• Title/Summary/Keyword: food container

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A Study on the Design Concept and Simplified Analysis Method in Dropped Object Accidents by Lifting Crane (크레인 중량물 낙하사고에 대응한 설계개념과 간이 해석법에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Ul-Nyeon;Kim, Han-Byul
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.251-262
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    • 2019
  • This paper is about design concept and simplified analysis method against dropped object events. The ships and offshore structures are exposed to various types of dropped object accidents such as laydown area struck by drill collar and topside deck hit by food container during their lifetime. Mitigation can be accomplished by proper facility layout and designing structures to safely absorb energy from accidental loads. It shall be designed to avoid loss of life, environmental pollution and loss of assets. Impact loads can lead to structural global collapse of the main structure or punching of a local barrier type structure with potential to escalate directly or indirectly to a global collapse of the structure. This study provides the background information on the issue of dropped object of the shipyard and also focuses on structural assessment of the local individual component such as deck plate, stiffener and web/girder by using simplified analysis method. The results of the simplified analysis method were compared with numerical results using non-linear finite element simulation.

A study on the Acceptable Cap Torque for Processed Food Containers (고령자에 적합한 가공식품 마개의 Torque에 관한 연구)

  • Sin, Seung-Heon;Song, Byeong-Chang
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.83-97
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    • 2001
  • Korea has become an aged society according to the UN specifications. The number of the aged population will increase drastically, and the number of single aged people will also increase. Products used in our daily life are manufactured within the normal capabilities of people. Thus, aged people have encountering problems in using them. Numerous products are used in our daily lives. The purpose of this study is to find the acceptable torque for aged people to open the caps of processed food containers. Depending on the size and shape of the opening hand, hand operation has been classified into three categories. A total of one hundred and nine people participated in this study. Fifty nine people in the 20-30 year old range and fifty people in their 60-70's. Results of the study are as follows: 1) For all categories the acceptable cap torque data for the aged people are established. To satisfy 95% of the aged people, it was found that $74N{\cdot}cm$ for type A caps, and $141N{\cdot}cm$ for B type caps. and $214N{\cdot}cm$ for type C were the acceptable torque levels. 2) The appropriate level of torque for opening the cap was found to be 70% of the maximum torque for the aged people.(71.4% for type A. 71.4% for type B. 72.2% for type C). 3) Capabilities of the 70's drops sharply in function related to opening cap (maximum torque, gripping force, and wrist movement range). 4) Among aged subjects, 65.0% for type A, 42.0% for type B, and 68.8% for type C, had difficulties in opening the container caps.

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Effects of Bisphenol A on Dams during Lactation Period in Rats

  • Kim, Pan-Gyi;Leu, Jae-Hong;Kang, Hee-Joo;Kim, Jeong-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.171-173
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    • 2003
  • Bisphenol A (4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol, C$\_$15/H$\_$16/O$_2$) is the monomer used in the manufacture of polycarbonate. Polycarbonate, in turn, is used in a wide array of plastic products, with new applications continuously being developed. Also it has been used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics for food container. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of bisphenol A on lactation period to dams and F1, Sprague-Dawley females were mated with on 2:1 ratio basis. Various doses of bisphenol A (0, 2, 20, 200, and 2,000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg) were daily administered to females for 21 days after parturition. Dams and offsprings were sacrificed at the time of weaning. The results were as follows, 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg of bisphenol A decreased the dams' body weight at post-partum 18 days and also 200 and 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg of bisphenol A decreased the body weight of neonates at the days of post-partum 21 days. Bisphenol A increased the relative weights of liver and spleen in male offsprings, depending on the doses. But female offsprings showed high relative organ weights of ovaries, and low relative organ weights of uterine in a some dose-response manners. High dose of bisphenol A induced low viability of neonates exposed during lactation period. The dams treated with bisphenol A showed prematured estrous stage. Bisphenol A was recovered about 21.2% average in serum of dams, and also in offsprings'. The results indicate that the bisphenol A induces estrous cycle during lactation period in dams, also reaches to the of offspring through breast milk. Thus bisphenol A exopsed to dams and neonates via lactation induces some estrogenic and toxic effects.

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A Study on the antibiotic properties of plastic containers templated with antibiotic functional information (항균기능정보가 각인된 플라스틱 저장용기의 항균 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Bahng, Gun-Woong;Kim, Kang-Nyung;Kim, Hee-Jung
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 1999
  • To enhance antibiotic function of plastic containers, many methods have been applied. Most of the methods utilize antibiotic properties of antibiotic substances such as silver containing chemicals. Sometimes antibiotic substances are used without long term stability test as food container additives. Basically, this kind of methods is not safe since it is based on the antibiotic properties of the material itself and hence direct contact between food and container additives is unavoidable to obtain antibiotic effect. In this paper, a new concept of information templation was applied to make food containers with antibiotic function. It has been known recently that water memorize informations and this information could be tempelated to other materials through appropriate methods. One of the participating company developed this method to template informations onto plastic materials. Food containers were produced using this plastic chips and experimental results showed that antibiotic functional information temptation method is effective for practical application. Results and discussions are reported in this paper.

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