• Title, Summary, Keyword: conical abutment

Search Result 34, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

EFFECT OF A COUNTER-TORQUE DEVICE AND THE INTERNAL HEXAGON OF ABUTMENT ON THE TIGHTENING TORQUE TRANSMITTED TO THE IMPLANT (회전방지장치와 지대주의 내육각구조가 임플란트로 전달되는 조임 회전력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Sang-Min;Jeon Young-Chan;Jeong Chang-Mo
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.41 no.2
    • /
    • pp.223-231
    • /
    • 2003
  • Statement of problem : Little is known about the effect of a counter-torque device and the internal hexagon of abutment on the tightening torque transmitted to the implant. Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a counter-torque device and the internal hexagon of abutment on the tightening torque transmitted to the implant. Material and Methods : In this study, three types of abutment were used, (1) two-piece conical abutment with hexagon, (2) two-piece conical abutment without hexagon, and (3) one-piece conical abutment without hexagon. The experimental groups were divided into five groups according to the type of abutment and the usage of a counter-torque device. Group I : two-piece conical abutment with internal hexagon was tightened without the use of a counter-torque device. Group II : two-piece conical abutment without internal hexagon was tightened without the use of a counter-torque device. Group III : one-piece conical abutment without internal hexagon was tightened without the use of a counter-torque device. Group IV : two-piece conical abutment with internal hexagon was tightened with the use of a counter-torque device Group V : two-piece conical abutment without internal hexagon was tightened with the use of a counter-torque device. Abutments were tightened 20Ncm torque with the use of manual torque wrench and then torque values were measured by torque-gauge. After the measurement of torque values, all groups were loosened with the use of manual torque wrench and then detorque values were measured by torque-gauge. Results : The results were as follows. 1. There were no differences in torque values among three types of abutment. 2. Regardless of the existence of the internal hexagon of abutment, a counter-torque device decreased the tightening torque transmitted to the implant about 92% 3. In group III showed the highest detorque value, however there were no differences among group I, II, IV and V. Conclusion : Within the limitations of this study, it was concluded that the internal hexagon of abutment has no effect on the tightening torque transmitted to the implant and the detorque value of abutment screw. The use of a counter-torque device is essential to prevent microfracture on the implant-bone interface but has no effect on preload.

Influence of abutment materials on the implant-abutment joint stability in internal conical connection type implant systems

  • Jo, Jae-Young;Yang, Dong-Seok;Huh, Jung-Bo;Heo, Jae-Chan;Yun, Mi-Jung;Jeong, Chang-Mo
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.6 no.6
    • /
    • pp.491-497
    • /
    • 2014
  • PURPOSE. This study evaluated the influence of abutment materials on the stability of the implant-abutment joint in internal conical connection type implant systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Internal conical connection type implants, cement-retained abutments, and tungsten carbide-coated abutment screws were used. The abutments were fabricated with commercially pure grade 3 titanium (group T3), commercially pure grade 4 titanium (group T4), or Ti-6Al-4V (group TA) (n=5, each). In order to assess the amount of settlement after abutment fixation, a 30-Ncm tightening torque was applied, then the change in length before and after tightening the abutment screw was measured, and the preload exerted was recorded. The compressive bending strength was measured under the ISO14801 conditions. In order to determine whether there were significant changes in settlement, preload, and compressive bending strength before and after abutment fixation depending on abutment materials, one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD post-hoc test was performed. RESULTS. Group TA exhibited the smallest mean change in the combined length of the implant and abutment before and after fixation, and no difference was observed between groups T3 and T4 (P>.05). Group TA exhibited the highest preload and compressive bending strength values, followed by T4, then T3 (P<.001). CONCLUSION. The abutment material can influence the stability of the interface in internal conical connection type implant systems. The strength of the abutment material was inversely correlated with settlement, and positively correlated with compressive bending strength. Preload was inversely proportional to the frictional coefficient of the abutment material.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE 1-PIECE AND 2-PIECE CONICAL ABUTMENT JOINT: THE STRENGTH AND THE FATIGUE RESISTANCE

  • Kwon, Taek-Ka;Yang, Jae-Ho;Kim, Sung-Hun;Han, Jung-Suk;Lee, Jai-Bong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.45 no.6
    • /
    • pp.780-786
    • /
    • 2007
  • Statement of problem. The performance and maintenance of implant-supported prostheses are primarily dependent upon load transmission both at the bone-to-implant interface and within the implant-abutment-prosthesis complex. The design of the interface between components has been shown to have a profound influence on the stability of screw joints. Purpose. The Purpose of this study was to compare the strength and the fatigue resistance of 1-piece and 2-piece abutment connected to oral implant, utilizing an internal conical interface. Material and methods. Twenty $Implatium^{(R)}$ tapered implants were embedded to the top of the fixture in acrylic resin blocks. Ten $Combi^{(R)}$(1-piece) and $Dual^{(R)}$(2-piece) abutments of the same dimension were assembled to the implant, respectively. The assembled units were mounted in a testing machine. A load was applied perpendicular to the long axis of the assemblies and the loading points was at the distance of 7mm from the block surface. Half of 1-piece and 2-piece abutment-implant units were tested for the evaluation of the bending strength, and the others were cyclically loaded for the evaluation of the fatigue resistance until plastic deformation occurred. Nonparametric statistical analysis was performed for the results. Results. Mean plastic and maximum bending moment were $1,900{\pm}18Nmm,\;3,609{\pm}106Nmm$ for the 1-piece abutment, and $1,250{\pm}31Nmm,\;2,688{\pm}166Nmm$ for the 2-piece abutment, respectively. Mean cycles and standard deviation when implant-abutment joint showed a first plastic deformation were $238,610{\pm}44,891$. cycles for the 1-piece abutment and $9,476{\pm}3,541$ cycles for the 2-piece abutment. A 1-piece abutment showed significantly higher value than a 2-piece abutment in the first plastic bending moment (p<.05), maximum bending moment (p<.05) and fatigue strength (p<.05). Conclusion. Both 1-piece and 2-piece conical abutment had high strength and fatigue resistance and this suggests long-term durability without mechanical complication. However, the 1-piece conical abutment was more stable than the 2-piece conical abutment in the strength and the fatigue resistance.

MARGINAL ADAPTATION OF THE CONICAL INNER CROWN FABRICATED WITH CAD/CAM (CAD/CAM으로 제작한 코누스내관의 변연적합)

  • Kim In-Sup;Kang Dong-Wan
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.30-41
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study was to evaluate the fabrication method and marginal adaptation of the conical inner crown fabricated with CAD/CAM. The informations on abutment teeth were transferred to a computer with a micro contact digitizer, which had a $50{\mu}m$ accuracy on the master die. A conical inner crown was designed on a computer and a real crown was machined based on this design using CAM. The marginal fit of a computer-machined conical inner crown was assessed using electron microscopy Measurement of the marginal gap between the conical inner crown and the abutment was performed on four different locations (mesial, distal, buccal, and lingual surfaces) of the finish line. The evaluation was based on 10 test specimens. The results were as follow. 1 The mean marginal gap between the conical inner crown and abutment tooth was $83.2{\pm}43{\mu}m$, 28.9% of the specimen showed marginal gap over $100{\mu}m$. 2. The fabrication method using CATRS and CAM provided clinically acceptable marginal fitness compared to conventional casting method (P<0.05).

INFLUENCE OF IMPLANT-ABUTMENT INTERFACE DESIGN, IMPLANT DIAMETER AND PROSTHETIC TABLE WIDTH ON STRENGTH OF IMPLANT-ABUTMENT INTERFACE : THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (임플랜트의 지대주 연결방식, 임플랜트의 직경 및 지대주 연결부위의 직경 차이에 따른 응력분포에 관한 삼차원 유한요소분석)

  • Oh Se-Woong;Yang Jae-Ho;Lee Sun-Hyung;Han Jung-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.393-404
    • /
    • 2003
  • Statement of problem. Higher incidence of prosthetic complications such as screw loosening, screw fracture has been reported for posterior single tooth implant. So, there is ongoing research regarding stability of implant-abutment interface. One of those research is increasing the implant diameter and prosthetic table width to improve joint stability. In another part of this research, internal conical type implant-abutment interface was developed and reported joint strength is higher than traditional external hex interface. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to compare stress distribution in single molar implant between external hex butt joint implant and internal conical joint implant when increasing the implant diameter and prosthetic table width : 4mm diameter, 5mm diameter, 5mm diameter/6mm prosthetic table width. Material and method. Non-linear finite element models were created and the 3-dimensional finite element analysis was performed to see the distribution of stress when 300N static loading was applied to model at $0^{\circ},\;15^{\circ},\;30^{\circ}$ off-axis angle. Results. The following results were obtained : 1. Internal conical joint showed lower tensile stress value than that of external hex butt joint. 2. When off-axis loading was applied, internal conical joint showed more effective stress distribution than external hex butt joint. 3. External hex butt joint showed lower tensile stress value when the implant diameter was increased. 4. Internal conical joint showed lower tensile stress value than external hex butt joint when the implant diameter was increased. 5. Both of these joint mechanism showed lower tensile stress value when the prosthetic table width was increased. Conclusion. Internal conical joint showed more effective stress distribution than external hex joint. Increasing implant diameter showed more effective stress distribution than increasing prosthetic table width.

Abutment Sinking and Fitness of Conical Internal Connection Implant System according to Loading Condition (하중조건에 따른 원추형 내측연결 임플랜트 시스템에서 지대주 침하 및 적합에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hal-La;Kim, Hee-Jung;Son, Mee-Kyoung;Chung, Chae-Heon
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.77-89
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate internal conical abutment sinking and fitness according to the loading condition. In this study, Alloden implant fixture and two abutment(conventional, FDI) systems were used. Each abutment was applied 1 time of finger force, 3 times of malleting force, 5 times of 20kg and extra several times to the fixture until the amount of abutment singking showed no change. Then, the length of abutment to fixture which was binding lightly with no pressure state was measured by Vernier caliper. After loading application, the length was remeasured and the amount of sinking was calculated. The implant was buried in unsaturated polyester (Epovia, Cray Valley Inc. Korea) for making a comparison between the change of length and fitness of abutment-fixture connection part. Then All samples were cross-sectioned with high speed precision cut-off(accutom-5, Struers, Denmark). Finally, The result were observed and analyzed using FE-SEM (field emission scanning electron microscopy).

Influence of Implant Fixture-Abutment Connection and Abutment Design on Mechanical Strength (임플란트 고정체-지대주 연결부 및 지대주 디자인이 기계적 강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Chun, Mi-Hyun;Jeong, Chang-Mo;Jeon, Young-Chan;Eom, Tae-Gwan;Yoon, Ji-Hoon
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.269-281
    • /
    • 2008
  • Fatigue or overload can result in mechanical problems of implant components. The mechanical strength in the implant system is dependent on several factors, such as screw and fixture diameters, material, and design of the fixture-abutment connection and abutment. In these factors, the last rules the strength and stability of the fixture-abutment assembly. There have been some previous reports on the mechanical strength of the fixture-abutment assembly with the compressive bending test or short-term cyclic loading test. However, it is restrictive to predict the long-term stability of the implant system with them. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the design of the fixture-abutment connection and abutment on the mechanical strength and failure mode by conducting the endurance limit test as well as the compressive bending strength test. Tests were performed according to a specified test(ISO/FDIS 14801) in 4 fixture-abutment assemblies of the Osstem implant system: an external butt joint with Cemented abutment (group BJT), an external butt joint with Safe abutment (group BJS), an internal conical joint with Solid abutment (group CJO), and an internal conical joint with ComOcta abutment (group CJT). The following conclusions were drawn within the limitation of this study. Compressive bending strengths were decreased in order of group BJS(1392.0N), group CJO(1261.8N), group BJT(1153.2N), and group CJT(1110.2N). There were no significant differences in compressive bending strengths between group BJT and group CJT(P>.05). Endurance limits were decreased in order of group CJO(600N), group CJT(453N), group BJS(360N), and group BJT(300N). 3. Compressive bending strengths were influenced by the connection and abutment design of the implant system, however endurance limits were affected more considerably by the connection design.

Effect of intra-crown cantilever on mechanical strength of internal conical joint type implant (치관 내 캔틸레버 양에 따른 내측 연결 형태 임플란트의 기계적 강도에 대한 연구)

  • Yun, Mi-Jung;Huh, Jung-Bo;Jeong, Chang-Mo;Jeon, Young-Chan;Kang, Eun-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
    • /
    • v.53 no.5
    • /
    • pp.360-367
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of amount of cantilever in intra-crown according to implant fixture position on mechanical strength of internal conical joint type implant. Materials and Methods : Internal conical joint type implant fixture, abutment screw, abutment was connected and gold alloy prostheses were fabricated and cemented on abutment. For fatigue fracture test, the specimens were loaded to the 350 N, 2,000,000 cycle on 3, 4, 5, and 6 mm off-center of gold alloy prostheses. The fracture pattern of implant component was observed. Results : No fatigue fracture found on 3 and 4 mm group. But initial crack pattern found on 3 specimens of 4 mm group. Fatigue fracture found on all specimens of 5 mm group. But complete fracture was not observed. One specimen of 6 mm group fracture completely. Implant fixture fracture wax not observed. Conclusion : The mechanical failure of implant prostheses increased with the loading area farther from center of implant fixture. To reduce mechanical problem of internal joint type implant, surgical and prosthetic consideration is needed.

Influence of bearing surface angle of abutment screw on mechanical stability of joint in the conical seal design implant system (내부 원추형 연결형태 임플란트에서 지대주 나사머리의 좌면각도가 연결부 기계적 안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Joo-Hyeun;Huh, Jung-Bo;Yun, Mi-Jung;Kang, Eun-Sook;Heo, Jae-Chan;Jeong, Chang-Mo
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.206-214
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study is to evaluate how different bearing surface angles of abutment screw affect the mechanical stability of the joint in the conical seal design implant system. Materials and Methods: Internal connection type regular implants, two-piece cemented type abutments and tungsten carbide/carbon-coated titanium alloy abutment screws were selected. Titanium alloy screws with conical ($45^{\circ}$) and flat ($90^{\circ}$) head designs which fit on to abutment were fabricated. The abutments were tightened to implants with 30 Ncm by digital torque gauge. The loading was applied once to the central axis of abutment. The mean axial displacement was measured using micrometer before and after the tightening and loading (n = 5). The abutment was tightened to implants with 30 Ncm and T-shape stainless steel crown was cemented. Then the change in the amount of reverse-torque was measured after the repeated loading to the central axis, and the place 5 mm away from the central axis. Compressive bending and fatigue strength were measured at the place 5 mm away from the central axis (n = 5). Results: Both groups showed the largest axial displacement when abutment screw tightening and total displacement was greater in the flat head group compared to conical head group (P < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in reverse torque value, compressive bending and fatigue strength (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the abutment screw head design had no effect on two groups regarding the joint stability, however the conical head design affected the settlement of abutment resulting in the reduced total displacement.

Effect of various abutment systems on the removal torque and the abutment settling in the conical connection implant systems (원추형 연결 임플란트에서 지대주 종류에 따른 나사풀림과 침하현상에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Seon;Lee, Joon-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
    • /
    • v.50 no.2
    • /
    • pp.92-98
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different abutment materials on abutment screw loosening and settling-down effect in conical connection type implant system. Materials and methods: Three types of abutment, cementation, gold UCLA, and metal UCLA abutment were used. Two UCLA groups were fabricated in a similar pattern to cementation abutment. Type III gold alloy and Nickel-Chromium alloy was used for casting gold UCLA abutment and metal UCLA abutment, respectively. Fixture and abutment were tightened to 30 Ncm by using digital torque controller and re-tightening was conducted with same force after 10 minutes. Digital torque gauge was used to measure loosening torque and fixture/abutment length was measured by digital micrometer. Dynamic loads between 25 N and 250 N were applied with $0^{\circ}$ angle to the abutment axis. After loading, fixture/abutment length was re-measured and amount of settlement was calculated. Loosening torque value was also measured for comparison Results: All three groups showed significant differences of length when comparing before and after loading, but there was no significant difference of settling amount in all groups. Loosening torque values were significantly decreased when comparing before and after loading in all groups($P$<.05). However, there was no significant difference in loss of loosening torque values when compared to groups. Conclusion: In internal conical connection type implants, dynamic load affected on settlement and loosening torque of implant, but there was no differences between abutments materials. Likewise gold UCLA abutment, metal UCLA abutment might be able to withstand functional load.