• Title, Summary, Keyword: compassion

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Effects of Nursing Practice Environment, Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 간호근무환경, 공감피로 및 공감만족이 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Mi Young;Lee, Min Sook;Bae, Ju Young;Kim, Young Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.193-202
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study was to identify the effects of nursing practice environment, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout in clinical nurses. Methods: Participants selected for the final analysis were 208 nurses working in 2 general hospitals in Busan and Masan. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Hierarchial Multiple Regression with SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, while Compassion satisfaction had a negative effect on burnout, but Nursing practice environment had no effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 61% and compassion satisfaction was the most significant factor in burnout of nurses. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that to reduce burnout in clinical nurses it is necessary to develop programs to increase nurses' compassion satisfaction and decrease compassion fatigue.

A Literature Review of Compassion Fatigue in Nursing (간호사의 공감피로 문헌분석)

  • Yang, Young-Hee;Kim, Jong-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.38-51
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: In this study the literature of compassion fatigue in nurses was reviewed in order to analyze the trends of overall research for level of fatigue, symptoms, and factors. Methods: For this study, five databases were searched using the key words 'compassion fatigue', 'secondary traumatization', 'secondary traumatic stress', and 'vicarious traumatization'. Thirty-six papers were analyzed. Results: Most of the compassion fatigue research (86%) was conducted between 2006 and 2011 and the most frequent research approach was quantitative research with the ProQOL which was the most frequently used instrument in the studies. He research was conducted in pediatric, emergency & trauma, oncology, psychiatric, and hospice units with no consistent patterns of t compassion fatigue levels. Factors affecting compassion fatigue were personal factors such as age, education background, work-related factors such as caring for trauma patients, work hours, psychological factors such as work stress, burnout, and support/coping factors such as organizational support, and coping resources. Conclusion: Nurses' compassion fatigue varied from low to high by nursing specialties. Many factors affected the compassion fatigue of nurses. In the future there is a need for study on Korean nurses, and identification of groups at risk for compassion fatigue. Furthermore there is a need to develop management programs on compassion fatigue in nurses, stress reduction and wellbeing.

The Mediating Effect of Active Emotion Regulation and Marital Quality in the Relationships Between Self-compassion and Maternal-fetal Attachment (자기자비와 태아애착의 관계에서 능동적 정서조절과 부부관계 질의 매개효과)

  • Kang, Su-Kyoung;Kim, Hae-Mi;Chung, Mi-Ra
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.21-39
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study was to examined the mediating effect of active emotion regulation and marital quality in the relationships between self-compassion and maternal-fetal attachment. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 836 pregnant women and the data were analyzed by SPSS21 and M-plus7, and statistical analysis, frequency analysis, and then structural equation modeling were performed. Results: First, self-compassion directly affects maternal-fetal attachment. Second, self-compassion was indirectly influenced by maternal-fetal attachment through active emotional regulation. Third, self-compassion indirectly affects maternal-fetal attachment through marital quality. Fourth, in regards to the relationship between self-compassion and maternal-fetal attachment, active emotional regulation and marital quality were mediated. Conclusion/Implications: we discussed implications for enhancing self-compassion and active emotional regulation and enhancing marital quality to increase the maternal-fetal attachment of pregnant women.

Influencing of compassion satisfaction and burnout on positive psychological capital of clinical dental hygienists

  • Min, Hee-Hong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.787-795
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: This study seeks to identify the positive psychological capital, burnout, and compassion satisfaction levels of clinical dental hygienists to understand the factors affecting positive psychological capital and to establish measures to improve the positive psychological capital, and to utilize them. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 190 dental hygienists of the clinic from February 1 to April 30, 2020. Statistical analyses were conducted with the help of independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: Dental hygienists scored 3.47 points in positive psychological capital. The variables that influenced positive psychological capital were burnout and compassion satisfaction. The variables influencing positive psychological capital were monthly income_dummy2 (200-249/≥250), burnout, and compassion satisfaction. Conclusions: The positive psychological capital of clinical dental hygienists was found to be related to burnout and compassion satisfaction; additionally, compassion satisfaction had the greatest influence. Therefore, it will reduce burnout, improve compassion satisfaction, positive psychological capital, and contribute to efficient human resource management.

Development and Application of an Overcoming Compassion Fatigue Program for Emergency Nurses (응급실 간호사를 위한 공감피로 극복프로그램 개발 및 효과검증)

  • Kim, Yeong Ah;Park, Jeong Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.260-270
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop a program to help emergency nurses overcome compassion fatigue, and to analyze the effects of the program. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. There were 14 participants in the experimental group and 18 subjects in the control group. The program was comprised of five, weekly 80-minute sessions including understanding and assessment of compassion fatigue, enhancing positive affect, balancing work-life, planning self care, training in relaxation techniques and cognitive restructuring, and getting social support. Research variables were ego-resiliency, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue of the ProQOL 5, and salivary cortisol. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, independent t-test, and paired t-test. Results: The first hypothesis, "There will be a difference in scores for ego resiliency between the experimental group and the control group". was not supported. The second hypothesis, "There will be a difference in scores for compassion satisfaction between the experimental group and the control group" was supported (t=2.15, p=.046). The third hypothesis, "There will be a difference in scores for compassion fatigue between the experimental group and the control group" was not supported. Conclusion: The first program for emergency nurses to overcome compassion fatigue in Korea was effective in increasing emergency nurses' compassion satisfaction and decreasing salivary cortisol level in the experimental group. Therefore, this program for overcoming compassion fatigue is useful to increase emergency nurses' compassion satisfaction. However replication studies of short-term intensive program reflecting emergency nurses' opinion are needed.

The Effects of Communication Skills, Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue on Burnout among Staff of Long-term Care Insurance for the Elderly in National Health Insurance Services in Korea (노인장기요양 인정조사원의 의사소통능력, 공감만족 및 공감피로가 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyoungshim;Lee, Kyongeun;Cho, Eunhee
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was a descriptive research to identify the effects of communication skills, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue on burnout among staff of long term care insurance for the elderly in National Health Insurance Services in Korea. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. The participants were 191 staffs of long-term care insurance in National Health Insurance Services. Data were collected via mail from the 24 branch offices which were randomly selected among the total of 226 centers of National Health Insurance Corporation. Stamm's professional quality of life (ProQOL) and Communication Skills Test tool were included in questionnaire to detect. SPSS/WIN 20.0 was used to conduct the descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and multiple regression. Results: Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, while Compassion satisfaction had a negative effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 69% and compassion fatigue was the most significant factor in burnout among staff of long term care insurance services. Conclusion: The results indicate that the factors influencing staffs' burnout are compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and education level. Therefore, strategies to decrease compassion fatigue and improve compassion satisfaction are needed to decrease burnout for staffs of long-term care insurance in National Health Insurance Services.

A Study about Compassion Fatigue, Compassion Satisfaction and Burnout in Comprehensive Nursing Care and General Ward Nurses (간호·간병통합서비스 병동과 일반병동 간호사의 공감피로, 공감만족, 소진 비교)

  • Lee, Young Mi;Lee, Hyun Hee;Jung, Jin Hee;Yang, Jin Kee;Lee, Ji Eun;Kim, Sun Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.188-196
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and burnout between nurses working at comprehensive nursing care unit and general ward. Methods: The subjects were 35 nurses in general ward and 42 nurses in the Comprehensive Nursing Care unit in one hospital. Measurement instrument included the Stamm's professional quality of life (ProQOL) version 5-Korean. Descriptive statistics, t-test, paired t-test, ANCOVA, and Pearson correlation were used to analyze the data. Results: Nurses working at the Comprehensive nursing care unit demonstrated significantly lower compassion fatigue (F=17.00, p<.001), higher compassion satisfaction (F=14.39, p<.001), and lower levels of burnout (F=40.07, p<.001) than control group. Conclusion: Compassion fatigue and burnout were lower and compassion satisfaction was higher among nurses working at comprehensive nursing unit than general ward. In order to improve quality of the comprehensive nursing care services, there is a need to be concerned with the nurse's compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout.

Relation among Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 공감피로와 소진과의 관련성)

  • Seo, Young-Sook;Son, Yu-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2013
  • Purpose. The purposed of this study was done to identify correlates and variables predicting burnout among hospital nurses. Methods. The participants were 172 nurses working in hospital nurses in D and P, K cities. Data on compassion fatigue and burnout were collected via questionnaire between May 2011 and July 2011. Data analysis was done with PASW 18.0 program and included one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Result. Compassion fatigue of participants in this study were shown to have high levels (compassion fatigue: M=58.34/115, SD=12.85). Burnout of participants in this study were shown to have poor levels (burnout: M=30.73/85, SD=6.84). The burnout by nurses was positively to compassion fatigue(r=.482, p<.000). The variables predicting burnout were compassion fatigue, total period of nursing job, nursing part and job period of present part. These factors accounted for 31%((F=20.39, p<.000) of the variance of burnout in hospital nurses. Conclusion. The results of this study indicate that it is necessary to reduce compassion fatigue and to encourage compassion satisfaction among hospital nurses.

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Effect of Empathy, Resilience, Self-care on Compassion Fatigue in Oncology Nurses (종양간호사의 공감, 자아탄력성, 자기관리가 공감피로에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Ho Jin;Jung, Myun Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.373-382
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of empathy, resilience and self-care on compassion fatigue in oncology nurses. Methods: The study design was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from December 1 to 15, 2013. Participants were 171 oncology nurses caring for cancer patients. Data was analyzed using independent t-test, $Scheff\acute{e}$ test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Seventy two percent of the participants reported a moderate to high level of compassion fatigue. Empathy was positively correlated with compassion fatigue, whereas, resilience and self-care had negative correlations with compassion fatigue. Finally, empathy, resilience, self-care and age accounted for 30% of the variance in compassion fatigue. Conclusion: Results indicate that empathy, resilience and self-care are factors influencing compassion fatigue. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and make available programs embracing personal factors in the prevention and reduction of compassion fatigue.

Effects of Traumatic Events, Compassion Fatigue, Self-esteem, and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout of Nurses in Emergency Department (ED) (응급실 간호사의 외상사건 경험, 공감피로, 자아존중감, 공감만족 및 소진)

  • Jun, Yeon-Jin;Sung, Mi Hae
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.80-88
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to verify the factors that determines burnout of nurses in emergency department. Methods: The survey was given to 170 ED nurses which are located in Busan from July 1st to August 31st of 2012. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression using SAS 9.2 program. Results: There were statistically significant differences in burnout depending on gender, position, workplace satisfaction, job satisfaction. Significant positive correlation between compassion fatigue and burnout was found. Also significant negative correlation was found between self-esteem, compassion satisfaction and burnout. Factors influencing burnout were self-esteem, compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue with $R^2$ value 58.0%. Conclusion: Considering these results, it seems that great efforts will be needed for reducing burnout by mitigating the emergency nurses' compassion fatigue and introducing programs to increase the self-esteem and compassion satisfaction.