• Title, Summary, Keyword: cancer cell lines

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Antisense bcl-2 Treatment in Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines (사람 폐암세포주에서의 bcl-2 안티센스 처리에 의한 효과)

  • 김선미;정자영;오호정;손여원
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 2002
  • Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is a genetically regulated pathway that is altered in many cancers. Overexpression of bcl-2 leads to resistance to apoptosis and promotes tumorigenesis. To determine the effect of bcl-2 antisense treatment in human lung cancer cell lines, a 20 mer full phosphorothioate oligonucleotide (ODN) targeted at the coding region of the bcl-2 mRNA was synthesized. Western blot analyses were used to examine bcl-2 protein level in five human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines (NCI-H226, SK-MES-1 NCI-H358, NCI-H522 and NCI-Hl 299) and four human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines (NCI-H69, NCI-H4l7, HCC-2108 and SW2). Three out of five NSCLC (NCI-H226, SK-MES-1 and NCI-Hl 299) and all of SCLC cell lines expressed Bcl-2 protein. Treatment of these cell with antisense ODN for 48 hours reduced their viability and Bcl-2 protein level. As a conclusion, bcl-2 antisense treatment appears reduction of the Bcl-2 protein levels and cytotoxic effect including apoptosis in human lung cancer cell lines.

Luteolin Sensitizes Two Oxaliplatin-Resistant Colorectal Cancer Cell Lines to Chemotherapeutic Drugs Via Inhibition of the Nrf2 Pathway

  • Chian, Song;Li, Yin-Yan;Wang, Xiu-Jun;Tang, Xiu-Wen
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.2911-2916
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    • 2014
  • Oxaliplatin is a first-line therapy for colorectal cancer, but cancer cell resistance to the drug compromises its efficacy. To explore mechanisms of drug resistance, we treated colorectal cancer cells (HCT116 and SW620) long-term with oxaliplatin and established stable oxaliplatin-resistant lines (HCT116-OX and SW620-OX). Compared with parental cell lines, $IC_{50}$s for various chemotherapeutic agents (oxaliplatin, cisplatin and doxorubicin) were increased in oxaliplatin-resistant cell lines and this was accompanied by activation of nuclear factor erythroid-2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and NADPH quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). Furthermore, luteolin inhibited the Nrf2 pathway in oxaliplatin-resistant cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. Luteolin also inhibited Nrf2 target gene [NQO1, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and $GST{\alpha}1/2$] expression and decreased reduced glutathione in wild type mouse small intestinal cells. There was no apparent effect in Nrf2-/- mice. Luteolin combined with other chemotherapeutics had greater anti-cancer activity in resistant cell lines (combined index values below 1), indicating a synergistic effect. Therefore, adaptive activation of Nrf2 may contribute to the development of acquired drug-resistance and luteolin could restore sensitivity of oxaliplatin-resistant cell lines to chemotherapeutic drugs. Inhibition of the Nrf2 pathway may be the mechanism for this restored therapeutic response.

The Growth Inhibition Effect of L-1210 and S-180 Cancer Cell Lines by the Extract from Anemarrhena Asphodeloides (지모(知母) 추출물이 L-1210 및 S-180 암세포주 성장 억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Yim, Chi-Hye;Cho, Jae-Seung;Kim, Hyo-Soo;Kwon, Seung-Man;Kim, Shin;Kim, Il-Hwan;Park, Hye-Sun
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.170-178
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    • 2007
  • 1. Objective This study was aimed to screen the potential antitumor activity of one kinds of Korean medicinal herb extracts against cancer cell lines and to evaluate the growth inhibition effect of L-1210 and S-180 cancer cell lines. 2. Methods It confirmed Anemarrhena asphodeloides extracts to screen the potential antitumor activity. Then, it was extracted with 4 kinds of solvents ; hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and $H_2O$, and the Growth inhibition effect of these extracts were determined against cancer cell and normal cell. The results were as follows : The IC50(50% inhibitory concentration) values of Anemarrhena asphodeloides extracts were shown to be $253{\mu}g/ml$ against L-1210 cell lines. The IC50 values of ethyl acetate extracts were shown to be $915{\mu}g/ml$ against L-1210 cell lines. The IC50 values of butanol extracts were shown to be $52.3{\mu}g/ml$, $485{\mu}g/ml$ against L-1210, S-180 cell lines, respectively. The butanol extracts were more selectively effective than other extracts to cancer cell lines. 3. Conclusion From these data, it could be concluded that the Anemarrhena asphodeloides extracts to the Growth inhibition effect of L-1210 and S-180 cancer cell lines.

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Talin-1 Correlates with Reduced Invasion and Migration in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

  • Fang, Kun-Peng;Zhang, Jian-Lin;Ren, Yan-Hong;Qian, Ye-Ben
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.2655-2661
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    • 2014
  • Background: Talin-1 is a cytoskeleton protein that participates in cell migration and plays a role in tumor formation, migration, and metastasis in different types of cancer. Chinese investigators have observed that the levels of Talin-1 protein and mRNA expression in HCC tissues are significantly lower than in the adjacent non-cancerous tissue. However, Japanese investigators have reported that Talin-1 is upregulated in HCC. Tln2 as homologous gene of Tln-1, which encodes a very similar protein, but the role of Talin-2 is very little known in primary liver cancer (PLC). We investigated whether the expression of Talin-1 in PLC may be associated with the histological subtype as well as the role of Talin-1 in tumor cell invasion and migration using human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. Materials and Methods: We measured the mRNA expression levels of Talin-1 and Talin-2 in five human liver cancer cell lines and normal human liver cell ($LO_2$ cell line) by real-time PCR and the protein expression levels of Talin-1 by Western blot. Migration and invasion of the cells were assessed using transwell assays and cell scratch experiments, respectively, and proliferation was assessed by soft AGAR colony formation. Results: Talin-1 and Talin-2 expression differed significantly between the five human liver cancer cell lines and $LO_2$ cell line (p<0.05). Compared with the $LO_2$ cell line, the invasion and migration capabilities of the five cancer cell lines differed significantly (p<0.05). Similarly, the colony-forming ability differed (p<0.05). Conclusions: High levels of Talin-1 expression are correlated with reduced invasion and migration as well as decreased malignancy in human liver cancer cell lines; the suppression of Talin-1 promotes invasion and migration. In addition, Talin-2 may be correlated with invasion and migration in human hepatocellular carcinoma.

Effects of Chitosan on the Cytotoxicity of Anticancer Drugs in vitro (In vitro에서 chitosan이 항암제의 세포독성에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Soon-Hong;Pyo, Myoung-Yun
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 2007
  • Chitosan is a depolymerized and partially deacetylated derivative of chitin. We investigated the cytotoxicity of chitosan in cancer cell lines, such as P388, L1210, HCT-15, SK-HepG-1 and mouse splenocytes as a normal cell by MTT assay. To clarify whether chitosan enhances cytotoxicity of anticancer drugs, we also examined the cytotoxicity of combined treatment with chitosan and anticancer drugs, such as cisplatin, mitomycin C, and 5-fluorouracil in cancer cell lines in vitro. Chitosan ($37.5\;{\mu}g/mL,\;75\;{\mu}g/mL,\;112.5\;{\mu}g/mL,\;and\;150\;{\mu}g/mL$) showed concentration-dependent cytotoxicity in the cancer cell lines. In addition, chitosan showed relatively lower cytotoxicity in normal cells than in the cancer cell lines. Particularly, this trend was significant at high doses of chitosan, i.e. $112.5\;{\mu}g/mL,\;and\;150\;{\mu}g/mL$. Thus, these results suggest that chitosan may selectively induce the growth inhibition in cancer cell lines, compared to normal cells. Furthermore. the co-treatment of chitosan and anticancer drugs exhibited an apparant synergistic cytotoxicity in murine lymphoma cell lines, i.e. P388 and L1210 at $37.5\;{\mu}g/mL$ of chitosan rather than at $75\;{\mu}g/mL$ of chitosan, but such phenomenon could not be observed in solid tumor cell lines, i.e. HCT-15 and SK-HepG-1. However, chitosan did'nt reduced the cytotoxicity against normal mouse splenocytes induced by anticancer drugs. Therefore, it is concluded that the combination of chitosan and anticancer drugs might be useful for the cancer chemotherapy.

Cytotoxic Effect of the Distilled Pine-Needle Extracts on Several Cancer Cell Lines in vitro (솔잎 수액 증류액의 암세포주에 대한 in vitro 세포독성)

  • Chung, Young-Jin;Bae, Myung-Won;Chung, Myoung-Il;Lee, Ji-Seon;Chung, Kyeong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.691-695
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to examine the cytotoxic effects of the distilled pine-needle extracts against several cancer cell lines. First, cell lines including mice leukemic cancer cell line (L1210), sarcoma 180 and human monocyte-like cancer cells (U937) were tested using XTT methods in uitro. Pine-needle extracts were prepared by pressing the pine needles and distilling it at below 98$^{\circ}C$ and then added to the growth medium in a final dilution of 10, 20, and 40 times. Growth of three kinds of cancer cells was significantly inhibited by more than 50% with the addition of the extracts. Fifty six to seventy six % of inhibition was shown with the 40 times dilution of the extracts. Greater inhibition was achieved with the 20 times dilution (81~90%) and the 10 times dilution (77~89%) of the extracts. Next, other human cancer cell lines including 3 kinds of breast cancer cell lines (T47D, MDA-MB-231 and MW7A) and one hepatoma cell line (SNU-354) were tested with the 20 times dilution of the extract. T47D and MDA-MB-231 cell lines showed lower inhibition (12%) with the addition of the extract. However, MH7A and SNU-354 cell lines showed 64% and 72% inhibition with the extract, respectively. These results suggest that the distilled pine-needle extracts have strong cytotoxic effect on certain cancer cell lines and the intensity of the effect may vary depending on the process of the pine needle.

Evaluation of Anticancer Activity of Curcumin Analogues Bearing a Heterocyclic Nucleus

  • Ahsan, Mohamed Jawed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1739-1744
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    • 2016
  • We report herein an in vitro anticancer evaluation of a series of seven curcumin analogues (3a-g). The National Cancer Institute (NCI US) Protocol was followed and all the compounds were evaluated for their anticancer activity on nine different panels (leukemia, non small cell lung cancer, colon cancer, CNS cancer, melanoma, ovarian cancer, renal cancer, prostate cancer and breast cancer) represented by 60 NCI human cancer cell lines. All the compounds showed significant anticancer activity in one dose assay (drug concentration $10{\mu}M$) and hence were evaluated further in five dose assays (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and $100{\mu}M$) and three dose related parameters $GI_{50}$, TGI and $LC_{50}$ were calculated for each (3a-g) in micro molar drug concentrations (${\mu}M$). The compound 3d (NSC 757927) showed maximum mean percent growth inhibition (PGI) of 112.2%, while compound 3g (NSC 763374) showed less mean PGI of 40.1% in the one dose assay. The maximum anticancer activity was observed with the SR (leukemia) cell line with a $GI_{50}$ of $0.03{\mu}M$. The calculated average sensitivity of all cell lines of a particular subpanel toward the test agent showed that all the curcumin analogues showed maximum activity on leukemia cell lines with $GI_{50}$ values between 0.23 and $2.67{\mu}M$.

Role of CAGE, a Novel Cancer/Testis Antigen, in Various Cellular Processes, Including Tumorigenesis, Cytolytic T Lymphocyte Induction, and Cell Motility

  • Kim, Young-Mi;Jeoung, Doo-Il
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.600-610
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    • 2008
  • A cancer-associated antigen gene (CAGE) was identified by serological analysis of a recombinant cDNA expression library (SEREX). The gene was identified by screening cDNA expression libraries of human testis and gastric cancer cell lines with sera from patients with gastric cancer. CAGE was found to contain a D-E-A-D box domain and encodes a putative protein of 630 amino acids with possible helicase activity. The CAGE gene is widely expressed in various cancer tissues and cancer cell lines. Demethylation plays a role in the activation of CAGE in certain cancer cell lines where the gene is not expressed. The functional roles of CAGE in tumorigenesis, the molecular mechanisms of CAGE expression, and cell motility are also discussed.

Comparative Cytotoxic Activities of Various Ginsengs on Human Cancer Cell Lines

  • Sung Ryong Ko;You
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.18-21
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    • 1998
  • Comparative cytotoxic activities of petroleum ether soluble fraction from various ginsengs of Panax species were evaluated using A549 (human lung adenocarcinoma) and SK-OV-3(human ovary carcinoma) cancer cell lines. Korean red ginseng, Korean white ginseng, American ginseng and Canadian ginseng were found to show more potent cytotoxicitles on A549 and SK-OV-3 cell lines than Chinese red ginseng, Japanese red ginseng and Sanchi ginseng. It is noteworthy that especially, red ginseng prepared from the root of Panax ginseng cultivated in Korea shows relatively stronger cytotoxic activities than those cultivated in China and Japan.

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Establishment of Highly Tumorigenic Human Gastric Carcinoma Cell Lines from Xenograft Tumors in Mice

  • Song, Kyung-A;Park, Jihyun;Kim, Ha-Jung;Kang, Myung Soo;Kim, Sun Young
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.238-250
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    • 2017
  • Patient's primary tumor-derived tumor cell lines likely represent ideal tools for human tumor biology in vitro and in vivo. Here, we describe eight human gastric carcinoma cell lines derived from established tumors in vivo upon subcutaneous transplantation of primary gastric carcinoma specimens in BALB/c nude mice. These xenografted gastric tumor cell lines (GTX) displayed close similarity with primary gastric tumor tissues in their in vivo growth pattern and genomic alterations. GTX-085 cells were resistant to cisplatin, while GTX-087 was the most sensitive cell line. GTX-085 was the only cell line showing a metastatic potential. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EPCAM) expression was especially strong in all tissue samples, as well as in cell cultures. GTX-139, the largest tumor graft obtained after injection, displayed distinct expression of CD44v6, fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2), and prominin 1 (PROM1, also known as CD133). In summary, we established eight xenograft gastric cancer cell lines from gastric cancer patient tissues, with their histological and molecular features consistent with those of the primary tumors. The established GTX cell lines will enable future studies of their responses to various treatments for gastric cancer.