• 제목/요약/키워드: c-Fos

검색결과 416건 처리시간 0.128초

Estrogen 처리에 따른 흰쥐 자궁조직내 c-fos, c-jun, hsp25 mRNA 발현 변화 (Temporal Changes of c-fos, c-jun, and Heat Shock Protein 25 mRNA in Rat Uterus following Estradiol Treatment)

  • 이영기;김성례
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 1999
  • 포유류의 자궁조직은 발정주기를 통하여 역동적으로 변화하고 있으며 이러한 자궁조직의 분화는 시상하부-뇌하수체-생식소를 잇는 축에 의해 조절되는 스테로이드 호르몬에 의해 이루어진다. 그러나 에스트로겐 (E)이 어떤 유전자를 발현하여 자궁 내의 변화를 일으키는지는 아직 자세히 알려지지 않고 있다. 본 연구는 난소를 절제한 성숙한 흰쥐에 E을 처리한 후 자궁조직 내에서 c-fos, c-jun 및 hsp25 mRNA의 발현 변화를 Northern blot analysis방법을 사용하여 연구한 것이다. c-fos및 c-jun 암원유전자의 mRNA발현은 E처리 후 1시간 이전부터 증가하기 시작하며, 3시간 이내에 최고치에 도달한 후 급격히 감소하여 기저수준으로 되돌아갔다. 반면에 hsp25 mRNA수준은 E처리 후 3시간 대에서 최고치를 나타내나 증가된 발현량이 서서히 감소하며 12시간이 지난 후 까지도 정상대조군에 비해 높은 수준으로 유지되었다. 이러한 E의 영향이 선별적인지를 검증하기 위하여 E의 길항제인 tamoxifen을 사전처리하고 E을 추가로 처리하여 c-fos, c-jun및 hsp25 mRNA의 발현이 최고치에 이르렀던 3시간대에 자궁조직을 얻어 각각의 유전자 발현량을 조사한 결과 E에 의해 증가되었던 c-fos, c-jun 및 hsp25 mRNA의 수준이 억제됨을 확인하였다. 이러한 결과는 E이 자궁조직에 영향을 미치는데 초기의 일시적인 변화를 보이는 암원유전자인 c-fos 및 c-jun이 중요한 역할을 하리라는 것을 시사하며 hsp25의 경우는 좀더 늦은 반응에 관여하거나 c-fos및 c-jun에 의하여 간접적으로 조절을 받을 수도 있음을 보여 주는 것으로 사료된다.

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Parallel Regulation of Prolactin and c-fos Gene Expression by 17$\beta$-estradiol and Stress in the Mouse Pituitary

  • Kim, Ji-Eune;Ko, Ji-Yun;Kim, Young-il;Yoon, Yong-Dal;Cho, Byung-Nam
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2000
  • The aim of this study was to investigate expression patterns of the prolactin (PRL) and c-fos genes by 17$\beta$-estradiol (17$\beta$-E) and stress in the mouse pituitary. In the pituitary, the levels of PRL mRNA were found high with some fluctuation at 30, 50, and 90 min whereas the levels of PRL mRNA were low at 120 min when ovariectomized female mice were injected with 17$\beta$-E or vehicle. PRL mRNA levels began to increase again at 4 h and remained high up to 24 h only in the 17$\beta$-E- treated mice. The overall changes in c-fos mRNA by 17$\beta$-E were very similar to those in PRL mRNA in the pituitary. Subsequent study revealed that these high initial levels of PRL and c-fos mRNAs were caused by stress during Injection, not by 17$\beta$-E, since vehicle injection alone into the ovariectomized mice could increase the levels of PRL and c-fos mRNAs. The stress-induced elevations of PRL and c-fos mRNAs were inhibited by bromocriptin, a dopamine agonist, suggesting that the dopaminergic system is involved in the action route of injection stress. In addition, the induced levels of c-fos mRNA by 17$\beta$-E and stress in the pituitary were very low compared with those in the uterus. The time course changes in c-fos mRNA level were different between the pituitary and uterus. Taken together, these data indicate that PRL and c-tos gene expression in the pituitary are regulated by 17$\beta$-E and stress in a parallel manner, supporting the notion that c-Fos plays a role in regulation of PRL gene expression.

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흰쥐 해마에서 수영운동이 c-fos, c-jun 발현에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Swimming Exercise of c-fos, c-jun Expression in Rat Hippocampus)

  • 이성호
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.245-253
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 흰쥐 해마에서 c-fos, c-jun 발현에 수영운동이 미치는 영향을 규명하는 것이다. 실험 대상은 생후 4주 흰쥐(4-weeks aged rat)와 생후 4개월 흰쥐(16-weeks aged rat)를 사용하였다. 두 집단 모두 대조군, 실험군으로 분류하였으며, 수영 운동은 1일 1시간 하였으며 1, 3, 7일 실시한 후 다음과 같은 결과를 얻을 수 있었다. c-fos, c-jun 단백질 발현에 있어서 두 실험군 모두 운동 1, 3, 7일에서 유의하게 증가하였으며, 7일이 가장 많이 증가하였고 3일, 1일 순으로 증가 하였다. 두 실험군을 비교했을 때 생후 4주 그룹이 4개월 그룹보다 더 많은 c-fos, c-jun 단백질 발현을 보여 통계적으로 유의하게 나타났다. 따라서 수영 운동이 해마에서 c-fos, c-jun 단백질 발현을 증가시키는 것으로 나타나 운동의 효과가 있는 것으로 보이며, 수영 운동에 의한 초기발현 유전자의 활성화로 인하여 학습 및 기억과 같은 인식 기능을 예방 및 개선시키며 신경성장 및 회복에 긍정적인 효과가 있는 것으로 보인다.

암세포에서 송엽의 AP-l (c-fos/c-jun)에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Pini Folium Extract on AP-1 (c-fos/c-jun) in Cancer Cells)

  • 박건구;장혜숙;이정교;최승훈
    • 약학회지
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 1999
  • Phorbol ester, growth factors activities are mediated by unclear transcription factors, the c-Fos and c-Jun, which can regulate transcriptional activation through specific DNA sites and by forming the transcription factor AP-l, which usually mediates cell proliferation and differentiation signals. We explored effects of Pini Folium extract (API-l) on AP-l activity. Western blot analysis confirmed that API-l decreased levels of c-Fos or c-Jun protein induced by the tumor promoter Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; 200 nM). Transient transfection assays with a c-fos promoter reporter construct showed that API-l decreased transcription activity by ore than 50~60%. However, treatment of API-l activity studied further. The main substances were fractionated into dichloromethane layer. Futhermore, API-l extract repressed the [$^3H$]-thymidine uptake in C6 glioma cells, indicating that this extract could be included in a new type of modulator in the mitogenesis.

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L1210 암세포에서 Multidrug Resistance-associated Protein (MRP), c-myc 및 c-fos 유전자의 발현양상 (Expression of Multidrug Resistance-associated Protein (MRP), c-myc and c-fos in L1210 Cells)

  • 김성용
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 1997
  • 항암제에 대한 내성은 내인성 또는 획득한 내성 모두가 암의 치료에 장애가 된다. P-당단백질을 encode하고있는 mdr1 유전자의 발현이 항암제에 대해 내성을 가지고 있는 암세포에서 많이 관찰되고 있으며, 최근에는 시험관적으로 항암제에 대한 내성이 유도된 암세포주들에서 mdr1 유전자가 발현되지 않는 암세포들이 보고되고 있다. 다제내성에 관계하는 또 하나의 유전자인 MRP 발현정도를 L1210세포와 내성인 L1210변이주들에서 조사하였으며, c-myc과 c-fos 유전자의 발현변화를 관찰하였다. RT-PCR을 시행하여 L1210, L1210AdR, L1210VcR에서 MRP 유전자발현을 확인하였으며, Northern hybridization한 결과 L1210세포에 비하여 L1210AdR은 유전자 발현이 40% 정도 감소하였으며, L12l0Cis는 90% 정도의 유전자 발현감소가 관찰되었다. c-myc과 c-fos유전자의 Northern hybridization한 결과 L1210에 비하여 L1210AdR은 발현감소가 나타났으나, L1210VcR과 L1210Cis의 경우는 오히려 발현증가가 관찰되었다.

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통증유발 백서에서 미세전류자극이 척수 분절 내 c-fos 및 CGRP 발현에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Microcurrent Stimulation on c-fos and Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Expression in the Spinal Cord on Rats Induced Pain)

  • 김계엽;정현우
    • 동의생리병리학회지
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of study is that we will observe the change of c-fos and CGRP with the immunohistochemistry method and then we will study the effect of microcurrent stimulation following the frequency after inducing pain to rats with capsaicin. The experimental groups were divided by microcurrent application and pain induce. Normal control groups is used in experiment I, the group which we induce pain is used in experiment II, the application group which we induce pain and then the high frequency microcurrent stimulation is used in experiment III, the application group which we induce pain and then the low frequency microcurrent stimulation is used in experiment IV. c-fos was strongly expressed after pain induced 2 hours and positive neurons were decreased from 2 hours. At 7 days, positive neuron recovers to normal range, But c-fos positive neuron of microcurrent stimulation group were decreased from 2 hours. CGRP was strongly expressed after pain induced 24 hours, and positive neurons were decreased from 7 days. These results suggests that microcurrent stimulation therapy effect to control pain according to expression of c-fos and CGRP examined by immunohistochemistry. Also high frequency microcurrent stimulation is more effective than low frequency microcurrent stimulation for controling the pain.

Ginseng radix Suppresses Ischemia-induced Increase in c-Fos Expression and Apoptosis in the Hippocampal CA1 Region in Gerbils

  • Park, Keung-Ryol;Jang, Mi-Hyeon;Kim, Chang-Ju;Lee, Choong-Yeol
    • 동의생리병리학회지
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.224-229
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    • 2005
  • Ginseng radix, the root of Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer (Araliaceae), has traditionally been used for the treatment of various disorders including cerebrovascular accident (CVA). In the present study, the effect of Ginseng radix on c-Fos expression and apoptosis in the hippocampal CA1 region of gerbils following transient global ischemia was investigated via immunohistochemistry for c-Fos and caspase-3 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Enhanced c-Fos-, TUNEL-, and caspase-3-positivities were detected in the hippocampal CA1 region in ischemic gerbils. Administration of the aqueous extract of Ginseng radix suppressed this ischemia-induced increment in the numbers of c-Fos-, TUNEL-, and caspase-3-positive cells. These results suggest that Ginseng radix has an inhibitive effect on the induction of c-Fos expression and apoptosis seen following transient global ischemia.

시호 메탄올 추출물이 코카인 약물중독에 의한 흰쥐 뇌의 c-Fos 발현에 미치는 영향 (Methanolic extract from the root of Bupleuri falcatum L. attenuates cocaine-induced c-Fos expression in rat brain.)

  • 최성훈;구세광;한창현;양재하
    • 한국한의학연구원논문집
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The aim of present study is to examine the effect of methanolic extract from the root of Bupleurum falcatum L. (BF) on acute cocaine-induced c-Fos expression in the rat caudate putamen (CPu), a major dopaminergic terminal. Methods : Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to an intraperitoneal injection with either cocaine hydrochloride (20 mg/kg) or saline 30 min after an administration of either extract of BF (100 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle. Animals were sacrificed 2 hr after treatment with cocaine or saline for immunohistochemistry. Quantification of brain slices was examined for c-Fos positive nuclei using light microscopy. Results : Pretreatment with BF significantly attenuated cocaine-induced c-Fos expression in the rat CPu. Conclusions : This finding suggests that BF has the inhibitory effect on cocaine-induced c-Fos expression in the rat CPu via possibly modulating the activities of central dopaminergic systems.

Acupuncture on ST36 Increases c-Fos Expression in vlPAG of Visceral Pain-induced Mice

  • Choo, Jin-Suk;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • 대한한의학회지
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2008
  • Background : Acupuncture has been used as a clinical treatment in Oriental medicine for various diseases including pain relief. The descending pain control system of periaqueductal gray (PAG) is a powerful pain control system in mammalians. Expression of c-Fos is used as a marker for stimuli-induced metabolic changes of neurons. Objective : In the present study, the effects of acupuncture on analgesic effect in visceral pain were investigated through the writhing reflex and c-Fos expression in ventrolateral PAG (vlPAG) area using immunohistochemistry in mice. Method : For the writhing test, mice were divided into five groups. Immediately after finishing the behavioral test, the animals were weighed and overdosed with Zoletil. After a complete lack of response was observed, the brains of the mice were dissected into serial coronal sections, and c-Fos immunohistochemistry was performed. Statistical analysis of all data was performed using one-way ANOVA. Result : The present results showed that acupuncture affected the writhing reflex and that Choksamni (zusnali) acupoint and aspirin significantlysuppressed acetic acid treatment-induced increased writhing reflex, and the expression of c-Fos in vlPAG was significantly increased in the acupunctured group. Conclusion : The present study suggests that acupuncture has an antinociceptive effect on acetic acid-induced visceral pain by increase of c-Fos expression in mice. Aspirin also showed analgesic effect, however the mechanism is different from the acupuncture.

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목단피(牧丹皮)가 강제수영부하시험에서 Corticotropin-Releasing Factor, c-Fos 와 Tyrosine Hydroxylase에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Moutan Cortex on Corticotropin-Releasing Factor, c-Fos and Tyrosine Hydroxylase in Forced Swimming Test)

  • 성영석;이태희
    • 대한한의학방제학회지
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.129-140
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of Moutan Cortex as antidepressant in forced swimming test(FST) model. Methods : The expressions of corticotropin-releasing Factor(CRF), c-Fos and tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) were measured with immunohistochemical method at paraventricular nucleus (PVN), locus coeruleus(LC) and ventral tegmental area(VTA). Results : The duration of immobility in the forced swimming test was significantly decreased in the Moutan Cortex 100 mg/kg treated group in comparison with the control group(p<0.01). CRF and c-Fos expressions at PVN were decreased in the Moutan Cortex 100mg/kg treated group in comparison with the control group. But only the expression of c-Fos was shown the significance(p<0.05). TH expressions at LC and VTA were significantly decreased in the Moutan Cortex 100mg/kg and 400mg/kg treated group in comparison with the control group(p<0.001). Conclusion : According to the results, Moutan Cortex has the antidepressant effect by showing the reduced immobility through the reduction of c-Fos expression at PVN and the reduction of TH expression at LC and VTA.

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