• Title, Summary, Keyword: fractional p-Laplacian

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ON DISCONTINUOUS ELLIPTIC PROBLEMS INVOLVING THE FRACTIONAL p-LAPLACIAN IN ℝN

  • Kim, In Hyoun;Kim, Yun-Ho;Park, Kisoeb
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.1869-1889
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    • 2018
  • We are concerned with the following fractional p-Laplacian inclusion: $$(-{\Delta})^s_pu+V(x){\mid}u{\mid}^{p-2}u{\in}{\lambda}[{\underline{f}}(x,u(x)),\;{\bar{f}}(s,u(x))]$$ in ${\mathbb{R}}^N$, where $(-{\Delta})^s_p$ is the fractional p-Laplacian operator, 0 < s < 1 < p < $+{\infty}$, sp < N, and $f:{\mathbb{R}}^N{\times}{\mathbb{R}}{\rightarrow}{\mathbb{R}}$ is measurable with respect to each variable separately. We show that our problem with the discontinuous nonlinearity f admits at least one or two nontrivial weak solutions. In order to do this, the main tool is the Berkovits-Tienari degree theory for weakly upper semicontinuous set-valued operators. In addition, our main assertions continue to hold when $(-{\Delta})^s_pu$ is replaced by any non-local integro-differential operator.

EXISTENCE OF WEAK SOLUTIONS TO A CLASS OF SCHRÖDINGER TYPE EQUATIONS INVOLVING THE FRACTIONAL p-LAPLACIAN IN ℝN

  • Kim, Jae-Myoung;Kim, Yun-Ho;Lee, Jongrak
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.6
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    • pp.1529-1560
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    • 2019
  • We are concerned with the following elliptic equations: $$(-{\Delta})^s_pu+V (x){\mid}u{\mid}^{p-2}u={\lambda}g(x,u){\text{ in }}{\mathbb{R}}^N$$, where $(-{\Delta})_p^s$ is the fractional p-Laplacian operator with 0 < s < 1 < p < $+{\infty}$, sp < N, the potential function $V:{\mathbb{R}}^N{\rightarrow}(0,{\infty})$ is a continuous potential function, and $g:{\mathbb{R}}^N{\times}{\mathbb{R}}{\rightarrow}{\mathbb{R}}$ satisfies a $Carath{\acute{e}}odory$ condition. We show the existence of at least one weak solution for the problem above without the Ambrosetti and Rabinowitz condition. Moreover, we give a positive interval of the parameter ${\lambda}$ for which the problem admits at least one nontrivial weak solution when the nonlinearity g has the subcritical growth condition.

EXISTENCE, MULTIPLICITY AND REGULARITY OF SOLUTIONS FOR THE FRACTIONAL p-LAPLACIAN EQUATION

  • Kim, Yun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.57 no.6
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    • pp.1451-1470
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    • 2020
  • We are concerned with the following elliptic equations: $$\{(-{\Delta})^s_pu={\lambda}f(x,u)\;{\text{in {\Omega}}},\\u=0\;{\text{on {\mathbb{R}}^N{\backslash}{\Omega}},$$ where λ are real parameters, (-∆)sp is the fractional p-Laplacian operator, 0 < s < 1 < p < + ∞, sp < N, and f : Ω × ℝ → ℝ satisfies a Carathéodory condition. By applying abstract critical point results, we establish an estimate of the positive interval of the parameters λ for which our problem admits at least one or two nontrivial weak solutions when the nonlinearity f has the subcritical growth condition. In addition, under adequate conditions, we establish an apriori estimate in L(Ω) of any possible weak solution by applying the bootstrap argument.

POSITIVE SOLUTIONS FOR A THREE-POINT FRACTIONAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR P-LAPLACIAN WITH A PARAMETER

  • YANG, YITAO;ZHANG, YUEJIN
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.34 no.3_4
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    • pp.269-284
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, we firstly use Krasnosel'skii fixed point theorem to investigate positive solutions for the following three-point boundary value problems for p-Laplacian with a parameter $({\phi}_P(D^{\alpha}_{0}+u(t)))^{\prime}+{\lambda}f(t, u(t))=0$, 0$D^{\alpha}_{0}+u(0)=u(0)=u{\prime}{\prime}(0)=0$, $u^{\prime}(1)={\gamma}u^{\prime}(\eta)$ where ϕp(s) = |s|p−2s, p > 1, $D^{\alpha}_{0^+}$ is the Caputo's derivative, α ∈ (2, 3], η, γ ∈ (0, 1), λ > 0 is a parameter. Then we use Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem to study the existence of three positive solutions for the fractional boundary value problem $({\phi}_P(D^{\alpha}_{0}+u(t)))^{\prime}+f(t, u(t))=0$, 0$D^{\alpha}_{0}+u(0)=u(0)=u{\prime}{\prime}(0)=0$, $u^{\prime}(1)={\gamma}u^{\prime}(\eta)$ where ϕp(s) = |s|p−2s, p > 1, $D^{\alpha}_{0^+}$ is the Caputo's derivative, α ∈ (2, 3], η, γ ∈ (0, 1).

NEHARI MANIFOLD AND MULTIPLICITY RESULTS FOR A CLASS OF FRACTIONAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS WITH p-LAPLACIAN

  • Ghanmi, Abdeljabbar;Zhang, Ziheng
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.1297-1314
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    • 2019
  • In this work, we investigate the following fractional boundary value problems $$\{_tD^{\alpha}_T({\mid}_0D^{\alpha}_t(u(t)){\mid}^{p-2}_0D^{\alpha}_tu(t))\\={\nabla}W(t,u(t))+{\lambda}g(t){\mid}u(t){\mid}^{q-2}u(t),\;t{\in}(0,T),\\u(0)=u(T)=0,$$ where ${\nabla}W(t,u)$ is the gradient of W(t, u) at u and $W{\in}C([0,T]{\times}{\mathbb{R}}^n,{\mathbb{R}})$ is homogeneous of degree r, ${\lambda}$ is a positive parameter, $g{\in}C([0,T])$, 1 < r < p < q and ${\frac{1}{p}}<{\alpha}<1$. Using the Fibering map and Nehari manifold, for some positive constant ${\lambda}_0$ such that $0<{\lambda}<{\lambda}_0$, we prove the existence of at least two non-trivial solutions

REGULARITY AND MULTIPLICITY OF SOLUTIONS FOR A NONLOCAL PROBLEM WITH CRITICAL SOBOLEV-HARDY NONLINEARITIES

  • Alotaibi, Sarah Rsheed Mohamed;Saoudi, Kamel
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.747-775
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    • 2020
  • In this work we investigate the nonlocal elliptic equation with critical Hardy-Sobolev exponents as follows, $$(P)\;\{(-{\Delta}_p)^su={\lambda}{\mid}u{\mid}^{q-2}u+{\frac{{\mid}u{\mid}^{p{^*_s}(t)-2}u}{{\mid}x{\mid}^t}}{\hspace{10}}in\;{\Omega},\\u=0{\hspace{217}}in\;{\mathbb{R}}^N{\backslash}{\Omega},$$ where Ω ⊂ ℝN is an open bounded domain with Lipschitz boundary, 0 < s < 1, λ > 0 is a parameter, 0 < t < sp < N, 1 < q < p < ps where $p^*_s={\frac{N_p}{N-sp}}$, $p^*_s(t)={\frac{p(N-t)}{N-sp}}$, are the fractional critical Sobolev and Hardy-Sobolev exponents respectively. The fractional p-laplacian (-∆p)su with s ∈ (0, 1) is the nonlinear nonlocal operator defined on smooth functions by $\displaystyle(-{\Delta}_p)^su(x)=2{\lim_{{\epsilon}{\searrow}0}}\int{_{{\mathbb{R}}^N{\backslash}{B_{\epsilon}}}}\;\frac{{\mid}u(x)-u(y){\mid}^{p-2}(u(x)-u(y))}{{\mid}x-y{\mid}^{N+ps}}dy$, x ∈ ℝN. The main goal of this work is to show how the usual variational methods and some analysis techniques can be extended to deal with nonlocal problems involving Sobolev and Hardy nonlinearities. We also prove that for some α ∈ (0, 1), the weak solution to the problem (P) is in C1,α(${\bar{\Omega}}$).

AN EXTERESION THEOREM FOR THE FOLLAND-STEIN SPACES

  • Kim, Yonne-Mi
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 1995
  • This paper is the third of a series in which smoothness properties of function in several variables are discussed. The germ of the whole theory was laid in the works by Folland and Stein [4]. On nilpotent Lie groups, they difined analogues of the classical $L^p$ Sobolev or potential spaces in terms of fractional powers of sub-Laplacian, L and extended several basic theorems from the Euclidean theory of differentaiability to these spaces: interpolation properties, boundedness of singular integrals,..., and imbeding theorems. In this paper we study the analogue to the extension theorem for the Folland-Stein spaces. The analogue to Stein's restriction theorem were studied by M. Mekias [5] and Y.M. Kim [6]. First, we have the space of Bessel potentials on the Heisenberg group introduced by Folland [4].

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