• Title, Summary, Keyword: consumer acceptability

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Physical Characteristics and Consumer Acceptance of Tofu as Influenced by Water Dropwort

  • Seog, Eun-Ju;Kim, Hye-Ran;Lee, Jun-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2008
  • The effects of water dropwort on the physical characteristics of tofu were investigated and consumer acceptance test was conducted. pH decreased significantly with increasing water dropwort concentration from 0 to 3%, whereas titratable acidity showed the reverse trend (p<0.05). The amount of water dropwort did not significantly influence the moisture content up to 2% substitution (p>0.05). Turbidity increased significantly with increasing water dropwort concentration (p<0.05). A significantly lower moisture content in 3% water dropwort tofu may be attributed to the denser structure and hardness of that was significantly higher than those of the other samples (p<0.05). Even though $a^*$-values of 3% water dropwort tofu was lower than that of control, $a^*$-values increased significantly with increasing water dropwort content (p<0.05). On the contrary, $b^*$-values decreased significantly with increasing water dropwort content (p<0.05). 2% water dropwort tofu was found to be the best with respect to its overall acceptability score.

Sensory Characteristics and Consumer Acceptance with Cookies Made with Chrysanthemum indicum L. Powder (감국 분말 첨가 쿠키의 관능적 특성 및 소비자 기호도)

  • Lee, Hye-Yeon;Bae, Hyun-Joo
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to analyze sensory characteristics and consumer acceptance with cookies made using various levels(0, 2, 4, 6 and 8% w/w) of Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder. Ten panels assessed sensory characteristics using a 15-point hedonic scale and forty-five consumers evaluated their acceptance based on a 7-point hedonic scale and best-worst scaling. The descriptive analyses reveled that cookie flavor did not differ significantly between the 2% added sample and the control. Cookie color and after taste increased significantly, while hardness, roasted taste, and sweetness taste decreased significantly according to increasing Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder concentration. In addition, the results of consumer acceptance showed that the overall acceptability, appearance, color, flavor, and taste decreased significantly in response to increasing Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder concentration. However, color, flavor, taste and overall acceptance with cookies did not differ significantly differ between the 2% and 4% sample. Additionally, among the cookies made with Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder, the 2% sample received the highest scores. In conclusion, the sensory optimal ratio of Chrysanthemum indicum L. powder was 2% based on the descriptive analysis of sensory characteristics and the consumer-acceptance testing.

Quality Characteristics of Cabbage Rice Nutritional Bars Made with Varying Ratios of Cabbage Powder (양배추 분말 첨가비율에 따른 양배추 쌀 영양바의 품질특성)

  • Joo, Shin-Youn;Choi, Hae-Yeon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.441-448
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cabbage powder on the quality characteristics of rice nutritional bars. Methods: In order to analyze quality characteristics, total phenolic content, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, baking loss rate, leavening rate, specific volume, moisture content, color, texture analysis, and sensory evaluations were assessed. Results: The total phenolic content and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of rice nutritional bars significantly increased with an increase in the content of cabbage powder (p<0.05). The baking loss rate, leavening rate, specific volume, and moisture content of the rice nutritional bars were significantly reduced as the amount of added cabbage powder increased (p<0.05). As the concentration of cabbage powder increased, the lightness and redness of the bars' crust and crumbs decreased, while yellowness increased (p<0.05). In texture analysis, the control bars showed the highest hardness values. Adhesiveness, springiness, and cohesiveness values slightly decreased with higher cabbage powder content in the groups with added cabbage powder (p<0.05). When consumer acceptability was measured, rice nutritional bars prepared with 15% cabbage powder showed the highest scores in color, whereas the rice nutritional bars prepared with 20% cabbage powder showed the lowest scores in flavor (p<0.05). In characteristic intensity rating, the taste and off-flavor of rice nutritional bars significantly increased with increasing amounts of cabbage powder (p<0.05). Conclusion: Judging from our results, it can be concluded that the addition of cabbage powder to rice nutritional bars during processing can enhance consumer preference for the bars, total phenolic content, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity.

Quality Characteristics of Noodles with added Germinated Black Quinoa Powder (발아 검은색 퀴노아 분말을 첨가한 국수의 품질특성)

  • Seol, Honey;Sim, Ki Hyeon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the quality characteristics of noodles containing different amounts of germinated black quinoa were investigated. The powder of black quinoa with the highest antioxidative activation was selected; and composite flour was prepared with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of germinated black quinoa powder to produce the noodles. We evaluated the quality and sensory characteristics of the noodles, including pH, salinity, water absorption rate, volumetric expansion rate, turbidity, chromaticity, extensibility, and texture. With regards to the quality characteristics of noodles with added germinated black quinoa, the pH and salinity decreased with increasing percentage of added germinated black quinoa (p<0.001). Increasing the percentage of added germinated black quinoa resulted in decreased water absorption (p<0.01) and volumetric expansion rates and increased turbidity of the cooked noodles (p<0.001). In terms of the chromaticity, L and b values decreased and a value increased with the increasing percentage of added germinated black quinoa (p<0.001). For the texture, hardness (p<0.001), adhesiveness (p<0.01), springiness (p<0.01), chewiness (p<0.001), gumminess (p<0.001), and cohesiveness (p<0.05) decreased as the percentage of added germinated black quinoa increased; while extensibility (p<0.001) increased. Consumer testing results indicated that the noodles with 15% of added germinated black quinoa showed the best results. Collectively, the evaluation of quality characteristics and consumer acceptability indicated that adding 15% of germinated black quinoa to produce noodles is optimal.

Study on Sensory Characteristics and Consumer Acceptance of Commercial Soy-meat Products (콩고기의 관능적 특성 및 소비자 기호도 분석)

  • Kim, Mi Ra;Yang, Jeong-Eun;Chung, Lana
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.150-161
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to identify sensory characteristics of soy-meat samples by trained panels and to observe the relationship between these sensory characteristics and consumer acceptability of the samples. Descriptive analysis was performed on eight samples; four types of patty style soy-meat samples (Soy-meat Patty; SP) made with a Ddukgalbi recipe (YSP, VSP, LSP, and SSP) and four types of Bulgogi style soy-meat samples (Soy-meat Bulgogi; SB) made with a Bulgogi recipe (YSB, VSB, LSB, and SSB). Seven panelists were trained, and they evaluated the appearance, odor/aroma, flavor/taste, texture/mouth feel, and after taste attributes of these samples. Forty attributes were generated by panelists, and 37 attributes were significantly different across products (p<0.05). The SB group was characterized by beef, leek, and garlic flavor as well a sweetness, denseness, slipperiness, chewiness, and pepper after taste. The SP group was characterized by roughness, particle size, rancid oil flavor, raw bean flavor, astringent, sourness, and adhesiveness. Consumer test (n=125) showed that the VSB sample had the highest scores for acceptability of appearance, flavor, texture, and overall liking. The PLSR results show that the attributes that were more positively associated with acceptance of soy-meat samples were beef taste, wetness, and chewiness, whereas the raw bean smell and rancid oil flavor attributes were negative.

Descriptive Sensory Evaluation and Consumer Acceptability of Sujeonggwa in a Tea Bag (티백 형 수정과의 관능적 특성 및 소비자 기호도 조사)

  • Kim, Hana;Song, Yeong Ok;Lee, Jeehyun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.280-287
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    • 2015
  • Sujeonggwa is a popular Korean traditional beverage. However, consumers only prepare it at home on special occasions due to the time and effort required. Developing a convenient form of Sujeonggwa may promote its consumption. The objectives of this study were to 1) develop Sujeonggwa in a tea bag using different sweeteners and 2) describe the characteristics of Sujeonggwa's flavor in tea bag samples and 3) determine how well consumers accept the tea bag samples. A total of four types of Sujeonggwa in a tea bag were developed: two samples with varying amount of sugar, another sample using sugar and stevia and the last sample using sugar and short chain fructo-oligosaccharide as a sweetener. A commercial ginger tea and cinnamon tea were used as control products. Descriptive analysis was conducted on the same six samples and a descriptive panel identified its attributes. A total of 61 consumers evaluated acceptability using a nine-point hedonic scale and how they felt about intensities of the samples using a just-about-right scale. The results indicated that consumers liked Sujeonggwa samples in a tea bag more than commercial ginger tea and cinnamon tea.

Development and Standardization of Dried Persimmons Gruel on Books (고문헌을 바탕으로 한 건시죽(乾粥)의 개발과 표준화)

  • Cho, Mi-Sook;Lee, Eun-Young;Kim, Jan-Di
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2008
  • The dried persimmon was effective in caring an inflammation, an ulcer and a burn and preventing hypertension and arteriosclerosis. At the Jejungsinpyun. dried persimmons gruel was beneficial to stomach and intestine and toned down voice. Based on Jejungsinpyuns and Sikryochanyo, dried persimmons gruel was developed for modern people. To standardize the dried persimmons gruel, physical properties and consumer acceptability was examined. The procedures of dried persimmons gruel was to make dried persimmons juice after soaking dried persimmons with same volume water during 24 hr and blending. To decrease the astringent taste of dried persimmons, dried persimmons juice and water with cinnamon (2%) was mixed and simmered during 3 min. Dried persimmons paste with cinnamon was added and the gruel was boiled more during 5 min. dried persimmons gruel was completed. The dried persimmons gruel were divided of 5 groups consisted of each 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 g dried persimmons. As dried persimmons content increased, lightness, apparent viscosity decreased. Acceptability test indicated the sample of dried persimmons : rice ratio at 2 : 5 had the highest overall acceptability and flavor. Considered to each, the sample of the dried persimmons : rice ratio at 2 : 5 met the purpose of the study.

Survey on Consumer Concept and Acceptability of Convenient Ginger Product (생강에 대한 소비자 인식 및 편의제품 선호도 조사 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.323-327
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    • 1994
  • The consumers' concept and the acceptability of ginger and its processed product were surveyed by premade questionnaire. A total of 447 questionnaires were collected from housewives, restaurant managers and related processors at 7 regions in Korea. The 40.6% of total responsors reacted ginger as spice was necessary for food preparation by flavor(87.5%). The most difficulties of using ginger were peeling and washing(89.8%). The raw ginger purchased for their use was only utilized less than 70% of 46.5% and 50% of 21.3% of total responsors respectively. The processed and convenient style spices including ginger were accepted by 72.8% of qestionnaires and 76.9% of them hoped to have ginger paste. Such a convenient ginger products were more welcomed by younger generation than older.

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대기시간이 서비스 품질평가에 영향을 미치는 과정에 있어서 매개변수 및 조절변수에 관한 연구

  • Jo, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Su-Uk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Quality Management Conference
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the effect of waiting in a service queue on the evaluation of service quality focused on its overall process, mediators and moderators The conceptual model of this paper integrates key variables derived from previous studies of consumer waiting behavior. Data obtained from actual customers in service queue at a hospital was used to test the theoretical framework. First, results from the path analysis confirm that negative affect and acceptability of the wait function as mediators in the process that the perceived duration of the wait affects customer's evaluation of overall service quality. Second, the analysis of the data, with the use of moderate regression shows that disconfirmation of wait time expectations, transaction importance, stability of wait time and wait environment work as moderate variables for the relationship between perceived duration of wait and negative affect. For the relationship between perceived wait time and acceptability of the wait, on the other hand, only transaction import ante shows a significant effect as a moderator.

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Consumer Opinions on Fast Foods and Foodservice -I. Hamburger Chain Restaurants- (국내 패스트푸드점에 대한 소비자의 의견조사 -제 1보 : 햄버거체인점을 중심으로-)

  • Lyu, Eun-Soon;Kwak, Tong-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 1989
  • Fast food restaurants are growing in numbers in Korea since they were introduced abot a decade ago. To develop an effective marketing strategy for fast foods, it is important to assess consumer's acceptability and identify demorgraphic, environmental, and managerial factors which influence consumer's perception on the fast food restaurants. A total of 595 customers were surveyed at thirty hamburger chain restaurants in Seoul from November 7 to 15, 1988. Analyses of the collected data revealed that adolescents, females, and the people with high income were the major customers and visited more than once or twice a week; frequent visitors rated meals more favorably in terms of the quality, service and cleanliness, and they also rated meals of foreign brand more favorable than those of domestic one; the female group perceived the change in their dietary habits more than any other groups; cleanliness, convenience, atmosphere, courtesy, and the taste of foods were significant factors in purchasing fast foods; and customers were most satisfied with convenience, while least satisfied with the price and the quantity of foods. From these findings, it is sggested that the manager of the fast food restaurant must consider the consumer's perception of fast foods in terms of pros and cons in order to operate her/his restaurant successfully.

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