• Title, Summary, Keyword: extraction

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Optimization of Macerating Enzymatic Extraction Process and Components Change of Extract of Rubus coreanus Miq. Fruit (복분자의 효소 추출 공정의 최적화 및 성분 변화)

  • Ryu, Il Hwan;Kwon, Tae Oh
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the optimal condition for macerating enzymatic extraction process that leads to the highest yield and the largest extracted amount of bio-active contents from Rubus coreanus Miq. fruit. The optimal extraction conditions were found as the following: The initial amount of the water added to the fruit was 20 ~ 30% by weight. The mixing ratio used for the macerating enzyme was 4 : 1 : 2 (w : w : w) for cellulase:pectinase:amylogucosidase, and the amount of the macerating enzyme added was 2% by weight. The extraction process was done at a temperature of $45{\sim}50^{\circ}C$ for 10 hours. The extraction yields on Rubus coreanus Miq. fruit by macerating enzymatic extraction process was increased by 84.3% compared to that of hot-water extraction process. The amounts of organic acids and vitamin found in the extract were also higher. The amount of polyphenol and anthocyanin contents in the extract were 185% and 257% of those from hot-water extraction, respectively. These results suggest that macerating enzymatic extraction is an effective method to boost extraction yield and to increase the amount of extraction of bio-active contents from Rubus coreanus Miq. fruit.

Optimization of Extraction Conditions for Soluble Ginseng Components Using Microwave Extraction System under Pressure (가압형 마이크로웨이브 추출장치를 이용한 가용성 인삼성분의 추출조건 최적화)

  • 권중호;이새봄;이기동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.409-416
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    • 1999
  • Microwave extraction system equipped with closed vessels was applied to confirm its capability of extracting ginseng solubles including saponin, which was monitored to optimize extraction con ditions by response surface methodology. Total yield increased with the decrease in particles size and more extraction steps. Soluble components were completely extracted by operating the system within 6 min per one step, which should be repeated by 3 or 4 times. Optimized conditions for maxi mum extraction of response variables(total yield, crude saponin) were 40~50% of ethanol concentration, about 140oC of extraction temperature, and within 6 min of the extraction time. The extraction effi ciency of total yield was dependent on the decrease of ethanol concentration, while crude saponin content was favored on the higher degree of ethanol concentration. According to the temperature guideline, below 90oC of extraction temperature, the optimal ranges of extraction conditions were predicted as 30~50% of ethanol concentration and 2.5~6.5 min of extraction time. Estimated values of total yield and crude saponin were in good agreement with experimental values.

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The effect of bisphosphonate discontinuation on the incidence of postoperative medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw after tooth extraction

  • Kang, Sang-Hoon;Park, Se-Jin;Kim, Moon-Key
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.78-83
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The discontinuation of bisphosphonate (BP) treatment before tooth extraction may induce medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). Whether the long-term discontinuation of BP treatment before tooth extraction affects the risk of developing MRONJ after tooth extraction or whether extended drug holidays induce systemic side effects remains unclear. The present study assessed the incidence of MRONJ among patients who underwent tooth extraction and did not discontinue BP therapy prior to the procedure. Materials and Methods: Patients were classified according to whether or not they discontinued BP therapy before tooth extraction. Differences in the incidence of MRONJ after tooth extraction were compared between the two groups using the chi-squared test. Results: The BP-continuation (BPC) and BP-discontinuation (BPDC) groups included 179 and 286 patients, respectively. One patient in the BPC group and no patients in the BPDC group developed MRONJ (P=0.385). The patients in the BPDC group stopped receiving BP therapy at a mean of 39.0±35.5 months prior to tooth extraction. Conclusion: The possibility of pre-existing MRONJ in the extraction area must be considered during the extraction procedure. Routine discontinuation of BP medications for several months before the extraction procedure should be carefully considered, as evidence of its efficacy in reducing the development of post-extraction MRONJ is limited.

Effect of warfarin discontinuation on the incidence of postoperative bleeding in tooth extraction

  • Lee, Jung-Soo;Kim, Moon-Key;Kang, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The number of patients undergoing oral anticoagulant therapy for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is increasing. However, the risk of bleeding after tooth extraction in patients receiving warfarin is unclear. Here, we assess the risk of bleeding after tooth extraction in patients on warfarin. Materials and Methods: The study included 260 patients taking warfarin who underwent tooth extraction (694 teeth). The patients were divided into those whose teeth were extracted while they were taking warfarin, those who discontinued warfarin before extraction, and those who underwent extraction while receiving heparin bridging therapy. Bleeding complications in the two groups were compared. Results: Of the 260 patients, 156 underwent extraction while taking warfarin, 70 stopped taking warfarin before extractions, and 34 received heparin bridging therapy and stopped taking either medication before extractions. Bleeding complications occurred in 9 patients (3.5%) and 9 tooth sites (1.3%). Among the 9 patients with bleeding complications, 6 underwent extraction while taking warfarin, 2 stopped warfarin before extraction, and 1 underwent extraction after receiving heparin bridging therapy. No significant difference was seen between patient groups regarding bleeding after extractions (P=0.917). Conclusion: Warfarin use does not increase the risk of post-extraction bleeding and can therefore be continued during tooth extraction.

The Compositional Differences of Sipjeondaebo-tang(Siquandabu-tang) Decoctions Extracted by Different Extraction Method and Extraction Time (전탕 방법 및 전탕 시간에 따른 십전대보탕 전탕액 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon;Seo, Chang-Seob;Jeon, Woo-Young;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.108-119
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study was performed to compare the differences between decoctions extracted by different extraction method and extraction time. Methods: Decoctions were prepared with pressurized or non-pressurized extraction for 60, 120 and 180min. The yield of extract, total soluble solid content, hydrogen ion concentration(pH) and the content of reference compound in Sipjeondaebo-tang (Siquandabu-tang) were investigated. Results: While yields and the total soluble solid of decoction were higher in pressurized method proportional to extraction time, pH values were lower in pressurized method and showed decreasing values with increasing extraction time. Albilflorin, ferulic acid, nodakenin, coumarin, cinnamaldehyde and glycyrrhizin were contained in decoctions by pressurized extraction method more than non-pressurized method whereas the content of coumarin was higher in decoctions by non-pressurized extraction method. In addition, coumarin was extracted increasingly with extraction time in decoctions by pressurized method, however, nine compounds except cinnamaldehyde showed the tendency of increasing proportional to extraction time. Conclusions: The results show that extraction methods including pressurized or non-pressurized extraction, and extraction time could affect the physicochemical characteristic or composition of Sipjeondaebo-tang(Siquandabu-tang) decoction.

THE ANXIETY IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING THIRD MOLAR EXTRACTION (사랑니 발치환자에서 불안에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Han-Seok;Han, Sang-Jeong;Zang, Ju-Min;Lee, Hae-Kyung;Shim, Joo-Chul;Kim, Woo-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.375-380
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to understand anxiety in patients undergoing third molar extraction and care patients of third molar extraction. The subjects in the study were Sixty-three patients who visited the department of dentistry at Pusan Paik Hospital from May 2006 to September 2006 and who underwent third molar extraction. Patients' anxiety(state anxiety and trait anxiety) to use Spielberger's state-trait anxiety inventory(STAI) were measured. They were asked to fill out STAI question paper immediately before third molar extraction(pre-extraction) and on the day after the extraction(post-extraction). And visual analog scale(VAS) to measure patient's postoperative pain on the day after extraction(postextraction day) was used. Then Differences in anxiety before and after extraction, between men and women, between the first and second extraction, with impacted versus non impacted third molar extraction, between extraction time and anxiety, and between postoperative pain and anxiety were evaluated. The anxiety status of patients undergoing third molar extraction could be quantitatively evaluated using the STAI-KYZ. There were significant difference before and after third molar extraction. Especially women and patients of more severe postoperative pain was more anxious. We need to alleviate patient's anxiety(especially women) and to control postoperative pain throughout the tooth removal process.

Changes in Chemical Compositions of Green Tea (Camellia sinensis L) under the Different Extraction Conditions (침출 조건에 따른 녹차 추출물의 성분 조성 변화)

  • 최혜자;이우승;황선주;이인중;신동현;김학윤;김길웅
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.202-209
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    • 2000
  • The factors affecting chemical composition of green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) during extraction process were temperatures and times. The optimum extraction conditions were measured in relation to the changes of chemical compositions from water extracts of green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) under different extraction temperatures (50, 70, 9$0^{\circ}C$) and extraction times (1, 3, 5 minute). The change of color intensity during browning reaction, flavonoid components, contents of total phenols and hydrogen donating activity (reducing activity for $\alpha$, $\alpha$'-diphenyl-$\beta$ -picryhydrazyl) of water extracts form green tea increased as extraction temperatures increased from 50 to 9$0^{\circ}C$ and extraction times prolonged from 1 to 5 min. The contents of important free sugars such as sucrose and glucose slightly increased as the extraction time was prolonged, while little difference in the content of fructose with the prolonged extraction time. Catechins contents extracted from the commercial steamed green tea were increased at higher temperature and longer extraction time. Epigallocatechin (EGC) extracted from 9$0^{\circ}C$ (extraction time 5 min). presented 99.9 mg/g in highest composition of catechin followed by epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), epicatechin (EC), epicatechin gallate (ECg). The content of vitamin C extracted from green tea was increased about 2 times as the extraction temperature increased from 50 to 9$0^{\circ}C$ and as the extraction time increased from 1 to 5 min. with exception at 9$0^{\circ}C$(extraction time:5 min) which showed less vitamin C content than 7$0^{\circ}C$(extraction time : 3 min) probably due to possible destruction of vitamin C by high temperature.

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Comparison of Conventional Solvent Extraction, Microwave-Assisted Extraction, and Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction Methods for Paclitaxel Recovery from Biomass (바이오매스로부터 파클리탁셀 회수를 위한 전통적 용매 추출, 마이크로웨이브를 이용한 추출, 초음파를 이용한 추출 방법 비교)

  • Kim, Jin-Hyun
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.273-279
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    • 2020
  • In this study, conventional solvent extraction (CSE), microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) were compared for the recovery of paclitaxel from biomass. As a result of investigating the effect of the extraction solvent type (acetone, chloroform, ethanol, methanol, methylene chloride), methanol was the most suitable for all extraction methods. In the case of MAE and UAE using methanol, most of the paclitaxel (> 95%) was recovered by only one extraction. The recovery rate of paclitaxel increased with the increase of extraction temperature (25-45 ℃), microwave power (50-150 W), and ultrasonic power (180-380 W) for MAE and UAE. In addition, SEM analysis showed that the biomass surface structure was slightly corrugated in CSE, while in the MAE and UAE, it was very rough and destroyed by strong impact.

Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from grape Seed Using Supercritical $CO_2$ and Ethanol as a Co-solvent (초임계 이산화탄소와 에탄올 보조용매를 이용한 포도씨로부터의 페놀성 화합물의 추출)

  • Lee, Won-Young;Chang, Kyu-Seob;Choi, Yong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2000
  • A supercritical fluid extraction was performed for the extraction of phenolics from grape seeds which up to now have been discarded. The optimum condition for extraction process was predicted through response surface methodology using central composit experimental design. The extraction amount of grape seed phenolics was increased by increasing extraction temperature, pressure, and concentration of co-solvent (ethanol). The optimum extraction conditions were 84.83$^{\circ}$C, 51.50MPa and 1.27% ethanol. The yield of phenolics using SFE was higher with 3 folds than ethanol and 4 folds than hexane but less than 80% methanol. In the respects of food poisoning, the approved solvents were restricted to ethanol and hexane. So, SFE for extraction of phenolics could be powerful alternative method for solvent extraction.

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Effect of Solvents on Reactive Extraction of Acrylic Acid (Acrylic Acid의 반응추출에 미치는 용매의 영향)

  • 이상훈;신정호
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.753-759
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    • 1998
  • In physical and reactive extraction of acrylic acid using various solvents the equilibrium characteristics of extraction were investigated. The degree of extraction in reactive extraction with Tri-n-octylamine(TOA) was 1.5~3 times than that in physical extraction. Distribution ratio was constant in methyl isobutyl ketone(MIBK) and n-butylacetate(n-BAc) but was increased with increasing the concentration of acrylic acid in benzene and chloroform. It can be explained by formation of dimers. Maximum extraction leadings of acrylic acid were three in benzene and were two in MIBK, chloroform and n-BAc, and it was found that acrylic acid was extracted as the form of $A_3$R In benzene and $A_2R$ in MIBK, chloroform and n-BAc. In effect of solvent, the degree of extraction was increased as he difference of solubility parameter of solvent and solute was decreased, and as dielectric constant of solvent was increased.

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