• Title, Summary, Keyword: cytotoxic effect

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Evaluation of the Cytotoxicity of Root Canal Disinfectants and Root Canal Sealers on L Cells in Vitro (수종(數種) 근관소독제(根管消毒劑) 및 근관충전재(根管充塡材)의 세포독성(細胞毒性)에 관(關)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Chung, Choong-Mo
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.85-99
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    • 1981
  • This study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of three root canal disinfectants (formocresol, camphorated phenol and eugenol) and ten root canal sealers(Cavitec, Hypo-cal, Vitapex, AH26, Canals, Mynol, $N_2$, $N_2$-Medical, Z. O. E. and Calvital) in vitro. The experiments were performed in four differrent modes. In the first and second experiment, the "long-distance" cytotoxicity of three root canal disinfectants were tested on L cells. In the third exeriment, ten root canal sealers were tested for cytotoxicity by means of the tissue culture-agar overlay method immediately, 4 and 24 hours after the experiment. In the fourth experiment, the study with radioactively labeled L cells were employed to determine the relative cytotoxicity of ten root canal sealers. The results were as follows; 1. Every vapors from disinfectants showed more or less cytotoxicity. Of the three disinfectats, formocresol appeared to be the highest cytotoxic effect and camphorated phenol was the lowest. 2. Root canal sealers tested in tbis study showed cytotoxicity at every stage of time intervals. 3. The highest cytotoxic effect was freshly mixed $N_2$ meaical and $N_2$ also revealed the highest cytotoxic effect after 4 or 24 hours among these materials. Vitapex was found the lowest cytotoxic effect at all experimental stage. 4. Root canal sealers except N2 and Mynol showed cytotoxic effect were decreased cytotoxicity according to the time elapsed.

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Combined Effect of Heptaplatin and Ionizing Radiation on Human Squamous Carcinoma Cell Lines

  • Ryu, Mi-Ryeong;Paik, Soon-Young;Chung, Su-Mi
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2005
  • Heptaplatin, cis-malonato [(4R,5R)-4,5-bis (amino-methyl)-2-isopropyl-1,3-dioxolane] platinum(II) (SKI-2053R, Sunpla) is a new platinum derivative with antitumor activity comparable to cisplatin on various cancer cell lines. Preclinical studies suggest that it is less nephrotoxic than cisplatin. This study was undertaken to examine the combined effect of heptaplatin and ionizing radiation on two established human squamous carcinoma cell lines (NCI-H520, SQ20B). The cytotoxic activity of heptaplatin was concentration-dependent in both cell lines. When low dose heptaplatin was combined with high dose ionizing radiation, there was an additive cytotoxic effect on NCI-H520 cells (P < 0.05), while a moderate dose of heptaplatin and a low dose of ionizing radiation had an additive cytotoxic effect on the growth of SQ20B cells (P < 0.05). FACS analysis and DAPI staining showed that their additive cytotoxic effects were correlated with the induction of apoptosis. Further studies are warranted using heptaplatin and ionizing radiation in squamous cell carcinoma as a substitute for cisplatin.

The Effect of Ginseng Saponin Fractions on NK Activity in Mice (생쥐의 자연살해세포에 미치는 인삼 분획물들의 영향)

  • 김미나;정노팔
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 1989
  • Natural killer (NK) cells are a heteroguneous subpopulation of lymphocytes that spontaneously exhibit cytotoxic activity against various virus-Infected and neoplastic target cells without prior exposure to a specific antigen. It was thought that NK calls play an important role in immunosurvrillanre against viral agents and tumors, and in prevention of metastasis. Recently, several reports have indicated evidence that ginseng extracts show a significant stimulatory effect on the humoral and cellular immune responses. This evidence gives support to the suggestion that the anticarcinogenic effect of ginseng may be due to the effect of ginseng on the immunological system. Treatment with total, diol, and triol saponin resulted in an increase in NK cytotoxic activity, but no enhancement of the lytic activity due to the natural killer cytotoxic factor (NKCF). Therefore, these results suggest that the augmentation of NK activity by ginseng saponin fractions may not be due to the activation of NKCF lytic activity.

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The Study on the Cytotoxicity of Compounds of Bee Venom for Herb-Acupuncture (봉독(蜂毒) 약침액(藥鍼液)의 세포독성(細胞毒性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Won;Kim, Yong-Suk;Koh, Hyung-Kyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.65-77
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    • 2002
  • Objective : This study was undertaken to determine which compound of Bee Venom for herb-acupuncture has cytotoxicity on mouse mast cell line. Methods : We compared crude bee venom and its compounds such as melittin, mast cell degranulating peptide (MCD peptide), apamin with control groups on cytotoxicity by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results & Conclusion : 1. Crude bee venom showed significant cytotoxic effect(p<0.01) in 1 hour treatment with $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ in comparison with control group in 1 hour treatment with low concentration of $10-4{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-3{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-2{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ and $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, but it showed no significant cytotoxic effect in 6 hours treatment. 2. Melittin group showed no significant cytotoxic effect in comparison with control group in 1 and 6 hours treatment with low concentration of $10-4{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-3{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-2{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ and $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. 3. MCD peptide and Apamin group showed no significant cytotoxic effect in comparison with control group in 1 and 6 hours treatment with low concentration of $10-4{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ $10-3{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-2{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $10-1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ and $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. 4. Crude bee venom showed significant cytotoxic effect(p<0.01) in 1 and 6 hours treatment in comparison with control group in 1 and 6 hours treatment with high concentration of $10{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $20{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ and $102{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. 5. Melittin group showed significant cytotoxic effect(p<0.01) in 1 hour treatment in comparison with control group in 1 hour treatment with high concentration of $10{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ but it showed no significant cytotoxic effect in 6 hours treatment. 6. Crude bee venom and its compounds have more cytotoxic effect in 1 hour treatment than in 6 hours treatment. It means cytotoxicity tends to decrease according to the treatment time.

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CYTOTOXIC EFFECTS OF SOLUBLE EXTRACTS FROM RERIODONTAL DRESSINGS ON HUMAN GINGIVAL FIBROBLASTS (치은 섬유아세포에 대한 치주포대 추출물의 세포동성에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Seung-Han;Lee, Man-Sup;Park, Joo-Bong
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.661-670
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    • 1994
  • It is well known that the application of dressings after periodontal surgery have benefits to provide the comforts to patient and to promote the healing process with action of bleeding control and temporary stabilization for the operated mobile teeth. But until recently the relationship between periodontal dressings and cells which are composed of periodontium has not been clear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of soluble extracts from the four different kinds of periodontal dressings, two of them were eugenol type (K.H.pack, Wondrpak) and the others were non-eugenol type (Coe-pak, Periocare), on the human gingival fibroblasts in vitro. Human gingival fibroblasts were primarily cultured from gingiva around third molar during the extraction for preventive purposes. Extracts solution were prepared with culture medium by means of imersing the consistent size of periodontal dressing made from plastic mold. Cell were inoculated into the 24 well plate with $3\;{\times}\;10^4\;cells/well$ of medium at $37\;^{\circ}C$, 100% of humidity, 5% of $CO_2$, incubator for 24 hours. After discard of the supernatant of medium, those cells were cultured with original, 1/2, 1/5, 1/10 diluted soluble extract for 24, 48 and 72 hours, and counted the number of cells using the hemocytometer at each designed time and concentration. Also, the cytotoxic effect of soluble extract was measured by Wataha's MTT assay method. In briefly, cells were inoculated and cultured into 96 well culture plate with $2\;{\times}\;10^4\;cells/well$ for 24 hours. Soluble extracts were applied to cultured cells and incubated for 48 hours at same condition. $50\;{\mu}l$ of MTT solution and DMSO were added into each well for the detection of absorbance with ELISA reader. The measured data were calculated by value of colorimetric assay for survival rate. The results were as follows ; In the case of eugenol type of dressing, original, 1/2 and 1/5 diluted extracts of K.H.pack showed very low survival rate. And original extract of Wondrpak showed strong cytotoxic effect and 1/2 diluted extract showed moderate cytotoxic effect. In the case of Non-eugenol type of dressings, only original extract of Coe-pak revealed strong cytotoxic effect and Periocare had little cytotoxic effect. It is concluded that eugenol type of dressings showed more cytotoxic effect than non-eugenol types. This study suggest that use of non-eugenol dressings after periodontal surgery is recommended.

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The Effects of Gilgyunghaedok-tang on Antitumor and Antimetastatic Activity (길경해독탕이 항암 및 항전이 효과에 미치는 영향)

  • 왕중권;정희재;이형구;정승기
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.211-224
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    • 2002
  • Background and Objective : In order to investigate the effects of Gilgyunglwedok-tang (GRT) on antitumor activity and antimetastatic activity, studies were done experimentally. Materials and Methods : Experimental studies were perfonned for the cytotoxic effect on BALB/c mouse lung fibroblast cells, the proliferating effect of splenic lymphocyte, the expression of CD3e/CD4, CD3e/CD8, and B220 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), the cytotoxic effect on A549, SK-OV-3, SK-MEL-2, MCF-7 cells, the inhibitory effect on the activity of DNA topoisomerase I, the T/C% in ICR mice bearing S-180, the inhibitory effect of Cell adhesive of A549 Cells and SK-OY-3 Cells to complex extracellular matrix, the inhibitory effect on lung colonies, the change of lung tissue, the antiangiogenic activity, and the effect on MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene expression in the RT1080 cell line. Results and Conclusion : The results were obtained as follows : 1. In the cytotoxic effect on BALB/C mouse lung fibroblast Cell, GHT didn't show the significant cytotoxic effect on BALB/C mouse lung fibroblast cell compared to the control group. 2. In thymidine uptake assay, GHT showed the significant proliferating effect of splenic lymphocyte in proportion to the concentration. 3. In the expression of CD3e/CD4, CD3e/CD8, and B220 in peripheral blood mononuclea cells (PBMCs) of mice, GRT had no significant change to the normal group in CD4. However, GRT showed an increase to the normal group in CD8 and GHT in the only $1\mu\textrm{g}/ml$ category showed an increase to the normal group in B220. 4. In the cytotoxic effect of GRT on A549, SK-OY-3, SK-MEL-2 and MCF-7 cells, there was no significant cytotoxic effect compared to the control group. 5. In the inhibitory effect on the activity of DNA topoisomerase I, GHT in the $10\mu\textrm{g}/ml$ category showed the inhibitory effect on the activity of DNA topoisomerase I in proportion to the concentration. 6. In the T/C% in ICRmice bearing S-180, GHTtreated group showed 123.7% of T/C% compared to the control group. 7. In the inhibitory effect of cell adhesive of A549 Cells and SK-OV-3 Cells to complex extracellular matrix, GRT in the only $100\mu\textrm{g}/ml$ category showed the significant inhibitory effect compared to the control group. 8. In the inhibitory effect on lung colonies, GHT showed the significant inhibitory effect on lung colonies compared to the control group. 9. In the change of lung tissue, GHT showed a significant decrease of lung cancer growth, interalveolar fibrosis and hyaline material compared to the control group. In the development of lymphocyte around lung cancer cells and lung parenchymal, GHT showed the significant inducement efficacy compared to the control group. 10. In CAM assay, the antiangiogenic activity of GHT showed 30%. 11. In the effect on MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene expression in the RT1080 cell line, GHT had no significant inhibitory effect on MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene expression compared to the control group. According to the above results, it could be suggested that GHT has an antitumor activity and antimetastatic activity.

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Cytotoxic Effects of an Oncolytic Adenoviral Vector AdLPCDIRESE1A in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells (암세포 용해성 AdLPCDIRESE1A 벡터의 간암 세포독성효과)

  • Chung, In-Jae
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.75-79
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    • 2011
  • The replication competent adenoviral vector (AV), AdLPCDIRESE1A was generated and reported previously to have cytotoxic effects in some cell lines. In AdLPCDIRESE1A, the expression of cytosine deaminse (CD) and E1A genes are under the control of tumor-specific L-plastin promoter. CD enzyme can deaminate the nontoxic prodrug 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) to the toxic 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). E1A gene is essential for viral replication. Primary liver cancer, most of which is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is the third common leading cancer in Korea. Thus, we have conducted in vitro preclinical study to evaluate effectiveness of AdLPCDIRESE1A on HCC. The efficacy of cytotoxicity was measured by generation of cytopathic effect (CPE) and cell counting. We infected HepG2 cells with various MOI of vector alone or concurrent with 5-FC. Exposure of cells to AdLPCDIRESE1A generated a significant cytotoxic effect as compared to the control. Almost 83% of the cell had manifested the characteristic cytotoxic effect on day 9 after infection of cells with 10 MOI of vector. We also observed the additive cytotoxic effects when AdLPCDIRESE1A vector had been coadministrated with 5-FC. The results suggest that the use of AdLPCDIRESE1A/5FC may be value in treatment of liver cancer. Further animal studies are needed for clinical trial.

Cytotoxic Effects of Methanol Extracts from Saururus Chinensis Bail and Herba Houttuyniae on Cancer Cell Lines (삼백초(三白草)와 어성초(魚腥草)의 암세포(癌細胞)에 대한 독성억제(毒性抑制) 효과(效果))

  • Han Sang-Youp;Lee Jeong-Ho;Baek Seung-Hwa;Lee Taek-Jun;Song Yong-Sun;Lee Ki-Nam
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to determine the cytotoxic effect of methanol extract from medicinal plants. 1. The cell viability was determined by MTT method. Their cytotoxic activities against three cancer cell lines such as A549, MDA-MB-231 and SNU-C4 cell line were tested. 2. Among them, The methanol extract of Saururus Ohinensis Bail showed the strongest cytotoxic effect against SNU-C4 cells. These results suggest that the methanol extract of Saururus Ohinensis Bail possessed a potential antitumorous agent. 3. The free radical scavenging activity using DPPH method was the strongest of Saururus Chinensis Bail extract.

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Cytotoxic Effect of Zostera asiatica on Growth of Human Cancer Cells (왕거머리말의 인체 암세포에 대한 세포독성 효과)

  • Hong, Joo-Wan;Jung, Myung-Eun;Lee, Jung-Im;Kim, Ho-Jun;Chang, Jae-Soo;Seo, Young-Wan
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.227-231
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    • 2012
  • Whole plants of Zostera asiatica were extracted twice with acetone/methylene chloride (A+M) and methanol (MeOH) in turn. The combined crude extracts were evaporated in vacuo and then the residue was partitioned between water and methylene chloride. The aqueous layer was fractionated into $H_2O$ and n-butanol and then the organic layer was also fractionated into 85% aq. MeOH and n-hexane, successively. The crude extracts and their solvent fractions were evaluated for their inhibitory effect on growth of human cancer cells AGS, HT-29, MCF-7, and HT-1080 cells by MTT reduction assay. Among samples tested, 85% aq. MeOH and n-hexane fractions showed strong cytotoxic effect against AGS, HT-29, and MCF-7 cells. On the other hand, for HT-1080 cell, 85% aq. MeOH fraction exhibited the strongest cytotoxic effect.

Comparison of Metabolic Profiles of Normal and Cancer Cells in Response to Cytotoxic Agents

  • Lee, Sujin;Kang, Sunmi;Park, Sunghyouk
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.31-43
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    • 2017
  • Together with radiotherapy, chemotherapy using cytotoxic agents is one of the most common therapies in cancer. Metabolic changes in cancer cells are drawing much attention recently, but the metabolic alterations by anticancer agents have not been much studied. Here, we investigated the effects of commonly used cytotoxic agents on lung normal cell MRC5 and lung cancer cell A549. We employed cis-plastin, doxorubicin, and 5-Fluorouracil and compared their effects on the viability and metabolism of the normal and cancer cell lines. We first established the concentration of the cytotoxic reagents that give differences in the viabilities of normal and cancer cell lines. In those conditions, the viability of A549 decreased significantly, whereas that of MRC5 remained unchanged. To study the metabolic alterations implicated in the viability differences, we obtained the metabolic profiles using $^1H$-NMR spectrometry. The $^1H$-NMR data showed that the metabolic changes of A549 cells are more remarkable than that of MRC5 cells and the effect of 5-FU on the A549 cells is the most distinct compared to other treatments. Heat map analysis showed that metabolic alterations under treatment of cytotoxic agents are totally different between normal and cancer cells. Multivariate analysis and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) revealed a distinctive metabolite signature and hub metabolites. Two different analysis tools revealed that the changes of cell metabolism in response to cytotoxic agents were highly correlated with the Warburg effect and Reductive lipogenesis, two pathways having important effects on the cell survival. Taken together, our study addressed the correlation between the viability and metabolic profiles of MRC5 and A549 cells upon the treatment of cytotoxic anticancer agents.