• Title, Summary, Keyword: compassion

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Effects of Work Stress, Compassion Fatigue, and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout in Clinical Nurses (간호사의 직무 스트레스, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Yom, Young-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.689-697
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout in clinical nurses. Methods: The sample consisted of 268 nurses from two general hospitals located in Seoul and Gyunggi province. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$, Pearson Correlation and Hierarchial Multiple Regression. Results: Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, while Compassion satisfaction had a negative effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 49% and compassion satisfaction was the most significant factor in burnout of nurses. Conclusion: The results indicate that the factors influencing nurses' burnout are work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction. Therefore strategies to decrease work stress and compassion fatigue and to enhance compassion satisfaction for nurses are needed.

Effects of Compassion Satisfaction and Social Support in the Relationship between Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Hospital Nurses (간호사의 공감피로와 소진과의 관계에서 공감만족과 사회적 지지의 효과)

  • Yom, Young-Hee;Kim, Hyun-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.870-878
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of compassion satisfaction and social support in the relationship between compassion fatigue and burnout among hospital nurses. Methods: The participants were 430 nurses working in general hospitals. Data were collected with self-administrated questionnaires and analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression. Results: (a) Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout; (b) social support and compassion satisfaction had negative effects on burnout, and (c) social support and compassion satisfaction did not moderate the effects of compassion fatigue on burnout. Conclusion: These findings provide strong empirical evidence for the importance of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and social support in explaining burnout of nurses. Also, it would be of great value to further define compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction even though these concepts are not accepted in the realities of health care.

Relationship between Job Stress and Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, Burnout for Nurses in Children's Hospital (어린이병원 간호사의 업무 스트레스와 공감만족, 공감피로, 소진 간의 관계)

  • Choi, Heekang;Park, Jisun;Park, Mijeong;Park, Bobae;Kim, Yeseul
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.459-469
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Nurses experience burnout related to various factors. For this descriptive research job stress, compassion satisfaction, and compassion fatigue were examined as to their relationship to burnout in nurses from children's hospital. Methods: The participants were 305 nurses working in children's hospital. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure job stress, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout. Results: Nurses in children's hospital experienced a greater than moderate degree of job stress, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout, whereas differences existed according to general characteristics. Job stress, compassion fatigue and burnout showed a significant positive correlation and results of compassion fatigue and burnout were similar. Also, job stress, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue were associated with burnout in nurses working in children's hospital. Conclusion: Findings indicate that as longer work experience is accompanied by higher job stress and burnout, it is necessary to develop intervention programs to reduce burnout among career nurses exposed to greater job stress in children's hospital.

Compassion Satisfaction and Compassion Fatigue among Social Workers (사회복지사의 연민만족과 연민피로에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yong Seok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.2
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    • pp.271-294
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    • 2017
  • Social workers empathized with clients'distress, feel concerned for clients in distress, and try to reduce their distress. This is called compassion. Compassion is an essential component of social work practice. However, compassion results in both positive results and negative results. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Korean version of ProQOL which was developed to measure compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue of helping professionals, to identify levels of compassion satisfaction/fatigue of the participants, and to divide the participants into clusters by clustering variables which are compassion satisfaction/fatigue. A total of 284 social workers residing in Seoul and Surrounding areas participated in this study. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed that the Korea version of ProQOL is composed of compassion satisfaction factor and compassion fatigue factor as reported in a previous study. Its reliability and validity were satisfactory. The level of participants'compassion satisfaction was above moderate and their level of compassion fatigue was below moderate. Those who are older, have graduate education, have more years of work experience, or have higher positions have more compassion satisfaction. Cluster analysis divided the participants into 3 clusters. Cluster 1 is characterized by moderate compassion satisfaction and low compassion fatigue, Cluster 2 is characterized by low compassion satisfaction and moderate compassion fatigue, and Cluster 3 is characterized by high compassion satisfaction and high compassion fatigue.

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Effects of Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, Burnout on the Attitude towards Terminal Care among Care Providers in Long- term Care Facilities

  • Oh, Chung-Uk;Kim, Seon-Rye
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, burnout on the attitude towards terminal care among care providers in long-term care facilities. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, data was collected from 126 care providers in long-term care facilities in Chungbuk and Kangwon province. Data were collected with self-administrated questionnaires and analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression. Findings of this study is as follows. Firstly, attitude towards terminal care was positively affected by compassion satisfaction. Secondly, the attitude towards terminal care was negatively affected by compassion fatigue. Thirdly, the attitude towards terminal care was negatively affected by burnout. In conclusion, these findings provide strong empirical evidence for the importance of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and burnout in explaining attitude towards terminal care among care providers in long-term care facilities. Therefore, strategies to decrease compassion fatigue and burnout and improve compassion satisfaction are needed to improve the attitude towards terminal care among care providers in long-term care facilities.

The Influence of Nursing Practice Environment, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout among Clinical Nurses (간호근무환경, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 간호사의 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jui;Lee, Tae Wha
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout among clinical nurses in Korea. Methods: A descriptive crosssectional study was conducted. The sample consisted of 210 clinical nurses from three tertiary hospitals located in Seoul. Measurement instruments included the Korean version of the Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index (K-PES-NWI) and Stamm's professional quality of life (ProQOL). Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: Nursing practice environment had moderate negative influence on burnout (r=-.38, p<.001). Compassion fatigue had strong positive influence on burnout (r=.50, p<.001), while compassion satisfaction had strong negative influence on burnout (r=-.61, p<.001). The regression model explained 63% of variance of burnout and the compassion satisfaction was the most influencing factor for nurses' burnout. Conclusion: This study identified nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction as influencing factors for nurses' burnout. Strategies to decrease compassion fatigue, enhance compassion satisfaction and create better nursing practice environment are recommended to decrease nurses' burnout.

Effects of Type D Personality on Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, Compassion Satisfaction, and Job Stress in Clinical Nurses (Type D 성격 유형에 따른 간호사의 공감 피로, 소진, 공감 만족 및 직무 스트레스)

  • Kim, Sung Reul;Kim, Hye Young;Kang, Jeong Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.272-280
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the effects of Type D personality on compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and job stress in clinical nurses. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 172 clinical nurses working in two tertiary hospitals. The structured questionnaires included Type D personality scale, compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and job stress scales. Results: About 79.7% of participants were classified as Type D personality group. The Type D personality was not related to general characteristics of clinical nurses. The Type D personality group showed statistically significant higher compassion fatigue, burnout, and job stress and lower compassion satisfaction compared to the non-Type D personality group. In addition, compassion fatigue and burnout were positively correlated with job stress and compassion fatigue was positively correlated with burnout. However, compassion satisfaction was negatively correlated with burnout. Conclusion: As the prevalence of Type D personality is high in clinical nurses, it is necessary to assess stress-related personality. In addition, management for the nurse with Type D personality is required to alleviate compassion fatigue, burnout, and job stress and to improve compassion satisfaction.

Relationship between the Stress of Clinical Practice and Compassion Competence in Nursing Students: The Mediating Effect of Nursing Professionalism (간호대학생의 임상실습 스트레스와 공감역량의 관계: 간호전문직관의 매개효과)

  • Jun, Won Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study examined the mediating effects of nursing professionalism on the relationship between the stress of clinical practice and compassion competence in nursing students. Methods: A correlational research design was used in this study. The participants were 120 nursing students recruited from three universities in South Korea. Data were collected using the self-reporting scales of stress of clinical practice, nursing professionalism, and compassion competence. Baron and Kenny's regression method and the Sobel test were used to analyze the mediating effects of nursing professionalism on the association between the stress of clinical practice and compassion competence. Results: The mean score for compassion competence was above average. Of the compassion competence domains, sensitivity and insights had the highest and lowest scores, respectively; there were significant mean differences in compassion competence scores according to their grade and level of satisfaction with nursing major. Compassion competence correlated negatively with the stress of clinical practice, whereas it correlated positively with nursing professionalism. In addition, nursing professionalism exerted full mediating effects on the relationship between the stress of clinical practice and compassion competence. Conclusion: The results suggested that enhancing nursing professionalism could help promote compassion competence among nursing students who experience stress in clinical practice.

Coping Strategies, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction among Nurses in Emergency Room (응급실 간호사의 대처방식과 공감피로, 공감만족)

  • Jang, Yang Min;Kim, Souk Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.348-358
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This was a descriptive correlation study to identify emergency room (ER) nurses' coping types and factors affecting compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue. Methods: During March and April 2013, 170 questionnaires were distributed to ER nurses working in general hospitals in D and C regions. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and stepwise regression analysis. Results: Compassion fatigue was most strongly affected by emotional expression for burnout and by practical support pursuit for secondary traumatic stress. Positive coping, emotional expression, position, positive reinterpretation, and self-blame explained 42% of CS. Conclusion: Results indicate that nurses with moderate levels of career had high compassion fatigue and low compassion satisfaction. Thus these nurses need to be given an opportunity to achieve self-development and improve their ability as nurses; interventions that can reinforce positive coping strategies should be provided as personal coping strategies affect compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction.

Research Trends on Compassion Fatigue in Korea Nurses (간호사의 공감피로에 관한 국내연구동향)

  • Cho, Ho Jin;Jung, Myun Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.255-264
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study were to analyze the research trends of compassion fatigue in Korea nurses and to suggest future research directions. Methods: For this study, RISS, KISTI, KISS, National Assembly Library databases were searched using the key words 'compassion fatigue', 'secondary traumatic stress', 'professional quality of life' that contains compassion fatigue as a sub-element, and 'nurses' for this study. A total of 124 articles published in June 2014 were searched and analyzed 19 articles for the final analysis. Results: The most frequently used study design was descriptive (N=17, 89.5%). High compassion fatigue was reported in this study. Factors affecting compassion fatigue were personal factors (e.g., age, health state, and sleep hours), work-related factors (e.g., experience with traumatized patients), and psychological factors (e.g., job stress, anxiety, excessive empathy, social support, and coping strategy). Finally, Consequence factors of compassion fatigue was reported burnout, silencing response and turnover intention. Conclusion: There was a few studies on compassion fatigue. Further research on compassion fatigue needs to use a variety of study designs instruments suitable for Korean nurses, and to develop management programs on compassion fatigue in nurses.