• Title/Summary/Keyword: c-Fos

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Effect of Swimming Exercise of c-fos, c-jun Expression in Rat Hippocampus (흰쥐 해마에서 수영운동이 c-fos, c-jun 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.245-253
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    • 2011
  • This study is to examine the effect of swimming exercise on the expression of c-fos, c-jun protein in rat hippocampus. 4-weeks aged rats and 16-weeks aged rats were used in experimental materials. All of two groups were classified into control and swimming exercise group. Swimming exercise was practiced for an hour a day. The results were got as follows after practical application in 1 day, 3days, 7 days. The expression of c-fos, c-jun protein was increased in all of the two experimental groups significantly in 1 day, 3days, 7 days. It was increased gradually in order of after 1 day, 3days, 7 days. There seems to be the effect of swimming exercise increasing the expression of c-fos, c-jun protein in hippocampus. Therefore swimming exercise can improve cognitive function such as learning and memory and prevent through activating immediate - early gene by swimming exercise. And it seems to have the positive effect on growth and recovery of nerve.

Role of Calcium Influx in mediating the TRH-induced c-fos Gene Expression (갑상선자극 분비 호르몬에 의해 유도되는 c-fos 유전자 발현에서 Ca2+의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Seung Kirl Ahn;Don
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.487-495
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    • 1993
  • TRH (Thvrotropin-Releasing Hormone) known to regulate the transcription of the TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormones gene in pituitary cells, but little is understood about the mechanism(sl involved. re present study was attempted to elucidate the role of Ca2+ movement through the voltage-gated channels in the regulation of TSH gene transcription. The c-fos is one of immediate early genes and used as model system for the investigation of signaling pathwavs involved in various stimuli. The changes of c-fos mRNA levels were determined after treatment of various agents using Northern and slot hybridization analysis. The c-fos mRNA was rapidly and transiently induced by TRH (about 3-fold) in GH3 cells and this induction was repressed by calcium chelating agent (EGTA), calcium channel blocker (verapamil) anti protein kinase C inhibitor (aminoacridine). The abilities of forskolin (adenvlate cvclase activators, PMA (protein kinase C activator), and A23187 (calcium ionophore) to affect c-ios gene transcription, either alone or in combination with TRH were tested in the same cells. All of them significantly increased the level of c-fos mRUA. However, no additive relationship was observed in all combined treatments except forskolin. These results suggest that TRH action on the c-fos gene activation is mediated by calcium influx as well as through protein kinase C.

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Alterations of c-Fos mRNA Expression in Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis and Various Brain Regions Induced by Intrathecal Single and Repeated Substance P Administrations in Mice

  • Choi, Seong-Soo;Lee, Han-Kyu;Shim, Eon-Jeong;Kwon, Min-Soo;Seo, Young-Jun;Lee, Jin-Young;Suh, Hong-Won
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.863-866
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    • 2004
  • The effect of substance P (Sub P) injected intrathecally (I.t.) on c-fos mRNA expression in vari-ous tissues was examined in the present study. We found that a single administration of Sub P(0.5 nM) caused an increase of the c-fos mRNA level in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis, hippocampus, and spinal cord. The time-course study showed that c-fos mRNA level was maximal at 10 min and began to decrease 30 min after the Sub P injection in all tis-sues, and the Sub P-induced increase of the c-fos mRNA level was returned to the control level 1 h after the injection. The kinetics of the c-fos mRNA expression in mice that were repeatedly injected with Sub P (every 30 min interval up to 4 times) were different in the HPA axis, hippocampus, and spinal cord. The increased c-fos mRNA level in the hypothalamus and the spinal cord induced by I.t. injected Sub P remained at a high level. In the pituitary gland, adrenal gland, and hippocampus, the increased level of c-fos mRNA expression gradually returned to the control level during the repeated substance P injections up to 4 times. Our results suggest that spinally injected Sub P-induced pain stress increases c-fos mRNA expres-sion in the spinal cord, hippocampus, and HPA axis. In mice repeatedly injected with Sub P, the kinetics of c-fos mRNA appear to be different varied from tissue to tissue.

A Long-day-stimulus Induced the Expression of c-Fos-like Molecules in the Hypothalamus of Japanese quail

  • Okano, Keiko;Okano, Toshiyuki;Oishi, Tadashi;Fukada, Yoshitaka
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.255-257
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    • 2002
  • In birds, the photoperiodic seasonal breeding involves encephalic photoreception at the initial step of triggering the well-known endocrinal cascade. Especially in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnixjaponica), the reproductive neuroendocrine function responds to a single long day, and hypothalamic regions are known to be important for the reproductive response. However, little is known about where and how the light and time signals are integrated to detect daylength information and transduced to the endocrinal responses. To gain insights into this issue, we are interested in the c-Fos expression in the hypothalamus of the Japanese quail. Meddle and Follett (1997) previously identified two hypothalamic regions where c-Fos-like immunoreactivities were induced in response to a long day by using an antibody to carboxyl terminal region of human c-Fos (Lys$^{347}$ -Leu$^{367}$ ). In the present study, we used a different anti-c-Fos antibody recognizing a region from Lys$^{128}$ to Ala$^{152}$ of human c-Fos, and found in long-day- stimulated quails many c-Fos-like immunoreactive nuclei localizing within two regions, nucleus anterior medialis hypothalami and nucleus periventricularis hypothalami, which are distinct from those identified in the previous study. Then, we focused on the difference in the cross-reactivities of the antibodies used, and determined the whole coding sequence of quail c-Fos to compare the antigenic sequences of the two antibodies with the amino acid sequence of quail c-Fos. We found that the antibody we used would recognize quail c-Fos more specifically than that used in the previous study.

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A Brief Introduction to the Transduction of Neural Activity into Fos Signal

  • Chung, Leeyup
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2015
  • The immediate early gene c-fos has long been known as a molecular marker of neural activity. The neuron's activity is transformed into intracellular calcium influx through NMDA receptors and L-type voltage sensitive calcium channels. For the transcription of c-fos, neural activity should be strong enough to activate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway which shows low calcium sensitivity. Upon translation, the auto-inhibition by Fos protein regulates basal Fos expression. The pattern of external stimuli and the valence of the stimulus to the animal change Fos signal, thus the signal reflects learning and memory aspects. Understanding the features of multiple components regulating Fos signaling is necessary for the optimal generation and interpretation of Fos signal.

Effect of Pini Folium Extract on AP-1 (c-fos/c-jun) in Cancer Cells (암세포에서 송엽의 AP-l (c-fos/c-jun)에 미치는 영향)

  • 박건구;장혜숙;이정교;최승훈
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 1999
  • Phorbol ester, growth factors activities are mediated by unclear transcription factors, the c-Fos and c-Jun, which can regulate transcriptional activation through specific DNA sites and by forming the transcription factor AP-l, which usually mediates cell proliferation and differentiation signals. We explored effects of Pini Folium extract (API-l) on AP-l activity. Western blot analysis confirmed that API-l decreased levels of c-Fos or c-Jun protein induced by the tumor promoter Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; 200 nM). Transient transfection assays with a c-fos promoter reporter construct showed that API-l decreased transcription activity by ore than 50~60%. However, treatment of API-l activity studied further. The main substances were fractionated into dichloromethane layer. Futhermore, API-l extract repressed the [$^3H$]-thymidine uptake in C6 glioma cells, indicating that this extract could be included in a new type of modulator in the mitogenesis.

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Systemic Injection of Lidocaine Induce Expression of c-fos mRNA and Protein in Adult Rat Brain

  • Chae, Han-Jung;Kang, Jang-Sook;Cho, Seoung-Bum;Jin, Byung-Gwan;Won, Suk-Jun;Gwag, Byung-Joo;Kim, Hyung-Ryong
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 1999
  • Both direct and indirect environmental stress to brain were increase the expression of transcription factor c-fos in various populations of neurons. In this study, we examined whether the intraperitoneal injections of lidocaine at doses inducing convulsion within 10 min increased the level of c-fos mRNA and protein in forebrain areas. In situ hybridization using $[^{35}S]UTP-labeled$ antisense c-fos, cRNA increased c-fos mRNA levels though hippocampal formation, piriform cortex, septum, caudate-putamen, neostriatum, and amygdala within 2 hr. In parallel with the mRNA expression, c-FOS protein immunoreactivity was also observed in the same forebrain areas. In contrast to the seizure activity and widespread neuronal degeneration following a kainate treatment, injections of lidocaine did not produce neuronal death within 3 days. The present study indicates that lidocaine induces convulsion and c-fos expression without causing neurotoxicity.

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Expression of Multidrug Resistance-associated Protein (MRP), c-myc and c-fos in L1210 Cells (L1210 암세포에서 Multidrug Resistance-associated Protein (MRP), c-myc 및 c-fos 유전자의 발현양상)

  • Kim, Seong-Yong
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 1997
  • The occurrence of multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the main obstacles in the successful chemotherapeutic treatment of cancer. In this study The gene expressions of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), c-myc and c-fos were investigated in L1210 cells. Adriamycin- or vincristine-resistant L1210 cells, L1210AdR or L1210VcR, respectively, has been identified to overexpression of mdr1 gene. The expression leve of MRP gene in L1210AdR and L1210Cis was more decreased than that in L1210 cells. The c-myc and c-fos genes were expressed both in L1210 and resistant sublines. In L1210AdR, the expressions level of c-myc and c-fos genes were decreased than in L1210. However, in L1210VcR and L1210Cis, c-myc and c-fosgene expressionwere rather increased than L1210. These results suggested that MRP does not contribute in resistance of drug-resistant L1210 cells and there is no relations between MRP and mdr1 gene expression. The expression of c-myc and c-fos gene may be changed during transformation of L1210 to drug-resistant sublines.

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Parallel Regulation of Prolactin and c-fos Gene Expression by 17$\beta$-estradiol and Stress in the Mouse Pituitary

  • Kim, Ji-Eune;Ko, Ji-Yun;Kim, Young-il;Yoon, Yong-Dal;Cho, Byung-Nam
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2000
  • The aim of this study was to investigate expression patterns of the prolactin (PRL) and c-fos genes by 17$\beta$-estradiol (17$\beta$-E) and stress in the mouse pituitary. In the pituitary, the levels of PRL mRNA were found high with some fluctuation at 30, 50, and 90 min whereas the levels of PRL mRNA were low at 120 min when ovariectomized female mice were injected with 17$\beta$-E or vehicle. PRL mRNA levels began to increase again at 4 h and remained high up to 24 h only in the 17$\beta$-E- treated mice. The overall changes in c-fos mRNA by 17$\beta$-E were very similar to those in PRL mRNA in the pituitary. Subsequent study revealed that these high initial levels of PRL and c-fos mRNAs were caused by stress during Injection, not by 17$\beta$-E, since vehicle injection alone into the ovariectomized mice could increase the levels of PRL and c-fos mRNAs. The stress-induced elevations of PRL and c-fos mRNAs were inhibited by bromocriptin, a dopamine agonist, suggesting that the dopaminergic system is involved in the action route of injection stress. In addition, the induced levels of c-fos mRNA by 17$\beta$-E and stress in the pituitary were very low compared with those in the uterus. The time course changes in c-fos mRNA level were different between the pituitary and uterus. Taken together, these data indicate that PRL and c-tos gene expression in the pituitary are regulated by 17$\beta$-E and stress in a parallel manner, supporting the notion that c-Fos plays a role in regulation of PRL gene expression.

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Differential expression of glycoconjugates, estrogen receptor-α, c-fos and c-jun in the vagina of normal and ovariectomized rat (흰쥐 발정주기와 난소절제에 따른 질상피의 glycoconjugates, estrogen receptor-α, c-fos 및 c-jun 분포변화)

  • 최병태;길영기;김강련;김순옥;최영현;이준혁
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.317-324
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    • 2002
  • We investigated the compositional changes of glycoconjugates (GCs) and expression of estrogen receptor (ER)-$\alpha$, c-fos and c-jun in the vagina of normal and ovariectomized rats by histochemical and immunohistochemical methods. The mucinous transformation of the superficial layer that occurred from late diestrus to proestrus was accompanied with extensive enrichment of GCs. According to the cyclic changes of the vagina, distinct reactivity patterns such as SBA affinity in the diestrus and Con A affinity in the diestrus and estrus phase was observed. However, weak staining for GCs was detected in the atrophied vaginal epithelium of ovariectomized rats. ER-$\alpha$ immunoreaction was mainly demonstrated in the basal layer of epithelium and estrus cycle-related variation in the number of ER-$\alpha$ immunoreaction were not pronounced. But the stromal cells showing ER-$\alpha$ immunoreaction were abundantly observed from diestrus to estrus phase. The most numerous c-fos immunoreactive cells were observed in the basal and intermediate layer of epithelium and stromal fells from the proestrus to estrus phase and c-jun in the basal layer of epithelium during estrus phase. The c-jun immunoreaction of stromal cells expressed only in the estrus phase. In the ovariectomized rats, a few of ER-$\alpha$, c-fos and c-jun immunoreactive cells were observed in the vaginal epithelium and no immunoreaction were found in the stromal cells. ER-$\alpha$ and c-fos immunoreaction fully expressed in the proestrus coincident with the cell proliferation, mutinous transformation and cornification of vaginal epithelium. These data indicate that vagina epithelium and stromal reals express multiple protein such as ER-$\alpha$, c-fos and c-iun by estrogen that may function in process of cells proliferation and differentiation of vagina epithelium.