tumors. Fibrous dysplasia and osteofibrous dysplasia share some features of characteristic histology and c-fos expression.

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Effect of P. ginseng on the expression of c-Fos in the brain of Wistar rats with testosterone induced benign prostatic hyperplasia

  • Jang, Hyang Mi
    • Journal of Biomedical and Translational Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.108-112
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    • 2017
  • The lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) show in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The three major micturition centers in brain are pontine micturition center (PMC), ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG), and medial preopticnucleus (MPA) regions. Previous study showed that c-Fos expression change was associated with LUTS. In present study, the effect of P. ginseng on c-Fos expression in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in rat brain was tested. P. ginseng is the four year-old Korean ginseng. It was collected at the department of medicinal crop research (Eumsung-gun, Chungbuk, Korea) in September 2010. The four groups (n = 6) are control group, BPH-induced group, BPHinduced and P. ginseng-treated group, and BPH-induced and finasteride-treated group. BPH in rats was induced by testosterone. After 4 weeks, all animals were sacrificed to evaluate c-Fos expression in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in rat brain. The c-Fos expression was evaluated in the regions of rat brain by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Present results showed that c-Fos expressions in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in brain of rats in the BPH-induced group were higher compared to c-fos expression of the control group. The increased c-Fos expression in three regions (PMC, vlPAG, and MPA) were decreased by treatment with P. ginseng (200 mg/kg). These results suggest that P. ginseng has an inhibitory effect on the symptoms of BPH and is associated with regulation of c-Fos expression in the brain in a testosterone induced BPH rat model.

Spinal c-fos Expression in a Rat Model of Incisional Pain (흰쥐의 발바닥 절개 통증모형에서 척수 후각의 c-fos 발현)

  • Kim, Hak-Song;Yoon, Myung-Ha;Choi, Jeong-Il;Bae, Choon-Sang
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 2001
  • Background: The expression of the proto-oncogene c-fos in spinal cord neurons following various noxious stimuli has been demonstrated in numerous studies. However, the pattern of expression of c-fos after incisional stimulus has not been evaluated. This study was designed to examine c-fos expression in an incisional pain model of rats. Methods: A 1 cm longitudinal incision was made through the skin, fascia and muscle of the plantar aspect of the hindpaw in enflurane-anesthetized rats. Withdrawal responses were measured using von Frey filaments at areas around the wound before surgery and for the next 48 hours. The expression of c-fos protein in the lumbar spinal cord was examined by immunohistochemistry. Results: After incision, c-fos was strongly expressed within laminae I, II, III, IV, V and VI ipsilateral to the incision. C-fos positive neurons were detected in the controlateral site, as well. Conclusions: These studies suggest that spinal c-fos protein may not be used as a specific marker for spinal nociceptive processing in an incisional pain model.

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A Study on the Effects of Needle Electrode Electrical Stimulation on the Number of c-Fos Response Cells and c-Fos Expression in the Global Ischemic Rats

  • Kim, Sung Won;Song, Young Wha;Lee, Jung Sook
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1031-1036
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    • 2016
  • c-Fos is known to related to synaptic plasticity and apoptosis in damage from ischemia or external injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether needle electrode electrical stimulation(NEES) is effective in increasing the number of c-Fos response cells and c-Fos expression in striatum after global ischemia in rats. There were no treatment and occlusion in the control group, global ischemia(GI) group were no treatment after carotid artery occlusion, and needle electrode electrical stimulation(NEES) group were treated with NEES after GI induced. The number of striatum c-Fos response cells and c-Fos protein expression significantly decreased in the NEES group compared to the GI group after 12, 24, 48 hours. The results of the present study suggest that NEES is ineffective in improving global ischemia in rats and may also be ineffective in the globally ischemic human brain.

Effects of Panax ginseng Radix herb-acupuncture on c-fos expression in the hippocampus of ethanol-intoxicated Sprague-Dawley rats (인삼(人蔘) 약침(藥鍼)이 에탄올 중독 흰쥐의 해마에서 c-fos 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-soo;Lee, Eun-yong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.131-140
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    • 2003
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Panax ginseng Radix herb-acupuncture on c-fos expression in each area of the hippocampus of acutely ethanol-intoxicated rats. Methods : Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley tats were divided into untreated(normal), ethanol-treated(control), Panax ginseng Radix-treated(sample A), ethanol-and Panax gingseng Radix-treated(sample B) groups. Each group was evaluated by the changes of c-fos-positive neurons in each area of the hippocampus by using and image analyzer and microscope. Results : 1. In the CA1 area, the number of c-fos-positive neurons in the control group was diminished compared with the normal group. The number of c-fos-positive neurons in the sample B group had no marked difference from the control group. 2. In the CA2-3 area, the number of c-fos-positive neurons in the control group was diminished compared with the normal group, The number of c-fos-positive neurons in the sample B group was increased compared with the control group. 3. In the Dentate gyrus area, the number of c-fos-positive neurons in the control group was diminished compared with the normal group. The number of c-fos-positive neurons in the sample B group was increased compared with the control group. Conclusions : These results indicate that, c-fos expression in each area of the hippocampus was reduced in ethanol-intoxicated group. Treatment of Panax ginseng Radix herb-acupuncture increased this diminution. Panax ginseng Radix could be able to effect on the prevention of the amnesia and learning disability in alcoholism.

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Immunohistochemical c-fos Expression in Osteosarcoma (골육종의 c-fos 발현에 관한 면역조직화학적 검색)

  • Park, Yong-Koo;Park, Hye-Rim
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.162-168
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    • 1999
  • The products of c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes form the heterodimeric complex activator protein 1 (AP-1), which plays an important part in the control of bone cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as in the development of bone tumors. The expression of c-fos protein was examined in 35 cases of human osteosarcomas as formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections using a monoclonal antibody. The expression of c-fos was restricted to bone-forming lesions, while low grade cartilaginous tumors were devoid of immunoreactivity. The highest levels of c-fos expression were detected in osteoblastic osteosarcoma (13 of 17 cases with grade one on two) while two chondroblastic osteosarcomas, one fibroblastic osteosarcoma, and two parosteal osteosarcomas were negative. Two cases of telangiectatic osteosarcomas were positive for c-fos protein. However, since there is a tendency of high c-fos protein expression at the higher histological grade, significant differences were not present in the expression of c-fos protein. Thus c-fos expression may be implicated in the development of osteosarcomas, but they appear to have little or no relevance in the development of low grade cartilaginous neoplasms.

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Effect of Protein Kinase C Inhibitor (PKCI) on Radiation Sensitivity and c-fos Transcription Activity (Protein Kinase C Inhibitor (PKCI)에 의한 방사선 민감도 변화와 c-fos Proto-oncogene의 전사 조절)

  • Choi Eun Kyung;Chang Hyesook;Rhee Yun-Hee;Park Kun-Koo
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : The human genetic disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a multisystem disease characterized by extreme radiosensitivity. The recent identification of the gene mutated in AT, ATM, and the demonstration that it encodes a homologous domain of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), the catalytic subunit of an enzyme involved in transmitting signals from the cell surface to the nucleus, provide support for a role of this gene in signal transduction. Although ionizing radiation was known to induce c-fos transcription, nothing is known about how ATM or PKCI mediated signal transduction pathway modulates the c-fos gene transcription and gene expression. Here we have studied the effect of PKCI on radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription in normal and AT cells. Materials and Methods: Normal (LM217) and AT (AT5BIVA) cells were transfected with PKCI expression plasmid and the overexpression and integration of PKCI was evaluated by northern blotting and polymerase chain reaction, respectively. 5 Gy of radiation was exposed to LM and AT cells transfected with PKCI expression plasmid and cells were harvested 48 hours after radiation and investigated apoptosis with TUNEL method. The c-fos transcription activity was studied by performing CAT assay of reporter gene after transfection of c-fos CAT plasmid into AT and LM cells. Results: Our results demonstrate for the first time a role of PKCI on the radiation sensitivity and c-fos expression in LM and AT cells. PKCI increased radiation induced apoptosis in LM cells but reduced apoptosis in AT cells. The basal c-fos transcription activity is 70 times lower in AT cells than that in LM cells. The c-fos transcription activity was repressed by overexpression of PKCI in LM cells but not in AT cells. After induction of c-fos by Ras protein, overexpression of PKCI repressed c-fos transcription in LM cells but not in AT cells Conclusion: Overexpression of PKCI increased radiation sensitivity and repressed c-fos transcription in LM cells but not in AT cells. The results may be a. reason of increased radiation sensitivity of AT cells. PKCI may be involved in an ionizing radiation induced signal transduction pathway responsible for radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription. The data also provided evidence for novel transcriptional difference between LM and AT cells.

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Regulation of c-Fos and c-Jun Gene Expression by Lipopolysaccharide and Cytokines in Primary Cultured Astrocytes: Effect of PKA and PKC Pathways

  • Suh Hong-Won;Choi Seong-Soo;Lee Jin-Koo;Lee Han-Kyu;Han Eun-Jung;Lee Jongho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.396-401
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    • 2004
  • The effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and several cytokines or the c-fos and c-jun mRNA expression were examined in primary cultured astrocytes. Either LPS (500 ng/mL) or inter-feron-$\gamma$ (IFN-$\gamma$ 5 ng/mL) alone increased the level of c-fos mRNA (1 h). However, tumor necro-sis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$; 10 ng/mL) or interleukin-4 (IL-1$\beta$: 5 ng/mL) alone showed no significant induction of the level of c-fos mRNA. TNF-$\alpha$ showed a potentiating effect in the regulation of LPS-induced c-fos mRNA expression, whereas LPS showed an inhibitory action against IFN-Y-induced c-fos mRNA expression. LPS, but not TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$ and IFN-$\gamma$, increased the level of c-jun mRNA (1 h). TNF-$\alpha$ and IFN-$\gamma$ showed an inhibitory action against LPS-induced c-jun mRNA expression. Both phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; 2.5 mM) and forskolin (FSK, 5 mM) increased the c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions. In addition, the level of c-fos mRNA was expressed in an antagonistic manner when LPS was combined with PMA. When LPS was co-treated with either PMA or FSK, it showed an additive interaction for the induction of c-jun mRNA expression. Our results suggest that LPS and cytokines may be actively involved in the regulation of c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions in primary cultured astrocytes. Moreover, both the PKA and PKC pathways may regulate the LPS-induced c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions in different ways.

Alterations of c-Fos mRNA Expression in Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis and Various Brain Regions Induced by Intrathecal Single and Repeated Substance P Administrations in Mice

  • Choi, Seong-Soo;Lee, Han-Kyu;Shim, Eon-Jeong;Kwon, Min-Soo;Seo, Young-Jun;Lee, Jin-Young;Suh, Hong-Won
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.863-866
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    • 2004
  • The effect of substance P (Sub P) injected intrathecally (I.t.) on c-fos mRNA expression in vari-ous tissues was examined in the present study. We found that a single administration of Sub P(0.5 nM) caused an increase of the c-fos mRNA level in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis, hippocampus, and spinal cord. The time-course study showed that c-fos mRNA level was maximal at 10 min and began to decrease 30 min after the Sub P injection in all tis-sues, and the Sub P-induced increase of the c-fos mRNA level was returned to the control level 1 h after the injection. The kinetics of the c-fos mRNA expression in mice that were repeatedly injected with Sub P (every 30 min interval up to 4 times) were different in the HPA axis, hippocampus, and spinal cord. The increased c-fos mRNA level in the hypothalamus and the spinal cord induced by I.t. injected Sub P remained at a high level. In the pituitary gland, adrenal gland, and hippocampus, the increased level of c-fos mRNA expression gradually returned to the control level during the repeated substance P injections up to 4 times. Our results suggest that spinally injected Sub P-induced pain stress increases c-fos mRNA expres-sion in the spinal cord, hippocampus, and HPA axis. In mice repeatedly injected with Sub P, the kinetics of c-fos mRNA appear to be different varied from tissue to tissue.

A Long-day-stimulus Induced the Expression of c-Fos-like Molecules in the Hypothalamus of Japanese quail

  • Okano, Keiko;Okano, Toshiyuki;Oishi, Tadashi;Fukada, Yoshitaka
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.255-257
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    • 2002
  • In birds, the photoperiodic seasonal breeding involves encephalic photoreception at the initial step of triggering the well-known endocrinal cascade. Especially in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnixjaponica), the reproductive neuroendocrine function responds to a single long day, and hypothalamic regions are known to be important for the reproductive response. However, little is known about where and how the light and time signals are integrated to detect daylength information and transduced to the endocrinal responses. To gain insights into this issue, we are interested in the c-Fos expression in the hypothalamus of the Japanese quail. Meddle and Follett (1997) previously identified two hypothalamic regions where c-Fos-like immunoreactivities were induced in response to a long day by using an antibody to carboxyl terminal region of human c-Fos (Lys$^{347}$ -Leu$^{367}$ ). In the present study, we used a different anti-c-Fos antibody recognizing a region from Lys$^{128}$ to Ala$^{152}$ of human c-Fos, and found in long-day- stimulated quails many c-Fos-like immunoreactive nuclei localizing within two regions, nucleus anterior medialis hypothalami and nucleus periventricularis hypothalami, which are distinct from those identified in the previous study. Then, we focused on the difference in the cross-reactivities of the antibodies used, and determined the whole coding sequence of quail c-Fos to compare the antigenic sequences of the two antibodies with the amino acid sequence of quail c-Fos. We found that the antibody we used would recognize quail c-Fos more specifically than that used in the previous study.

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