• 제목, 요약, 키워드: compassion

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간호사의 직무 스트레스, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 소진에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Work Stress, Compassion Fatigue, and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout in Clinical Nurses)

  • 이정민;염영희
    • 간호행정학회지
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.689-697
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout in clinical nurses. Methods: The sample consisted of 268 nurses from two general hospitals located in Seoul and Gyunggi province. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff$\acute{e}$, Pearson Correlation and Hierarchial Multiple Regression. Results: Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, while Compassion satisfaction had a negative effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 49% and compassion satisfaction was the most significant factor in burnout of nurses. Conclusion: The results indicate that the factors influencing nurses' burnout are work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction. Therefore strategies to decrease work stress and compassion fatigue and to enhance compassion satisfaction for nurses are needed.

간호사의 공감피로와 소진과의 관계에서 공감만족과 사회적 지지의 효과 (Effects of Compassion Satisfaction and Social Support in the Relationship between Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Hospital Nurses)

  • 염영희;김현정
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.870-878
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of compassion satisfaction and social support in the relationship between compassion fatigue and burnout among hospital nurses. Methods: The participants were 430 nurses working in general hospitals. Data were collected with self-administrated questionnaires and analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression. Results: (a) Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout; (b) social support and compassion satisfaction had negative effects on burnout, and (c) social support and compassion satisfaction did not moderate the effects of compassion fatigue on burnout. Conclusion: These findings provide strong empirical evidence for the importance of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and social support in explaining burnout of nurses. Also, it would be of great value to further define compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction even though these concepts are not accepted in the realities of health care.

어린이병원 간호사의 업무 스트레스와 공감만족, 공감피로, 소진 간의 관계 (Relationship between Job Stress and Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, Burnout for Nurses in Children's Hospital)

  • 최희강;박지선;박미정;박보배;김예슬
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.459-469
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Nurses experience burnout related to various factors. For this descriptive research job stress, compassion satisfaction, and compassion fatigue were examined as to their relationship to burnout in nurses from children's hospital. Methods: The participants were 305 nurses working in children's hospital. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure job stress, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout. Results: Nurses in children's hospital experienced a greater than moderate degree of job stress, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout, whereas differences existed according to general characteristics. Job stress, compassion fatigue and burnout showed a significant positive correlation and results of compassion fatigue and burnout were similar. Also, job stress, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue were associated with burnout in nurses working in children's hospital. Conclusion: Findings indicate that as longer work experience is accompanied by higher job stress and burnout, it is necessary to develop intervention programs to reduce burnout among career nurses exposed to greater job stress in children's hospital.

사회복지사의 연민만족과 연민피로에 관한 연구 (Compassion Satisfaction and Compassion Fatigue among Social Workers)

  • 김용석
    • 한국사회복지학
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    • v.69 no.2
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    • pp.271-294
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    • 2017
  • 사회복지사는 클라이언트의 고통을 공감하고 고통 속에 있는 클라이언트를 걱정하며 그 고통을 덜어주기 위해 노력한다. 이를 연민(compassion)이라고 하며 연민은 효과적인 사회복지실천을 위한 필수 요소이다. 연민은 사회복지사에게 스트레스와 같은 부정적 결과를 주기도 하고 만족감 같은 긍정적 결과를 제공하기도 한다. 긍정적 결과를 연민만족, 부정적 결과를 연민피로라고 한다. 본 연구의 목적은 연민만족과 연민피로를 측정하기 위해 개발된 한국어판 ProQOL을 평가한 다음, 사회복지사의 연민만족도와 연민피로도를 파악하고, 연민만족도와 연민피로도를 조합하여 사회복지사들을 군집으로 분류하는데 있다. 본 연구에는 수도권에서 활동하는 사회복지사 284명이 참여하였다. 확인적 요인분석 결과 한국어판 ProQOL은 기존 연구결과와 마찬가지로 2요인으로 구성되었고 신뢰도와 타당도 또한 양호하여 사회복지사의 연민만족과 연민피로를 측정하기에 적합한 도구로 판명되었다. 본 연구에 참여한 사회복지사의 연민만족도는 보통 이상 수준이었고 연민피로도는 보통 이하 수준이었다. 연령이 상대적으로 많고 학력이 높고, 경력이 많거나, 또는 직급이 높은 사회복지사의 연민만족도가 높았다. 군집분석 결과, 본 연구에 참여한 사회복지사들은 3개 군집으로 나누어졌다. 군집1은 연민만족은 중간수준이고 연민피로는 가장 낮은 군집이었고, 군집2는 연민만족도는 가장 낮았고 연민피로도는 중간수준이었으며, 군집3은 연민만족도와 연민피로도 모두 가장 높은 수준이었다.

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Effects of Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, Burnout on the Attitude towards Terminal Care among Care Providers in Long- term Care Facilities

  • Oh, Chung-Uk;Kim, Seon-Rye
    • 한국컴퓨터정보학회논문지
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, burnout on the attitude towards terminal care among care providers in long-term care facilities. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, data was collected from 126 care providers in long-term care facilities in Chungbuk and Kangwon province. Data were collected with self-administrated questionnaires and analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression. Findings of this study is as follows. Firstly, attitude towards terminal care was positively affected by compassion satisfaction. Secondly, the attitude towards terminal care was negatively affected by compassion fatigue. Thirdly, the attitude towards terminal care was negatively affected by burnout. In conclusion, these findings provide strong empirical evidence for the importance of compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and burnout in explaining attitude towards terminal care among care providers in long-term care facilities. Therefore, strategies to decrease compassion fatigue and burnout and improve compassion satisfaction are needed to improve the attitude towards terminal care among care providers in long-term care facilities.

간호근무환경, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 간호사의 소진에 미치는 영향 (The Influence of Nursing Practice Environment, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout among Clinical Nurses)

  • 김주이;이태화
    • 임상간호연구
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout among clinical nurses in Korea. Methods: A descriptive crosssectional study was conducted. The sample consisted of 210 clinical nurses from three tertiary hospitals located in Seoul. Measurement instruments included the Korean version of the Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index (K-PES-NWI) and Stamm's professional quality of life (ProQOL). Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: Nursing practice environment had moderate negative influence on burnout (r=-.38, p<.001). Compassion fatigue had strong positive influence on burnout (r=.50, p<.001), while compassion satisfaction had strong negative influence on burnout (r=-.61, p<.001). The regression model explained 63% of variance of burnout and the compassion satisfaction was the most influencing factor for nurses' burnout. Conclusion: This study identified nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction as influencing factors for nurses' burnout. Strategies to decrease compassion fatigue, enhance compassion satisfaction and create better nursing practice environment are recommended to decrease nurses' burnout.

Type D 성격 유형에 따른 간호사의 공감 피로, 소진, 공감 만족 및 직무 스트레스 (Effects of Type D Personality on Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, Compassion Satisfaction, and Job Stress in Clinical Nurses)

  • 김성렬;김혜영;강정희
    • 간호행정학회지
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.272-280
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the effects of Type D personality on compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and job stress in clinical nurses. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 172 clinical nurses working in two tertiary hospitals. The structured questionnaires included Type D personality scale, compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and job stress scales. Results: About 79.7% of participants were classified as Type D personality group. The Type D personality was not related to general characteristics of clinical nurses. The Type D personality group showed statistically significant higher compassion fatigue, burnout, and job stress and lower compassion satisfaction compared to the non-Type D personality group. In addition, compassion fatigue and burnout were positively correlated with job stress and compassion fatigue was positively correlated with burnout. However, compassion satisfaction was negatively correlated with burnout. Conclusion: As the prevalence of Type D personality is high in clinical nurses, it is necessary to assess stress-related personality. In addition, management for the nurse with Type D personality is required to alleviate compassion fatigue, burnout, and job stress and to improve compassion satisfaction.

간호대학생의 임상실습 스트레스와 공감역량의 관계: 간호전문직관의 매개효과 (Relationship between the Stress of Clinical Practice and Compassion Competence in Nursing Students: The Mediating Effect of Nursing Professionalism)

  • 전원희
    • 가정간호학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study examined the mediating effects of nursing professionalism on the relationship between the stress of clinical practice and compassion competence in nursing students. Methods: A correlational research design was used in this study. The participants were 120 nursing students recruited from three universities in South Korea. Data were collected using the self-reporting scales of stress of clinical practice, nursing professionalism, and compassion competence. Baron and Kenny's regression method and the Sobel test were used to analyze the mediating effects of nursing professionalism on the association between the stress of clinical practice and compassion competence. Results: The mean score for compassion competence was above average. Of the compassion competence domains, sensitivity and insights had the highest and lowest scores, respectively; there were significant mean differences in compassion competence scores according to their grade and level of satisfaction with nursing major. Compassion competence correlated negatively with the stress of clinical practice, whereas it correlated positively with nursing professionalism. In addition, nursing professionalism exerted full mediating effects on the relationship between the stress of clinical practice and compassion competence. Conclusion: The results suggested that enhancing nursing professionalism could help promote compassion competence among nursing students who experience stress in clinical practice.

응급실 간호사의 대처방식과 공감피로, 공감만족 (Coping Strategies, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction among Nurses in Emergency Room)

  • 장양민;김숙영
    • 임상간호연구
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.348-358
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This was a descriptive correlation study to identify emergency room (ER) nurses' coping types and factors affecting compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue. Methods: During March and April 2013, 170 questionnaires were distributed to ER nurses working in general hospitals in D and C regions. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and stepwise regression analysis. Results: Compassion fatigue was most strongly affected by emotional expression for burnout and by practical support pursuit for secondary traumatic stress. Positive coping, emotional expression, position, positive reinterpretation, and self-blame explained 42% of CS. Conclusion: Results indicate that nurses with moderate levels of career had high compassion fatigue and low compassion satisfaction. Thus these nurses need to be given an opportunity to achieve self-development and improve their ability as nurses; interventions that can reinforce positive coping strategies should be provided as personal coping strategies affect compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction.

간호사의 공감피로에 관한 국내연구동향 (Research Trends on Compassion Fatigue in Korea Nurses)

  • 조호진;정면숙
    • 근관절건강학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.255-264
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study were to analyze the research trends of compassion fatigue in Korea nurses and to suggest future research directions. Methods: For this study, RISS, KISTI, KISS, National Assembly Library databases were searched using the key words 'compassion fatigue', 'secondary traumatic stress', 'professional quality of life' that contains compassion fatigue as a sub-element, and 'nurses' for this study. A total of 124 articles published in June 2014 were searched and analyzed 19 articles for the final analysis. Results: The most frequently used study design was descriptive (N=17, 89.5%). High compassion fatigue was reported in this study. Factors affecting compassion fatigue were personal factors (e.g., age, health state, and sleep hours), work-related factors (e.g., experience with traumatized patients), and psychological factors (e.g., job stress, anxiety, excessive empathy, social support, and coping strategy). Finally, Consequence factors of compassion fatigue was reported burnout, silencing response and turnover intention. Conclusion: There was a few studies on compassion fatigue. Further research on compassion fatigue needs to use a variety of study designs instruments suitable for Korean nurses, and to develop management programs on compassion fatigue in nurses.