• Title, Summary, Keyword: compassion

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The Effect of CSR Perception On Creativity : The Mediating Effect of Compassion and the Moderating Effect of CSR Authenticity (기업의 사회적 책임(CSR) 인식이 조직 구성원들의 창의성에 미치는 영향 : 컴페션의 매개효과와 CSR진정성의 조절효과)

  • Ko, Sung-Hoon;Choi, Yongjun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to examine the effect of employees' CSR perception on creativity via compassion along with the moderating effect of CSR authenticity. For the research procedure, frequency analysis and CFA analysis were performed after sample collection, hypothesis verification and moderating effect verification were performed. We conducted an empirical analysis using 360 employees from large-sized companies in Korea. First, the results showed that CSR perception was positively related to employees' compassion. Second, compassion was also positively related to creativity. Third, the positive relationship between CSR perception and creativity was mediated by compassion, and the aforementioned mediated relationship was moderated by CSR authenticity. Therefore, our study findings imply that, when employees perceive CSR, they will not only form compassion emotions but also will display more creativity especially when they perceive the authenticity of CSR.

Relationship between Prescribed Perfectionism and Disordered Eating Behaviors :The Double Mediating Effects of Self-Compassion and Body Shame in Obesity Clinical Women (사회부과 완벽주의와 이상섭식행동 간의 관계에서 자기자비와 신체수치심의 매개효과: 비만클리닉을 내원하는 20~30대 여성을 대상으로)

  • Bang, Jung Won;Chung, Eun Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.588-601
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to find the mediating effect of self-compassion and body shame between evaluative concerns prescribed perfectionism and disordered eating behaviors in obesity clinical women. For this purpose, 114 data samples were collected from the 20~39 ages currently enrolled in Seoul. The result of this study is the following. First, the prescribed perfectionism has a positive relation with body shame and disordered eating behaviors, however, it shows a negative relation with self-compassion. Also, there were negative relations between self-compassion and body shame, and self-compassion and disordered eating behaviors, in contrast to positive relations between body shame and disordered eating behaviors. Second, it was found that after investigating the mediation effect of self-compassion and body shame support in the influence between prescribed perfectionism and disordered eating behaviors, body shame turned out to have a significant mediation effect while self-compassion support did not. Third, self-compassion and body shame were identified as double mediation variables between the prescribed perfectionism and disordered eating behaviors. This result inspires the clinical women disordered eating behaviors and can be useful in obesity clinical women counseling settings. Meanings, limitations and suggest for future research were discussed.

The effects of work environmental factors and self-compassion on burnout of school counselors (학교 상담자의 업무환경 요인 및 자기자비가 소진에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.343-351
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of work environmental factors and self-compassion on the burnout of school counselors. The subjects of this study were 312 school counselors under the D District Office of Education participated. In order to examine the effects of individual, organizational, and self-compassion factors on burnout, correlation and hierarchical regression were applied. Individual factors were gender, age, health status, and personal hobbies. Organizational factors were employment type, working hours, and job satisfaction. Self-compassion and burnout were measured using the Korean version of self-compassion and Baslach burnout instruments. The correlation analysis showed that the three factors are correlated with each other. In the hierarchical regression analysis, three models were developed as personal, organizational, and self-compassion factors. The results of regression analysis are as follows. The influence of self-compassion on burnout was stronger than the organizational factor (i.e., employment type, working time, job satisfaction) and the personal factor (i.e., age, health status, hobby). There were no significant differences between genders. This study results suggest that self-compassion can reduce a level of burnout significantly, although personal and organizational factors have a significant impact on burnout. Further study and suggestions for reducing the level of burnout of school counselors were discussed.

Effect of Work-life Balance, Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout on Grit of Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 워라밸, 공감만족, 공감피로, 소진이 그릿(Grit)에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Eun;Jung, Mi Ra
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.438-446
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among work-life balance, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout on grit and to identify the factors that have an influence on the grit of clinical nurses. The participants in this study were 150 nurses in the two general hospitals located in Y city. The data was collected from February 4, 2019 to February 22, 2019, and it was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS Win. 22.0 program. The average score for work-life balance was 3.14±.68, it was 29.71±4.89 for compassion satisfaction, it was 28.88±4.83 for compassion fatigue, it was 31.22±5.32 for burnout, and it was 3.11±.40 for grit. Grit was significantly different according to educational level (t=2.370, p=.019). Grit in clinical nurses was significantly correlated with work-life balance (r=.239, p=.003) and compassion satisfaction (r=.371, p<.001), while grit was a negatively correlated with burnout (r=-.493, p<.001). The result of the multiple regression indicates that burnout and educational level predict 30.4% (F=15.80, p<.001) of grit. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a burnout treatment program to increase the grit in clinical nurses.

Traumatic Events, Professional Quality of Life and Physical Symptoms among Emergency Nurses (응급실 간호사의 외상 사건 경험과 전문직 삶의 질 및 신체적 증상)

  • Jeon, So-Young;Ha, Ju-Young
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.64-73
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate emergency nurses' reported traumatic events, professional quality of life and physical symptoms. Methods: The design of the study was descriptive. The respondents were 157 Emergency nurses with the majority were women (94.3% female and 5.7% were men). Data were collected from September 28 to December 1, 2011. The professional quality of life (ProQOL) instrument is conceptualized with three sub-dimensions (compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress), in addition information about traumatic events, physical symptoms and demographic variables were collected. Burnout and secondary traumatic stress (STS) are two parts of compassion fatigue. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program and included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlations. Results: Thirteen percent of the participants reported a high ProQOL. Compassion satisfaction was negatively correlated with burnout and physical symptoms, whereas, traumatic events had positive correlations with STS. Also, burnout and STS were positively correlated with physical symptoms respectively. Conclusion: Since the level of professional quality of life among emergency nurses was relatively low it is recommended that an intervention program for emergency nurses be instituted to improve compassion satisfaction and to decrease compassion fatigue and physical symptoms.

Effects of Compassion Competence, Professional Self-concept, and Nursing Practice Environment on Caring Behaviors of Clinical Nurses in a Tertiary Hospital (일개 상급종합병원 간호사의 공감역량, 전문직 자아개념 및 간호근무환경이 돌봄 행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Young-Mi;Jang, Keum-Seong;Park, Hyunyoung
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.17-30
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effects of compassion competence, professional self-concept and nursing practice environment on caring behaviors of clinical nurses. Methods: A convenience sample of 200 nurses was drawn from a tertiary hospital in G city. Structured self-report questionnaires were used to collect data, which were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: A significant difference in caring behaviors of nurses was found for age, educational level, and unit. There were statistically significant positive correlations between study variables. Sensitivity and communication of compassion competence, communication of professional self-concept, and nursing foundations for quality of care in nursing practice environment were significant predictors of caring behaviors, explaining 51.3% of total variance. Conclusions: To improve clinical nurses' caring behaviors, strategies must be developed and implemented for enhancing their compassion competence, professional self-concept, and nursing practice environment.

Factors Associated with Compassion Satisfaction of Nurses in Long-term Care Hospitals: Focused on Patient Safety Culture (요양병원 간호사의 공감만족 관련요인-환자안전문화 중심으로)

  • Jung, Sun Young;Lee, Eun Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.379-389
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The study investigated the factors associated with compassion satisfaction of nurses in long-term care hospitals with a focus on the culture of patient safety. Methods: This study was conducted using a descriptive survey. The participants were nurses in 1 metropolitan city and 2 other cities (N=164). The data was collected in October, 2018 and analyzed using the SPSS Win 25.0 program. Results: The factors associated with compassion satisfaction were job satisfaction, work attitude, management practice, leadership of the managers of patient safety culture, and clinical career (F=21.66, p<.001). These variables explained 49.3% of the variance in compassion satisfaction of long-term care hospital nurses. Conclusion: These results highlight the importance of long-term care hospital nurses' compassion satisfaction and can be used as meaningful data for intervention to promote a culture of patient safety, and nurses' job satisfaction.

Compassion Fatigue Experience of Oncology Nurses (암 병동 간호사의 공감피로 경험)

  • No, Ji-Yeong;Ahn, Hwang-Ran
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.304-314
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to understand the meaning and nature of the compassion fatigue experiences among nurses working in oncology wards. The participants in this study were 11 nurses who worked for at least 6 months in oncology wards. The data were collected using in-depth interviews and analyzed using the phenomenological method by Giorgi. Six categories of the meaning of compassion fatigue were derived as follows; physically difficulty, emotion is control of patient's condition, collapsing in front of cancer patients, reminding of patient-related memory, finding a changed attitude, and searching for how to recover.

A Study on Nursing Students' Volunteer Experience in Visiting Ambulatory Bathing Service (간호대학생의 방문이동목욕 봉사경험 연구)

  • Hwang, Seung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.308-322
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: 'The purpose of the present study was to understand students' experiences from their standpoint, to identify relevant variables and to examine into their relations by analyzing and describing what phenomenon 'nursing students' visiting ambulatory bathing service' is, what are the reasons for the phenomenon, and what interactions are in the phenomenon. Method: The subjects were thirteen students. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and analyzed by Strauss and Corbin's analysis method. Result: With regard to ambulatory bathing service, participants responded 'lack of education', 'inexperienced personal relations' and 'disappointment with recipients families'. They recognized 'burden' and 'compassion'. The intensity of generated 'burden' and 'compassion' was determined by volunteering persons, the degree of health care service, recipients' response and interaction of climate. When 'burden' and 'compassion' were generated, participants selected their own coping strategies. Strategies in the situation of 'burden' and 'compassion' were significantly influenced by 'burden' and 'compassion' and structural situation - 'mutual relation structure,' 'volunteers' capability,' 'the degree of volunteering guidance,' 'community participation,' 'recipients' environment,' 'information sharing,' 'special vehicle equipment' and 'economical burden.' Strategies include' service training,' 'receiving volunteering training,' 'preliminary service preparation,' 'volunteering.' 'connection to local medical center,' 'intention,' 'information sharing,' 'passive response to recipients' appreciation' and 'the understanding of publicity'. The results of selected 'burden' and 'compassion' are described with 'worthiness' and 'cohesion' as follows. Conclusion: This study is significantly meaningful in that it examined bathing service welfare in its initial stage. There are not much outcome from previous studies. However. it is meaningful that this study intended to develop theories on the nature of experiences and the relations among concepts derived from the visiting ambulatory bathing service process of nursing students. Professors who taught social volunteering in universities understood the experience of nursing students who did the visiting ambulatory bathing service. Consequently, professors will provide an effective instruction to enable these students to carry out visiting ambulatory bathing services efficiently in order to meet demands when they conduct the services. For the volunteering service activity in major-related fields among college students' social volunteering activities, they recognized the necessity of systematic education and preparation.

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The relationship of short-term mindfulness and self-compassion meditation and the emotional well-being among middle aged female students in cyber university; pilot study (사이버대학에 재학중인 중년기 여자 대학생을 대상으로 한 단축형 마음챙김 자비 명상 프로그램과 정서적 안녕감의 관련성 : 예비연구)

  • Lee, Woo-kyeong;Ju, Se-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.3714-3724
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    • 2014
  • A structured group program was implemented to facilitate mindfulness and self-compassion through a short meditation practices and its effects on the emotional well-being of counseling psychology students at a cyber university were observed. The participants attended a 4-week group program. Twenty-five total participants completed pre- and post-treatment measures of depression, psychological well-being, positive and negative emotions, mindfulness, and self-compassion. This program could provide a useful experiential introduction to mindfulness and self-compassion training for counseling undergraduate psychology students. Future studies should address the effects of practice on the mindfulness and self-compassion in larger student groups exposed to a range of stressful situations.