• Title, Summary, Keyword: candy

Search Result 124, Processing Time 0.05 seconds

A Study on Purchasing Behavior and Satisfaction of Imported Processed Snacks among Mothers with Preschool Children (미취학 아동 어머니의 수입 가공 간식류에 대한 구매실태 및 만족도)

  • Lee, Eun-Ju;Park, Sang-Hyun;Joo, Na-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.11-16
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to examine purchasing behavior and satisfaction for imported processed snacks of mothers with preschool children and to provide nutrition education information for mothers. 81.4% of the respondents often purchased imported processed snacks and the main reason (51.0%) for purchasing imported processed snacks was preference of children. A total of 58.0% of the respondents purchased imported processed snacks at a large-scale discount store. 41.9% of the respondents purchased imported dairy products everyday, and 24.8% of them purchased the products once per week. The percentage of not purchasing at all was very high for imported confectionary, jelly and candy, nuts, and drinks. The food additive checking score was very high when purchasing imported processed snacks. The graduate school group and unemployed mothers checked significantly more often for food additives (p<0.05). The taste satisfaction score was very high, and employed mothers were satisfied with taste significantly more than unemployed mothers. Nutrition education using imported processed food labeling should be performed, and quality management before importing processed food should be carried out.

Flurbiprofen toxicity in 2 dogs (두 마리 개에서의 flurbiprofen 중독 2례)

  • Lee, Ye-Hyun;Nam, Eui-Hwa;Park, Seol-Hee;Song, Chi-Youn;Lee, Yong-Uk;Lee, Jong-Myung;Park, Jung-Hoon;Hwang, Cheol-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.53 no.3
    • /
    • pp.177-180
    • /
    • 2013
  • Two dogs were presented with melena, vomiting and depression after accidental swallowing of candy form of Strepsils (flurbiprofen), which is one of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs used in human medicine for controlling a sore throat. These dogs had common signs of anemia induced by gastrointestinal ulceration and hemorrhage with azotemia and leukocytosis. The dogs were treated with blood transfusion, fluid therapy, proton-pump inhibitor, antiemetics, mucus protectant and antibiotic. Although most of clinical signs of two dogs were resolved, azotemic problem with evidence of renal injury have remained.

Experimental Study on the Performance of Refrigeration Cycle for various RPM of Inverter Scroll Compressor (전동 스크롤압축기의 운전rpm에 따른 냉동사이클의 성능에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Lee, K.S.;Lee, K.A.;Lee, H.Y.;Lee, Y.S.;Kim, Jeongbae
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.42-48
    • /
    • 2014
  • An experimental study was performed estimating COP(Coefficient of Performance) of air-conditioning cycle with inverter scroll compressor. All experiments were done for various compressor speeds from 1000~4000 rpm and used the inverter controller called CANDy to change the compressor rpm. The air-conditioning cycle components in the apparatus were used as same with components of YF hybrid car. To estimate the COP, this study measured the temperature and pressure at inlets and outlets of compressor, condenser, and evaporator. And also measured the compressor input power using Powermeter. Through the experiments, the maximum error to estimate COP was shown about ${\pm}6.09%$ at 3500rpm. This study revealed that the condenser temperature and pressure were increased and the evaporator temperature and pressure were decreased with the increased compressor speed. And also, the COP was decreased with increased compressor speed. Those results can be used the basic and fundamental data to design the air-conditioning cycle with inverter scroll compressor.

Identification of Aroma-Active Components in Salt-Fermented Big-Eyed Herring on the Market (시판 밴댕이젓의 Aroma-Active 성분의 구명)

  • Cha, Yong-Jun;Kim, Hun;Jang, Sung-Min;Yoo, Young-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1053-1058
    • /
    • 1998
  • Volatile flavor compounds in salt fermented big eyed herring were analyzed by vacuum simultaneous distillation solvent extraction/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry/olfactometry and aroma extract dilution anlaysis. A total of 44 volatile compounds were detected by GC/O analysis. Of these, 23 were positively identified, and composed of aldehydes(7), esters(5), ketones(4), sulfur containing compounds (3), aromatic hydrocarbons(2), alcohol(1) and nitrogen containing compound(1). Predominant odorants (Log3FD$\geq$5) in sample were ethyl butanoate(bubble gum /sweet candy-like), 3 methylbutyl butanoate (almond /nutty), 1 octen 3 one(earthy/mushroom like), (E,E) 2,6 nonadienal(roasted wheat/grainy), dimethyl trisulfide(soy sauce /cooked cabbage like), 2 acetylpyrazine(nutty/baked potato like) and unidentified compound(RI=1867, seaweed like).

  • PDF

Xylitol stimulates saliva secretion via muscarinic receptor signaling pathway

  • Park, Eunjoo;Na, Hee Sam;Jeong, Sunghee;Chung, Jin
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
    • /
    • v.44 no.2
    • /
    • pp.62-70
    • /
    • 2019
  • Xylitol is well-known to have an anti-caries effect by inhibiting the replication of cariogenic bacteria. In addition, xylitol enhances saliva secretion. However, the precise molecular mechanism of xylitol on saliva secretion is yet to be elucidated. Thus, in this study, we aimed to investigate the stimulatory effect of xylitol on saliva secretion and to further evaluate the involvement of xylitol in muscarinic type 3 receptor (M3R) signaling. For determining these effects, we measured the saliva flow rate following xylitol treatment in healthy individuals and patients with dry mouth. We further tested the effects of xylitol on M3R signaling in human salivary gland (HSG) cells using real-time quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, immunoblotting, and immunostaining. Xylitol candy significantly increased the salivary flow rate and intracellular calcium release in HSG cells via the M3R signaling pathway. In addition, the expressions of M3R and aquaporin 5 were induced by xylitol treatment. Lastly, we investigated the distribution of M3R and aquaporin 5 in HSG cells. Xylitol was found to activate M3R, thereby inducing increases in $Ca^{2+}$ concentration. Stimulation of the muscarinic receptor induced by xylitol activated the internalization of M3R and subsequent trafficking of aquaporin 5. Taken together, these findings suggest a molecular mechanism for secretory effects of xylitol on salivary epithelial cells.

Photocatalytic Degradation of Rhodamine B Using Carbon-Doped Carbon Nitride under Visible Light

  • Wang, Zhong-Li;Zhang, Zai-Teng;Oh, Won-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
    • /
    • v.30 no.6
    • /
    • pp.279-284
    • /
    • 2020
  • In this work, a carbon-doped carbon nitride photocatalyst is successfully synthesized through a simple centrifugal spinning method after heat treatment. The morphology and properties of the prepared photo catalyst are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis spectrophotometer (UV-vis), and specific surface area. The results show that the band gap of the prepared sample, g-CN-10 is 2.1 eV, is significantly lower than that of pure carbon nitride, 2.7 eV. As the amount of cotton candy increased, the absorption capacity of the prepared catalyst for visible light is significantly enhanced. In addition, the degradation efficiency of Rhodamine B (RhB) by sample g-CN-10 is 98.8 % over 2 h, which is twice that value of pure carbon nitride. The enhancement of photocatalytic ability is attributed to the increase of specific surface area after the carbon doping modifies carbon nitride. A possible photocatalytic degradation mechanism of carbon-doped carbon nitride is also suggested.

A Comparison of Dietary Behaviors According to Gender and Obesity Status of Middle School Students in Jeonju (전주지역 중학생의 성별 및 비만판정에 따른 식행동 비교 연구)

  • Sung, Sun-Hwa;Yu, Ok-Kyeong;Son, Hee-Sook;Cha, Youn-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.36 no.8
    • /
    • pp.995-1009
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary habits, behaviors, and food consumption frequency according to gender and obesity level among middle school students in the Jeonju area. Subjects for the questionnaire were 450 middle school students (male 255, female 195) and were classified as either obese students (n=150 or non-obese students (n=299) by the obesity assessment method. The results were analyzed with SAS program (Version 9.1), and were as follows. 1. Dietary behaviors were significantly different in the rate of 'Skipping breakfast (p<0.05)', 'Duration of meal time (min) (p<0.05)' and 'Unbalanced diet (p<0.01)' between males and females. Dietary habits and behaviors also differed significantly for the rate of ‘Taste preferences (p<0.05)’, and 'Unbalanced diet (p<0.01)' between obese students and non-obese students. 2. Food consumption frequency per week was as follows. First, males were significantly higher than females in 'Instant noodle (p<0.05)', 'Milk (p<0.01)', and 'Soda pop (p<0.01)'; on the other hand females were significantly higher than males in 'Chocolate, Candy (p<0.01)'. Second, non-obese students were significantly higher than obese students in 'Instant noodle (p<0.05)', 'Hamburger, Pizza (p<0.05)', and 'Chocolate, Candy (p<001)'. Especially, non-obese male students were higher in 'Instant noodle (p<0.05)' and 'Hamburger, Pizza (p<0.05)'; non-obese female students were higher in 'Chocolate, Candy (p<0.01)'. In conclusion, an action program is needed to encourage healthful dietary behaviors, increased physical activity, and forming good lifelong habits.

Nutrition Status of the Rural Elderly Living in Kyungnam-Focusing on Health-Related Habits , Dietary Behaviors of Nutrient Intakes- (경남 일부 지역 노임의 영양실태조사-생활습관, 식행동 및 영양소 섭취 실태를 중심으로-)

  • 박미경;이경혜;윤현숙
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.527-541
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to provide basic information on the nutritional status and health status of the rural elderly. The food intake, food habits and others health related factors were surveryed by interview method. The subjects was 200 people(71 male, 129 female) aged over 65 year in the Han-an area. The obtained results as follows; Their average age is 73.5$\pm$5.6. Mean height and weight of elderly men were 163 cm and 58.1 kg. respectively and 148.7 cm and 50.0 kg for women. The regularity appetite and frequency of eating snacks and eating out were higher in men than in women. The favorite snacks for men were alcohol fruit coffee and for women was fruit, candy, cookies and coffee. The daily alcohol drinking and smoking ration were 50.0%, 60.6% for men, respectively and 14.0%, 24.8 % for women. The nutritional intake ratio to RDA of men was significantly higher than women. Especially, the intakes of energy, Ca, Vit.A, Vit B$_1$, Vit B$_2$ niacin were extremely low in women. The frequency of alcohol intake was related to nutrient intake of women . There was a negative correlation between age. smoking rate and the nutritional intake. The pocket money, weight height appetite, and frequency of snacks showed a positive relation to nutritional intake. In conclusion the study shows that gender did influence food intake in the elderly, Food intake of women was extremely in deficit, because the most elderly rural women live alone. For successful aging. a program for rural elderly is needed on the govermment level, i.e actions to provide minimum economic life, food delivery and psychological/ physical health care through regional pubilc health centers.

  • PDF

Influence of roasting conditions on the flavor quality of sesame seed oil (참깨 볶음조건이 참기름의 향미에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Guen;Lim, Sun-Uk;Kim, Jeong-Ok
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.36 no.6
    • /
    • pp.407-415
    • /
    • 1993
  • Sesame seeds were roasted for 30, 60, 90, and 120 min at different temperatures (100, 200, and $300^{\circ}C$) and extracted to investigate an adequate condition for producing the high quality sesame oil. Sesame seeds roasted at $200^{\circ}C$ for 90 min gave the high yield of oil. The oil contained the low content of brownish-black precipitates and exhibited an excellent organoleptic quality when judged by descriptive sensory analysis. Thirty one volatile flavor compounds, which are the largest number of volatiles among the oil samples prepared, were identified from the oil sample. The oil contained relatively high concentrations of furfurals (sweet candy-like flavor) and pyrazines (roasted-like flavor), that are considered as good contributors to sesame seed oil flavor, and low concentations of aldehydes $(C5{\sim}C10)$ and ketones, which are considerd as bad contributors (oxidized fat-like and painty-like flavors). These results suggest that the roasting condition of $200^{\circ}C$ for 90 min was the best for the oil production in terms of the overall aroma and taste quality under the test conditions (Received July 13, 1993; accepted November 4, 1993).

  • PDF

Effects of a School - Based Oral Health Care Program on the Prevalence of Dental Caries in Primary School Children (학교구강보건사업이 초등학교 아동들의 유치 및 영구치 우식실태에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Soon-Lye;Ryu, Young-Ah;Cho, Min-Jeong;Song, Keun-Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.11-22
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of oral health care programs in 3 school-based oral health care center among primary schoolchildren. Methods: School-based oral health care programs included fluoride mouth rinsing, pit and fissure sealing for permanent premolars and molars, fluoride gel application and chewing of xylitol candy. All of the programs were carried out by one dental hygienist among 'D' primary schoolchildren in Daegu city under the supervision of a dentist. Baseline dental examinations were completed and preventive care was implemented for 544 children during one year. All of the children visited a school-based oral health care center every three months for a regular check-up. The final oral examination was conducted from March 15 to April 1, 2004. The data analysis data was made on the basis of SAS 8.01. Mean differences between 2003 and 2004 data were compared by paired t-test. Corresponding p-values were considered significant at values less than 0.05. Results: The DMF rate and DFT index were reduced to 8.0% and 8.4% during one year respectively, but there were no statistically significant differences. The DMF rate was significantly reduced (16.3%) after a one year program of school-based oral health care practice. The DMFT(Decay Missing Filling Tooth) index was also reduced compared to 2003 throughout the entire grade. Conclusion: School-based oral health care programs can reduce the prevalence of dental caries prevalence among schoolchildren during one year. This program also improved the oral health capacity of schoolchildren. It is recommend that the school-based oral health care program should be extended to every primary school in Korea.