• Title, Summary, Keyword: efficacy

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Effect of the Teacher's Science Teaching Efficacy on the Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitudes of Elementary School Students (초등교사의 과학 교수 효능감이 학생의 과학 탐구 능력과 과학적 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Se-Jung;Lim, Cheong-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.459-467
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the level of science teaching efficacy belief in the elementary school teachers and to find out the students' science process skills and scientific attitudes according to the level of the teacher's science teaching efficacy belief. After measuring science teaching efficacy belief of 109 teachers from nine elementary schools, three teachers who received the high score and three teachers who received the low score were selected from each 5th and 6th grade. Science process skills and scientific attitudes of 331 students who were in the selected 12 teachers' classes were measured. The results of this study were as follows; First, there were significant differences on the elementary school teachers' science teaching efficacy belief according to teacher's gender and career. The men's average score was clearly higher than women's average score on personal science teaching efficacy in science teaching efficacy belief according to teacher's gender. There was a obvious difference between the group of more than six-year less than ten-year and the group of more than fifteen-year less than twenty-year, the group of more than twenty-year on science teaching outcome expectancy in science teaching efficacy belief according to teacher's career. Second, there was not a evident difference on the elementary school students' science process skill according to the level of the elementary school teachers' science teaching efficacy. Third, there was a distinct difference on the elementary school students' scientific attitude according to the elementary school teachers' science teaching efficacy. There was a significant difference on the openness and the endurance in each scientific attitude. The level of science teaching efficacy belief in the elementary school teachers had few effects on the elementary school students' science process skill, on the other hand the level of science teaching efficacy belief in the elementary school teachers had an positive effect on the elementary school students' scientific attitude.

A Study on Ambiguous Expression for Efficacy of Medicinal Material - Focusing on 'Salchung[殺蟲]' - (의미가 다양한 본초 효능 표현에 대한 고찰 - 본초의 殺蟲 효능을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Sanghyun;Kim, Sangkyun;Nam, Boryeong;Lee, Myeong-gu;Lee, Seungho;Jang, Hyunchul
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : Through this study, it would be confirmed that specific expression for efficacy of medicinal material has multiple meanings. And through the methodology to determine the multi meaning, it could be contributed to lighten ambiguous expressions for efficacy of medicinal material.Methods : The premise is that the efficacy and treatment target data are related to each other. Word cloud has been used analyzing the efficacy and treatment target data for medicinal materials. Then classic and modern documents were analyzed by the search.Results : Even though searching all related references as well as comparing the efficacy and treatment target data were done, some medicinal materials having 'Salchung[殺蟲]' as an efficacy are not expected to treat the disease associated with the parasite. Through the analysis of classic and modern documents, it was found that 'Salchung[殺蟲]' is not used only as a means of anthelmintic efficacy. But through the above analysis method some medicinal materials having 'Guchung[驅蟲]' as an efficacy are expected to treat the disease associated with the parasite, and 'Guchung[驅蟲]' seems to be almost used as a means of anthelmintic efficacy.Conclusions : If a certain expression for efficacy of medicinal material is used as a single meaning obviously, ambiguous expressions need to be clear. And if a certain expression for efficacy of medicinal material seems to have multiple meanings, the additional informations are to be supplemented for exact wording.

On the Effect of Character Traits of Employees of Consulting Firms on Job Satisfaction Through Self-leadership and Self-efficacy (컨설팅 기업 조직원의 성격 특성이 셀프리더쉽과 자기효능감을 통해 직무만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Inchul;Hwang, Changyu;Lee, Daekun
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.167-183
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of character traits of employees of consulting firm on job satisfaction through self-leadership and self-efficacy. The proposed model is based on big5 model of Coasta and McCrae(1992). To validate the proposed model, structural equation model is analyzed with the valid 140 questionnaires collected from Seoul and nearby cities by using Smart PLS 3.0. The results are as follows. First, extraversion has a positive effect on self-leadership, not on self-efficacy. Second, agreeableness has a positive effect on self-leadership, not on self-efficacy. Third, conscientiousness has a positive effect on both self-leadership and self-efficacy. Fourth, emotional stability does not have a positive effect on both self-leadership and self-efficacy. Fifth, openness to experience has a positive effect on both self-leadership and self-efficacy. Sixth, self-leadership has a positive effect on self-efficacy. Seventh, self-leadership has a positive effect on job satisfaction. Last, self-efficacy has a positive effect on job satisfaction. This research proves that, while the character of employees generally forms the meaningful relationship with self-leadership and self-efficacy, in some entries of Big 5 character elements it has still produced the different results with the previous researches, which betrays that the relationship between one's character and self-leadership and self-efficacy can differ according to the characteristic of jobs. It requires further study to prove how each of Big 5 elements differently effects on self-leadership and self-efficacy according to diverse characteristic of jobs.

The Effect of Parenting Efficacy, Parenting Stress on Self-efficacy and Daily Stress among Elementary School Children (부모의 양육효능감 및 양육스트레스가 학령기 아동의 자기 효능감과 일상 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Mi-Jung;Jang, Young-Ae
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.33-51
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of parenting efficacy, parenting stress on elementary school children's self-efficacy and daily stress. The subjects were 355 children selected from 4 elementary schools and their mothers. Data was collected using the parenting efficacy index, parenting stress index, children's self-efficacy inventory and children's daily stress inventory. Data was statistically analyzed using the t-test, one way ANOVA(Duncan test), correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The study showed that there were some significant differences in children's self-efficacy according to the child's grade, gender, scholastic achievement, mother education, father education, and income. There were some significant differences in children's daily stress according to the child's grade, gender, and scholastic achievement. Correlation analysis indicated that the maternal parenting efficacy and children's self-efficacy, especially self-confidence had a significant positive correlation, and indicated a negative correlation with children's daily stress. Correlation analysis indicated that maternal parenting stress and children's self-efficacy had a significant negative correlation, and indicated a positive correlation with children's daily stress. It was also found that scholastic achievement, educational distress of the mother, father education were significant predictors of the children's self-efficacy, and healthy parenting ability, father education, stress of a difficult child, scholastic achievement, gender were all significant predictors of the children's daily stress.

Pre-service Elementary School Teachers' Self-efficacy on Science Teaching for the Underrepresented Students according to Background Factors (소외계층학생 과학학습지도에 대한 예비초등교사의 배경요인별 자기효능감)

  • Nam, Ilkyun;Im, Sungmin
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.173-190
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    • 2019
  • The self-efficacy of pre-service teachers has been reported as a major factor in the instruction of the curriculum. In particular, considering the importance of science learning instruction for underrepresented students from the viewpoint of science education for all, pre-service elementary teachers' self-efficacy about science instruction for underrepresented students will be an important factor of science education for these students. The purpose of this study is to investigate the self-efficacy of pre-service elementary teachers in science instruction for underrepresented students. To this end, the science teaching and learning self-efficacy test tool (Lee & Im, 2010) was revised in accordance with the context of science teaching for underrepresented students into a total of 24 items using 5 Likert scales. Through using the test tool consists of 3 dimensions as Learning Efficacy, Teaching Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy, 81 pre-service elementary teachers were surveyed and the reliability of test tool was verified through factor analysis and assessing construct validity by using the responses. As a result of the analysis, setting 5 as the standard perfect score, the average score of self-efficacy per dimension was shown as 3.29 in Learning Efficacy, 2.89 in Teaching Efficacy, and 3.39 in Outcome Expectancy. We confirmed the tendency and difference of self-efficacy of the research objects according to their background factors in which direct and indirect experience relating to the science education for the underrepresented students. Also, we verified that pre-service elementary teachers' interest in science subject matter, teaching science and their perception of the value of science learning had significant relations with self-efficacy on science teaching for underrepresented students.

Research on the Effect of Creative Fashion Consumer Efficacy on Innovative Fashion Product Acceptance (창의적 패션소비 효능감이 혁신적 패션 제품 수용에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ha Kyung;Choo, Ho Jung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2020
  • The current study tests the effect of fashion product knowledge and confidence in fashion coordination on innovative fashion product acceptance, mediated by creative fashion consumer efficacy. Creative fashion consumer efficacy refers to a consumers' belief in the ability to consume fashion products in a creative way. The survey was conducted on 474 people between 20 and 40 years of age in a panel of online survey firms. Data was analyzed using reliability analysis and frequency analysis by SPSS 20.0 along with confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling done by AMOS 20.0. The results reveal that creative fashion consumer efficacy consists of original thinking efficacy, usage expansion efficacy, problem solving efficacy, and method variation efficacy that is consistent with the original structure of creative consumption efficacy. In addition, fashion product knowledge and confidence in fashion coordination do not affect innovative fashion product acceptance. The effects of fashion product knowledge and confidence in fashion coordination on innovative fashion product acceptance are fully mediated through creative fashion consumer efficacy. The results of this study demonstrate that people who are knowledgeable, confident and associated with fashion product consumption can have a high level of creative fashion consumer efficacy that increases innovative fashion product acceptance.

Development of a Teacher-Efficacy Scale for Health Education Teachers (보건교사의 교사효능감 척도 개발)

  • Yi, Chung-Ran;Kwon, Nak-Won
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.247-259
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop a teacher-efficacy scale which is adequate for heath education teachers. Method: A preliminary questionnaire was made based on the hypothetical factors. A total of 364 health education teachers answered to the preliminary test, and the potential factors of teacher-efficacy were checked out by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). In the main test 378 health education teachers answered, the factor structure was drawn by EFA, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to test and the fitness of the factor model. Results: Through the preliminary test, 5 potential factors were found, which were instruction, health-service, administrative task, interpersonal relationship, and community connection. Also, 48 items were reduced to 31 items. Through the main test, from the 34 items were extracted 4 factors with 24 items, And then teacher-efficacy scale was developed, which included the subscales of instruction efficacy, health-service efficacy, task-interpersonal efficacy, and community connection efficacy. Conclusion: Different from that for other subject teachers, the factor structure for health teachers had 4 factors with 24 items. The scale developed in this study is consistent with health teachers' work areas, and for this reason, has significance as a adequate and valid scale to measure teacher-efficacy of health education teachers.

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Difference in Self-Efficacy according to Perceived Health Status in Male Smokers (흡연 남성이 지각한 건강 상태에 따른 자기효능감)

  • Choi, Kyung-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The study were to identify difference in self-efficacy according to perceived health status in male smokers. Methods: The subjects were 138 male smoker in Seoul and Incheon. The data was collected using structured questionnaires from ninth of July to 16th of August in 2007. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and ANOVA with SPSS 14.0. Result: Participants showed that a high level of total self-efficacy score $3.40{\pm}.43$, general self-efficacy score $3.39{\pm}.46$, social self-efficacy score $3.44{\pm}.55$. There were significant difference total self-efficacy and general self-efficacy in accordance with perceived health status. But there were no significant difference social self-efficacy in accordance with perceived health status. With the result of this study, the subjects smoked $14.48{\pm}11.04$ years and 90.4% of the subjects were highly perceived that the health status of oneself above of moderate state and self-efficacy score. Conclusion: Therefore raising a perception about smoking dangerous, the prohibition of smoking program development which emphasizes the noxiousness of smoking for must precede, recognizes the necessity of prohibition of smoking and prohibition of smoking decision in one smoker comes to seem with the fact that own effect increase program for a prohibition of smoking maintenance.

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The Effect of Self-Help Management Program by Strengthen Self-Efficacy on Self-Efficacy and the Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients (자기효능증진 자조관리 프로그램이 뇌졸중 환자의 자기효능과 일상생활동작 수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, In-Sook;Kang, Seung-Joo;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.526-536
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study examined the effect of a self-help management program which strengthens self-efficacy on the self-efficacy and the activities of daily living(ADL) in stroke patients. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group, pre and post design was used. The subjects consisted of 47 stroke patients. Twenty-six patients were assigned to the experimental group and 21 patients were assigned to the control group. The self-help management program by strengthen self-efficacy and general hospital care were carried out on the experimental group. General hospital care was performed on the control group. The data was collected before and 5 weeks after the program. All subjects were questioned about the self-efficacy and ADL before and after the program. Results: The scores of the self-efficacy and ADL in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group. Conclusion: The self-help management program by strengthen self-efficacy is effective in increasing the self-efficacy and ADL. Therefore this program may be a useful intervention to increase the ADL in stroke patients.

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A study on the effect of self-efficacy and stress-coping method of dental hygienist (치과위생사의 자기효능감이 스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Young-Soon;Park, So-Young;Kim, Jeong-Suk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.909-919
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the self-efficacy of dental hygienists on their stress-coping method. Methods : The subjects in this study were the dental hygienists in dental institutions that were selected by convenience sampling from Jeonju, Iksan, Gimjei and Gunsan in North Jeolla Province. A survey was conducted by using structured questionnaires. Results : A regression analysis was carried out to see whether self-efficacy would affect stress-coping method, and it's found that those whose overall self-efficacy was better made more use of an overall stress-coping method(p>0.001). General and social self-efficacy exerted a significant influence on a problem-oriented stress-coping method(p>0.001, p>0.01), and general and social self-efficacy had an impact on a stress-coping method of social support pursuit(p>0.01, p>0.01). In addition, general and social self-efficacy exercised an influence on a stress-coping method of wishful thinking(p>0.01, p>0.05). Conclusions : The self-efficacy of the dental hygienists affected their own stress-coping method, and the finding of the study suggests that a lot of efforts should be made from diverse angles to boost the self-efficacy of dental hygienists.