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Curriculum Development for the Department of Marine Products Marketing in Fisheries High Schools (수산계 고등학교 수산물유통과 교육과정 개발)

  • Kim, Sam-Kon;Shin, Jin-Han
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this research was to develop curricula for the department of marine products marketing in fisheries high schools. The specific objectives were as follows; 1) To investigate the demand of students, teachers in fisheries high schools, and workers in marine products marketing for the educational program. 2) To analyze the jobs of the marine products marketing fields. 3) To develop curricula for the department of marine products marketing on the basis of the theoretical background and the result of the objective 1) and 2). In order to achieve these objectives, domestic and foreign literatures, research reports, and theses were referred to in order to know the academic classification of fisheries economics and curricula of junior colleges and universities were collected and analyzed. To achieve the first objective, the degree of the students' knowledge of marine products marketing through fisheries management textbook was investigated. And the questionnaire survey of the demand was conducted on the subject of professors at the departments of fisheries management, teachers in the charge of the related courses and those who work for marine products marketing-related firms. The questionnaire was composed of 22 items about the knowledge of marine products marketing and 27 items about the job capacity. To achieve the second objective, the occupations were surveyed on the subjects of the works who work for marine products marketing. They were sampled randomly among the marine products buyers, wholesalers, auctioneers and salespersons. The results of this research were as follows; Taking grades and credits at each subject were made out on the consultation of the experts in marine products marketing. The curriculum of the professional subjects related to marine products marketing in fisheries high schools is suggested as follows; General Fisheries(10th grade, 6 credits, curricular discretionary class), General Oceanography(10th grade, 4 credits, curricular discretionary class), Fisheries Marine Transportation Information(11th grade, 8-12 credits), Marine Products Marketing(11th grade, 8-12 credits), Fishery Sale and Management(11th grade, 8-12 credits), General Fisheries Management(11th grade, 6-8 credits), Accounting Principle(11th grade, 4-6 credits), Marine Products Processing(12th grade, 4-8 credits), Commercial Law(12th grade, 4-6 credits), Management Practice(12th grade, 4-6 credits), Computer Practical Business(12th grade, 4-6 credits), Marketing(12th grade, 4-8 credits), General Marketing Management(12th grade, 6-8 credits), Marketing Information Practical Business(12th grade, 4-6 credits) Marketing Management I(12th grade, 4-6 credits), Marketing Management II(12th grade, 4-6 credits). If this curriculum is adopted, it will meet the demands of the educational aims and the industrial society.

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Health Needs of the Elderly in Long-term Care Facilities: Using RAI-MDS-FC (노인요양시설 입소자의 요양등급별 건강 요구: RAI-MDS-FC를 적용하여)

  • Bang, Eun-Joo;Yun, Soon-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was to identify health needs of the elderly at nursing homes by long-term care grade. Methods: The health needs of 116 elders at two nursing homes in Seoul were measured with resident assessment protocols (RAPs), activities of daily living (ADL), and cognitive performance scale (CPS), and pain and depression were measured by resident assessment instrument (RAI). Results: With regard to RAPs, 11 out of 18 items had different distribution in the 3 groups significantly. The 1st-grade elders had a higher percentage of 9 items than the 2nd- and 3rd-grade ones but the 3rd-grade ones had the highest health needs related with activity. The 2nd-grade elders had similar health needs to the 1st-grade ones. In terms of functional level, the 1st-grade elders had the highest percentage of CPS and ADL but the 3rd-grade ones had the highest score of pain and depression out of the 3 groups. The standardized assessment instrument to identify specific health needs by the 3 groups should be developed. Therefore, care plans to meet health needs of the 3 groups will be made. Conclusion: It is suggested that nursing care is required to the elderly of the 1st- and 2nd-grade and safe activity and environment to the 3rd-graded ones.

Classification Index and Grade Levels for Energy Efficiency Classification of Agricultural Heaters in Korea

  • Shin, Chang Seop;Jang, Ji Hoon;Kim, Young Tae;Kim, Kyeong Uk
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.264-269
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to develop a classification index and grade levels to rate agricultural heaters for energy efficiency classification. Methods: The classification index was developed mainly by taking simplicity of calculation and easy access to relevant data into consideration. The grade levels were developed on the basis of a 5-grade classification system in which graded heaters are to be normally distributed over the grades. The value of each grade level were determined in terms of the classification index values calculated using the published performance data of agricultural heaters tested at the FACT in Korea over the past 12 years. Results: The thermal efficiency of agricultural heaters based on the enthalpy method was proposed as a reasonable classification index. The grade levels were proposed in equation form for three types of agricultural heaters: fossil fuel heaters, wood pellet heaters and wood pellet boilers. A reasonable energy efficiency classification of agricultural heaters could be performed using the proposed classification index and grade levels. Conclusions: It is expected that energy saving programs will be extended to agricultural machines in the near future. The classification index and grade levels to rate agricultural heaters for energy efficiency classification were developed and proposed for such near future to come.

Urinary Cytologic Findings of Urothelial Lesions (요로상피병변의 요세포학적 소견)

  • Choi, Yoon-Jung;Lee, Kwang-Gil
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 1994
  • Urinary cytology is increasingly accepted as a diagnostic tool in the detection and follow-up of patients with bladder cancer. However, its value is reduced by several limitations, especially by the lack of cytologic criteria specifically reflecting the morphology of low-grade urothelial neoplasm. We reviewed histologically proven 50 cases of urine cytology with emphasis on cytologic findings of benign atypia and differential findings of urothelial neoplasm according to the grade. The diagnoses included 17 benign lesions(including 5 cases of urine calculi) and 33 malignant lesions (including 28 transitional cell carcinomas, 3 squamous cell carcinomas, 1 adenocarcinoma and 1 prostate adenocarcinoma), Diagnostic accuracy was 92%. Important cytodiagnostic criteria for benign atypia and low grade malignancy were cellularity, number of cell clusters, and morphology and arrangement of urothelial cells. The cytologic findings of urothelial neoplasms according to histologic grade were relatively well correlated with the histologic findings. However, the cytologic criteria were not sufficient to readily distinguish grade I from grade II. In view of this, we think that cytologic nomenclature "low-grade" and "high-grade" is a more reliable criterion. Recognition of subtle cellular morphologic features specific for urothelial lesions(including benign or malignancy) and proper fixation, processing and staining of specimen can expand the role of urinary cytology In detection and follow-up of patients.

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An Investigation of Exposure to Informational Text through English Textbooks

  • Kim, Tae-Eun
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.185-207
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the extent of informational text genre appeared in English textbooks at grades six, seven, and nine. Employing content analysis to analyze the literary forms, the researcher identified genre in each reading selection of each English textbook and classified it into six categories - fiction, information, biography, poetry, play, or fantasy. Especially, informational genre was classified further into two subcategories - non-narrative and narrative - in order to investigate the extent of non-narrative informational text only. The text genre was examined by analyzing (a) the number of reading selections representing each genre and (b) the number of words in reading selections devoted to each genre. The most frequent type of genre at grade 6 and 7 was fiction with 94% and 71% respectively, whereas at grade 9 it was devoted to information (51%), followed by fiction (37%). The largest number of words was devoted to fiction with 96% at the sixth grade and 70% at the seventh grade; on the other hand, for grade 9, it was devoted to information (46%), followed by fiction (39%). Although there was variance across different publishers, the informational text genre gained more significance as the grade level increased. In particular, the percentage of reading selections and words devoted to the non-narrative or expository informational genre was overall 4% at grade 6, 17% at grade 7, and 44% at grade 9. The findings demonstrated the need to pay more attention to informational literacy especially in the early grades for the development of balanced genre knowledge.

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A study on the Effective Utilization of Temperature Logging Data for Calculating Geothermal Gradient (지온경사 산출을 위한 효율적인 온도검층자료 이용방법 연구)

  • 김형찬
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.503-517
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to verfify a more effecive techique for calculating geothermal gradient. this study examines 370 data of temperature-logging having been collected since 1985. The daya are divided into three different grades grades according to the type of temperature-depth plots: 204 data show typical linear gradient (Grade A); 126 data do not explicitily show the gradient becase of various external effects such as water flow (Grade B); and the rest 40 data do not show the gradient at all (Grade D). The new technique for calculating geothermal gradient is to be required to use Greade-B data more effctiviely. This new technique includes (1) calculating the independer depth of atmospheric temperature in the earth; (2) drawing a distribution map of subsurface tempurature by using the distribution map of subsurface temperature by using Grade-A data at the independent depth; and (3) recalculating geothermal gradient of Grade-B data by using the distrbution map of subsurface temperature, borehole depth, and bottom temperature of Grade-B data by using the distribution map of subsurface temperature, borehole depth, and bottom temperature of Grade-B data. As a result, 330 data-both Grade-A and Grade-B data--can be used to draw a distribution map of hot spradient. The map clearly distinguishes anomaly areas, and helps interpret their relations to the distribution of hot springs, geology, geological structures, and geophysical anomaly areas. These new results reveal that the average of geothermal in south Korea is 25.6$^{\circ}C$/km, when calculated to the Kriging method.

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Management of High-grade Blunt Renal Trauma

  • Lee, Min A;Jang, Myung Jin;Lee, Gil Jae
    • Journal of Trauma and Injury
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.192-196
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Blunt injury accounts for 80-95% of renal injury trauma in the United States. The majority of blunt renal injuries are low grade and 80-85% of these injuries can be managed conservatively. However, there is a debate on the management of patients with high-grade renal injury. We reviewed our experience of renal trauma at our trauma center to assess management strategy for high-grade blunt renal injury. Methods: We reviewed blunt renal injury cases admitted at a single trauma center between August 2007 and December 2015. Computed tomography (CT) scan was used to diagnose renal injuries and high-grade (according to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma [AAST] organ injury scale III-V) renal injury patients were included in the analysis. Results: During the eight-year study period, there were 62 AAST grade III-V patients. 5 cases underwent nephrectomy and 57 underwent non-operative management (NOM). There was no difference in outcome between the operative group and the NOM group. In the NOM group, 24 cases underwent angioembolization with a 91% success rate. The Incidence of urological complications correlated with increasing grade. Conclusions: Conservative management of high-grade blunt renal injury was considered preferable to operative management, with an increased renal salvage rate. However, high-grade injuries have higher complication rates, and therefore, close observation is recommended after conservative management.

Relationship between Smoking Initiation and School Characteristics According to Grade Level among High School Students in Korea

  • Woo, WonKyu;Kim, Dongsik;Cho, Youngtae
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Students' life changes substantially as grade increases. It implies that risk factors that trigger students' smoking may not be consistent across grades. Most previous studies on student smoking have considered grade simply a control variable. This study examines which and to what extent risk factors are differently associated with smoking initiation according to grade level among high school students in Korea. Methods: Data from the Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) in 2007 and 2008 were analyzed in this study. Results: Among boys, school location, school type and pocket money etc. significantly influence smoking initiation in the first grade than in any other grades, but the strength of the association decreased as grade increases except academic performance. Among girls, most independent variables were associated with smoking initiation in the second grade except school location, pocket money per week and academic performance. Conclusions: Our results suggested that the variables related smoking initiation in Korean high school students were notably different by grade and gender. These findings can serve as the basis of policy recommendations with regard to school efforts to prevent student smoking.

Effect of Electromagnetic Navigated Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement on Failure Rates

  • Jung, Nayoung;Kim, Dongwon
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.150-154
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    • 2013
  • Objective : To evaluate the effect of electromagnetic (EM) navigation system on ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt failure rate through comparing the result of standard shunt placement. Methods : All patients undergoing VP shunt from October 2007 to September 2010 were included in this retrospective study. The first group received shunt surgery using EM navigation. The second group had catheters inserted using manual method with anatomical landmark. The relationship between proximal catheter position and shunt revision rate was evaluated using postoperative computed tomography by a 3-point scale. 1) Grade I; optimal position free-floating in cerebrospinal fluid, 2) Grade II; touching choroid or ventricular wall, 3) Grade III; tip within parenchyma. Results : A total of 72 patients were participated, 27 with EM navigated shunts and 45 with standard shunts. Grade I was found in 25 patients from group 1 and 32 patients from group 2. Only 2 patients without use of navigation belonged to grade III. Proximal obstruction took place 7% in grade I, 15% in grade II and 100% in grade III. Shunt revision occurred in 11% of group 1 and 31% of group 2. Compared in terms of proximal catheter position, there was growing trend of revision rate according to increase of grade on each group. Although infection rate was similar between both groups, the result had no statistical meaning (p=0.905, chi-square test). Conclusion : The use of EM navigation in routine shunt surgery can eliminate poor shunt placement resulting in a dramatic reduction in failure rates.

Analysis of Elementary School Students' Self-Perception on the Affective, Behavioral and Cognitive Domains of Science Instruction (과학 수업에서 정의적·행동적·인지적 영역에 대한 초등학생들의 자기 인식 분석)

  • Park, SunI;Lim, Chae-Seong
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.360-374
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the self-perceptions of the elementary school students' on the affective, behavioral and cognitive domains in science class. To see if there are differences in students' perceptions according to grade levels, a self-perception questionnaire was applied to third and fifth grade students in Seoul, Korea. The major results of the study are as follows. First, the perception level of the affective domain was higher than that of the cognitive domain in third grade students. There was no significant difference in the self-perception level of the fifth grade students. Both third and fifth grade students perceived the greatest improvement in the cognitive domain through one year of science teaching. Second, in the life science class, the same tendency was also observed. The students in the third and fifth grade reported that cognitive domains were the most improved through the one-year life science class. Third, when the students' perceptions were compared by grades, the third grade students showed higher self-perception scores than fifth grade students. As the grade increased, the perception scores of the students' lowered. Based on these findings, implications for science education research and teaching and learning at school are discussed.