• Title, Summary, Keyword: emotional appeal

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A Study of Changes in Consumption Values Shown in Women's Magazines - Focus on Advertisement Content in Women's Magazines from 1955 to 2008 - (여성잡지광고에 나타난 소비가치의 변화와 광고소구방법 및 문장표현방법 분석연구 - 1955~2008년 여성잡지광고내용 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Ko, Eun-Ju;Do, Hyun-Ji;Kim, Seon-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.226-241
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    • 2010
  • This study details the history and characteristics of consumption values, text style analyses, and appeal types expressed in magazine commercials from 1955 to 2008. This study analyzes the level of the social structure of commercial expression for each period. Consumption values based on the categories of consumption values by Sheth (1991) were classified through a total commercials analysis. Analyses on closing types of sentences, types of sentences, and rhetorical figures were executed focusing on headline text and text style. Appealing types were composed of rational, emotional, and ethical appeals. For analysis, the crosstab analysis and chi-square test of SPSS are used. The results are as follow. Seven values were constructed, functional value, social value, emotional value, conditional value, epistemic value, fashionable value, and indistinct value. The ratio of emotional value was the highest and functional value, epistemic value conditional value, fashionable value, social value, and indistinct value followed. The emotional value social value, conditional value, fashionable value, and epistemic value that focused on the emotion of consumers increased, while the functional value decreased. Sentences that use narrative styles, hyperboles, and metaphors that increased the interest of readers were dominantly used in the headline texts. For sentence expression, a declarative sentence in a sentence type, exciting curiosity in the expression method where hyperbole and figures of speech in rhetorical expressions are used most often. Emotional appeal was used almost twice more than the reasonable appeal for appeal types of the total commercial. The lower level of reasonable appeal is information that provides the product function. Interest and expression (such as pleasure and achievement) were used most often for emotional appeal. These results show that the most important issue is the emotional value in consumption in understanding the consumer. Marketing managers should also be aware of the functional value as well as an emotional value.

Consumer's Attitudes Toward Jeans Wear Advertisements by Appeal Type (소구 유형별 Jean 의류광고에 대한 소비자 태도-성적.비성적 소구유형을 중심으로)

  • 황춘섭
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.37
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    • pp.191-209
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    • 1998
  • The present study was made to contribute to thed improvement of the quality of jeans wear advertising, and to the establishment of more effective advertising policy by which the jeans wear advertisements can go well with the unique charateristics of jeans wear. The study analyzed the consumer's attitude and dimention of affective responses toward jeans wear advertisements by type of appeal. The research was implemented through the survery with a representative sample of 344 consumers residing in Seoul. Means, Standard Deviation, ANOVA, Duncan Test, Facor Analysis and Regression were imployed to analyze the data gathered. The results of the study are as follows : (1) There are four dimentions of affective responses toward jeans wear advertisements ; upbeat-activation dimention, erotic-activation dimention, calm-emotional dimention, negative emotional demention. (2) According to consumer's sex, there are significant differences in each dimention of their affective responses. Toward sex-appeal advertisements, men show high degree of affective responses in upbeat-activation dimen-sion and calm-emotional dimension. (3) There is a probability that non-sex-appeal advertisement covers wider range of consumer than sex-appeal advertisements. (4) There is no significant different in affective responses towards both sex-appeal and non-sex-appeal advertisement of jeans wear between and among sex·age and involvement level of consumer. (5) Men prefer sex-appeal advertisement to non-sex-appeal advertisement, while there is no significant differences between the attitude of female consumers toward sex-appeal adver-tisement and non-sex-appeal advertisement. (6) In particular, age of 15∼18 and 30∼35 group of female consumer show very positive attitude toward sex-appeal advertisement. Therefore, there is a need to segment female jeans wear market by age groups. (7) According to the age and the involvement level of consumers, there is a significant differences in their attitudes toward advertise-ment. In case of male consumers, group of low level involvement prefer sex-appeal advertise-ment to non-sex-appeal advertisement. While high level involvement group did not show any significant differences between the attitude toward sex-appeal advertisement and the attitude toward non-sex-appeal advertisement. And the age of 15∼24, low level involvement group of female consumers also more positive attitude toward sex-appeal advertisement than toward non-sex-appeal advertisements.

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The Type of Appeal and Constituent Unit's Expression of Apparel Advertising Appeared in Women's Magazines (I) (여성 잡지 의류광고 구성요소의 표현 형식과 소구유형 고찰(I))

  • 홍성순;황춘섭
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.716-726
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    • 1994
  • The present study was conducted to analyze the type of appeal and constituent unit's expression of apparel advertising appeared in women's magazine through content analysis. The research questions raised for this study were: (1) Are there any differences in the type of appeal between outwear and uderwear, men's and women's outwear, and formal wear and casual wear advertising ? (2) Are there any differences in the type of appeal and constituent unit's expression of apparel advertising between the late of 1980's and the begining of 1990's ? "Women Sense", founded on August 1988, was used as research materials for the study. And the period of analysis was from September 1988 to March 1993. In order to reduce biases of monthly issues in magazine, the apparel advertisements for analysis were selected from March, June, September and December issues. A total of 348 apparel advertisements were analyzed. The data gethered were analyzed using the frequency table, percentage and chi-square test. The results were as follows: 1. The emotional appeal was used more often for apparel advertisements. 2. There was no difference in types of appeal between men's and women's outwear. Both of them frequently used emotional appeal type 3. Rational appeal and sex appeal type were used more frequently in underwear advertising than in outwear advertisements. 4. It was emotional appeal type that usually used in both formal and casual wear advertising, and sex appeal was employed more often in casual wear advertising than in formal wear advertising. 5. Romantic appeal was employed more aften in the late of 1980's than in the begining of 1990's. Sex appeal and rational appeal were used more often in the beginning of 1990's than in the late of 1980's. 6. Emotional (28.7%) and Assertion Propose Headlines (21.6%) were popular in the late of 1980's. 7. Brand Name Headline was shown most often in the begining of 1990's. 8. Emotional, Factual and Mixed Copies were generally used at all types of bodycopy. while there was no difference in types of bodycopy between the periods. 9. Direct Approach, that a model introduced advertising goods to consumer, was mainly used in illustration. There was no difference in different types of illustration between the periods.

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A Study on the Message Orientation of Newspaper Advertisements - With a focus on apartment sales ads in Busan (신문광고의 메시지 지향성에 관한 연구 -부산시 아파트 분양광고를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Hyang
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2018
  • This study set out to examine message orientation in advertising expression through the content analysis of apartment sales advertisements in Busan. For this purpose, the study analyzed newspaper ads about apartment sales in the Busan area in terms of advertising appeal methods and message types. Advertising appeal methods(rational and emotional appeal) and message orientation(environmental, emotional, investment, and functional orientation) were categorized according to brands(nationwide and local brands). The findings show that most of apartment sales ads in Busan used a rational appeal method. While nationwide brands used rational and emotional appeal in similar percentage, local brands used a lot of rational appeal. Of the types of advertising message orientation, investment and emotional orientation recorded the highest percentage. Messages of investment orientation to show economic profit or premium were used most, being followed by messages of emotional orientation to show pride and happiness. These findings were interpreted to display differences in strategies for advertising expressions among brands. The findings are expected to offer useful practical implications for message strategies for apartment sales ads.

The Preference on Fashion Advertisement Media by Lifestyle Group Types (라이프스타일 집단유형화에 따른 패션 광고매체 선호도)

  • Kim, Seon-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.8
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    • pp.97-111
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    • 2011
  • This study aimed to present marketing communication strategy for lifestyle groups. Consumers' preference on advertisement media/information source, advertisement appeal types, and on-line media use were examined by lifestyle groups. This study was executed by web survey and off-line survey. A total of 141 data was obtained and data were analyzed by PASW 18.0. Results were as follows: First, 4 types of lifestyle groups were made up by holistic approach; 'price oriented', 'traditional symbolic', 'positive life', and 'open mind enjoyment'. 'Positive life type' preferred every type of ads media. 'Traditional symbolic type' liked magazine and 'price oriented type' and 'open mind enjoyment type' thought off-line store display more important. For ads appeal types, 'positive life type' preferred social oriented appeal type. Every group except 'price oriented type' preferred emotional appeal type and especially 'open mind enjoyment type' liked the most emotional ads appeal type.

Impact of Empathic Concern and Appeal Type on Responses to Campaign for Helping (돕기 캠페인에서 공감적 관심과 소구 유형이 미치는 영향에 관한 탐색)

  • Lee, Seungjo;Jeong, Daun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2014
  • The current study investigates the impacts of empathic concern, as a personal trait, and rational/emotional appeal on responses over the campaigns to help the disabled. Empathic concern is an emotional personality known as strongly activating altruistic motivations. The experiment proceeded at two stages that in the first stage, the personal disposition was measured and in the second stage, the condition of appeal type was presented. Thus, the whole experimental design was empathic concern(2) ${\times}$ appeal type(2) on attitudes and behavioral intention. Individuals high in empathic concern showed higher ratings, compared to people low, on attitudes and behavioral intention in the condition of rational appeal. The difference between high and low empathic concern in the condition of emotional appeal was small.

Advertising Effect by Clothing Advertising Involvement and Types of Advertising Appeal (의류광고 관여와 소구 유형에 따른 광고효과 -20-30대 직장여성을 중심으로-)

  • 홍병숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.1040-1051
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    • 1999
  • The objective of this study was to search out the motive and it's degree of the advertising involvement and to verify how the consumer's reaction have influenced on the effect of the advertising. In this study the questionaries used and objects were 236 working women form 20 to 39 years old. The dates were analyzed by reliability mean standard deviation percentage Duncan test t-test factor analysis correlation ANOVA and regression. The outcome of the analysis can be as follows : 1. Consumer's advertising involvement in the clothing goods was standing on 'Emotional' 'Expressional' or 'Economical' position. Among the factors affecting the consumer'sbehaviors. 'Usefulness' 'Like or Dislike' or 'Uniqueness' are the major 3 bases for perceptive evaluation 'Activity' 'Uncomfortableness' and 'Tranquility' are the 3 factors extracted from consumer's emotional reaction. 2 There was little difference in the size of advertising effect among the cluster types classified by each difference motive of the clothing advertising involvement. 3. Perceptive evaluation of the types of advertising appeal the non-sex-appeal advertising was inclined to "Usefulenss' or 'likes' while the sex-appeal advertising depending rather highy on 'Uniqueness' In respect of emotional reaction "Tranquility' was on non-sex-appeal advertising while more 'Activity' or 'Uncomfortable' feeling were on sex-appeal advertising. 4. In the light of 'advertising style' 'brand image' or 'purchase stimulation' the non-sex-appeal advertising was rather favorable received by the consumer's than the sex-appealing one. 5. All those surrounding factors excluding the 'uniqueness' are closely co-related to purchase stimulation.

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Consumer's Attitudes toward Underwear Advertisements by Appeal Types-with or without Sex Appeal- (소구유형별 내의류 광고에 대한 소비자 태도-성적.비성적 소구유형을 중심으로-)

  • 홍성순;황춘섭
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.39
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    • pp.283-299
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    • 1998
  • The present study is to analyze the dimensions of affective responses according to the types of appeal in underwear advertisements and to find out the influences of affective res-ponses on the attitudes toward advertisement and brands. The research has been made by normative-descriptive survey method with the sample of 654 consumers residing in Seoul and Incheon. The data gaathered was analyzed by the methods of means, standard deviation, ANOVA, factor analysis and regression. The result are as follows : 1. There are 4 dimensions of affective responses ; Emotional dimension, Negative dimen-sion, Upbeat-activation dimension and Sexual activation dimension. 2. Affective responses to the advertising were different according to the characteristics of the consumers. According to the consumer's sex, there are significant differences in each dimension of their affective responses. To the sex appeal advertisement, man show higher degree of affective responses in Emotional, Upbeat-activation and Sexual-activation dim-ensions, while women show higher degree of affective responses in Negative dimension. 3. In case of female consumers, there are significant differences in affective responses to the both appeal type of advertisements according to consumer's age. As the age is increasing. Emotional dimension and Sexual-activation dimension are increasing, but Negative dimension is decreasing in the Ads with sex appeal. In particular, the 19∼24s age group shows strong responses in the Emotional dimension, Upbeat-activation dimension and Sexual-activation dimension to Ads with sex appeal, while it shows the lowest affective responses in Negative dimension. It represents the 19-24s age group is the most positive one to the under-wear advertisements with sex appeal. Consequently, it is proved that the Ads with sex appeal focusing on this age group can be one of the most effective advertising plans. 4. The involvement gets higher, Upbeat-ac-tivation dimension and Sexual-activation dimension are increasing both in males and female groups. But Negative dimension is in-creasing in the female consumer group of low involvement. 5. The attitudes toward advertisements and brands are comparatively stronger in the advertisements using sex appeal type. Regardless of types of appeal in the advertisements, there is a significant difference in their attitudes tow-ard Ads between male and female consumer groups. When Ads are sexual, attitudes toward Ads and Brands are stronger in the female consumer group. But males consumers show com-paratively strong attitudes toward the advertis-ements and brands in both types of appeal. 6. The age of consumers doesn't make any significant difference in their attitudes toward advertisements and brands in both types of appeal. 7. According to the involvement level of the consumers, there are significant differences in their attitudes toward advertisements. In the groups of low involvement, the female consumers show more favorite attitudes toward the advertisements with sex appeal, while the male group show more favorite attitudes toward the non-sex appeal advertisement. But there is no significant difference in consumer's attitude toward brands according to the types of appeal of the advertisement. 8. The affective responses of the consumers caused by the underwear advertisements have a respectable influence on their attitudes toward the advertisements and brands. This research represents that the advertisers should try to arise consumer's positive affective responses such as pleasant, happy, cheerful and warm-hearted emotions by the advertisements. Based on the above results of the research, it can be said that the consumer's affective responses have a strong effect not only on their attitudes toward adver-tisements but on those toward attitude toward the brands.

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The Advertising Effects of Fashion Sexual Appeal Advertising (패션 성적소구광고의 광고효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.154-162
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to examine if there are the differences in advertising effects among three fashion sexual advertisements in terms of sexual appeal levels(high/medium/low). Through three pre-tests, three stimuli were chosen for this study. Three hundred female college students in Seoul participated in this study. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, ANOVA analysis, and reliability test were used. The results were as follows: First, from the factor analysis on advertising attitudes, three factors such as emotional, behavioral, and cognitive factors were produced. Second, there were significant differences in three sexual appeal levels among three advertising attitude factors. Third, there was also a significant difference in three sexual appeal levels on brand attitude. Finally, there was not a significant difference in the sexual appeal levels on purchase intention. Based on these results, this study would provide significant and efficient fashion advertising strategies to fashion advertising marketers and advertisement creators as implications.

A Study of Advertising Appeal Types and Make-up Images in Cosmetic Advertising (화장품 광고에 표현된 소구형식과 메이크업 이미지에 대한 연구)

  • Yang, Su-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fashion and Beauty
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study were to find out appeal types and variation of make-up image and make-up style in cosmetics advertising. The research of this study were collected from cosmetics advertisement printed in Amole Pacific Cosmetic industry from $1970{\sim}2004$. The results were as follow: 1. A cosmetics advertisement appeal were three types. it were models and products appeal advertisement as emotional appeal, products-appeal and mixed appeal advertisement. 2. A variation of make-up image were different by the time. In the 1970s make-up were model empersis eye-line and colorful make-up were classic and active make-up image. From the 1980s various color make-up were used and persuited of individuality and started to appeal that were romantic and elegance image. In the 1990s multi-color make-up image were manish and modern used ambivalence and multi-message, and in the $2000{\sim}2004$ natural and romantic-sexy remarkable make-up image were used of new concept of beauty.

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