• Title, Summary, Keyword: compassion

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The Influence of Adult Attachment on Self-compassion of Teachers in Early Childhood Education and Care: Examining the Parallel Dual Mediating Effects of Positive and Negative Affects (영유아교사의 성인애착이 자기자비에 미치는 영향: 정서의 병렬이중매개효과)

  • An, Hye Ryung;Cha, Jin-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.203-232
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the parallel dual mediating effects of positive and negative affects in the relationship between adult attachment and self-compassion of teachers in the early childhood education and care centers. Methods: Two hundred and six teachers participated in the survey who were recruited from kindergarten and child care centers in Seoul and five provinces in South Korea. The data were analyzed by means of frequency, percentages, Cronbach's reliability coefficient and Pearson's correlation using SPSS 25.0 and model 4 provided in The PROCESS macro for SPSS 3.4 version. Results: First, the teachers' degrees of anxiety and avoidance in their adult attachment were below the median scores. Those of positive and negative affects, and their self-compassion were close to the median scores. Second, there were parallel dual mediation effects of positive and negative affects between anxious attachment and self-compassion of teachers. Meanwhile, only positive affect had a mediating effect in the path of teachers' avoidant attachment and self-compassion. Conclusion/Implications: This study confirmed that it is important to raise positive affect by lowering each level of anxiety and avoidance in their attachment for teachers in order to improve their self-compassion. It implied the need to provide support for attachment stability enhancement and to pay attention to improve their self-compassion.

The Influential Factors on Compassion Fatigue in Hospital Nurses (병원간호사의 공감피로 영향요인)

  • Lee, Hyeon Jeong;Min, Hye Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.236-245
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify influential factors on compassion fatigue in hospital nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted with a survey of 358 general hospital nurses in Busan Gyeongnam area. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were performed using SPSS/WIN 18.0 for Windows. Results: The mean score was 28.53 in compassion fatigue. As a result of multiple regression analysis, empathic ability, stress coping strategy, current workplace, and academic background were statistically significant predictors explained 26.0% of the variance of compassion fatigue. Conclusion: It was suggested to consider emphatic ability, stress coping strategy, workplace, and academic background when developing a program available for preventing and easing nurses' compassion fatigue.

The Influence of Experiences in Close Relationships with Teachers for Young Children on Their Depression: Examining the Mediating Effect of Their Self-compassion (영유아교사의 친밀관계경험이 우울에 미치는 영향에서 자기자비의 매개효과)

  • Choi, Insuk;Chae, Jin-Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.201-218
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of experiences in close relationships with teachers for young children on their depression and to see whether there would be a mediating effect of their self-compassion. Methods: The subjects were 206 teachers recruited from Seoul and five different provinces who currently worked at the kindergarten and child care centers and agreed to participate in the survey. The data were analyzed by means of frequency, percentages, Cronbach's reliability coefficient and Pearson's correlation using SPSS 25.0 and model 4 provided in The PROCESS macro for SPSS 3.4 version. Results: The findings were as followed. First, the teachers' degrees of anxiety and avoidance for their close relationships were below the median scores. In contrast their degree of self-compassion was above the median score. In addition, their level of depression was relatively low. Second, both of the teachers' anxiety and avoidance for their close relationships had a positive impact on their depression and their self-compassion, and there were the partial mediating effect in both cases. Conclusion/Implications: These results imply that the early attachment experience connecting the experience in close relationships in the adulthood is important and that it is necessary to develop a program to enhance teachers' self-compassion to protect their psychological well-being.

Influence of post-traumatic stress and compassion competence on the quality of life of emergency medical technicians (119 구급대원의 외상 후 스트레스와 공감역량이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Kawoun;Park, Jung-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.129-140
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This descriptive correlational study investigated the effects of post-traumatic stress and compassion competence on the quality of life of 119 Emergency medical technicians(EMTs). Methods: The data of 119 EMTs were collected between May 1 and September 30, 2020. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS 24.0 program. Results: Post-traumatic stress was seen to be negatively correlated with the quality of life (r=-.456, p<.001) and compassion competence was positively correlated with quality of life (r=.250, p=.006). Participants' subjective health status (β=0.30, p<.001), post-traumatic stress (β=-0.39, p=.001) and compassion competence (β=0.29, p<.001) explained 38.5% of variance in the quality of life of the 119 EMTs. Conclusion: These findings indicate that post-traumatic stress and compassion competence are important factors to improve the quality of life of EMTs. Therefore, systematic programs for reducing post-traumatic stress and enhancing compassion competence levels should be developed.

The relationship between job stress and burnout of correctional workers : focusing on the mediating effect of self-compassion (교정기관 종사자의 직무스트레스와 소진의 관계: 자기자비 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.221-230
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between job stress, life satisfaction, burnout, and self-compassion. A survey was conducted in February 2018 for employees working at the Korea Legal Protection and Welfare Agency, and 213 data were included in the final analysis. A structural model was developed to examine the relationships between the variables used in this study, and the model-fit and mediating effects of the developed model were examined using SPSS and AMOS. For this study, the Korean occupational stress scale, life satisfaction scale, Maslach burnout inventory, and Korean self-compassion scale were used. We found that self-compassion is fully mediated between job stress and life satisfaction and between job stress and burnout. Also, life satisfaction is partially mediated between self-compassion and burnout. These results mean that self-compassion has significant effects on job stress, life satisfaction, and burnout. In particular, the mediating effect of self-compassion shows the vicious cycle of high job stress - low self-compassion - low life satisfaction - high burnout. Based on these results, the future implications of program development based on self-compassion strategies were discussed in order for workers in correctional facilities to decrease job stress and burnout and increase life satisfaction.

Influences of Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout on Positive Psychological Capital of Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 공감만족, 공감피로, 소진이 긍정심리자본에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.246-255
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting positive psychological capital in clinical nurses. The data were collected from 193 nurses working in the three general hospital located Y city using self-reported questionnaires and November 20 2017 to November 30 2017. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 program. Positive psychological capital had a significant positive effect on compassion satisfaction, while Positive psychological capital had a negative effect on burnout. The result of the multiple regression indicates the compassion satisfaction, burnout and job position predict 55.5% (F=30.88, p<.001) of positive psychological capital. Therefore, strategies to decrease burnout and to enhance compassion satisfaction for clinical nurses.

The Effect of Compassion on Job Performance: Focusing on the Creating Research Model through Qualitative Research (공감(compassion)이 업무성과에 미치는 영향 : 질적 연구를 통한 연구모형 개발을 중심으로)

  • Ko, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to reveal the causal relationship between core categories experienced by firefighters in the organization based on the grounded theory as a method of qualitative research. In this study, we interviewed 50 firefighter information providers who work in Seoul in 2014, 2017, and 2018, and conducted a research model that shows the causal relationship of core categories through open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. As a result, compassion experienced by information providers is revealed as a core category, and this compassion has a positive effect on positive work related identity, collective self esteem, and job performance. Therefore, the theoretical implication of this study is that it has derived a research model that shows the causal relationship between compassion and job performance based on grounded theory as a qualitative research methodology. This study will contribute to the formation of the organizational culture that enables firefighters who desperately need compassion in the fire department organization to more actively exchange compassionate actions.

The Relationship between Job Stress, Depression, and Life Satisfaction of Educational Institution Counselors: Mediating Effect of Self-compassion (교육기관 상담자의 직무스트레스와 우울 및 삶의 만족의 관계: 자기자비의 매개효과 검증)

  • Kim, Hyun Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a structural model to investigate the causal relationship between job stress, depression, life satisfaction, and self-compassion. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 314 practitioners working at D metropolitan offices of education affiliated counselors. The model fit and mediating effects between variables were tested using AMOS. This study found that self-compassion had a direct effect on depression and life satisfaction, and self-compassion mediated between job stress and depression as well as job stress and life satisfaction. Also, depression mediated between self-compassion and life satisfaction. These results showed the vicious cycle that individuals with high levels of job stress are more likely to experience lower levels of self-compassion, higher levels of depression, and lowers level of life satisfaction. This study discussed the strategy to reduce the stress and depression, improve the life satisfaction.

The Relationship between Unstable Attachment and Subjective Well-Being: Mediating Effect of Decentering and Self-Compassion (불안정애착과 주관적 안녕감의 관계: 탈중심화와 자기자비의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Yong Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.290-295
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    • 2018
  • Background: The aim of this study were to investigate the effect of unstable attachment on subjective well-being and to identify mediator effects of decentering and self-compassion. Methods: A total of 255 college students participated in this study by completing the following questionnaires: Experience in Close Relationship Scale, Subjective Well-being Questionnaire, Decentering Scale, and Self-Compassion Scale. Results: Mediated Regression Analysis was used for the purposes of study. The results are as the following. First, unstable attachment had significant negative correlation with subjective well-being and decentering and self-compassion. Second, decentering had a partial meditational effect on the relation between unstable attachment and subjective well-being. Third, self-compassion had completely meditational effect on the relation between unstable attachment and subjective well-being. Conclusions: These results suggested that it is important to enhance students' level of decentering and self-compassion in order to increase their subjective well-being effectively.

An Exploration of the Experience of Compassion Fatigue in Nurses Working with Oncology Patients (암환자를 돌보는 병동 간호사의 공감피로 경험 탐색)

  • Kim, Soo Hyun;Kim, Min Ah
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.581-593
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to understand experiences of compassion fatigue reported by nurses providing services to oncology patients and families. We conducted in-depth interviews with 8 nurses currently working in oncology. Three main themes and 13 subthemes were extracted from the thematic analysis suggested by Braun and Clarke. Participants experienced compassion fatigue while feeling the sufferings transferred from patients and caregivers. The stress resulted from unique nature of oncology work added to their compassion fatigue. Participants became running low on empathy towards oncology patients and caregivers because of external work environments and negative perceptions on compassion. The results of the study inform health care professionals about increasing awareness of compassion fatigue of nurses working with oncology patients and families and the importance of providing interventions to promote their individual and professional quality of life.