• Title, Summary, Keyword: germination

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Study on the Seed Germination and Salt Tolerance of Plants in Reclaimed Salt Area (간척지내 식물종자의 내염성과 발아에 관한 연구)

  • 김철수
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 1980
  • The germination character and the salt tolerance of seeds collected in a salt reclaimed area were studied. Twenty species of seeds out of 30 species collected were germinated under natural or continuous light conditions but only 16 species under dark condition. Germination percentage of seeds under dark was more decreased than those under other two conditions and speed of germination was accelerated at high temperature. It is clear that almost all the wild weeds were the light germinated seeds. The higher concentration of NaCl for germination inhibited to make the lower percentage and rate of germination. The germination curves of seeds treated with NaCl solution were classified into 3 different curves; a steeper, a parabola and intermediate. The critical concentrations of NaCl for germination were 2.3% for Brassica napus, 1.8% for Echinochloa hispidula, 1.5% for Setaria lutescens, 1.3% for Aster koraiensis, 0.7% for Bromus japonicus and 0.6% for Glyceria acutiflora.

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Initiation of Germination Characters of Plant Seed by Light Quality (광에 의한 종자의 발아특성 발현과 그 분화 및 형성에 관하여)

  • 최관삼
    • Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.175-190
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    • 1987
  • Germination characters of the lettuce seed that received photoperiodic pretreatments of low or high temperature from the flowering to harvest. MSU-15 seed, one of the lettuce cultivars used, having high dark germination, was modified to low dark germination by the long-day treatments during the seed formation. Light-requiring MSU-16 seed was modified to the dark-germination seed by high temperature given at the seed formation period. Above results suggest that the environmental conditions given to an immature seed adhered to a mother plant bring about some modification to its native germination habit. I confirmed that the spectral quality of light could influence the phytochrome system which controlled germination characters of the progeny of lettuce seed ; plants grown in light rich in far-red energies produced light-requiring seed, but those grown in high deficient in far-red energies produced dark germination seed.

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Changes in Physico-chemical Properties and Mineral Contents during Buckwheat Germination (메밀 발아 중 물리화학적 특성과 무기질 함량의 변화)

  • 이명헌;손흥수
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.267-273
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    • 1994
  • To provide the effective application scheme and basic information of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench), buckwheat was germinated at 10$^{\circ}C$ for 7 days and 100 kernels weight, germination rate, root length, chemical composition and mineral contents were examined at 24 hour Intervals. During the germination period, the 100 kernels weight increased approximately 0.3g per day. The germination rate increased sharply after 2 days and the root length increased greatly after 4 days. The crude protein contents increased with germination time, whereas the carbohydrate contents decreased. The crude ash and fat contents did not differ significantly during the germination period. The Ca contents Increased for the 4th day of gemination, but gradually decreased afterwords. The Na contents increased in the initial stage of germination, but then gradually decreased. However, there were no significant change In the Mg, K. Fe. Mn and Zn contents.

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Development of Ecological Sound Proof Wall by the germination of plant species at different Environmental Condition (생태방음벽에 개발에 사용되는 식물종의 성장에 관한 연구)

  • Bashyal, Sarita;Cho, Hae-Yong;Han, Say-Gwon
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.100-102
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    • 2009
  • Effect of temperature, pH and soil depth on germination of Dianthus chinensis, Dianthus barbatus, and Perennial pennant were investigated in growth chamber and soil condition at the ratio of 7:3 (natural soil and organic soil) in laboratory condition. the optimum temperature for seed germination was recorded for $20^{\circ}C-\;25^{\circ}C$. Maximum germination was observed for Dianthus barbatus (76%) where as in soil condition Perennial pennant (51%) showed maximum germination at 1 cm soil depth. Similarly, optimum pH for seed germination was at pH 6 in all the species. So in lower pH (at pH4) seed germination was inhibited. Germination of these selected species at different environmental condition help to construct the ecological sound proof wall to mitigate the noise especially in urban areas.

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Effects of Submerged Condition, Temperature, and Ripening Stages on Viviparous Germination of Rice

  • Ju, Young-Cheoul;Han, Sang-Wook;Cho, Young-Cheol;Park, Kyeong-Yeol
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.20-25
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    • 2000
  • Viviparous germination causes yield loss and quality deterioration of rice. This study was conducted to investigate varietal differences of the viviparous germination with different days after heading (DAH) and different temperatures. In the laboratory examination, the averaged germination rate of all varieties at 45DAH and at 25DAH was 79.9%, and 27.5% under the incubation at the temperature of 3$0^{\circ}C$/2$0^{\circ}C$ (day/night) for 12 days. Andabyeo, Da- sanbyeo, and Nonganbyeo showed the lowest viviparous germination rates among the tested varieties. The shoot length of the viviparous germination measured 12days after incubation at 30/2$0^{\circ}C$ ranged from 21 to 53mm, indicating significant deterioration of rice quality. In the field test, the averaged viviparous germination rates of rice varieties at 25, 35, 45DAH with the underwater conditions for 4 days were 2.2, 6.2 and 9.2%, respectively, while their rates at 12 day after underwater conditions increased to 17.6, 44.2 and 43.8%, respectively. A variety that showed the highest viviparous germination rate at 25 and 35 and 45DAH was Heukjinjubyeo. When standing rice panicles without lodging were examined after consecutive raining for 7 days Juanbyeo showed the highest viviparous germination (45.5%), followed by Odaebyeo (16.0%), Jinbubyeo (14.5 %), Bongkwangbyeo (14.2 %) and Obongbyeo (12.6%). The viviparous germination of rice was greatly affected by variety, days after heading and temperature settings. Bongkwangbyeo, Juanbyeo, Dongjinbyeo, Hwasunchalbyeo, Naepoongbyeo and Heukjinjubyeo were classified as the most susceptible varieties to the viviparous germination in the field conditions.

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Seed Dormancy and Germination Characteristics of Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua L.) (새포아풀(Poa annua sp.)의 종자휴면과 발아특성)

  • 김태준;송재은;최정섭;조광연
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2001
  • Two types of annual bluegrass have been reported, and those consist of annual type (Poa annua ssp. annua) and perennial type (Poa annua ssp. reptans). As a weed, annual bluegrasses are commonly found in putting greens and fairways in many golf courses. Due to its strong competitiveness such as tremendous seed reproduction rate a year, prostrate growth habit, and no herbicide availability, annual bluegrasses have been considered as one of the most hard-to-control weeds in turf management systems. A growth chamber study was conducted to determine seed dormancy and to understand seed germination characteristics of annual bluegrass (Poa annua ssp. annua). Freshly harvested seeds showed 80 and 55% germination at 30 and $35^{\circ}C$, respectively, indicating that the optimum temperature of annual bluegrass is $30^{\circ}C$. However, the seed germination occurred only under light condition at any given temperature. This result demonstrated that light is prerequisite for the seed germination, and no primary dormancy of annual bluegrass seed exists. Secondary seed dormancy induced by unfavorable temperatures and dark condition was broken through 4 to 6 wk-storage at $4^{\circ}C$ with moisture, and the stored seeds germinated at $20^{\circ}C$ even under the dark. In red and far-red light trial, fresh seeds resulted in 40% germination under red while no seed germination occurred under far-red light condition, indicating that phytochrome Pr and Pfr could be related to annual bluegrass seed germination. When the far-red light replaced the red the germination was recovered, but this reversibility did not reach to the germination level under the red light only. This result implied that other lights than red and far-red would play an important role on seed germination of annual bluegrass.

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The Effect of Ethephon, ABA, BA and NAA Soaking Treatment of Seed Germination of Cool Season Turfgrass -es (한지형 잔디의 종자발아에 미치는 Ethephon,ABA,BA,NAA 침지처리 효과)

  • Hyeon, Sang-Min;Kang, Hoon;So, In-Sup;Kim, Dong-Il
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.213-223
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    • 1995
  • The study is aimed to understand effects of ethephon(lmg/1), ABA(0.lrng/l), BA(0.lmg/l). and NAA (0.lmg /1) soaking treatment on the seed germination of perennial ryegrass 'Dandy', creeping bentgrass 'Penlinks', tall fescue 'Arid' and kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw'. These experiments are carried in vitro and their results are summarized as the followings ; In case of ethephon (lmg /1) soaking treatment of seed, the early germination of tall fescue 'Arid' and perennial ryegrass 'Dandy' was good without the soaking times. creeping bentgrass 'Penlinks' and kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw' obtained the best results at 12 hr. soking treatment, and the longer the soaking time, the higher the germination percentage. The early germination percentage of tall fescue 'Arid' and perennial ryegrass 'Dandy' increased more highly at ABA(0. tmg /1) soaking treatment than at the control. The germination percent-age of creeping loentgrass 'Penlink' and kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw' had respectively the best results at 6hr. and l2hr. soaking treatment. The early germination percentage of tall fescue 'Arid' and kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw'increased more highly at BA (0.lmg /1) soaking treatment than at the control, and especially had the best results in 6hr. soaking treatment. perennial ryegrass 'Dandy' had the best results at l0min. soaking treatment, and the longer the soaking time, the lesser the germination percentage. The early germination of perennial ryegrass 'Dandy'. creeping bentgrass 'Penlinks' and tall fes- cue 'Arid' increased more highly at NAA (0.lmg /1) soaking treatment than at the control, and especially had the best results at l2hr. soaking treatment. However, the germination of Kentucky bluegrass 'Nasaw' seeds inhibited at NAA (0.lmg /1) soaking treatment. Key words: Ethephon, ABA, BA, NAA, Soaking treatment, Seed germination.

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Effect of light, ultrasonication and liquid smoke on germination of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) seeds

  • Kim, Min Geun;Kim, Young Ae;Jung, Ki-Yeul;Kim, Du Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.213-213
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    • 2017
  • High quality seed of proso millet that has high germination percentage, germination speed, and uniformity demanded to increases rates of mechanization in cereal crop cultivation. In order to improve germination characteristics, proso millet seeds were treated with red light, ultrasonication and liquid smoke (LS) solution that generated from hickory wood. All treatments were performed in seed priming solution with 100mM $NH_4NO_3$ at $15^{\circ}C$ for 24hrs under aeration condition. Seeds were exposed under light intensity of 2000 lux for 15m, 30m, 60m, and 120m in priming solution. Ultrasonic treatment was performed at 60%, 80%, and 100% intensity of 21.6 KHz for 5m, 10m, and 20m in priming solution. For LS treatment seed were soaked in 0%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 5.0% and 10.0% of diluted solution with $dH_2O$ or 100mM $NH_4NO_3$ solution. The effect of seed treatment was evaluated with germination percentage (GP), mean germination time (MGT), germination index (GI), germination rate (GR), Germination uniformity (GU) and heath seed percentage (HS). Our results demonstrate that red light (15min) or ultrasonication (21.6kHz, 5min) treatment improved MGT, GI, GR, and GU comparing to untreated control. Importantly, we show that LS treatments have significant effect on the health seedling and germination characteristics. Proso millet seeds that treated with 5% LS solution for 24hrs improves HS up to 97% that similar results obtained in 100mM $NH_4NO_3$ priming for 24hrs. The combined treatment with LS solution and 100mM $NH_4NO_3$ priming were not effective in all treatments. Our results demonstrate that treating seeds with LS or 100mM $NH_4NO_3$ priming or ultrasonication improves germination characteristics. The methods described here will help advance research using this species by increasing the germination performance at which successive seed pellet process.

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Optimum germination temperature and seedling root growth characteristics of Camelina (카멜리나 (Camelina sativa Crtz.) 발아 적온 및 발아초기 뿌리생육 특성)

  • Park, Joon Sung;Choi, Young In;Kim, Augustine Yonghwi;Lee, Sang Hyub;Kim, Kyung-Nam;Suh, Mi Chung;Kim, Gi-Jun;Lee, Geung-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 2013
  • A genus Camelina has been attracted as a promising oil crop, especially available in drought and marginal conditions. Due to more demands on arable land for bioenergy crops, price of agricultural products has been a challengeable issue. In that respect, development of Camelina crop with higher germination rate and germination energy can be a strategy to secure seedling establishment, nutrient uptake and long vegetative period. In order to be easily available in the field and laboratory conditions, Camelina seed needs to be optimized for its germination temperature. Germination temperature regime was in a range of 8 to $32^{\circ}C$ initially, and consecutively narrowed down to 8 to $20^{\circ}C$. Based on the temperature range, Camelina germinated greater than 96% at $8-16^{\circ}C$ in two weeks after sowing, but germination rate started to decrease at the higher than $24^{\circ}C$ and was significantly low at higher than $32^{\circ}C$. In terms of rapid time to reach the maximum germination rate and greater germination energy, temperature ranged from 12 to $16^{\circ}C$ was found to be desirable for Camelina germination. Although germinationa rate was greater at $16^{\circ}C$, lower temperature close to $12^{\circ}C$ would be favored for the field conditions where greater root growth leading to healthier seedlings and better nutrient or water availability is considerably demanded.

Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Germinated Glycine max Merr Soybeans

  • Huh, Dam;Bae, Man-Jong;Jo, Deok-Jo;Kim, Jung-Ok;Lee, Kyung-Ae;Lee, Gee-Dong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 2007
  • To investigate the applicability as the functional food materials of germinated Glycine max Merr soybeans, its biochemical characteristics and its abilities to inhibit platelet aggregation and hydrolyze alcohol were examined. With the progression of germination time, crude protein content gradually increased, and on the 5th day of germination it was 30.19%. However, crude fat content tended to decrease, and on the 5th day of germination it was 14.30%. Total amino acid content was highest on the 3rd day of germination at 80,875 mg%. The free amino acid content doubled from day 0 of germination (1,273.35 mg%) until the 5th day of germination (2,742.99 mg%). Fatty acid analysis revealed that linoleic acid was highest among all the samples, ranging from $53.55{\sim}56.00%$. Linolenic acid content slightly increased as the germination period was prolonged. The ability to inhibit platelet aggregation increased according to the germination period and then decreased again on the 5th day of germination; it was somewhat higher in the ethanol fraction. In measuring ADH, we found that the activity of the ethanol fraction increased with increasing days of germination. In the case of the water fraction, the activity decreased as germination was prolonged, and the ADH activity of the water fraction was higher than that of the ethanol fraction. Based on the above results, we deemed that the Glycine max Merr soybeans germinated for $2{\sim}3$ days were most pertinent for use as functional food materials.