• Title, Summary, Keyword: efficacy

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Female Adolescents' Clothing Behavior as Related to Self-Efficacy and Sensation Seeking (여고생의 의복행동과 자기효능감 및 감각추구성향과의 관련 연구)

  • 고애란;이수경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.931-941
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study were 1) to identify the effects of the self-efficacy, sensation seeking and delinquency on female adolescents' clothing behavior, and 2) to identify the differences in self-efficacy, sensation seeking, deliquency and clothing behavior in relation to the demographic variables. The data were collected from 435 high school girls living in Seoul, via a self-administered questionnaires, and were analyzed by factor analysis, Peason's correlation, multiple regression, one-way ANOVA and SNK test. The result of this study were as follows: As the result of analyzing the effects of self-efficacy, efficacy, sensating seeking and delinquency on each of clothing behavior variables, fashion leadership was explained by the factors such as social self-efficacy, delinquency and boredom susceptibility, and psychological clothing dependence by boredom susceptibility, social self-efficacy, and thrill and adventure, clothing exhibition by boredom susceptibility, delinquency, and general self-efficacy, social approval by boredom susceptibility, and general self-efficacy, preference for up-to-data style by delinquency, boredom susceptibility by delinquency, boredom susceptibility. There were significant differences between the two types of school in general self-efficacy, thrill and adventure, experience seeking, delinquency, preference for up-to-data style, and appearance related delinquency. Location of school had the effects on experience seeking, delinquency, fashion leadership, and appearance related delinquency, and socioeconomic status on fashion leadership.

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Effects of the Weight Management Program Based Self-Efficacy for Body Composition, Blood Lipid Profile, Weight Self-Efficacy Lifestyles, Depression in Middle-Aged Obese Women

  • Park, Nam-Hee;An, Hye-Gyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.1359-1366
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    • 2006
  • Purpose. This study was done to determine the effects of weight management program using self-efficacy in middle-aged obese women. The study also attempted to measure the effects of the program on the weight efficacy lifestyle, body composition, and depression. Method. The research design of this study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The experimental group consisted of 21 middle-aged obese women and another 21 middle-aged obese women in the control group. The women in the experimental group participated in the weight management program for 12 weeks using self-efficacy. The weight management program using self-efficacy included education on effects of exercise for weight control, aerobic exercise program, muscle training and counseling through the telephone. Results. After 12 weeks of participation in the program, BMI (p <.0001), body fat % (p <.0001), abdominal fat (p <.0001), in the experimental group were significantly decreased compared to the control group. Weight self-efficacy lifestyle (p <.0001) and depression (p =.006) in the experimental group were significantly improved after the program compared to the control group. According to these findings, weight management program self-efficacy for middle-aged obese women could increase weight efficacy lifestyle, and decrease depression, BMI, body fat, and abdominal fat. Conclusion. The result also suggested that the increasing weight efficacy and lifestyle help the obese women to perform and continue exercise. This program could be used in the community such as public health center for weight care and mental health promotion of middle-aged obese women.

Time Management Behavior and Self-Efficacy in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 시간관리 행동유형과 자기효능감)

  • Kim, Hyun-Young;Kim, Se-Young;Seo, Hyang-Won;So, Eun-Hye
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.293-300
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was done to explore time management behavior and self-efficacy in nursing students and to analyze the correlations between time management behavior and self-efficacy. Methods: The data were collected from May 12 to 20 2010 using self-report questionnaires about time management behavior and self-efficacy of nursing students. The data from 508 students were analyzed using descriptive analysis, K-means clustering, and one-way ANOVA. Results: The mean score for time management behavior was 3.03${\pm}$1.11 out of a possible 5, and self-efficacy was 3.65${\pm}$0.42 out of a possible 6. Four groups were identified according to time management behavior. The four groups were significantly different on self-efficacy total (p=<.05) and self-regulatory efficacy (p=.<005). The group with the highest score for time management had the highest score for self-efficacy. Conclusions: The results of the study indicate that time management behavior styles are related to self-efficacy for nursing students. Therefore, time management education programs based on the time management behavior styles are needed to increase self-efficacy in nursing students.

Analysis of Elementary School Teachers' Efficacy on Mathematics Teaching (초등학교 교사들의 수학 교수 효능감 실태 분석)

  • Kim, Jeongha;Kang, Moonbong
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.75-93
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is for investing and analysing elementary teachers' efficacy on teaching mathematics. It was measured by Kang & Kim(2014)'s instrument; MTEI (Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Instrument). The survey was conducted on a sample of 183 participants. The findings of this study are that mathematics teaching efficacy of elementary school teachers in South Korea is 64 percent based on 100 percent. There was no significant difference between women teachers and men teachers. Teachers who have taught longer than 5 years and less than 10 years have the lowest mathematics teaching efficacy. Teachers who were major in Mathematics have higher mathematics teaching efficacy than non-major in Mathematics. In addition, chances of training about mathematics make their efficacy higher.

Effects of Social Support on Health Promotion Behavior through the Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy in Older Women Living Alone (여성 독거노인의 사회적 지지가 자기효능감의 매개효과를 통하여 건강증진행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Self-efficacy encompass one's belief in one's ability to organize and achieve goals. Previous studies have not adequately examined the mediating role of self-efficacy between social support and health promotion behavior. Therefore, this study explored the mediating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between social support and health promotion behavior among older women living alone. Methods: Participants were 145 older women living alone attending a local welfare center for seniors. They completed the Self-efficacy Scale, Medical Outcome Study Social Support Survey Scale, and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. Data were analyzed using Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, Baron and Kenny's regression analysis and the Sobel test with the SPSS program. Results: The average social support, health promotion behavior, and self-efficacy were not high. Self-efficacy was a partial mediating role in the relationship between social support and health promotion behavior. Social support was positively correlated with self-efficacy (r=.31, p<.001) and with health promotion behavior (r=.43, p<.001), and self-efficacy was positively related with health promotion behavior (r=.39, p<.001). Conclusion: To enhance health promotion behavior in older women who live alone, intervention strategies to increase social support and self-efficacy for these women should be developed.

Effect of Self-Efficacy Promoting Program on Self-Efficacy, Metabolic Control and Self-Care Behaviors in Patients with NIDDM (자기효능증진프로그램이 당뇨환자의 자기효능, 혈당대사 및 자기간호실천행위에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Sook-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Self-Efficacy Promoting Program on Self-Efficacy, Metabolic Control and Self-Care Behaviors in Patients with NIDDM. Method: Data was collected from March 15th to July 15th, 2001. The subjects of the study consisted of 23 NIDDM patients who had visited regularly the endocrinology out-patient department of Gwangju Christian Hospital. The instrument used in the study Paek's self-efficacy measurement scale, was modified by the researcher, self-care behaviors were created by health care teams, and HbA1c for the sugar metabolic control were measured from the patients blood. The Interventions of the self efficacy promoting program were applied 4 hours a week for 6weeks. Data were analyzed with SPSS/PC+, using T-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Result: The mean score for self-efficacy was $70.61{\pm}15.48$ of a 140 point scale, the mean score for $HbA_{1c}$ level was $8.07{\pm}1.86%$. The self efficacy promoting program significantly increased the score of self efficacy(Z=-4.198, P=.000). And the self efficacy promoting program was significantly decreased in metabolic control(Z=-2.585, p=.010). Taking medicine and controlling alcohol were the best self care behaviors of this program. Conclusion: It was established that the self efficacy promoting program was effective for improving self efficacy, metabolic level and self care behaviors in patients with NIDDM.

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Relationship between self-efficacy and learning attitude according to smoking experience in the middle school students (일부 지역 중학생의 흡연경험에 따른 자기효능감과 학습태도의 관련성)

  • Son, Eun-Joo;Jang, Kyeung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.805-811
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and learning attitude according to smoking experience in the middle school students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 608 middle school students in Gyeongnam from July 1 to 23, 2013. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, smoking behavior, self-efficacy, and learning attitude. The questionnaire was adapted and modified from Kang, Park, and Koh. The self-efficacy was divided into general efficacy and social efficacy. The learning attitude was divided into attention concentration, learning method, and self learning. Data were analyzed using SPSS Win 21.0 program. Results: The nonsmoking students tended to have higher general efficacy and social efficacy than the smokers (p<0.01). The nonsmokers had more attention concentration in learning attitude than the smokers (p<0.001). The learning method (p<0.001) and self learning (p<0.001) showed the same results between the two groups. The smoking experience had the negative correlation with general efficacy (r=-0.164) and social efficacy(r=-0.154). The general efficacy is positively related to social efficacy (r=0.568). The smoking experience had the negative correlation to attention concentration (r=-0.235), learning method (r=-0.211) and self learning (r=-0.148). The attention concentration was positive relation with learning method (r=0.690) and self learning(r=0.662. The learning method had positive relation to self learning (r=0.764). Conclusions: The smoking students tended to have lower self-efficacy and learning attitude, so it is necessary to implement the smoking prevention program in the middle school students.

Effect of attribution disposition and self-efficacy on test anxiety in selected dental hygiene students (일부 치위생과 학생의 귀인성향, 자기효능감이 시험불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Soon-Ryun;Cho, Young-Sik;Bae, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.313-323
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine effect of attribution disposition and self-efficacy on test anxiety in selected college students who major in dental hygiene. This study provides basic data to develop a program for dental hygiene students to reduce test anxiety. Methods : 328 students from A college in Kyungnam, B college in Chunnam and C university in Chungnam who majored in dental hygiene were asked to answer the self-efficacy scale, attribution disposition and test anxiety scale in November and December. 2008. Total of 311 copies were analyzed. Using SPSS 15.0, correlation analysis was conducted and structural model was verified using AMOS 7.0. Evaluation of mediated effect of attribution disposition in suggested structural model was assessed using Sobel verification. Results : 1. Looking at the correlation among self-efficacy, attribution disposition and test anxiety. Self-efficacy had negative relation with external attribution disposition and test anxiety. External attribution disposition had positive relation with test anxiety. 2. Path coefficient from self-efficacy to internal attribution disposition was significant positively and path coefficient from self-efficacy to external attribution disposition was significant negatively. However, the path coefficient from self-efficacy to test anxiety was insignificant. 3. Path coefficient from external attribution disposition to self-efficacy was positively significant. However, the path coefficient from internal attribution disposition to self-efficacy was not significant statistically. 4. In structural model among attribution disposition, test anxiety and self-efficacy, indirect effect of external attribution dispositions was significant statistically. The students with higher self-efficacy showed lower external attribution disposition, the students with lower external attribution disposition showed lower test anxiety. Conclusions : To reduce test anxiety, educators should find a strategy that can improve students' self-efficacy and change their attribution disposition.

The Effects of Infant's Temperament, Development, Mother's Parenting Stress and Social Support on Infant Mother's Self-efficacy (영아의 기질, 발달수준, 어머니의 양육스트레스 및 사회적 지원이 영아 어머니의 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Young-Kyung;Min, Hyun-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study was to investigate the relationship and interaction between infant temperament, development, mother's parenting stress and social support on mother's self-efficacy. Participants in this study included 1610 infants (825 boys, 785 girls) and their mothers. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, infant temperament demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Lower levels of infant temperament indicated lower levels of self-efficacy, and higher levels of infant temperament indicated higher levels of self-efficacy. Second, infant development demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Greater communicative and social interaction between mother and child demonstrated a higher level of maternal self-efficacy. Third, mothers' parenting stress demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Higher levels of parenting stress demonstrated lower levels of maternal self-efficacy. Forth, Social support demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Greater levels of social support demonstrated lower level of maternal self-efficacy. Fifth, the greatest single relationship effecting mother's self-efficacy was mother's parenting stress. This research suggests the need for development of diverse social policies and programs to help mothers reduce maternal parenting stress and support the development of positive parenting skills with the goal of boosting mother's self-efficacy.

A study on academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude of the EMT students (일부 응급구조과 학생들의 학업적 자기효능감과 자기주도적 학습태도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Gil-Soon;Chae, Min-Jeong
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of academic self-efficacy on self-directed learning attitude of emergency medical students. Methods : A total of 209 emergency medical technology students filled out the questionnaire after receiving the informed consents. The questionnaire consisted of demographical characteristics, academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude. Results : Academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude of the subjects were above mean average. Higher correlations existed between academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude of the subjects, and the significant positive correlations were found between sub-factors of the academic self-efficacy and self-directed learning attitude. The academic self-efficacy of the subjects had the significant influence on the self-directed learning, and self-efficacy. The self-confidence among sub-factors in the academic self-efficacy had a significant influence on self-directed learning attitude and sub-factors. Conclusion : The results of the study subjects of academic self-efficacy had a significant influence on the attitude of self-directed learning, In particular, self-efficacy and confidence of the academic self-efficacy sub-factors showed a significant impact on the sub-factors, attitudes and self-directed learning. This study will provide the basic data for the implementation of the educational programs. This will be effective in managing the knowledge, information, self-directed learning attitude and academic self-efficacy.