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산란계에서 High Oil Corn의 사료가치 평가

  • 이봉덕;김영호;김동준
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
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    • pp.108-110
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    • 2000
  • A 12-w feeding trial was conducted with 600 38-wk-old layers to evaluate the nutritive value of high oil corn(HOC) in layer diets. For the control, a commercial corn-soybean meal basal diet was used. An iso-calorie diet(HOC-ISO) was prepared replacing corn with HOC in the control diet. In addition a third diet was prepared by simply replacing corn with HOC on 1:1 basis to give a high energy diet(HOC-1:1). There were 5 replicates per treatment, and 40 birds per replicate. Birds were housed in an open-sided layer house equipped with wire cages. Feed and water were provided ad libitum, and 17L:7D lighting program was adopted. No significant difference (P>0.05) was found among dietary treatments in laying performance. Also physical qualities of eggs were not significantly affected by the feeding of HOC. Although not significant, HOC-ISO tended to improve the laying rate during the summer. The HOC feeding significantly increased the polyunsaturated fatty acids contents in egg yolk, especially the linoleic acid The AME contents of Chinese yellow corn, U.S. corn, and HOC were 3177, 3158 and 3387 kcal/kg respectively.

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Preparation of Biodegradable Oil Gelling Agent and Biodegradation Characteristics by Enzyme (생분해성 유류고형화제의 제조와 효소에 의한 생분해 특성)

  • Kim Jung-Du;Yoo Su-Yong;Lee Min-Gyu
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.973-978
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    • 2005
  • Biodegradable oil gelling agent was prepared, and their oil absorption capacities using light oil, lubricant oil and corn oil were investigated. The result showed that the oil absorption capacity was depended on the amount of surfactant and starch added, and was increased in the order of light oil, lubricant oil and corn oil. Also, the oil-absorption capacity was saturated within 30 min at $18^{\circ}C$. The biodegradability of the prepared biodegradable oil gelling agent was also studied by determination of reduced sugar produced after enzymatic hydrolysis. Their surface morphologies and thermal properties of the prepared biodegradable oil gelling agent were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively.

Studies on Stability for the Quality of Ginseng Products -5. Improvement of Physical Properties on Moisture Sorption of Spray Dried Red Ginseng Extract Powder- (인삼제품(人蔘製品)의 품질안정성(品質安定性)에 관한 연구(硏究) -5. 홍삼정분(紅蔘精粉)의 흡습물성(吸濕物性) 개선(改善)-)

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Byun, Dae-Seok;Ro, Jae-Il;Park, Kil-Dong;Sung, Hyun-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 1984
  • In order to improve the physical properties on moisture sorption of spray dried red ginseng extract powder (SD-RGEP), the various additives and coating agents were treated, and solubility, sedimentation rate and storage stability of RGEPs treated were investigated. For the moisture-proofing, additive itself was effective in the order casein>dextrin>starch>avicell, but RGEPs treated with additives were effective in the order cord oil+tween-40>starch>casein. But there was no significant difference between RGEP treated less than 1% additive and the moisture-proofing. The coating effect of AEA and CAP on RGEP could not be recognized for the moisture-proofing, whereas that of HPC, corn oil, lecithin and HPC+corn oil was proved to be very effective for the moisture-proofing of RGEP. Also it is required to control the initial moisture content of RGEP. The sedimentation rate of RGEP nontreated was 65.1 seconds, whereas that of RGEPs coated with 1% HPC, 1% corn oil, 1% lecithin and 1% HPC+0.5% corn oil was in the range of 96.2 to 114.3 seconds. The sedimentation rate of RGEPs coated was 1.5 to 1.8 times higher than that of RGEP nontreated, and there was significant difference between solubility and sedimentation rate. Therefore it was no matter for the keeping quality. The sorption rates of RGEPs coated with lecithin $(0.5{\sim}1.0%$), corn oil(0.8%) and cellulose acetate (0.8%) were ranged 54 to 56%, 51 to 55% and 52 to 54%, respectively, and it is found that the moisture-proofing effect of RGEPs coated was about 2 times higher than that of RGEP nontreated. From the result of storage experiment during 3 months under the maltreated condition of $48{\pm}2^{\circ}C$, 75% RH, the moisture sorption of RGEPs coated with corn oil$(0.5{\sim}1.0%$), cellulose acetate(DES, $0.5{\sim}0.8%$) and lecithin (DES, 1.0%) was not at all observed. Therefore it is considered that the circulating period of RGEPs coated with these coating agents could to give more than 3 years.

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Monitoring and Optimization of the Effects of the Blending Ratio of Corn, Sesame, and Perilla Oils on the Oxidation and Sensory Quality of Seasoned Laver Pyropia spp.

  • Cho, Suengmok;Kim, Jiyoung;Yoon, Minseok;Yang, Hyejin;Um, Min Young;Park, Joodong;Park, Eun-Jeong;Yoo, Hyunil;Baek, Jeamin;Jo, Jinho
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2015
  • Seasoned laver Pyropia spp. is one of the most well-known Korean traditional seafoods, and is becoming more popular worldwide. Various mixed oils are used in the preparation of seasoned laver; however, there is no information available regarding the effects of the blending ratio of oils on the quality of seasoned laver. In this study, the effects of the blending ratio of corn, sesame, and perilla oils on the oxidation and sensory quality of seasoned laver were monitored and optimized using a response surface methodology. An increase in the proportion of corn and sesame oils resulted in an excellent oxidation induction time, whereas a high ratio of perilla oil reduced the thermal oxidative stability of the mixed oil. In the sensory test, the seasoned laver with the highest proportion of sesame oil was preferred. The optimal blending ratio (v/v) of corn, sesame, and perilla oils for both oxidation induction time ($Y_1$) and sensory score ($Y_2$) was 92.3, 6.0, and 1.7%. Under optimal conditions, the experimental values of $Y_1$ and $Y_2$ were $4.41{\pm}0.3h$ and $5.58{\pm}0.8$points, and were similar to the predicted values (4.34 h and 5.13 points). Our results for the monitoring and optimization of the blending ratio provide useful information for seasoned laver processing companies.

Extraction and Determination of Phytosterols from Corn Oil Foots

  • Kim, Sang-Ho;Park, Sang-Hoo;Ahn, Byung-Goo;Yi, Jeong-Sang;Park, Moo-Sin;Lee, Byeong-Ryong;Kim, Kweon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.282-284
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    • 1990
  • By saponification and extraction of corn oil foots abandoned as waste during oil refining, a mixture of phytosterols was obtained, and its major components were determined as .betha.-sitosterol, campesterol and stigmasterol by gas chromatographic analysis. The mixture is very cheap and regarded as an excellent substrate for direct fermentation of C-17 keto steroid intermediate for various steroid pharmaceuticals.

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Physiological Activity and Antioxidative Effect of Methanol Extract from Onion (Allium cepa L.) (양파 메탄올 추출물의 생리활성 및 항산화효과)

  • 김현구;곽희진;권영주;정필호;권중호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.349-355
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    • 2000
  • Onion was extracted by methyl alcohol and some physiological activities and antioxidative effect of the extracts on soybean oil, corn oil, lard and shortening were compared with commercial antioxidants such as $\alpha$-tocopherol and BHT. The electron donating ability was about 70% at concentration above of 30mg/mL. Nitrite scavenging effects of all concentrations diminished at higher pH, while in the case of pH 1.2, it showed a nitrite scavenging effect of more than 80% af concentration above of 30mg/mL. And also, the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory effect was good above 80%. The soybean oil, corn oil, lard and shortening containing different levels of the onion extract were stored at 6$0^{\circ}C$ to evaluate the antioxidative activity of onion extracts. Peroxide value, acid value and TBA value of each oil were detected. Onion extract was very effective to retard oxidation of soybean oil, corn oil and lard, and especially, the very high antioxidative effect was observed for lard.

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A Study on the Heated Edible Oils( I ) -Flow Properties of Soybean, Rapeseed, Rice bran, Corn and Perilla Oils- (가열식용유(加熱食用油)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) ( I ) -대두(大豆), 채종(菜種), 미당(米糖), 옥수수, 들깨유(油) 유동성(流動性) 관(關)해서-)

  • Kim, Eun-Ae;Shin, Kab-Choul;Kim, Haeng-Ja;Park, Jae-Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1977
  • Flow properties of heated edible oils, such as soybean, rapeseed, rice bran, corn and perilla oils, were measured with Maron-Belner type capillary viscometer. These oils were heated at $180{\pm}5^{\circ}C$ (general cooking temperature) for $5{\sim}20$ hours except soybean oils ($5{\sim}40$ hours). Fluidities of these heated oils except rice bran oil were decreased according to heating time and decreasing ratio of fluidity was outstanding after 15 hour heating in corn oil and 20 hours heating in soybean and perilla oils. All the oils examined in this experiments except rice bran oil showed non-Newtonian motion after 15 hour hinting at high shear stress and Newtonian motion at less than 10 hour heating. In the soybean oil non-Newtonian flow property was outstanding after 30 hour heating at $180{\pm}5^{\circ}C$. Rice bran oil exhibit characteristic flow property, that is, non heated rice bran oil has lowest fluidity but heated one has highest fluidity compared to other oils examined in this experiment. Change of fluidity with extension of heating time was not detected and non heated rice bran oil showed non-Newtonian motion.

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Effect of n-6, n-3 Fatty Acids and Vitamin A Levels on Humoral Immunity in Rats (n-6, n-3 지방산과 비타민 A 수준이 흰쥐의 체액면역에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Suh Hae
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.468-475
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to observe the effects of dietaryn-6, n-3 fatty acids and vitamin A levels on humoral immunity in rat. Sixty eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 6 different experimental diets for 6 weeks. The diets were composed of 10% of either corn oil or fish oil with various levels of vitamin A ; deficient(12450 IU/kg diet) adequate(4000IU/kg diet) and excess(400,000 IU/kg diet) The weight of spleen from the excess vitamin A-fish oil group showed the lowest value of all the groups when spleen weight was expressed/100g body weight. The number of PFC to SRBC was not affected by dietary at type and vitamin A levels. Hemagglutination titers were significantly lower in fish oil groups compared to corn oil groups and the values of vitamin A deficient groups were lower than the ones of adequate and excess vitamin A groups. IgM contents is serum were significantly lower in fish oil groups than in corn oil groups. IgG contents were higher in fish oil groups than in corn oil groups and the highest levels was recorded in excess vitamin A-fish oil group which showed the smallest speen size. Light microscopical examination showed that spleen tissues of fish oil groups were well developed than those of the corn oil groups and vitamin A deficient and excessive groups showed poor development than the adequate groups. Therefore it is suggested that adequate amounts of vitamin A consumption is necessary for healthy individuals and fish oil intake along with excess vitamin A should be avoided in order to maintain immune function properly.

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Effect of Dietary Calcium on Cell Proliferation and Colonic Mucosal Levels of Eicosanoid and 1,2-diacylglycerol in Colon Carcinogenesis of Rats (쥐에서 식이 Calcium이 대장 암화관정의 세포증식과 대장점막의 Eicosanoid 및 1,2 -diacylglycerol 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • 김채종
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 1998
  • The objective of this study was to observe the effect of dietary calcium(Ca) level on colonic mucosal levels of cell proliferation, 1, 2-diacylglycerol(DAG), TXB2, PGE2 and phospholipid fatty acid composition which have been known as biomarkers for colon cancer. One hundred male Sprague Dawley rats, at 7 weeks of age, were divided into two fat type groups. Each group of which was further divided into two Ca level groups. Each rt was intramuscularly injected with 1, 2,-dimenthylhydrazine(DMH) for 6 weeks (total dose of 180mg/kg body weight) and simultaneously fed one of four experimental diets containing 15% dietary fat(corn oil or perilla oil )and 0.3% or 1.0% Ca by weight for 20 weeks. Compared to corn oil, perilla oil significantly reduced cell proliferation by decreasing labeling index, proliferating zone, crypt length in colonic mucosa and colonic mucosa and colonic mucosal levels of DAG, TXB2 . PGE2 and phospolipid (PL) arachidonic acid distribution. The effect of Ca on biomarketrs was different depending on the type of dietary fat comsumed . Ca effect of Ca on biomarkers was different depending on the type of dietary fat comsumed. Ca effect was not significantly shown in the PO group, but it was significant in the CO group in which high Ca(1.0%) decreased the levels of levels of PL-C20 : 4(%), DAG and PGE2 . However , high Ca supplementation had shown only the trends of improving cell proliferation. Overall , high dietary Ca significantly reduced cell proliferation by inhibiting the synthesis of eicosanoid and DAG with reduced distribution of PL-C20 : 4 , which may have resulted in lower activation of PKC through reduced signal transduction. Since a high level of dietary Ca was more effective in reducing the risk factor against colon cancer in corn oil fed rats, it could be suggested that a higher amount of dietary Ca be consumed , especially when more vegetable oil rich in linoleic acid is included in the diet.

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Effects of High Polyunsaturated Fat Diet on Human Plasma Cholesterol Esterification and Transfer (고 불포화 지방산 식이가 인체 혈청 Cholesterol의 Esterification과 Transfer에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Myoung Sook
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.819-828
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    • 1993
  • The reaction of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase(LCAT) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) are important in cholesterol esterification and transfer for the reverse cholesterol transport(RCT) system. The purpose of this study were to assess the effects of fatty acid unsaturation on RCT system. After 12 female human subjects consumed a prescribed high saturated fat diet prior to the period, two groups of six subjects were provided with a high PUFA(corn oil) or a high SFA(butter) as major fats in a 40 en % fat diet. Butter feeding increased plasma total-(34%), esterified-(96%), HDL_3$-(23%), LDL-(20%), and VLDL plus LDL(35%) cholesterol while corn oil feeding decreased esterified-(25%), LDL(15%) cholesterol and TG(27%). There were significant differences of fats on total-(p=0.0001), esterified-(p=0.0001), total HDL-(p=0.005), $HDL_2$-(p=0.01)and LDL-(p=0.0001) cholesterol. LCAT activity did not change during the period but highly correlated to apo A-I in HDL which was increased in the corn oil group. The 2.5 fold increased CETP activity in the butter group during the period might be related to changes in plasma VLDL plus LDL cholesterol level which were increased in the butter group.

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