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Review of Researches in Concept, Measurement, Effect, and Influence Factor of Teacher Efficacy (교사효능감의 개념, 측정, 효과, 영향요인에 대한 연구동향)

  • JU, Dong-Beom
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.489-498
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of the study is to review research in concept, measurement, effect, and influence factor of teacher efficacy. Through the review of previous research, the study shows that the concept of teacher efficacy is likely to be situation-specific rather than teacher characteristic. And the study represents that the measurement of teacher efficacy is related to the development of measurement instrument and the extraction of construct. The effect of teacher efficacy concerns the relationship between teacher efficacy and the student's academic achievement and affective traits such as motivation, interests, and attitude, and the relationship between teacher efficacy and teacher. And the influence factor of teacher efficacy concerns the influence of job environment related to teacher. The four things mentioned above are discussed in detail based on the previous research.

A Study of Educare Center's Teachers on the Efficacy of Early Childhood Care and Education (보육교사의 효능감에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sae Na;Lee, Yeung Suk
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.45-58
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to find out teacher's variables that made difference between teacher's efficacy for early childhood care and education and general self-efficacy, and to explore variables influencing in teacher's efficacy for early childhood care and education. In this study, 212 inservice teachers in edu-care centers completed and analyzed. Efficacy for Child Care and Teaching(ECCT) and general self-efficacy scale. Age, status in working place, years of experience, and participation in decision-making of working place were found as important variables in teacher's efficacy for child care and education, and general self-efficacy. And status and participation in decision-making of working place were found as important variables in explaining teacher's efficacy for child care and education.

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The Impact of Awareness of Multiculture on Efficacy of Multiculture in Pre-service Secondary Teachers (예비 중등교사의 다문화 인식이 다문화 효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ki-Yong;Park, Chang-Un
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.1026-1036
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this research is to find the impact of multicultural awareness of pre-service secondary teachers on multicultural efficacy. Specific content of the study for achieving this purpose is as follows: First, the correlation between multicultural awareness of pre-service secondary teachers and multicultural efficacy was analyzed. Second, the effect relation between multicultural awareness of pre-service secondary teachers and multicultural efficacy was examined. As part of quantitative research, the method of study was a survey targeting 234 pre-service Secondary teachers who were sophomores, juniors and seniors at D University, P University and S University located in Busan. The study results earned from this process are as below: First, statistically significantly high positive correlation existed between multicultural awareness of pre-service secondary teachers and multicultural efficacy. The areas of acceptance, openness and respect, which are the sub-scale of multicultural awareness of pre-service secondary teachers, showed high positive correlations with all sub-scale of multicultural efficacy including general efficacy, efficacy in instructional function, efficacy in caring perspectives and efficacy in helping multicultural families. Second, the sub-scale of multicultural awareness that significantly affected general efficacy in the sub-scale of multicultural efficacy of pre-service secondary teachers was acceptance and respect. The sub-scale of multicultural awareness that significantly affected efficacy in instructional function was acceptance. The sub-scale of multicultural awareness that significantly affected efficacy in caring perspectives was acceptance and respect. The sub-scale of multicultural awareness that significantly affected efficacy in helping multicultural families was respect. It showed that openness in the sub-scale of multicultural awareness did not affect multicultural efficacy much.

Effects of Self-efficacy on Job Stress Symptoms and Coping Strategies among Workers in a Manufacturing Company (일개 제조업 근로자의 자기효능감이 직무스트레스 증상과 대처기술에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Su Young;Jung, Hye-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.34-44
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to find out the effects of self-efficacy on job stress symptoms and coping strategies depending on perceived job stress. Method: The subjects were 447 workers employed in a manufacturing company. Demographic characteristics, self-efficacy, job stress, job stress symptoms and coping strategies were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Each envelope to keep the secret sealed completed questionnaires. Result: Job stress and job stress symptoms in workers with a high level of self-efficacy were lower than those of a low level of self-efficacy. Active coping strategies in workers with a high level of self-efficacy group were higher than those of a low level of self-efficacy. In multiple regression analysis, job stress symptoms were significantly higher in increasing job stress, increasing self-efficacy, office workers, manager group and increasing age. Active coping strategies were significantly higher in increasing self-efficacy, increasing career, males and decreasing job stress. Whereas passive coping strategies were significantly higher in females, increasing job stress and increasing self-efficacy. Conclusion: This study suggests that self-efficacy is a significant factor on job stress, job stress symptoms and coping strategies. Therefore, developing a job stress management program to increase self-efficacy and verifying its effects are needed.

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The Development of Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Instrument (수학 교수 효능감 측정 도구 개발 연구)

  • Kang, Moonbong;Kim, Jeongha
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.519-537
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    • 2014
  • Teacher efficacy influences teacher's own behaviors in class and students outcomes such as achievement, motivation and their own self-efficacy. In recent years, self efficacy and teacher efficacy are becoming more popular in many educational aspects. Teacher efficacy depends on him/her and each tasks and goals. Therefore, we need special instrument for measuring mathematics teacher efficacy. On this study, we derived educationally meaningful factors on mathematics teacher efficacy from previous literature. We developed Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Instrument(MTEI) consisted of 30 items with 6-point Likert scale. The six factors are as follows; mathematics teaching efficacy expectancy, mathematics teaching outcome expectancy, mathematics teaching content knowledge, teacher belief on their own students, the past mathematics learning experience for teacher own, influence from social-cultural environment.

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The impact of the sense of self-efficacy on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of technical designers (테크니컬 디자이너의 자기효능감이 직무만족과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young Tae;Hwang, Choon-Sup
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1021-1037
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    • 2015
  • This study analyzed the impact of sense of self-efficacy on job satisfaction and organizational commitment among technical designers in order to acquire information needed for human resources management in the field of technical design. The study was implemented through a normative-descriptive survey method using a questionnaire. The sample consisted of 217 technical designers working at vendors and agents located in Seoul. The results revealed that there were significant differences in the sense of self-efficacy levels among technical designers according to age and work experience. Personal self-efficacy had a positive influence on both intrinsic and extrinsic job satisfaction, but also on affective, continuance, and normative organizational commitment. In addition, personal self-efficacy had a greater influence on extrinsic job satisfaction than social self-efficacy. Both personal and social self-efficacy influenced continuance commitment while there was no relationship between social self-efficacy and affective organizational commitment. However, a clear relationship was found between both social and personal self-efficacy and normative organizational commitment. Nevertheless, social self-efficacy had a greater influence on normative organizational commitment than personal self-efficacy. This fact demonstrates the need to exert more effort to promote the sense of personal self-efficacy of technical designers. These results could be used to provide appropriate proposals for human resources management in the field of technical design.

The Relationships among Supervision Behaviors for Injury Prevention, Self-Efficacy, and Job Stress of Childcare Teachers for Infants (영아 보육교사의 상해예방을 위한 감독과 자기 효능감 및 직무 스트레스의 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Hye Gum
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.573-581
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the relationship among supervision behaviors, self-efficacy, and job stress of childcare teachers for infants. This study also investigated whether the childcare teachers' supervision behaviors affected self-efficacy and job stress and whether their self-efficacy acted as a mediating effects on job stress and supervisory behaviors. The participants were 292 childcare teachers for infants in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The instruments utilized were the parent supervision attributes scale, Korean occupational stress scale, and teacher self-efficacy scale. The data analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and hierarchical regression analysis. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis, Which Baron & Kenny first proposed, was conducted. The significance of the mediation effect was verified by the Sobel test. The results were as follows: First, the childcare teachers' supervision behaviors had a positive correlation with the teachers' self-efficacy, while the teachers' supervision behaviors and self-efficacy had a negative correlation with job stress. Second, job stress appeared to have a negative on supervision behaviors. Self-efficacy appeared to have a positive effect on supervision behaviors. Third, the mediating effect of self-efficacy was verified in the relationship between supervision behaviors and job stress. The more self-efficacy the childcare teachers had, the more supervision behaviors they performed. The greater their self-efficacy, the more the childcare teachers were able to control job stress. Therefore, by enhancing the self-efficacy of childcare teachers, their level of supervision behaviors should increase and their level of job stress should decrease.

Gender Differences in Factors Affecting Dietary Self-Efficacy in Fifth and Sixth Grade Elementary School Children (성별에 따른 학령기 후기 아동의 식이자기효능감 영향 요인)

  • Lee, Kyu-Eun;Kim, Nam-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.253-261
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify gender differences in predictors on dietary self-efficacy in fifth and sixth grade elementary school children. Methods: The data were collected by a questionnaire given to the 408 children between June 7 to June 17, 2011. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: There were gender differences in dietary self-efficacy, exercise self-efficacy, dietary practice and depression. Dietary self-efficacy had a significant positive correlation with exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice and negative correlation with depression for both girls and boys. The predictors of dietary self-efficacy for boy were exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice, these factors explained 37.1% of the total variance. In girls, exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice were significant predictors and explained 38.7% of dietary self-efficacy. Conclusion: Based on the finding of this study, it is needed to develop a nursing intervention for dietary self-efficacy in elementary school children including to promote exercise self-efficacy and dietary practice.

The Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Self-Efficacy and Job Stress of Nurses - Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy - (간호사의 감성지능이 자기효능감과 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향 - 자기효능감의 매개효과 검증 -)

  • Lee, Kyung-Hee;Song, Jung-Su
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the relationship among emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and job stress of nurses. Method: Data was collected from convenient sample of 265 nurses who work for a university hospital in a city. The Questionnaire measured the level of emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and job stress of nurses. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, scheffe' test, pearson's correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression. Result: The mean score of emotional intelligence was 3.41(${\pm}.37$), self-efficacy was 3.27(${\pm}.45$) and job stress was 3.35(${\pm}.65$). There were significant differences on self-efficacy according to age, marital status and education level. And there were significant differences on job stress according to age, working unit. It was a significant positive correlation between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy. The emotional intelligence and self-efficacy were significantly negative correlation with job stress. The emotional intelligence explained 24.8% of self-efficacy and 1.9% of job stress and self-efficacy explained 2.7% of job stress. And the self-efficacy was showed a mediate variable between emotional intelligence and job stress. Conclusion: To decrease job stress, nursing managers ought to develop the emotional intelligence and self-efficacy of nurses, reinforce as a mediating role between emotional intelligence and job stress

Types of Teacher Efficacy among Secondary School Home Economics Teachers (중등학교 가정과교사의 교사 효능감 유형에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Yu-Jeong;Shin, Sang-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2006
  • The purposes of this study are to identify the types of teacher efficacy, to present a theoretical base for teacher efficacy among Home Economics teachers and subsequently, to improve the quality in the practices of home economics education. To achieve these purposes, 263 secondary school home economics teachers were surveyed by the prime investigator. The three research questions of this study were: 1. What are the individual characteristics, the environmental characteristics and the trends of teacher efficacy among secondary school home economics teachers? 2. What is the factor in teacher efficacy among secondary school home economics teachers? 3. What are the types of teacher efficacy among secondary school home economics teachers? For these research questions, factor analysis and cluster analysis were conducted. The factor analysis on teacher efficacy with a survey of secondary school home economics teachers produced 5 factors of efficacy: classroom management, needs assistance, instructional strategies, environmental assistance and teaming assistance. The teacher efficacy had a mean of 3.58 and the home economics teachers showed a slightly higher level in teacher efficacy. Of the 5 efficacy factors, classroom management showed the highest level (M=3.89), followed by learning assistance (M=3.81), instrumental strategies (M=3.57), environmental assistance (M=3.42) and needs assistance (M=3.19). Overall, the teachers had positive feeling in teacher efficacy. Three types of teachers were found in the types of teacher efficacy: the supreme, the average and the efforts-needy. Those types were identified based on the mean scores of the five sub-domains from the factor analysis. To enhance the teacher efficacy, the needs assessments for the students and behavioral adjustment issues should be reflected in the curriculum of teacher education and workshops. The primary investigator suggested that continuous and long-term plans for teacher education need to be developed because short-term plans may not be effective in changing attitudes such as teacher efficacy.