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Reciprocal Effect of DHEA and Rietary Fat on Glutathione Utilizing Detoxifying System in Rat Liver Tissue

  • Kwak, Chung-Shil;Kwon, In-Soon;Park, Sang-Chul
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2000
  • This study was intended to examine whether dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dietary fat level or source could modulate glutathione utilizing detoxifying system activity and the cytosolic NADPH generation in rat liver. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed semipurifed diet containing either 2%(w/w) corn oil (low level of corn oil diet: 5 ca% of fat) 15% corn oil (high level of corn oil diet: 31 cal% of fat) or 13% sardine oil plus 2% corn oil(high level of fish oil diet: 31 cal% of fat) for 9 weeks. Half of the rats in each diet group were fed a diet supplemented with 0.2% DHEA (w/w). DHEA administration increased plasma total cholesterol level in low corn oil diet-fed rats. The high fish oil diet significantly decreased plasma total cholesterol level compared to the high corn oil diet. Plasma triglyceride level was not significantly changed by DHEA administration and dietary fat level and source. Fasting plasma glucose level was increased by DHEA administration and fish oil diet. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in liver tissue was significantly increased by DHEA administration and high fat diet, especially fish oil diet. Malic enzyme activity in liver tissue was significantly increased by DHEA administration and high fat diet, especially fish oil diet. Malic enzyme activity in liver tissue was significantly increased by DHEA administration. DHEA suppressed the glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-dependent enzymes compared to the low corn oil diet, while fish oil diet elevated the activity of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase compared to corn oil diet. These results suggest that DHEA administration and high level of corn oil diet may suppress the cellular detoxifying system activity through reduction of glutathione utilization, while the fish oil diet did not show these effects.

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Effects of Fat Sources on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Serum Traits and Intestinal Morphology in Weaning Pigs

  • Jung, H.J.;Kim, Y.Y.;Han, In K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1035-1040
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    • 2003
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of fat sources on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum traits and intestinal morphology in weaning pigs. A total of 128 weaning pigs (Landrace${\times}$Large White${\times}$Duroc, $21{\pm}2$ days of age, $5.82{\pm}0.13kg$ of average initial body weight) were allotted in a randomized complete block (RCB) design with four treatments: 1) corn oil, 2) soybean oil, 3) tallow and 4) fish oil. Each treatment had 8 replicates with 4 pigs per pen. During phase I period (d 0 to 14), pigs fed corn oil or soybean oil diet tended to show higher ADG and FCR than any other treatments although there was no significant difference. During phase II period (d 15 to 28), pigs fed corn oil diet showed better ADG and ADFI than pigs fed soybean oil, tallow or fish oil. For overall period, growth performance of weaning pigs was improved (p<0.05) when pigs were fed soybean oil or corn oil. Apparent digestibility of energy and fat was improved when pigs were fed corn oil diet (p<0.05). Supplementation of corn oil resulted in higher serum triglyceride concentration than the other treatments (p<0.05). However, there was a lower cholesterol concentration when corn oil was provided compared to tallow or fish oil. Pigs fed corn oil tended to have increased villus height compared with soybean oil, tallow or fish oil treatment (p<0.05). This experiment suggested that vegetable oils such as corn oil or soybean oil, were much better fat source for improving growth performance of weaning pigs.

Comparison of Physicochemical Properties and Oxidative Stability of Sesame Oil Mixed with Corn Oil (참기름의 옥배유 혼합에 따른 이화학적 특성 및 산화안정성 비교)

  • 서정희;정윤희;이기동;권중호
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.24-28
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    • 1998
  • Korean sesame oil mixed with corn oil and Chinese sesame oil were subjected to instrumental determination for fatty acid composition, sesaminol and sesamin contents, and induction period by AOM test to obtain basic data for ascertaining the truth of pure sesame oil, respectively. In sesame oil mixed with corn oil, stearic acid content of sesame oil containing above 20% corn oil was remarkably discriminated from that of pure sesame oil. Oleic and linoleic acid contents of sesame oil with 10% corn oil were significantly differnt from that of pure sesame oil. Stearicllinoleic acid ratio of sesame oil mixed with corn oil dcreased in proportion to corn oil content in sesame oil. Sesamolin and sesamin contents of sesame oil containing 30% corn oil were lower 18.3% and 21.0% than those of pure sesame oil, respectively. Induction periods of sesame oil by AOM were 8.14~9.24 hrs in Chinese sesame oil and sesame oils including 20% and 40% corn oils, but around 16hrs in Korean pure sesame oil. Based on the above results, it is considered that the comparisons of fatty acids, sesaminol and sesamin contents, and induction period by AOM test might be one of the potential criteria in discriminating between pure sesame oil and sesame oil mixed with corn oil.

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Effect of Lard and Corn oil on Serum total Cholesterol Content and Liver Thiobarbituric acid Value in Mice treated with Ethanol (Lard와 Corn oil이 Ethanol로 처리한 Mouse의 혈청 총 Cholesterol함량 및 간 Thiobarbituric acid치에 미치는 영향)

  • 백정희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.5-11
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    • 1980
  • The study carried out to clarify the effects of lard and corn oil on serum total cholesterol content and liver thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value in ethanol (Et-OH) fed mice. Results obtained from the present study were a follows: 1. serum total cholesterol content was considerably increased by 25% Et-OH administration in mice. In case of 25% Et-OH plus Lard group and Lard group both group were also increased significantly to compare with normal value of mice but 25% Et-OH plus lard group was shown very higher value rather than that of Lard group and Lard group was found similar tendency to compare with the 25% Et-OH plus saline group except to after the 1 day. 2. serum total cholestrol content of 25% Et-OH plus Corn oil group and corn oil group were also increased significantly to compare with normal value, but the 25% Et-Oh plus Corn oil group slightly higher level than that of Corn oil group except to after the 3 days. 3. Lard group was also very similar tendency to compare with the corn oil group except to the 3 days. 4. liver TBA value was increased by 25% Et-OH fed mice. 25% Et-OH plus Lard group and Lard group were also increased significantly to compare with liver TBA value in normal mice, but 25% Et-OH plus Lard group was found higher value rather than that of lard group and 25% Et-OH group (Control). Lard group was similar to that of Control group except to after the 1 day. And 25% Et-OH plus Corn oil group was considerably increased rather than that of Control group, and liver TBA value of the above group was similar to that of 25% Et-OH plus Lard group except to after the 3 days. Corn oil group was shown lower value than that of lard group, but it was no significant.

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The Effect of Vesitable Oils on the Serum Cholesterol in Rats (식이중(食餌中) 여러가지 식물성(植物性) 지방(脂肪)이 혈청(血淸) Cholesterol에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Yong-Ock;Cho, Chung-Soon;Oh, Hea-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 1985
  • The present study was designed to compare the effect of soybean oils and corn oils on serum levels of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and free cholesterol in cholesterol-fed rats. The results are as fellows: 1. The average body weight gain in soybean oil diet group was lower than that of the control group. 2. The food efficiency ratio in soybean oil diet group was lower than corn oil diet group. 3. The serum levels of total cholesterol in soybean oil diet group than that in corn oil diet group. 4. The serum levels of free cholesterol in soybean oil diet group was lower than that in corn oil diet group. 5. The serum levels of HDL-cholesterol in soybean oil diet group than that in corn oil diet group. 6. The serum levels of VLDL-, LFL-cholesterol in soybean oil diet group was lower than that in corn oil diet group.

Effects of Perilla Oil Intake on Bleeding Time, Thromboxane Formation and Platelet Fatty Acid in Rats (들깨유 섭취가 흰쥐의 출혈시간, 트롬복산 생성 및 혈소판의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Yong-Nam;Yoon, Hae-Won;Kim, Sook-Hee;Han, Byung-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 1987
  • Male rats were fed diets containing perilla oil, sardine oil or corn oil for 15 weeks in order to investigate their antithrombotic effects. Rats given perilla oil and sardine oil diets showed significantly longer bleeding time, and lower level of malondialdehyde generation during thrombin-induced aggregation of platelets than rats given corn oil. With regard to the composition of platelet fatty acid, the ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) $(20:5{\omega}3)$ to arachidonic acid $(20:4{\omega}6)$ of perilla oil, sardine oil and corn oil treated rats were 0.54, 0.96 and 0.01, respectively, suggesting that linolenic acid $(18:3{\omega}3)$ of perilla oil was metabolized to EPA which is known to have antithrombotic activity.

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Effect of Medium Chain Triglyceride Diet on Cholesterol Metabolism of Serum and Liver in Rats (Medium Chain Triglyceride 및 유지(油脂) 첨가식이(添加食餌)를 투여(投與)한 흰쥐의 혈중(血中) 및 간장(肝臟) Cholesterol대사(代射)의 변동(變動))

  • Cha, Jae-Son;Michihiro, Sugano
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 1986
  • The purpose of the study was to find an effect of Medium Chain Triglycerids (MCT) diet on cholesterol metabolism in rat. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed two different diets containing MCT(trioctanoate) and corn oil respectively. After feeding to each group for four weeks, the levels of serum and liver cholesterol, the excretion rates of fecal and biliary steroids, and also bile acid composition were investigated. The results obtained from the study are as follows : (1) The average body weight gain in MCT group was almost same as that in the corn oil group. (2) The concentration of serum cholesterol in MCT group was lower than that in the corn oil group. Therefore it is confirmed that the cholesterol lowing action of MCT diet was practically high. (3) The concentrations of liver cholesterol and Triglyceride in MCT group were almost same as that in the corn oil group. Therefore it is thought that the level of liver lipids was not influenced by the difference of diet in this study. (4) The excretion rate of fecal neutral steroid in MCT group was significantly lower than that in the corn oil group, while the rate of fecal bile acid excretion was about same in both MCT and corn oil group. (5) The composition rates of fecal bile acid such as cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid and deoxycholic acid, a secondary acid of cholic acid, in MCT group were significantly lower than that in the corn oil group. (6) The excretion rates of biliary cholesterol and bile acid in MCT group were significantly higher than that in the corn oil group, while the composition rates of biliary bile acid such as chenoddeoxycholic acid and deoxycholic acid in MCT group were significantly higher than that in the corn oil group.

The Effect of Acon on the Serum and Liver of Rats (상수리첨가 식이가 흰쥐의 혈청지질 및 간장에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Doo-Ho;Jung, Sueng-Tai
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.55-65
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    • 1996
  • The antioxidant effects of freeze-drying acorn were examined to find how much the freeze-drying acorn can reduce peroxidized corn oil poisoning, which influenced cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipids, lipidperoxides, GOT(glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase), GPT(glutamate pyruvate transaminase) in serum, and cholesterol, triglyceride, lipidperoxides, fatty acid of phospholipids, SOD(superoxide dismutase), catalase in liver. In this experiment, male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain were used. The rats were divided into 6 groups, which were fed differently for 5 weeks : basal diet, 10% peroxidized corn oil added to basal diet, 1% acorn flour and 10% peroxidized corn oil added to basal diet, 5% acorn flour and 10% peroxidized corn oil added to basal diet, 10% acorn flour and 10% peroxidized corn oil added to basal diet, and 0.25% tannic acid and 10% peroxidized corn oil added to basal diet. The results were as follows : It was found that the peroxidized corn oil-fed 5 weeks induced the elevation of cholesterol, triglycerides, lipid peroxides, GOT, GPT in serum, and cholesterol, triglycerides, lipid peroxides in liver as compared to the basal diet-fed rats, but the acorn flour-fed rats reduced the elevation of these components. In addition, saturated fatty acid in rat liver phospholipids induced the elevation by feeding of peroxidized corn oil and, on the other hand, the acorn flour-fed rats reduced the elevation of saturated fatty acids. The acorn flour-fed rats reduced the activity of SOD in liver while they enhanced the activity of catalase in liver as compared with the peroxidized corn oil-fed rats.

Effect of Dietary Vitamin E supplement and Kinds of Lipid on the Serum vitamin E Concentration and Lipid Composition (지질의 종류를 달리하였을 때 식이내 Vitamin E 첨가가 흰쥐의 혈청 Vitamin E 농도 및 지질성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 박귀선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.38-45
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    • 1987
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of dietary vitamin E supplement and kinds of lipid on the vitamin E concentration and lipid composition in serum of the rats fed fro seven weeks. Supplemented vitamin E was 300mg/kg diet as DL-α-tocopherol acetate, and 15% of corn oil or beef tallow was added to standard diet. The results were as follows ; 1) Body weight and feed efficiency ratio were significantly increased by supplement with vitamin E, corn oil and beef tallow. 2) Serum vitamin E concentration increased significantly by supplement of vitamin E and beef tallow on the diets, while one of corn oil fed group decreased significantly . 3) The contents of triglyceride, total cholesterol, phospholipid in serum were significantly increased in the beef tallow group, and the vitamin E only -supplemented group showed significantly lower serum cholesterol in serum increased significantly in the vitamin E only -fed group and vitamin E plus corn oil-fed group. 4) The content of HDL-cholesterol in serum increased significantly in the vitamin E only -fed group and vitmain e plus corn oil -fed group. 5) The ratio of VLDL, LDL-cholesterol content to HDL-cholesterol one in serum was significantly low in the vitamin E only-supplemented group and corn oil group, and was significantly higher in the beef tallow group than in the corn oil group.

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Effects of Seven Dietary Oils on Blood Serum Lipid Patterns in Rats

  • Jin, Young-Hee
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.78-84
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study was to examine the effects of seven dietary oils on the serum lipid patterns of rats. Seventy weanling Wistar Kyoto rats were divided into seven groups of ten rats each. Walnut oil (rich in PUFA), wheat germ oil (rich in PUFA), corn oil (rich in PUFA), canola oil (rich in monounsaturated fatty acids), fish oil (rich in PUFA), primrose oil (rich in PUFA), and palm oil (rich in saturated fatty acids) were employed for 21 days. Serum total cholesterol concentrations for rats fed palm oil, walnut oil, and wheat germ oil were significantly higher than were concentrations for rats receiving corn oil. fish oil, and primrose oil. The mean serum LDL cholesterol values for rats fed fish oil, primrose oil, and corn oil were significantly lower than those for rats fed walnut oil, wheat germ oil, canola oil, and palm oil. HDL cholesterol concentrations were the highest when wheat germ oil was fed and the lowest when fish oil was fed. The feeding of wheat germ oil and palm oil to rats resulted in considerably higher serum triglyceride levels than did all other treatments. The feeding of wheat germ oil to rats resulted in considerably higher serum phospholipid levels. Serum phospholipid concentrations were significantly lower in rats fed the canola oil, fish oil, ,and primrose oil diets, when compared to concentrations achieved with the feeding of walnut oil, wheat germ oil, corn oil, and palm oil. Palm oil, which has a high ratio of saturated to polyunsaturated fatty acids, resulted in the highest serum total cholesterol and highest LDL cholesterol levels, while fish oil, primrose oil, and corn oil produced the lowest total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. Wheat germ oil produced the highest values for HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids. In general, feeding oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids produced more favorable responses than feeding oils containing large amounts of monounsaturated or saturated fatty acids.