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Classification of Fishing Gear (어구의 분류)

  • 김대안
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 1996
  • In order to obtain the most favourable classification system for fishing gears, the problems in the existing systems were investigated and a new system in which the fishing method was adopted as the criterion of classification and the kinds of fishing gears were obtained by exchanging the word method into gear in the fishing methods classified newly for eliminating the problems was established. The new system to which the actual gears are arranged is as follows ; (1)Harvesting gear \circled1Plucking gears : Clamp, Tong, Wrench, etc. \circled2Sweeping gears : Push net, Coral sweep net, etc. \circled3Dredging gears : Hand dredge net, Boat dredge net, etc. (2)Sticking gears \circled1Shot sticking gears : Spear, Sharp plummet, Harpoon, etc. \circled2Pulled sticking gears : Gaff, Comb, Rake, Hook harrow, Jerking hook, etc. \circled3Left sticking gears : Rip - hook set line. (3)Angling gears \circled1Jerky angling gears (a)Single - jerky angling gears : Hand line, Pole line, etc. (b)Multiple - jerky angling gears : squid hook. \circled2Idly angling gears (a)Set angling gears : Set long line. (b)Drifted angling gears : Drift long line, Drift vertical line, etc. \circled3Dragged angling gears : Troll line. (4)Shelter gears : Eel tube, Webfoot - octopus pot, Octopus pot, etc. (5)Attracting gears : Fishing basket. (6)Cutoff gears : Wall, Screen net, Window net, etc. (7)Guiding gears \circled1Horizontally guiding gears : Triangular set net, Elliptic set net, Rectangular set net, Fish weir, etc. \circled2Vertically guiding gears : Pound net. \circled3Deeply guiding gears : Funnel net. (8)Receiving gears \circled1Jumping - fish receiving gears : Fish - receiving scoop net, Fish - receiving raft, etc. \circled2Drifting - fish receiving gears (a)Set drifting - fish receiving gears : Bamboo screen, Pillar stow net, Long stow net, etc. (b)Movable drifting - fish receiving gears : Stow net. (9)Bagging gears \circled1Drag - bagging gears (a)Bottom - drag bagging gears : Bottom otter trawl, Bottom beam trawl, Bottom pair trawl, etc. (b)Midwater - drag gagging gears : Midwater otter trawl, Midwater pair trawl, etc. (c)Surface - drag gagging gears : Anchovy drag net. \circled2Seine - bagging gears (a)Beach - seine bagging gears : Skimming scoop net, Beach seine, etc. (b)Boat - seine bagging gears : Boat seine, Danish seine, etc. \circled3Drive - bagging gears : Drive - in dustpan net, Inner drive - in net, etc. (10)Surrounding gears \circled1Incomplete surrounding gears : Lampara net, Ring net, etc. \circled2Complete surrounding gears : Purse seine, Round haul net, etc. (11)Covering gears \circled1Drop - type covering gears : Wooden cover, Lantern net, etc. \circled2Spread - type covering gears : Cast net. (12)Lifting gears \circled1Wait - lifting gears : Scoop net, Scrape net, etc. \circled2Gatherable lifting gears : Saury lift net, Anchovy lift net, etc. (13)Adherent gears \circled1Gilling gears (a)Set gilling gears : Bottom gill net, Floating gill net. (b)Drifted gilling gears : Drift gill net. (c)Encircled gilling gears : Encircled gill net. (d)Seine - gilling gears : Seining gill net. (e)Dragged gilling gears : Dragged gill net. \circled2Tangling gears (a)Set tangling gears : Double trammel net, Triple trammel net, etc. (b)Encircled tangling gears : Encircled tangle net. (c)Dragged tangling gears : Dragged tangle net. \circled3Restrainting gears (a)Drifted restrainting gears : Pocket net(Gen - type net). (b)Dragged restrainting gears : Dragged pocket net. (14)Sucking gears : Fish pumps.

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A Study on the Bandwidth of Compatible ETC System (ETC 시스템 주파수 대역 호환에 관한 연구)

  • 정신철;최기수;이병섭
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, we proposed a new technique to be compatible the passive with active ETC system. Now the TTA is making a Standard of the Active DSRC System. So It is necessary to be compatible the developed and running passive ETC system with the developing active ETC system. So we proposed the direct conversion method without performance a decreasing of passive DSRC system using a similar bandwidth of the active ETC system. Simulations carried out and the results show the difference between the conventional and proposed method.

Active DSRC ETC System (능동형 DSRC ETC 시스템)

  • Yi Ji-Hun;Byeon Woo-Sub;You Heung-Ryeol
    • 한국정보통신설비학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.220-230
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    • 2002
  • 고속으로 주행하는 차량으로부터 차량의 일시정지함이 없이 자동으로 통행요금을 징수하기 위한 ETC(Electronic Toll Collection, 통행요금자동징수)서비스는 전용의 무선통신방식, 전자지불수단, 암호화, 영상인식, 실시간제어등의 다양한 기술을 필요로 한다. KT ETC 시스템은 능동형 DSRC(Dedicated Short Range Communication, 단거리전용통신)를 이용한 상용의 ETC 시스템이다. 본 논문에서는 KT ETC 시스템의 개발과 관련하여 핵심 기술인 능동형 DSRC와 ETC 서비스를 위한 스마트카드 기술등을 소개하고, KT ETC 시스템에 고유한 ETC 서비스 처리절차를 소개한다.

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The Effects of ETC-based Group Art Therapy : Focusing on the Parental Anxiety of Elementary School Students' Mothers (ETC 기반 집단미술치료의 효과성 연구: 초등학생 어머니의 양육불안 감소를 중심으로)

  • Park, Sang-Soon;Rim, Sung-Ryun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.303-316
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    • 2021
  • This study is aimed at verifying the effects of an ETC(Expressive Therapies Continuum)-based group art therapy program on reducing parental anxiety in first-grade elementary school students' mothers. An ETC program was composed based on the therapeutic factors of the ETC components. Seven mothers of first-grade students located in city A of Gyeonggi-do were selected as the subjects of the study. These mothers underwent 11 sessions of ETC-based group art therapy from April 18 to May 24, 2019, 1 to 2 times a week for 70 to 90 minutes. In order to verify the effectiveness of this research program, scores from pre- and post-parental anxiety scales were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 program. Results demonstrated that first, mothers' parental anxiety was significantly reduced after the ETC program participation. Second, changes in ETC component use throughout the program positively influenced reductions in parental anxiety. In conclusion, each participant experienced the opportunity to self-explore and self-understand at all levels of ETC with their preferred art medium, thereby lowering parenting anxiety. It is meaningful that through the ETC-based art therapy program, the client can be self-aware of his or her problem, and the client can decide the direction that is beneficial to them through voluntary media selection. In addition, it is meaningful that the ETC group art therapy is able to perform activities tailored to each individual.

A literatual study on Prescription about the breast disease (유방질환(乳房疾患)의 치방(治方)에 대(對)한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Eui il;Yoo, Dong youl
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.129-146
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    • 2004
  • From the study of Prescription on mammary diseases, the following conclusions are obtained. 1. The Lurosan (漏蘆散), Jechetang (猪蹄湯), Tongyutang (湧泉散) are often used for galactostasis in Prescription. The classification of prescription by efficacy is Chungyelyak(淸熱解毒藥), Lisuyak (利尿通淋藥), Hwalyelyak(活血祛瘀藥), etc. and the frequency of used medicines is Luro(漏蘆),Tongcho(通草),Jejo(제조), Chensangab(穿山甲),etc.. 2. The Makyajeon(麥芽煎), Sipjeondaebotang(十全大補湯) are often used for galactorrhea in Prescription. The classification of prescription by efficacy is Bogiyak(補氣藥), Bohelyak(補血藥), Sosikyak (消食藥), etc., and the frequency of used medicines is Insam (人蔘), Dangggwi(當歸), Makya(麥芽),etc.. 3. The Jogaksan(조角散), Gwarusan(瓜蔞散) are often used for mammary abscess in Prescription. The classification of prescription by efficacy is Hwalyelyak(活血祛瘀藥), Chunghwaye1damyak(淸化熱痰藥), Ligiyak(理氣藥), etc., and the frequency of used medicines is Jogakja(조角刺), Sahyang(麝香), Chongpee(靑皮),etc.. 4. The Yengyotang(連翹湯), Makyatang(麥芽湯), Lyengpayujagenbang(令敗乳自退方)are often used for distending pain of the breast due to galactostasis in Prescription. The classification of prescription by efficacy is Chungyelhaedokyak(淸熱解毒藥), Chunghwayeldamyak(淸化熱痰藥)etc., and the frequency of used medicines is Yengyo(連翹), Gwaru (瓜樓),etc.. 5. The Gwarusan (瓜蔞散), Danchungpitang(單靑皮湯), Yengyotang(連翹湯), Gamisoyosan(加味逍 遙散)are often used for mammay abscess in Prescription. The classification of prescription by efficacy is Chunghwayeldamyak(淸化熱痰藥), Hwalyelgeoyak(活血祛瘀藥), Chungyelyak(淸熱解毒藥),etc., and the frequency of used medicines is Jogakja(조角刺), Yengyo(連翹), Chongpee(靑皮),etc.. 6. The Sipyukmi1yugium(十六味流氣飮), Chungpitang(靑皮湯)are often used for breast carcinoma in Prescription. The classification of prescription by efficacy is Hwalyelyak(活血祛瘀藥), Ligiyak(理氣藥)etc., and the frequency of used medicines is Doyin(桃仁), Jogakja, Chongpee(靑皮), Jagak(枳殼),etc.

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The Study on The Snake Venom (사독(蛇毒)에 대한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Lee, Jin-Seon;Kwon, Gi-Rok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.73-91
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to invastigate the researches of Snake Venom and snakes which used in treatment 1. The fist literature that used the snake for treatment is Shin Nong Ben Cao Jing 2. Composition of Snake Venom is consist of Enzymatic proteins ; Phospholipase A(A1-2), Protease, L-amino acid oxidase etc, and Non-enzymatic proteins ; Crotamine(Cytolysin), Proteolytic factor(Hematoxin), Crotoxin(Neurotoxin) etc. 3. Main toxins in Snake Venom are Hematoxin, Cytolysin, Neurotoxin and Cardiotoxin. Lethal dose 50 value of Agkistrodon brevicaudus is $45.87{\mu}g$/18g, Agkistrodon saxatilis is $10.28{\mu}g$/18g, Agkistrodon ussuriensis is $8.68{\mu}g$/18g, therefore Agkistrodon ussuriensis has strongist Snake Venom of all in Korea. 4. Pharmacological actions of Snake Venom are anticoagulation, thrombolytic function, hypotensor etc. 5. Systemic syndromes and signs after snakebite are Dizziness(25.7%), Vomitting(23.1%), Fever(22%), Visual disturbance(18%), Headache(17.7%) and Dyspnea(17.6%), etc. 6. Local syndrome and sign after snakebite is Discoloration(54.2%), Bleeding(20.2%), Bullae(10.7%), Skinulcer(10.8%), etc. 7. Pathological syndromes after snakebite are WBC increase, Urine protein, Urine sugar, Haematuria and elevation of S-GDT, S-GPT etc. These syndromes are leaded by Hematoxin and Cytolysin. 8. Complication signs after snakebite are Cellulitis, Gastritis, Lympoma, Abscess etc. 9. Common function of Viperidae(Agkistrodon acutus or Zaocys dhumnades etc) is expelling the wind(祛風), removing obstruction in the channels(通絡), antipastic function(止痙). And it is used in order to cure hemiparesis, hemiplegia, facial palsy and CVA disease, etc. 10. Using way of snake for medical treatment is various like Herbal alchol therapy, pill, powder and injection etc. The Study on the Snake Venom should be carried out continuously for using of medical treatment.

Hypolipidemic Effects of Enzyme-Treated Tomato Cake on Sprague-Dawley Rats Fed a High Cholesterol Diet (고 콜레스테롤을 급여한 SD-Rat에서 효소처리한 토마토케이크가 고지혈증에 미치는 영향)

  • Koh, Jong-Ho;Woo, Yong-Ku;Kim, Young-Shik;Oh, Jun-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.590-598
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    • 2012
  • Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with normal (Control), high cholesterol (HC), and high cholesterol containing 3.5% pectin-hydrolytic activity industrial enzyme (Viscozyme L)-treated tomato cakes (ETC) for 4 weeks. In the first week, the weight gain of the HC-fed group was significantly increased to 151.7% (p<0.05), compared to the 115.4% weight gain of the ETC-fed group. The feed efficiencies of the Control- and ETC-fed groups ($0.236{\pm}0.041$ and $0.447{\pm}0.030$, respectively) were significantly different to those of HC-fed group ($0.355{\pm}0.034$) (p<0.05). The kidney and epididymal fat pad of the rats fed with ETC were decreased to 0.303 g and 0.274 g, respectively. There were no significant differences in serum cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol or low density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels between the HC- and ETC-fed groups. The ETC-fed group exhibited approximately a 1.1-fold higher total antioxidant activity determined by 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radicals than the HC-fed group at 2 weeks. Glutathione peroxidase activity of the ETC-fed group exhibited 2.5-and 1.3-fold increases at 2 and 4 weeks, respectively.

Study on Performance Analysis of Interior Ballistics According to ETC(Electrothermal chemical) Effect (ETC 효과를 고려한 강내탄도의 성능해석 연구)

  • Sung, Hyung-Gun;Jang, Jin-Sung;Lee, Sang-Bok;Roh, Tae-Seong;Choi, Dong-Whan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.145-148
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    • 2009
  • A study on ETC(Electrothermal chemical) Guns has been conducted. The existing code of the numerical analysis for the interior ballistics has been extended for ETC Guns. Using this code, the performance analysis of interior ballistics according to the injection patterns of the plasma energy has been fulfilled.

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Studies on the Leachate in Landfill Site (쓰레기 매립지 침출수에 관한 연구)

  • 나규환;이장훈
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.7 no.3_4
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    • pp.81-84
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    • 1992
  • Physical compositions of solid waste in Wonju, shopping area were investigated with combustibles 78.13% (papers 35.89%, foods 14.41% etc.) incombustibles 21.87% (glass and ceramics 11.02%, metals 6.0% etc.) in 1991, solid waste in apartment area were investigated with combustibles 84.27% (foods 34.29%, papers 22.58% etc.), incombustibles 15.73% (glass and ceramics 8.77%, metals 4.85% etc.) and residence area were characterised with combustibles 70.37% (foods 33.55% , papers 10.53% etc.) and incombustibles 29.63% (ash of briquet 17.29%, glass and ceramics 7.49% etc.). Water qualities of a leachate from municipal landfill of Wonju city were analysed pH 8.0~8.4, total suspended solid 102~140 mg/1, CN ̄ 0.003~ 0.008 mg/1, NO$_2$-N 0.108~0.294 mg/1 and phenols 0.46~1.12 mg/1. Volume of the leachate for 20% methemoglobin formation were 0.2~0.4 mg/ml in Octever, 0.3~0.4 ml/ml in December sampling, 0.2~0.3 ml/ml in St.1 and 0.4 ml/ml in St.3.

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Conservation Methods and Vascular Plants of Thuja orientalis Community in Seokmun-bong, Danyang (단양 석문봉 측백나무군락지의 식물상 및 보전방안)

  • Oh, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.75-92
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    • 2013
  • The vascular plants of Thuja orientalis community in Seokmun-bong, Danyang were listed 222 taxa (4.5% of all 4,881 taxa of vascular plants); 67 families, 150 genera, 163 species, 2 subspecies, 43 varieties and 14 forms. Limestone plants, 29 taxa; Asplenium rutamuraria, Celtis koraiensis, Goodyera coreana, etc. So, Based on the legal protection species, endangered wild plants II, were recorded; Thalictrum coreanum (EN) and rare plants, 8 taxa; Thuja orientalis (LC), Exochorda serratifolia var. serratifolia (LC), Diarthron linifolium (EN), Bupleurum falcatum (VU), Lithospermum erythrorhizon (LC), Dracocephalum argunense (EN), Polygonatum robustum (EN), etc. and endemic plants, 3 taxa; Populus tomentiglandulosa (Planted plant), Thalictrum actaefolium var. brevistylum, Asperula lasiantha, etc. Based on the list of specific plants, 29 taxa; Thalictrum coreanum in class V, 7 taxa (Neillia uyekii for. uyekii, Prunus sibirica, Abelia coreana, etc.) in class IV, 8 taxa (Spiraea trichocarpa, Polygala tatarinowi, Asparagus oligoclonos, etc.) in class III, 2 taxa (Potentilla dickinsii var. dickinsii, Weigela florida) in class II, 11 taxa (Morus cathayana, Buxus microphylla var. koreana, Zizyphus jujuba var. jujuba, etc.) in class I. Based on the list of naturalized plants, 10 taxa (Robinia pseudoacacia, Oenothera biennis, Festuca arundinacea, etc.), naturalization rate (NR) was 4.5% of all 222 taxa of vascular plants and urbanization index (UI) was 3.1% of all 321 taxa of naturalized plants.