• Title, Summary, Keyword: efficacy

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Parental Efficacy, Parental Role-sharing and Parental Stress (부부간의 부모효능감 유형에 따른 양육분담 및 양육스트레스)

  • Han, You-Me;Oh, Kyeong-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.547-558
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to identify a couple's parental efficacy combination and, then, analyze parental role-sharing and parenting stress according to this combination type. The subjects were 307 couples who have a child in 1st or 2nd grade. The main results were as follows: First, fathers and mothers, as a group, did not differ in terms of parental efficacy. Secondly, some demographic variables related to parental efficacy. Thirdly, there are more couples who have similar levels of parental efficacy than those who have different levels of parental efficacy. Fourth, no significant difference in parental role-sharing was found among the 4 types of couple's parental efficacy. Fifth, mothers had low parental stress when both of the couple had high levels of parental efficacy while fathers perceived low parental stress if only he, himself, had a high level of parental efficacy.

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The Effect of Self-Efficacy on Appearance Management Behavior of Male and Female College Students (남녀대학생의 자기효능감이 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jeoung;Lee, Myoung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.33-47
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the differences of self-efficacy and appearance management behavior according to demographic variables, to disclose the relationship between self-efficacy and appearance management behavior, and to examine the characteristics that affect appearance management behavior of male and female college students. The research method was a survey method using a questionnaire. The subjects were 632 college students (male: 302, female: 330) living in Seoul area. Statistical analysis methods were factor analysis, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$-reliability coefficient, t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. The self-efficacy factor derived four categories including self-control efficacy, social self-efficacy, physical self-efficacy, and task difficulty preference. The college students who were in higher social stratification and older had more appearance management behavior, and those who had lower task difficulty preference and lower physical self-efficacy had more plastic surgery management. Both men and women who had higher self-control efficacy had more clothing management. Women who had higher self-control efficacy, social self-efficacy, and task difficulty preference had more appearance management expenses.

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The Effect of Self-efficacy and Appearance Interest on Appearance Management and Clothing Purchase Behavior of New Silver Generation (뉴 실버세대의 자기효능감과 외모관심이 외모관리행동과 의복구매 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Kyung-Bock
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.163-175
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of self-efficacy and appearance interest on appearance management and clothing purchase behavior of new silver generation. The research method was a survey method using a questionnaire. The subjects were 300 new silver woman(aged from 50 to 64) living in the large city. Statistical analysis methods were factor analysis, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows. The self-efficacy factor divided into three categories including self-control efficacy, social self-efficacy and physical self-efficacy. And appearance interests were divided into four categories including weight control interest, outfit management interest, interest in clothing and disinterest in appearance. Self-efficacy had significant effect on various appearance interests. Especially physical self-efficacy was the important factor which could describe the appearance interests more effectively. Self-efficacy and appearance interests had significant effect on appearance management and clothing purchase behavior. Social self-efficacy could describe more appearance management behavior, while on the other side self-control efficacy could describe the clothing purchase behavior more effectively.

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The Effect of Personal Image on Self-Efficacy in Female University Students (여대생의 퍼스널 이미지가 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mikyung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2014
  • By investigating structural relationships between personal image and self-efficacy, this experimental study purposes to suggest a direction and the meaning of effective education on personal image. Based on scholars' studies on personal image and self-efficacy, this study extracts a revised questionnaire on personal image. The experimental study proved the relationship between the variables of personal image and self-efficacy by using personal image questionnaires which are extracted from the literature study. For this purpose, we have conducted a questionnaire survey including 234 students from women's university in Seoul. The results of this study are as follows. First, for cognitions on personal image, which are components of the internal image, both the visual image and social image impacting on self-efficacy have a significant efficacy in the self-regulation factor. Second, the satisfaction rates of the components for personal image impacting all the factors of self-efficacy showed a significant effect. Third, the significant results are being obtained from the analysis of differences in self-efficacy according to the levels of satisfaction rates on internal image and social image, which are expected to have effects on the self-efficacy between the groups for all factors. However, according to the analysis of differences in self-efficacy in relation to the levels of satisfaction for visual images, only the self-confidence factor in the self-efficacy is different between the groups.

A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of a Self-Efficacy Promoting Program (자기효능 증진 프로그램 효과에 대한 메타분석)

  • Cha Bo Kyoung;Chang Hae Kyung;Sohn Jung Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.934-944
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effects of a self-efficacy promoting program and analyze its components. Method: The material used for this study were 18 self-efficacy promoting program studies carried out from Jan. 1980 to Oct. 2003. The studies were analyzed in differen categories: 1) types of dependent variables 2) sample characteristics 3) types of experimental treatment conditions 4) types of self-efficacy source and 5) total amount of time Result: 1) The weighted mean of a self-efficacy promoting program ranged from 1.383 to 0.015 2) for the experimental treatment condition, exercise had a much larger effect in increasing general self-efficacy and self-care than education 3) the studies using 3 sources had a much larger effect in increasing self-care than the studies using 4 sources 4) a time period longer than 900 minutes had a much larger effect in increasing specific self-efficacy, general self-efficacy and self-care than in a time period shorter than 900 minutes. 5) effect size of specific self-efficacy was significantly higher than general self-efficacy. Conclusion: These results can be used to guide the development of a self-efficacy promoting program for nursing practice.

The Effects of Tea-culture Education on Learning maladjusted children's Self-efficacy (차 문화교육이 학습부적응 아동의 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • HWANG, Mi-Young;WON, Hyo-Heon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.848-860
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to help children with poor learning capacity to enhance their sense of self-efficacy by providing them the tea-culture education program. It had been executed for the target participants of 11 in 2012, 19 in 2013 and 24 in 2014 respectively during 3 years the participants who were recruited by 00 District office Dream start. The scores of pretest and posttest for the item of self-efficacy by gender did not show a significant meaning in 2012, while the scores of self-efficacy of female students were identified as higher than those of male students in 2013 and 2014. As the result of applying the tea-culture education program, there was no meaningful difference in the item of social self-efficacy among the sub-components of typical self-efficacy in 2013, but all has been revealed as improved in 2012, 2013, and 2014 including sub-variables such as learning self-efficacy, social self-efficacy and emotional self-efficacy as well as the general self-efficacy. Thus, the results of this investigation show that the tea-culture education program were effective in developing the self-efficacy of learning maladjusted children.

Factors associated with Disease Specific Self-efficacy of Mothers of Children with Atopic Dermatitis (아토피피부염 자녀를 둔 어머니의 질환관리 효능감 관련 요인)

  • Lee, Hyejung;Son, Hae Kyoung;Kim, Ji Su;Han, Man Yong;Noh, Geunwoong
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The disease specific self-efficacy of mothers caring children with atopic dermatitis is a crucial factor for adherence to recommended treatments. This study investigated factors associated with disease specific self-efficacy of mothers of atopic dermatitis children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was used. One hundred twenty five mothers recruited from the out-patient clinic of three hospitals completed self-administrative questionnaires, including the disease specific self-efficacy, general parenting efficacy, and severity of atopic dermatitis. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis were performed. Results: The degree of disease specific self-efficacy of mothers was significantly different according to the disease severity, and parenting efficacy. 26.0% of the variance of disease specific self-efficacy was explained by the severity of disease and parenting efficacy. Conclusions: Future studies need to focus on the development of educational programs that will help to improve mothers' disease specific self-efficacy as well as parenting efficacy.

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Effect of childcare center teacher's childhood abuse experience and discipline styles, social support on childcare efficacy (보육교사의 어린시절 학대경험, 훈육방식 및 사회적지지가 보육효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Roh, Myung Sook;Shin, Li-Haeng;Park, So-Young
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.99-117
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is investigate the influences of childhood abuse experience, discipline styles and social support on childcare efficacy according to socio-demographic backgrounds of childcare teachers. Method: For this study's purpose, 200 childcare teachers working at children's schools in J city were surveyed and analyzed for child abuse experience, discipline styles, social support and childcare efficacy. Frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis were used as study methods. Results: The results of this study are as follows. First, there were statistically significant differences in childhood abuse experiences according to the general characteristics of childcare teachers in the sub-domain of occupational position and marriage status. Second, childcare efficacy and social support were positively correlated, and discipline styles and childcare efficacy were negatively correlated, but there was no correlation between social support and abuse experience. Third, general teaching efficacy regarding childcare efficacy showed a statistical influence of physical abuse, which is a sub-variable of childhood abuse experience. The general efficacy of teaching showed a statistically significant influence on logical discipline and coercive discipline, which are sub-variables of discipline methods. The general teaching efficacy in terms of childcare efficacy showed a statistically significant influence in the family variable which is a sub-variable of social support. The personal teaching efficacy within childcare efficacy showed a statistically significant influence in the logical discipline, a sub-variable of physical abuse, and disciple styles, a sub-variable of childhood abuse experience. Conclusion: From these findings, childcare teachers' childhood abuse experience was a factor affecting childcare efficacy in discipline, social support, and sub-variables. Therefore, it is necessary to remedy the effects of childhood abuse experience, encourage appropriate discipline styles, and to encourage social support in order to improve the childcare efficacy among childcare teachers.

Physiologically Functional Foods (기능성 식품에 관하여)

  • 이종임
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.401-418
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    • 1999
  • Many plants and animal have long been known to have medicinal effects and therefore have been used as medicines. There are many substances that show various pharmacologic efficacy such as anti-tumor efficacy, anti-inflammatory efficacy, cholesterol-lowering efficacy, anti-coagulant of blood efficacy and anti-bacterial efficacy. I summarized the recent advances in research on physiologically functional foods. The pharmacological efficacy of dietary fiber, chitin & chitosan, DHA(docosahexaenoic acid), mushroom, alginic acid and herbs have selected as topices for discussion. I was examining the anti-coagulant activity of herbs, I discovered that Eugenia caryophyllata T. (clove) had a relatively high anti-coagulant activity.

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The Relationship between Self-efficacy and Exercise Adherence in Patients with Ankylosing spondylitis (강직성 척추염 환자의 자기 효능과 운동지속과의 관계)

  • Lim, Hyun-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-efficacy and adherence of exercise in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. The subjects for this study were the 50 patients with ankylosing spondylitis who had been diagnosed as out patients in the Rheumatism Center of one university hospital in Seoul and participated in the 8 weeks exercise program. The data were collected by a questionnaire the period from April 1 to May 2, 2000. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Frequencies, using the SAS program. The results were as follows: The mean duration for exercise adherence of ankylosing spondylitis was 12.2 months. The mean self-efficacy score was 74.3 in a possible range of 10 to 100. A significant difference of self-efficacy was found between adherers and non-adherers and self-efficacy of adherer was higher than that of non-adheres(t=4.25, p=.001). Self-efficacy was significantly associated with the total duration of an exercise adherence(r=.42, p=.001). These findings may indicate that the relationship between self-efficacy and exercise adherence in patients with ankylosing spondylitis was supported. From these results, it can be suggested that the relationship between self-efficacy and exercise adherence in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Therefore, intervention is needed to promote self-efficacy of ankylosing spondylitis and futher studies should develop self-efficacy promoting programs for patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

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