• Title, Summary, Keyword: corn oil

Search Result 555, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Effects of Different Dietary Fats and Fibers on the Lipid Concentrations of Liver and Serum and Biochemical Index in Rats (흰쥐의 간장 및 혈청 지질농도와 임상생화학적 지표에 미치는 식이섬유 및 식이지방 급원을 달리한 식이 투여의 영향)

  • 차재영;홍상식;조영수;김대진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.32 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1377-1384
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effects of different types of dietary fats and fibers on the concentrations of serum and liver lipids and biochemical index in male Sprague-Dawley rats for 6 weeks. The experimental groups were divided into three groups; 5% corn oil +5% cellulose (CO group),10% corn oil +10% psyllium husk (CO +PH group) and 10% lard +10% psyllium husk (LA+ PH group). Body weight gain and FER (food efficiency ratio%) decreased significantly in the LA+PH group and decreased slightly in the CO+PH group compared with the CO group. Food intake and tissue weights were not significantly different among the dietary groups. Concentrations of serum total cholesterol decreased significantly in the CO + PH group compared with the CO group, but no significant different in the LA + PH group. Concentrations of serum triglyceride and phospholipid decreased significantly in the CO+PH and the LA+PH groups compared with the CO group. Liver cholesterol concentration was significantly decreased in the LA+PH group compared with the CO and the CO+PH groups. Glutamic pyruvic transaminase activity was significantly increased in the LA + PH group compared with the CO and the CO + PH groups. However, lactate dehydrogenase and blood urea nitrogen was significantly decreased in the LA+ PH group compared with the CO and the CO +PH groups. The others biochemical parameters, total protein, albumin, glucose, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase were not significantly different among the dietary groups. These results showed that the lowering effect of dietary psyllium husk on serum lipid concentrations was more pronounced in the corn oil -feeding group than in the lard-feeding group as dietary fat source.

Effect of the Pan Oil Type on the Releasing Power, Changes of Peroxide and Acid alue of the Oil (이형유 종류에 따른 Cake 제품의 이탈성, 이형유의 과산화물가 및 산가의 변화)

  • 이정훈;조남지
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.137-142
    • /
    • 1998
  • This study aims to examine appropriate kinds of pan oil to release a cake from the pan coated with polyether sulphone and to prove the change of acid value and peroxide value during the process of baking. The major factor effecting the rate of release of the cakes from the pan was properties of the oils rather than the additives. The releasing rate appeared higher as the iodine value was lower. The highest releasing rate was found in the sample, which was made of coconut oil plus 2% of wax, 2% of lecithin. The changes of acid value of the pan oil between the beginning and after baking was little different. In contrast, Peroxide value showed a great change after baking.

  • PDF

Effect of DHEA Administration on PUFA/SFA Ratio and Lipid Peroxide in Rat Liver Microsome (DHEA 투여로 인한 쥐 간 소포체분획에서의 PUFA/SFA 비율과 지질과산화의 감소 효과)

  • Kwak Chune Shil;Kim Mee Yeon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.297-306
    • /
    • 2005
  • It is known that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) shows a dual effect, prooxidant or antioxidant, depending on the do-sage or physiological status of animals. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of DHEA administration at low dose on lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation and fatty acid composition in liver. Sprague Dawley male rats were fed either com oil diet containing $15\%$ com oil or fish oil diet containing $2\%$ corn oil + $13\%$ sardine oil, with or without $0.2\%$ DHEA for 9 weeks. Atherogenic index and hepatic triglyceride and cholesterol levels were significantly reduced by DHEA administration in rats fed with fish oil diet. Hepatic lipid peroxide product (TBARS) and protein carbonyl levels were significantly higher in rats fed with fish oil diet than in rats fed with corn oil diet. However, DHEA administration significantly reduced the hepatic thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) and conjugated diene levels in rats fed with fish oil diet. Contents of C16 : 0, C16 : 1, C20 : 5 and C22 : 6 in hepatic microsome were higher in rats fed with fish oil diet than in rats fed with corn oil diet, and contents of C18 : 2 and C20 : 4 were lower than in rats fed with com oil diet. DHEA administration significantly increased C16 : 0 and C18 : 3 contents and reduced C18 : 2 content in rats fed with com oil diet, while it increased C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 and reduced C20 : 5 and C22 : 6 in rats fed with fish oil diet. On overall, DHEA administration increased saturated fatty acid (SFA) and reduced polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in hepatic microsome, thereby PUFA/SFA ratio was significantly (p < 0.0001) reduced without the change of n-3/n-6 ratio. Taken together, low dose of DHEA administration lowered PUFA/SFA ratio in hepatic microsomal membranes and also showed antioxidative effect especially in fish oil-induced highly oxidative stress condition through blocking increases of C20 : 5 and C22 : 6 contents.

Studies on the Constituents of Korean Plant Edible Oils and Fats -Part 2. Triglyceride composition of cottonseed, soybean, sesame, perilla, corn and rapeseed oils by HPLC- (한국산(韓國産) 식물식용유지(植物食用油脂)의 성분(成分)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -제2보(第2報) : HPLC에 의(依)한 면실(綿實), 대두(大豆), 호마(胡麻), 소마(蘇麻), 옥배(玉胚) 및 채종유(菜種油)의 Triglyceride 조성(組成)에 관(關)하여-)

  • Ko, Young-Su;Chang, You-Kyung;Lee, Hyo-Jee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.43-49
    • /
    • 1979
  • Triglyceride compositions of cottonseed, soybean, sesame, perilla corn and rapeseed oils have been determined by a high performance liquid chromatographic analysis. An optimum condition was obtained by using a ALC/GPC 244 type, from Waters Association, Japan with $\mu$ Bondapak $C_{18}(1/4^{'}\times1^{'})$ column. A similar distribution pattern of triglycerides was found in cottonseed, soybean, sesame, rapeseed and corn oils. It was noted that $C_{40}$, $C_{42}$ and $C_{44}$ were the major components in these seed oils, except perilla oil. The results showed that contents $O_{40}-C_{48}$ triglyceride types in cottonseed, sesame and corn oil were within $2.23{\sim}41.24%$ and $C_{38}-C_{48}$ triglyceride types in soybean oil were within $3.01{\sim}10.02%$ and $C_{34}-C_{46}$ triglyceride types in rapeseed oil were within $2.38{\sim}28.68%$.

  • PDF

Effect of Dietary Fat Sources and Levels on Plasma and Tissue Cholesterol (식이내 지방의 종류와 수준이 혈장 콜레스테롤 및 조직내 콜레스테롤 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Hyeon-Sook;Kim, Kang-Hwa
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.85-93
    • /
    • 1984
  • The present studies were designed to compare the effects of dietary fat sources and levels on plasma and tissue cholesterol. Changes in plasma total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol, cholesterol concentration in aortas, liver and intestines were determined in young rats fed diets providing dietary fat as corn-oil or butter and levels as 10%, 20% or 30% of calories respectively 1) Plasma total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol levels were little sensitive to the modification of dietary fat sources and levels. 2) Dietary cholesterol increased the levels of plasma total cholesterol and this effect was accentuated by feeding butter. But dietary cholesterol did not increase the levels of HDL-cholesterol in the butter-fed groups, but decreased in the corn-oil-fed groups. 3) Liver cholesterol concentrations were significantly higher in rats fed diets of corn-oil than those fed diets of butter. On the contrary, cholesterol concentrations of intestines were significantly higher in the butter-fed groups than the corn-oil-fed groups. However, in aortas, no significant differences were found.

  • PDF

Effects of Dietary Levels of Corn and Tuna Oils on the Formation of Preneoplastic Lesions in Rat Hepatocellular Carcinogenesis (쥐간세포암화과정에서 옥수수기름과 참치기름의 수준에 따른 전암성 병변의 변화)

  • Kim Sook hee;Kang Sang kyoung;Choi Hay mie
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.38 no.1
    • /
    • pp.20-29
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study is conducted to determine the effects of dietary levels of corn and tuna oils on the formation of preneoplastic lesions in die-thylnitrosamine (DEN) induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 2.5, 5, 15, 25% (w/w) corn or tuna oils. Hepatocellular carcinogenesis was induced by DEN (200 mg/kg body weight) and two-thirds partial hepactectomy was carried out 3 weeks later and were sacrificed 8 weeks after DEN initiation. Tuna oil group showed smaller area of placental glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) positive foci than com oil group. Com oil group of 25% (w/w) showed the widest area of GST -P positive foci, and tuna oil group showed significantly smaller area of GST-P positive foci than com oil in 25% (w/w) level but had no differences between oil levels. Thio-barbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) content was the highest in 25% (w/w) level of tuna oil group fed long chain and highly polyunsaturated fatty acids. Also serum ${\gamma}$ -glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) activities in 25% level of tuna oil group were significantly higher than by other levels. As oil contents increased, glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) seems to decrease in com oil groups but remained the same in tuna oil groups. Glutathione reductase (GR) activities were significantly higher in tuna oil group, and the higher the level of tuna oil, the higher GR activities. But Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities didn't seem to be influenced by levels and kind of dietary fats. Therefore, as oil levels increased, com oil rich in n-6 fatty acids promoted carcinogenesis but tuna oil rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) of n-3 fatty acids suppressed. Although lipid peroxidation products were elevated in 25% (w/w) tuna oil group, GST-P positive foci didn't increase. Therefore pre-neoplastic lesions might be reduced through mediation of a lipid peroxidation process in tuna oil. As fat contents of tuna oil increased, elevated GR activities may give a rise to produce more reduced glutathione in order to protect against free radical attack, and high G6Pase activities remained the same and they contributed to membrane stability. So tuna oil diet seems to protect hepatocarcinogenesis.

Effect of Quality and Quantity of Dietary Fats on the Status of Tocopherol and Lipid Peroxidation of Plasma and Tissue in Rats (식이지방의 종류와 수준에 따라 쥐의 혈장과 조직의 Tocopherol 및 지질과산화상태에 미치는 영향)

  • 남정혜
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.566-577
    • /
    • 1993
  • The study was to compare the effect of dietary fatty acids on fatty acid profile in tissue and the status of tocopherol and lipid peroxidation, and superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities at two fat levels. Male Sprague Dawley rats weighing average 350g(17 weeks) were fed either low fat(LF, 4.3% w/w, 10% kcal) or high fat(HF, 20.8%, w/w, 40% kcal)diet for 6 weeks. The fats used were beef tallow as a source of saturated fatty acid, corn oil for n-6 linoleic acid, perilla oil for n-3 $\alpha$-linolenic acid and fish oil for n-3 eiocosapentatenoic acid(EPA) and n-3 docosahexaenoic acid(DHA). Palsma tocopherol was significantly reduced by fish oil compared to beef tallow at body fat level. However, there was no significant effect on the levels of plasma MDA, RBC MDA and tocopherol, and RBC hempolysis by the type and amount of dietary fat. The peroxidizibility index of fatty acid profile in plasma and liver was increased and liver MDA level was significantly increased by fish oil when dietary fat level was increased. The activities of SOD and GSHPx tended to be increased by perilla oil and fish oil at both fat oil significantly reduced the incorpration of c20:4 and increased the incorporation of c20:5 into liver compared to corn oil. The incorporation of n-3 fatty acids into tissue by perilla oil rich in $\alpha$-linolenic acid was significantly higher tan corn oil and its effect was improved with higher amount of perilla oil in diet by high fat diet. Overall, the lipid peroxidation of tissue could be prevented by tocopherol supplementation when dietary fat level was low in diet. However, at high fat diet, tocopherol supplementation might not be enough to prevent the lipid peroxidation in tissue since the potential for lipid peroxidation was tended to be increased with higher incorporation of higher unsaturated n-3 fatty acids into tissue. Therefore, it could not be recommended to consume large amount of fish oil even with excess amount of tocopherol supplemented to the high fat diet.

  • PDF

Identification of Vegetable Oil-added Sesame Oil by a Mass Spectrometer-based Electronic Nose (Mass Spectrometer를 바탕으로 한 전자코를 이용한 식물성 유지가 혼합된 참기름의 판별 분석)

  • Son, Hee-Jin;Hong, Eun-Jeung;Ko, Sanghoon;Choi, Jin Young;Noh, Bong-Soo
    • Food Engineering Progress
    • /
    • v.13 no.4
    • /
    • pp.275-281
    • /
    • 2009
  • Sesame oils are partially mixed with other vegetable oils due to high price in a Korean market. To find out authentic sesame oil, a mass spectrometer-based electronic nose (MS-based E-nose) was used. Sesame oil (Se) was blended with soybean oil (So) or corn oil (Co) at the ratio (Se:So, Se:Co) of 97:3, 94:6, 91:9, 88:12 and 85:15, respectively. Intensities of each fragment from sesame oil by MS-based E-nose were completely different from those of soybean oil or corn oil. The obtained results were used for discriminant function analysis (DFA). Volatile organic components (VOC) of soybean oil or corn oil were similar to those of fresh air and DFA plot indicated a significant separation of pure sesame oil and pure other oil. The group of the mixed oil was seperated with that of sesame oil in DFA plot and the added amount of soybean oil to sesame oil was correlated with discriminant function first score (DF1). MS based E-nose system could be used as an efficient method to investigate the purity of sesame oil.

Changes of Biochemical Composition and Activity of Enzyme in the Serum Exposed to Carbon Tetrachloride in Mice (사염화탄소를 투여한 MICE 혈청내 효소 활성 및 생화학적 조성의 변화)

  • 김순태;손재권;김상윤
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.127-137
    • /
    • 1993
  • Carbon tetrachloride ($CCl_4$) has been used to treat a variety of parasitic infection in both large and small animals, including Fasciola hepatica. Recently, we can easily contest with carbon tetrachloride in air, food, water, rain and Industry area etc. and it is using in order to induce liver injury in laboratory. In this study. we investigated activitis of LDH, ALP, AST and ALT and amount of cholesterol, triacylglycerol, glucose and BUN in mice serum exposed to $CCl_4.$ The mice divided Into a Naive control(A), corn oil control(B) and experimental group(C, D). Naive control group(A) was given feed and water only. Corn oil control group(B) was given corn oil 1ml /100g of body weight(B.W). Experimental group(C) was given carbon tetrachloride 1ml /100g B.W. ($CCl_4$: corn oil=1:20(V /V) ), Experimental group(D) was given carbon teterachloride 1ml /100g B.W. ($CCl_4$: corn oil=1:10(V /V) ). The results obtained were summarized as follows : 1) The body weight was declined after the l0th day In mice exposed to carbon tetra-chloride. 2) The total protein level in serum was significantly in mice exposed to carbon tetra-chloride($P{\leq}0.05$). The albumin and A /G ratio was decresed significantly in mice exposed to carbon tetrachloride($P{\leq}0.01$) 3) All of the activity of LDH, AST, ALT and ALP in mice serum exposed to carbon tetra chloride inclosed significantly activity of LDH ($P{\leq}0.05$), inclosed significantly activity of AST($P{\leq}0.05, \;p {\leq}0.01$), inclosed significantly activityof ALT 3nd ALP($P {\leq}0.05,\;p {\leq}0.01$). 4) The amount of cholesterol and triacylglycerol, lipid metabolite products in serum was inclosed in case of cholesterol but did not change in case of triacylglycerol.

  • PDF

Effects of 2-Acetylaminofluorene and Choline Deficiency on Lipid Peroxidation, Glucose 6-phosphatase and Glutathione S-transferase Activities in Rats Fed Different Dietary Fats (2-Acctylaminofluorene과 Choline결핍이 서로 다른 지방을 섭취한 쥐 간의 지질 과산화 반응 및 Glucose 6-phosphatase, Glutathione S-transferase활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyeon-A
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.23 no.6
    • /
    • pp.418-426
    • /
    • 1990
  • This study examines the effects of choline deficiency and 2-acetylaminofluorene(2-AAF) on the lipid peroxide values, glucose 6-phosphatase(G6Pase) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities in rats fed different dietary fats. Weanling Sprague Dawley male rats fed the diets containing 15% beef tallow or 15% corn oil with vitamin fortification mixture or choline free vitamin mixture for 10 weeks. At 3th and 5th week, 2-AAF was injected twice each week intraperitoneally. Total 2-AAF injection was four times. 2-AAF and choline deficiency increased lipid peroxidation in corn oil groups, so the role of 2-AAF and choline deficiency in lipid peroxidation was more important in corn oil groups than beef tallow groups. G6Pase activities tended to be decreased by 2-AAF in choline deficient groups, and in corn oil groups, the enzyme activities were decreased significantly in all subgroups compaired to beef tallow groups. GST activities were increased by 2-AAF in beef tallow groups and choline deficiency in corn oil groups, and might defence against carcinogen metabolism and lipid peroxidation.

  • PDF