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Study on Spacial Analysis of Mixed Wooden Construction -In Reference to Contemporary Architecture in Japan- (목조혼합구조 건축의 공간분석에 관한연구 -일본의 현대목조건축을 중심으로-)

  • 이승훈
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.17
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    • pp.223-233
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    • 1998
  • We intend to illustrate how contemporary architects have conceptualized spaces with words. Language practice is so much important work for the contemporary architects as designing realistic building (material practice) As this point of view we need to interest in theses of architects which contains their unique ideas an characters. The purpose of this study is for understanding how contemporary japanese architects embody through special conception when day design the mixed wooden construction and for looking for the possibility of the development of it. As a result the mixed wooden construction candy understood as an expression form how an architects things about relationship between parts and parts, parts and the whole and the character of materials that consist it and such relationship is determined by the requirement of space.

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History of the Korean confectionery industry (우리나라 제과 산업의 역사)

  • Jung, Myung-kyo
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.295-306
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    • 2020
  • In Korea, confectionery refers to biscuits, snacks, chocolate, candy and gum. The first sweet in Korea is the Yumilkwa (oil-and-honey pastry) in the Goryeo Dynasty which was mentioned in history book, and is seen to be popular in medieval Korea. Korea's confectionery industry began in 1945 with the aid of the U.S. forces, Haitai Confectionery company produced sweets. The first confectionery product is 'Yeon yang gang'. In the 1970s and 1980s, the confectionery industry developed along with economic growth in Korea, and many of the products released at this time are still loved. Now the domestic market is saturated, sales of domestic confectionery companies are decreasing due to low-priced offers made by importers. It is necessary to develop products with high quality and brand power that can lead the market, and I think it is necessary to target the undeveloped market like the Halal market.

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Studies on the Preparation and Utilization of Sea Mustard Extracts with the Treatment Conditions (처리조건별 미역농축물의 제조 및 이용에 관한 연구)

  • LEE Kang-Ho;LEE Dong-Ho;CHO Ho-Sung;JUNG Woo-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.409-415
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    • 1993
  • For the use of sea mustard in snack food as the supplement of minerals and nutrients, three types of product like sweet jelly, jam and candy were prepared adding fresh sea mustard homogenates, dried sea mustard powder and sea mustard extract, respectively. That were prepared by four different ways, cold water extract, hot water extract, $1\%$ NaOH extract and $95\%$ ethanol extract. The extract contains plenty of particulary iodine and calcium in hot water extract and other nutrients. Judging by sensory evaluation, color, flavor and taste of jam, sweet jelly and candy added with sea mustard, products were satisfactory to attractive snack food for children and these could be useful as the source of minerals and nutrients.

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A Study on the Dietary Habits and Intake of Snacks and Self-purchasing Snacks in Elementary School Students (서울 일부지역 초등학생의 식습관 및 간식과 군것질 섭취실태)

  • Hong, Seung-Hee;Lee, Bo-Ra;Park, Young-Sim
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we investigated the dietary habits, snacks, and self-purchasing snacks (SPS) intake behaviors of 519 elementary school students (boys=239, girls=280). Obesity was significantly higher (p<0.05) in boys (24.8%) than in girls (14.7%) and the proportion of underweight subjects was higher compared to normal or other weight groups for both the boys and the girls. There were 7.5% of the subjects in the group that always skipped breakfast, and the main reason of skipping breakfast was insufficient time (51.9%). The snack intake frequency was once or twice per week for 23.1% of the subjects and three or four times per week for 25.1%. The SPS intake frequency was the subjects zero for 35.6% of the highest level of the responders, while 6.8% of the respondents took more than once SPS per day. 59.6% of the respondents consumed SPS due to hunger while 15.0% consumed SPS out of boredom. The SPS was purchased from supermarkets in 34.5% of the cases, from convenience stores in 24.1% and from snack corners in 20.0% of cases or from a store near school in 14.5% of the cases. Analysis of SPS behaviors according to obesity index showed that parent's opinion of 'permission to buy SPS as needed' had a significant effect in 64.5% over weight subjects compared to only 53.7% in underweight groups. The subjects who used more than 3/4 of their pocket money to buy SPS was higher in the overweight groups (16.4%) than in the underweight groups (7.0%) and normal weight groups (9.8%). The favorite snacks and SPS were milk and yogurt for 45.7% of the subjects, fruits for 42.7%, ice cream for 26.4%, fruit juices for 23.8%, sweet stuff for 16.4%, frozen dessert for 8.9%, and chocolate or candy for 8.1% in descending order. The intake frequency of milk, yogurt, and fruit juices was higher in the underweight groups, but the intake frequency of sweet stuff, frozen dessert, and chocolate or candy was higher in over weight groups. The intake of frozen dessert was more than four times higher in the overweight groups than in the underweight groups. In conclusion, dietary habits, snacks, and SPS intake behaviors were similar between the boys and the girls and obesity groups, but most students appeared to have a high preference for intake snacks and SPS. Therefore, education for appropriate snacks intake habits will be beneficial for improving their dietary habits and health.

Quality Evaluation of yut(Korean Traditional Candy) Prepared from Low Quality Dried-Persimmon (하품 곶감으로 제조한 곶감엿의 품질평가)

  • Kim, Jun-Han;Kang, Woo-Won;Kim, Jong-Kuk
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to develop yut(Korean Traditional Candy), products using dried-persimmon, with the ratio of 5, 10, 15, 20 and $25\%$, and the quality characteristics were investigated. The proximate compositions of dried-persimmon were $29.67\%$ moisture, $1.76\%$ crude protein, $0.18\%$ crude lipids, $1.31\%$ crude ash and $3.92\%$ crude fiber, respectively. Brix of yut products were ranged from $81.5\%$ to $83.0\%$. With increasing the amount of dried-persimmon, hunter's color values of Land b were reduced. In the texture property, the addition of dried-persimmon increased hardness, fracturability, gumminess and chewiness, while decreased adhesiveness. Judging from texture, taste and overall acceptability of the yut product, the recommended substitution level of dried-persimmons was $10\%$. In consumer sensory score, the $twenties\~sixties$ gave high score of color, while the $thirties\~fifties$ gave high score of sweetness. Overall acceptance of yut products of $dried-persimmon$ were good in old-age consumers.

Factors to Influence Consumption Pattern of Snacks of Middle School Students in Ilsan Area (일산 지역 중학생의 간식 섭취에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Doo, Mi-ae;Seo, Ji-Yeong;Kim, Yang-ha
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.12
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    • pp.1732-1739
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze factors that influence consumption pattern of snacks of middle school students. The subjects of study were 607 middle school students (male: 316, female: 291) in Ilsan area. The subjects were surveyed by a self-administered questionnaire about anthropometrics, mother's employed status, parents' education level, and snack consumption pattern. Male students showed higher consumption in 'milk and milk products' (p<0.05), 'instant noodles' (p<0.01), and 'cereal' (p<0.05). In the other hand, female students showed higher consumption in 'biscuits, cookies' (p<0.01) and 'candy and chocolates' (p<0.01). Subjects in underweight group showed higher frequency in the consumption of 'biscuits, cookies' (p<0.05) and 'candy and chocolates' (p<0.001) compared with normal weight or overweight subjects. The subjects with mother not having a job showed higher consumption of snacks under controlling parents (p<0.001), and higher consumption in 'fruit and fruit juice' (p<0.05) and 'milk and milk products' (p<0.01) compared to the subjects with mother having a job. The subjects with parents having higher education level showed higher of consumption in 'fast food'. These results suggest that general characteristics of the subjects and characteristics of family environment may affect consumption pattern of snacks in middle school students.

Study on the Detection of Artificial Dyes in the Commercial Drops by Use of Thin-Layer Chromatography (Thin-Layer Chromatography에 의한 시판 알사탕류의 착색료에 관한 고찰)

  • 구성회;우세홍;한식일;이성호
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.14-17
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    • 1974
  • A study was carried out to detect of illegal artificial dyes, and to confirm the used rate of illegal dyes in the production process of commercial drops (candy), from Dec. 10, 1972 to Feb. 10, 1973. In this study, it was used thin layer chromatography, the samples were divided into two groups, group A of inscribed trade name and group B of not inscribed trade name. To contrast with group A and group B, 100 samples were randomly collected in the market places, 50 samples from group A and 50 samples from group B. The following conclusions were obtained: 1) used rate of illegal dyes were 2% of group A and 9% of group B. 2) used rate of illegal dyes were 2% of red, 2% of yellow, 1% of violet and 6% of green, not in blue. 3) used rate of illegal dyes 3% of Rhodamine B, 3% of Auramine and 6% of Light green S.F. Yellowish. 4) Out of 20 cases those used mixed dyes, only one case was confirmed as two illegal dyes, and 4 cases were used one illegal dye.

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Effectiveness of a consulting program through telephone in treating obese women (전화 상담을 통한 비만 여성의 치료 효과)

  • Park, Gwi-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 1996
  • The trial was conducted to assess the impact of consulting through telephone on body weight reduction among 18 obese adult women. The degree of obesity, food intake pattern, and life style were examined through phone calls. Subjects visited our clinic and their body fat percentages were measured using impedance fat meter (model SIF-891), and were recommended and recorded to have a low calory diet with changes in the food habit and behavior. The study results are as follows: 1. There is a positive relationship between food habit, lifestyle, obese degree, and fat percentage. 2. 8-10kg and 5kg reductions in the body weight were observed among 14 subjects and 2 subjects, respectively. However, 2 subjects maintained their body weights. 3. The body reduction curve looked like a stairway (type) with low slope and was related with food intake amount. 4. It was possible to have the adequate protein intake only through the vegetable diet. 5. 15 out of 18 subjects were on the prescribed low calory diets for 3 days. Therefore, there is a time limitation to follow the diet treatment. 6. A body weight reduction altered dietary intake of foods which were rich in sweet taste, and the favorite foods were chocolate and candy.

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Examining Early Childhood's Perception of Strange Adults' Luring Behaviors Facilitating Crime (낯선 사람의 범죄유인 행동에 대한 유아의 인식)

  • Kim, Young-Shim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the response pattern of children of early childhood (ages 4 to 5) to strangers' luring behaviors that suggest imminent crime. Data were collected from registrants offered by four kindergartens and daycare centers. Individual interviews were performed (N = 100) by using a questionnaire. Results were as follows: First, children of early childhood responded unfavorably to strange adults' kindness and request for aids. However, it was found that they did not make the right decision in relation to strange adults' luring behaviors that lead to crime when family related clues were manipulated. Second, children of early childhood responded favorably to strange adults' luring behaviors that are suggestive of criminal intent when candy, ice cream, and toys were offered. Especially, youngsters were more prone to be deceived by these indices than the older children. Third, older children responded unfavorably to strange adults' luring behaviors that suggest a criminal intent In addition, youngsters did not respond cleverly to strange adults' luring behaviors that suggest a criminal intent while showing a reluctant response.

The Relationship between the Eating Habits of Elementary School Students and Parenting Behavior Characteristics (어머니의 양육 행동특성과 초등학생의 식습관에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Sang-Myoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.515-526
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    • 2003
  • The object of this study was to investigate the relationship between the eating habits of high(4th, 5th, 6th) grade elementary school students and parental behavior characteristics(affection, rational guidance, overprotect and neglect). The parenting behavior scale and demographic variables, eating habits and food frequency were administered to the subjects. In this investigation, the subjects were 396 boys and 337 girls in Chunju city in Korea, 50.1% of the mothers was in the age from 35 to 39 years and 57.8% of the mother had an occupation. Data were analyzed by using a SPSS PS package. Significant differences and correlation among variables were determined by the frequency, $x^2-test$ and pearson's correlation coefficient. Eating habits was significantly influenced by mother's employment status, but was not affected by the levels of mother's education and income. Parental behavior characteristics was significantly related to the children's snacks habits(p<0.05, p<0.01), but have no connection with dietary habits and the eating out. The survey revealed higher percentage of the children who had taken affectionate, reasonable and positively reinforced child care, answered they enjoy meals and the other groups answered they did not. Also frequency of having soup, green vegetables, fruits, dairy products had positive relationship with affective, reasonable rearing attitude, but negative relationship with neglective rearing attitude. And the survey showed children who were reared in overprotect had chocolate, candy and the like in large quantities.